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SOUTHEASTCONFERENCESOUTHEAST ALASKAby the Numbers 2017VISITORSMARITIME, SEAFOODHEALTH, MININGPAGE 5PAGE 6,7PAGE 8TIMBER, CONSTRUCTIONPAGE 9SOUTHEASTCONFERENCEGOVERNMENTDEMOGRAPHICSPAGE 10PAGE 11BUSINESS SURVEYPAGE 13-14SEPTEMBER 2017CHANGES IN THE REGION2014 TO 2016REGIONAL POPULATIONDECREASED BY 648PEOPLE TO 73,812-1%LABOR FORCEDECREASED BY 434JOBS TO 45,260 JOBS-1%STATE GOVERNMENTJOBS DECREASED BY565 JOBS TO 4,940-10%PASSENGER ARRIVALSFROM OUTSIDE THEREGION INCREASED BY110,425 PEOPLE 8%TOTAL POUNDS OFSEAFOOD LANDEDIN THE REGIONDECREASED BY 77MILLION POUNDS ALOSS OF -26%SOUTHEAST ALASKA’S ECONOMYLast year was a tough year for the SoutheastAlaska economy. Jobs and workforce earningswere down for the first time since 2007.Population dropped for the second year in arow, the first losses in a decade as well. Thereason for our economic distress is clear.Dropping oil prices combined with falling oilproduction have drastically reduced the state’sshare of oil earnings, which previously providedup to 90 percent of the state’s unrestrictedrevenues. Despite diminished returns, no statefiscal solution has been enacted. Deep cuts havebeen made to jobs and spending levels, but notenough to balance the budget, and the statemade up the difference using savings accounts,which are rapidly being depleted. SoutheastAlaska is uniquely dependent on stategovernment, which directly provides 14% of allwages in the region, along with being a keyclient to many private sector businesses. Statespending is also a critical part of communitybudgets. In the last two and a half years, theregion has lost 750 state jobs, a 14% decrease.The negative economic impacts are projected tointensify once the savings are gone. In otherwords, we are not nearing the end of thiseconomic disruption, we are merely at thebeginning of it.projects in the state capital budget,construction, architecture, and engineering jobsare all declining.Unfortunately, it is not only state governmentthat is struggling. Last year was the worst yearfor our seafood sector in over a decade. Thevisitor industry surpassed seafood as being thetop private sector industry in terms of both jobsand wages for the first time, ever. In fact, tourismis booming, and 2017 will be a record year forcruise and air passengers, along with jobs andspending. Alaska’s popularity is growing, andSoutheast Alaska is the most visited region ofthe state. The visitor sector grew by five percentlast year, and is slated to grow another sixpercent in 2018. However, with the lowest wagesof any sector in the region (39% lower than theaverage annual regional wage), it is rarely theprimary source of household income. Othersectors that grew in 2016 included mining andhealthcare, albeit with much smaller gains.Despite so many falling economic indicators,Southeast Alaska business leaders are generallyoptimistic. While 99% say they are concernedabout the region overall, two-thirds say theyexpect their own business or industry to remainstable or to improve in the upcoming year, andthey have invested accordingly. With so manyAn embattled state government also directlyvolatile components of our economy at play—impedes the sectors it supports, such as thesuch as oil and metal prices, seafood harvestconstruction industry, which relies on the state to levels, and federal decision making—manyfund large-scale infrastructure projects forfuture outcomes are possible.construction workers to build. With fewerSOUTHEAST ALASKA BY THE NUMBERS 2017A SOUTHEAST CONFERENCE PUBLICATION BY RAIN COAST DATA

A Message from Southeast ConferenceIncoming PresidentJan HillSoutheast Alaska by theNumbers is our regional reportcard. The following pagesoutline how the economy ofSoutheast Alaska has performedover the past year. It shows thetrends and which areas need thegreatest attention.As a lifelong Southeast Alaskaresident and three-term mayor, Ihave had the privilege ofworking with business, municipaland Tribal leaders throughoutthe region. The collaborativework through our committeesand partnering in the region and state has led to unprecedentedachievements over the years. Now we are faced withunprecedented challenges. And now is not the time to withdrawinto our individual boundaries, more