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Learn to ReadBiblical Hebrew

Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew2

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLearn to Read Biblical HebrewA guide to learning the Hebrewalphabet, vocabulary and sentencestructure of the Hebrew Bible By Jeff A. Benner3

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewCover design by Jeff A. Benner.“Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew,” by Jeff A. Benner.Published 2007 by Virtualbookworm.com Publishing Inc.,P.O. Box 9949, College Station, TX 77845, US. 2003,Jeff A. Benner. All rights reserved. Any part of this bookmay be copied for educational purposes only, withoutprior permission.Manufactured in the United States of America.4

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewTable of ContentsINTRODUCTION .7PART 1 THE ALEPHBET . 11LESSON 1 – ALEPH, BEYT . 15LESSON 2 – MEM, YUD . 17LESSON 3 – NUN, HEY. 19LESSON 4 – LAMED, VAV . 21LESSON 5 – RESH, SHIN . 23LESSON 6 – AYIN, TET . 25LESSON 7 – TAV, DALET. 27LESSON 8 – TSADE, QUPH . 31LESSON 9 – CHET, KAPH . 33LESSON 10 – ZAYIN, PEY . 35LESSON 11 – GIMEL, SAMECH . 37LESSON TRANSLITERATIONS. 39PART 2 READING PRACTICE . 45THE HEBREW . 46TRANSLITERATION . 49PART 3 REFERENCE GUIDE . 53PART 4 TRANSLATING LESSONS . 59LESSON 1 – GENESIS 1:1. 61LESSON 2 – GENESIS 1:2. 66LESSON 3 – GENESIS 1:3. 72LESSON 4 – GENESIS 1:4 & 5 . 76PART 5 HEBREW/ENGLISH DICTIONARY . 78PART 6 PARENT / CHILD ROOTS . 98PART 7 ADOPTED ROOTS . 1245

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewTo my Father who set me on thepath of Biblical studies6

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewIntroductionWhy Learn Hebrew?A translation of the Biblical text is a translator's"interpretation" of the text. The translator's beliefs willoften influence how the text will be translated and anyoneusing his translation is seeing it through his eyes ratherthan the original authors. Only by studying the originallanguage of the Bible can one see the text in its originalstate.Learning the Hebrew language can