than ever before, this is thetime for us to come together and work our committees with focusand resolve.We have many things to be proud of and much to work toimprove. There are many uncertainties that cause concern for ourcommunities. Political and fiscal instability is one of the greatestthreats at every level of government, local regional and federal.But the one constant in the region since 1958 is SoutheastConference and the hard-working members that gather throughoutthe year to meet the challenges of the day.Haines has been passionate about the ferry system since beforestatehood and is very proud to have been the community that wasinstrumental in starting what was to become the Alaska MarineHighway System. The ferry system is a critical part of our local andregional economic and social fabric.Please join us throughout the year as our committees work tostrengthen and support our industries from transportation, energy,mining, maritime, seafood, tourism, mining, timber, and economicdevelopment. There is much at stake but together we can achievethe Southeast Conference. Please sign up for the committees thatare of primary interest to you. Thank you for doing your part tomake Southeast Conference a success.Executive DirectorRobert VenablesNavigating the Southeasteconomy. That’s been the goal ofSoutheast Conference since1958 when our first boardgathered and advocated for thecreation of the Alaska MarineHighway System and began tocome together and work topromote strong economies andhealthy communities in theregion. Southeast Alaska hasseen significant blows to theeconomy. Those impacts haveforced major changes atSoutheast Conference, caused economic concerns to communitiesin the region and has slowed investment in the region. ButSoutheast Alaska is resilient. With our collective efforts to partnerand plan strategically, we have already laid the foundation tosupport and strengthen the capacities that can lead to aneconomic rebound as part of our regional planning efforts. Ourannual meetings allow our regional stakeholders an opportunity togather information, network, and collaborate toward success. Ourmembers and partners are the strength of Southeast Conference –and the reason for our successes, past, present and future.It is fitting to meet this year in Haines, the birthplace of the AlaskaMarine Highway System. Southeast Conference gathered in 1958to advocate for its formation, and now our statewide stakeholdersgather here to reform AMHS. The AMHS Reform project(www.AMHSreform.com) is a historic opportunity that allowsAlaskans the opportunity to articulate their vision and need formarine transportation and work together to propose significantchanges to make AMHS a more sustainable entity that integratesas a viable component of the intermodal state transportationsystem. We are particularly appreciative to the Walker/MallottAdministration for the opportunity to lead this statewide initiative.From transportation, energy, mining, maritime, seafood, tourism,healthcare, timber and the arts, and all other facets of oureconomy, we work to make sure that the interests of Southeastcommunities are front and center on the regional, state, andnational level. This work will continue throughout the year.The mission of Southeast Conference is to undertake and support activities that promote strong economies, healthy communities and aquality environment in Southeast Alaska. As the state and federally designated regional economic development organization, SoutheastConference serves as the collective voice for advancing the region’s economy. We have 180 member organizations representing 1,200 peoplefrom 32 regional communities. We started 59 years ago with a group of people supporting the establishment of a regional transportationsystem, leading to the formation of the Alaska Marine Highway System. Our members stayed together through more than a half-century tofocus on concerns unique to the region.Credit: Cover photo of Haines by Judi Rice Photography. Cover icons created by graphic illustrator Averyl Veliz.Southeast Alaska by the Numbers, 2017Prepared by Rain Coast DataPage 2

SOUTHEASTCONFERENCETWO YEARS OF CHANGE: 2014 to 2016Table tracks key Southeast indicators over thepast 2 years, along with associated 4201673,81210,1444,3688,86611,57145,694 2.174 billion 1.408 billion 47,5937.10%201445,260 2,178 billion 1.407 billion 48,6736.10%2016Population 1Ages 65 and older 2Under Age Five 2Twenty somethings 2K-12 School District Enrollment 3GENERAL ECONOMIC CONDITIONSTotal Labor Force (jobs, includes self-employed & USCG)1,5,6Total Job Earnings1, 5, 6Total Private Sector Payroll 1, 6Average Annual Wage 1Annual Unemployment Rate 1TOP ECONOMIC SECTORSGOVERNMENTTotal Government Employment 1, 5Federal Employment 1, 5 (8% of all employment earnings)State Employment 1 (14% of all job earnings)City and Tribal Employment 1 (14% of all job earnings)Total Government Payroll (includes USCG) 1, 5Total State of Alaska PayrollVISITOR INDUSTRYTotal Visitor Industry Employment 1, 6Total Visitor Industry Wages/Earnings 1, 6Total Southeast Alaska Passenger ArrivalsCruise Passengers 10Total Air Passenger Arrivals from Outside SE 11Total AMHS Passengers from Outside SE 12COMMERCIAL FISHING & SEAFOOD INDUSTRYTotal Seafood Employment (includes fishermen) 1, 6Total Seafood Employment Earnings 1, 6Pounds of Seafood Processed7Pounds Landed (commercial seafood pounds by SE residents) 8Estimated Gross Earnings (ex-vessel value of pounds landed) 8Shared Fish Taxes13HEALTH CARE INDUSTRY (PUBLIC & PRIVATE HEALTH)Health Care Employment 1, 6Health Care Wages 1, 6MARITIME ECONOMY (Includes employment from all industries)Private Maritime plus USCG Employment 1,5,6Private Maritime plus USCG Wages 1,5,6OTHER SELECTED STATISTICSConstruction Employment 1, 6 (6% all employment earnings)Mining Employment 1 (4% of all employment earnings)Price of Gold 15Cost of Living: Consumer Price Index1Housing Starts: Housing Permitted /Completed 4,1Avg. Daily Volume ANS Oil Production (mbbls/day)14Annual Avg. Domestic Crude WTI Oil Prices (in /Barrel)14% 40,7351,080-1%% CHANGECHANGEPUBLIC SECTOR: 35% OF ALL EMPLOYMENT EARNINGS13,6022,1105,5045,988 765.8 million 311.3 million13,0522,1084,9396,005 771.0 million 301.6 million-4%-0.1%-10%0.3%1%-3%-550-2-56517 5.2 million- 9.7 millionKEY INDUSTRY: 11% OF ALL EMPLOYMENT EARNINGS6,923 188.5 million1,362,737967,500372,19723,0407,752 229.4 %-7%829 40.9 million110,42558,40053,742-1,7174,372 259.0 million232.9 million300.9 million 275.7 million 5.8 million3,854 209.7 million168.4 million223.4 million 221.0 million 2.7 million-12%-19%-28%-26%-20%-53%-518- 49.3 million-64.5 million-77.5 million- 54.7 million- 3.1 million1%8%21 14.8 millionKEY INDUSTRY: 10% OF ALL EMPLOYMENT EARNINGSKEY INDUSTRY: 9% OF ALL EMPLOYMENT EARNINGS3,323 174.5 million3,344 189.3 millionTOP SECTOR: 27% OF PRIVATE SECTOR EMPLOYMENT EARNINGS6,768 395.5 million20142,168783 1,266215.805321513,318 52.086,386 354.3 million20162,033798 1,251217.83369517,191 43.34-6%-10%% CHANGE-6%2%-1%1%15%1%-17%-382- 41.2 millionCHANGE-13515-152483,873- 9Sources: 1Alaska Department of Labor (ADOL); 2ADOL Southeast Alaska Population by Age, 2014 to 2016; 3Alaska Department of Education and Early Development; 4Based onthe quarterly Alaska Housing Unit Survey, a survey of local governments and housing agencies; 5 US Coast Guard; 6 2015 US Census Nonemployer (self-employment) Statistics;7ADF&G Seafood Production of Shorebased Plants in Southeast Alaska, 2004 and 2016; 8ADF&G Southeast Alaska Commercial Seafood Industry Harvest and Ex-Vessel ValueInformation, 2014-2016; 10McDowell Group & Cruise Line Agencies of Alaska; 11US Bureau of Transportation Statistics (RITA); 12Alaska Marine Highway System data for 2015;13Shared15Kitco Metals Inc.SOUTHEASTBYReportTHE FY16,NUMBERSA SOUTHEASTCONFERENCEPUBLICATION BY RAIN COAST DATATaxes andALASKAFees AnnualADOR; 142017Alaska Department of Revenue RevenueSources Book;

The Whole Southeast Alaska Economy 2016In 2016, Southeast Alaska lost 885 year round equivalent jobs, along with 29 million in workforce earnings over 2015. Approximately aquarter (26.1%) of regional workers are non-residents.Annual Average JobsEmployment Related EarningsDOWN 885 JOBSDOWN 29 MILLION -1%44,763 Jobs2016 -2%Visitor Industry11%Seafood9%Trade10%4%berSoc%ber 6o, Timl, InfOther7%Private Health CareCo6%nstructionMining 4%SociaTrade6%6%esvicerlSnasioesofies 5%Pr ancial ActivitFinPrivateCoHensCar althe 4%truction5%7%esvicerlSnasios 4%estivitieofPr Financial AcMining 2%Other8%Government35%, TimGovernment29%Seafood10%InfoVisitor Industry17%ial,IN 2.2 Billion Workforce Earnings6%2016 Southeast Alaska Employment EarningsEMPLOYMENT RELATED EARNINGSEMPLOYMENT NUMBERSAnnual AverageEmployment(2016)SelfEmployed(2015)Wages (2016)Self-EmploymentEarnings (2015)Total Earnings 716,921,060 54,109,413* 771,030,47312,417635*13,052 61,211,763 148,481,000 209,692,7631,5732,2813,854Visitor Industry 197,410,968 32,001,000 229,411,9686,8758777,752Trade: Retail and Wholesale 111,004,533 24,653,000 135,657,5333,7665844,350Government (includes Coast Guard)Seafood IndustryConstruction IndustryTotalEmployment 98,568,394 33,235,000 131,803,3941,4615722,033Health Care Industry (private only) 119,011,614 13,720,000 132,731,6142,1972512,448Professional and Business Services 83,148,173 44,736,000 127,884,1731,6681,3042,972Financial Activities 50,195,660 67,927,000 118,122,6609567321,6887798Mining Industry 82,759,540 92,000 82,851,540791Warehousing, Utilities, & Non-Visitor Transport 48,102,126 11,503,000 59,605,1268521541,006Social ServicesInformation (publishing, broadcasting, telecomm.) 45,285,800 4,045,000 49,330,800 22,313,713 1,973,000 24,286,7131,486526217581,703584Timber Industry 14,474,886 1,554,000 16,028,88626845313Other 63,090,981 27,231,000 90,321,9811,7329752,707Total 1,713,499,211 465,260,413 2,178,759,62436,5688,69245,260Sources: Alaska Department of Labor 2016 Employment & Wage data; 2015 (latest available) US Census Nonemployer (self-employment) Statistics; 2016 US Coast Guardemployment & wage data.*These cells in Government refer to 2016 active duty Coast Guard personnel employment and wages, and not self-employment data.Notes: Seafood Industry includes animal aquaculture, fishing & seafood product preparation (NAICS 1125,1141,3117), and Southeast Alaska resident commercial fishermen(nonresident fishermen & crew who did not report income are excluded). Visitor Industry includes leisure & hospitality, and visitor transportation (air, water, scenic) (NAICS 71, 72,481, 487, 483). Timber includes forestry and logging support activities for forestry, and wood product manufacturing (NAICS 113, 1153, 321).Southeast Alaska by the Numbers, 2017Prepared by Rain Coast DataPage 4

20201420152018 17.9million 10 0CRUISE SHIP TRAFFICSources: Combination of ADOL 2016 Employment and Wage data and 2015 US Census Nonemployer (self-employment)Statistics; McDowell Group; US Bureau of Transportation Statistics (RITA); Alaska Marine Highway System; Cruise LineAgencies of Alaska; Cruise Market Watch; Juneau International Airport Passenger Statistics; Economic Impact of Alaska'sVisitor Industry. Forecast 2020 U.S. Department of Commerce, US Office of Travel and Tourism Industries. OMB budgets.Note: In this analysis, the visitor industry includes leisure and hospitality businesses, along with air, water & scenictransportation companies.Chart:SoutheastAlaska CruisePassengers2007-2018Alaska Tourism Marketing Budget in Millions 18.7millionCruise passengers are also having a recordyear. In 2017, a projected 1,055,000 cruiseship passengers will visit the region, making498 voyages on 33 cruise ships. SoutheastIn 2016, 1.5 million air, ferry, and cruiseAlaska is continuing to see larger shipspassengers came to Southeast Alaska fromoutside the region, a 3.7% increase over 2015. replacing smaller vessels. To handle thisAirline passenger traffic was up 5%, and cruise change Juneau has built two new panamaxdocks that opened in 2016 and 2017,passenger traffic to the region increased by3%. Most visitors to the region (70%) come by meaning Juneau has the capacity to host four1,000-foot vessels at a time. Icy Strait Pointcruise ship.completed a 400-foot floating dock,KEY ECONOMIC DRIVERAdventure Center, and restaurant in 2016.Southeast Alaska is the most visited part ofSoutheast Alaska is expected to receive 4.2%the state, with two-thirds of all tourists coming of all global cruise ship passengers in 2017.to the region. One-third of all Alaska visitorThe Alaska Tourism Marketing budget by thespending occurs in Southeast, where visitorsstate was doubled in FY18, but still lagsspent an estimated 657 million in 2016(excluding transportation to and from Alaska). behind previous years and other states.Southeast Alaska by the Numbers, 201720172013201620122011200920082007industry employment has grown by 32%, with1,900 new jobs. Those working in the visitorindustry earned 229 million in 2016—or 11percent of all regional employment income.1,118,300 Est.994,000Southeast Alaska saw a record-breakingnumber of airline passengers in 2016 forthe second year in a row. A total ofU P 3 5 0 J O B S I N 2 0 1 6 5 % 425,939 passengers arrived from outsidethe region, and 2017 is likely to breakIn 2016 the visitor industry took a giant stepforward, replacing the seafood industry as the records as well. As of July 2017, airlinemost important private sector industry, both in passenger arrivals were up 1.4% over thejobs (which it has been for a while) but also in first half of 2016. Delta Airlines begantotal workforce earnings (see chart on page 4). summer flight services between Juneauand Seattle in 2014, joining AlaskaThe visitor industry accounted for 19% ofAirlines as a service provider for theregional employment (7,752 annual averagefirst time since 1996, accounting forjobs) and nearly a quarter (24%) of all privatesome of this increase.sector employment. Since 2010, visitor1,055,000 Est.967,500INCREASED JET SERVICE1,025,900999,600883,000Visitor Industry7,752 Annual Avg. HE VISITOR INDUSTRY 12.0millionFY14FY15FY16 3 1.5 millionmillionFY17FY18VISITOR OUTLOOKThe visitor industry has the strongest outlookof all Southeast Alaska industries, and 2017will be the best year ever for this sector. Asthe national economy grows stronger, Alaska’spopularity grows, and perceived security risksfor international travel destinations increase,Southeast Alaska becomes even moreattractive to visitors.Cruise passenger arrivals will hit a new recordin 2017—with a projected 25,000 morepassengers than the current record set in2008. In 2018, analysts are projecting anadditional six percent increase in SoutheastAlaska cruise passengers. Princess Cruisesship is adding a 7th ship, while NorwegianCruises will add brand new Norwegian Bliss,the first cruise ship custom designed forAlaska waters. Windstar Cruises will beginservice to the region in 2018, with Viking,Cunard and the upscale Azamara sendingships for the first time in 2019.The number of cruise passengers coming tothe region is expected to continue to rise aslarger, higher capacity vessels visit the region.Airline passenger numbers are also expectedto grow. Along with increased visitors, thenumber of jobs and related income in thissector will continue to improve.Prepared by Rain Coast DataPage 5

SOUTHEAST MARITIME: 6,386 JobsPrivate and US Coast Guard Maritime Employment & Workforce EarningsFishing & SeafoodProcessingJobs: 3,854Wages: 209.7 MChange in jobs2014-16: -19%Marine TourismJobs: 1,034Wages: 34.4 MChange in jobs2014-16: 13%US Coast GuardJobs: 782 (ActiveMarineTransportation(Excluding Tourism)Jobs: 370Wages: 25.6MChange in jobs2014-16: -7%Duty and Civilian)Wages: 65.5 MChange in jobs2014-16: 2%Ship Building,Repair, MarinasJobs: 309Wages: 15.2 MChange in jobs2014-16: 39%24%Maritime as a % ofall private sectorearnings in SEMarine-RelatedConstructionJobs: 37Wages: 3.9 MChange in jobs2014-16: -45%Southeast Private & USCG MaritimeEconomy 2014-2016Total Jobs 2016: 6,386Total Wages 2016: 354 MillionChange in jobs since 2014: -354Change in jobs by percent: -5%Change in earnings since 2014: - 41 MillionChange in earnings by percent: -10%Maritime icons created by graphic illustrator Averyl Veliz. Photo by Vigor Ketchikan.For methodology, notes, and sources, see www.raincoastdata.com/sites/default/files/Maritime by the Numbers.pdfSoutheast Alaska by the Numbers, 2017Southeast Alaska by the Numbers, 2015Prepared by Rain Coast DataPage 6Prepared by Rain Coast DataPage 6

THE SEAFOOD INDUSTRYVALUE & POUNDS OF SEAFOOD LANDEDSOUTHEAST ALASKA 2008 TO 2016Inflation AdjustedValue to Fishermen (millions)Landed Pounds (millions)500 384 367375 335 305250 278 2013201420152016 237Southeast SeafoodIndustry 3,854 JobsSEAFOOD LANDED IN SE ALASKA BY SPECIES, 2016Outer ring % of harvest by dollar value: 221 millionInner pie % of harvest by pounds landed: 223 million poundsDOWN 500 JOBS -12%DOWN 45 MILLION INEARNINGS IN 2016 -18%43%% Value% Pounds7%5%8%In 2016, the five salmon species represented78% of the overall regional seafood catch in%Seafood harvests have been a critical part ofthe Southeast Alaska economy for thousandsof years, and it was over Southeast Alaskasalmon that statehood itself was fought. Theregional seafood industry (includingcommercial fishermen and seafoodprocessors) generated 3,854 annual regionaljobs in 2016, making up 10% of all regionalemployment earnings and 9% of all jobs.Those working in our region’s seafoodindustry earned 45 million fewer dollars thanin 2015. Nonresident commercial fishermenand crew members are excluded from thesefigures.Blackcod 4%HalibC ut 3O rab %th2%er4%terms of the volume—but only half of totalex-vessel value ( 111 million). Halibut andblackcod—while just seven percent of thetotal pounds landed—accounted for morethan one-third of the total catch value in2016. (See double pie chart above).The majority of the statewide catch of thechinook, coho, chum, shrimp, dungunesscrab, and the dive fisheries occurs inSoutheast Alaska; and Southeast Alaskagenerally accounts for more than threequarters of all Alaska Chinook caught in thestate. However Southeast Alaska’s2017 king salmon season hasbeen the worst since 1975resulting in an emergencyorder to stop bothcommercial and sportsfishing of kings.SEAFOOD PROCESSINGIn 2016, shore-basedseafood facilities inSoutheast Alaska processed168 million pounds ofseafood, with a wholesalevalue of 433 million, a 30%decline in seafood poundsprocessed over 2015. State-sharedfisheries taxes for processing activity inFY16 generated 2.7 million for regionalcommunities, a 53% drop from FY2014.16%THE SEAFOOD INDUSTRY IS A KEYECONOMIC DRIVERPink Salmon33%ringHer10%20Other Salmon45%2%By most measures, 2016 was the worstfishing season in the region in morethan a decade. The Southeast Alaskaseafood harvest in 2016 was 223million pounds with a total ex-vesselvalue of 221 million—a 40% declinein value and 53% decline in poundslanded from 2013—and 27% below the10-year average. 221SEAFOOD INDUSTRY OUTLOOKThe preseason forecast for 2017predicted 51 million salmon. As of August2017, 42 million had been captured. King andsockeye levels were far below expectations,while coho levels were up. Prices were up in2017 including chums, which were garneringup to 85 cents a pound, compared to just 60cents on average last year, due to demand forroe. However, uncertainty regardingcommercial fisheries budget cuts, along withglobal advances in salmon farming, threatenthe industry.Sources: Combination of ADOL 2015 Employment and Wage data; 2014 US Census Nonemployer (self-employment) Statistics; ADF&G Seafood Production of Shorebased Plants inSoutheast Alaska; ADF&G Southeast Alaska Commercial Seafood Industry Harvest and Ex-Vessel Value Information; Run Forecasts and Harvest Projections for 2016 Alaska SalmonFisheries and Review of the 2015 Season; ADF&G April 2015; ADF&G 2016 Preliminary Alaska Commercial Salmon Harvest - Blue Sheet Updated August 29, 2016; Shared Taxes andFees Annual Report FY15, ADOR; Alaska Commercial Salmon Harvests and Ex-vessel Values, ADF&G. Seafood price source Laine Welch. Seafood Industry includes animal aquaculture,fishing, & seafood product preparation (NAICS 1125,1141,3117) and Southeast Alaska resident commercial fishermen (nonresident fishermen & crew who did not report income areexcluded). Photo Credits: Top: FV Obsession taken near Hoonah by Debbie Douglass.Right: Helen Decker on the MV McCrea near Wrangell by Gig Decker.Southeast Alaska by the Numbers, 2017Prepared by Rain Coast DataPage 7125 245

Southeast HealthcareIndustry 3,344 JobsSoutheast MiningIndustry 798 JobsUP 45 JOBSUP 3 JOBSIN2016 1.4%When both private and local hospital healthcare services aretaken into account, Southeast Alaska’s 3,344 healthcare workersearned 9% ( 182 million) of all regional wages in 2016. Regionalhealthcare employment grew for the first time in five years last year.Healthcare needs in the region have been increasing due to anaging populace. Regional providers are experiencing increasingpatient volumes, and healthcare is one of the fastest growingsectors of the state; but regionally growth has stalled.There appear to be several reasons for this. The healthcare sectorfaces uncertainty due to the state’s continued budget shortfall andthe debate over healthcare on a national level. Regional medicalinstitutions have been conservative in replacing departing staff asthey wait to see how the state will resolve its budget distress, alongwith monitoring Affordable Care Act replacement efforts. Also, ashealthcare becomes more expensive, providers are pressured tocontain costs and consolidate “shared services”— meaning thatjobs like accounting, payroll, and human resources that used to belocal are increasingly being done outside of Southeast Alaska inplaces where the cost of living is less. Another contributing factor isthe influence of medical tourism, as travel to Anchorage and thelower-48 for medial care becomes more common. Finally, there hasbeen intense demand for medical workers at all levels nationwide,which makes local retention and recruitment for regional medicalindustry jobs more difficult than it had been in the past, leading tofewer hires.HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY OUTLOOKEarly employment numbers for 2017 show job gains;and the forecast for this industry is for slow growthin 2017 and 2018 as demand increases. However,the pressures that have limited growth will continueto hinder the healthcare industry.IN2016In 2016, there were 798 annual average mining jobs in SoutheastAlaska, with a payroll of 83 million. The two large mines operatingin the region account for nearly all mining employment. In August2017 Hecla Greens Creek employed 423 full-time permanentemployees, while Kensington had a staff of 368. With an averageannual wage of 104,000, mining jobs pay the highest wages in theregion of any sector.Hecla Greens Creek is one of the largest silver mines in the world,while the Coeur owned Kensington is exclusively a gold mine. AtHecla Greens Creek silver production was up by 9% to 9.3 millionounces in 2016. This increase was driven by higher grade and anincrease in recovery. The mine also produces zinc, gold, and lead.Production at Kensington was similar to last year, with 124,331ounces of gold produced in 2016.After several years of downward trends, metal prices are rising,most notably for zinc, which is at its highest value in more than adecade following supply cuts and continued strong demand out ofChina. Mike Satre of Greens Creek notes, “The latest zinc increasesare encouraging. However, metals prices are very volatile and it istoo soon to tell if this trend is indicative of any fundamental longterm changes in the market.” Regionally, mineral exploration hasremained dormant, with the exception of Constantine’s copperzinc-silver-gold Palmer Project near Haines, which is in theexploration stage.Goldperounce 2,000The mining sector is expected to grow in 2017 and 2018.AVERAGE GOLD AND ZINC PRICES 2008-2017 3,000GoldZinc 1,750 1,500Zinc permetric ton 2,500 1,250 2,000 1,000Sources: ADOL 2016 Employment and Wage data; Kitco Metals Inc; Coeur Mining Inc.2016 Annual Report; Hecla Mining Company 2016 Annual Report. Photo credits: PeterMetcalfe and Hecla Greens Creek Mine.Southeast Alaska by the Numbers, 2017 750200820092010201120122013201420152016Prepared by Rain Coast DataAug2017 1,500Page 8

Southeast TimberIndustry 315 JobsSoutheast ConstructionIndustry 2,030 JobsDOWN 8 JOBSDOWN 90 JOBSIN2016 -2%IN2016 -4%Regional timber jobs were down again in 2016 by 2%. This comes For the third year in a row construction employment is down. Jobson top of significant recent job losses. In the past five years,employment in this industry has been reduced by 10%. In 1991,there were 3,543 year-round timber jobs in the region, peaking inthat year with 4,200 timber workers. In 2016 dollars, those joblosses represent 258 million in annual direct wages, a reductionthat represents more lost wages than all the workers in the seafoodor visitor industry earned last year. The number of board feetharvested annually has fallen by 96% from peak levels.fell by 90 last year to 2,030, a combined loss of 240 jobs over threeyear. Early employment data from 2016 indicates that constructionrelated employment will drop another 50 jobs in 20

SOUTHEAST CONFERENCE SOUTHEAST ALASKA BY THE NUMBERS 2017 A SOUTHEAST CONFERENCE PUBLICATION BY RAIN COAST DATA DEMOGRAPHICS 2014 2016 % CHANGE 2014-2016 CHANGE 2014-2016 Population 1 74,460 73,812 -1% -648 Ages 65 and older 2 9,243 10,144 10% 901 Un

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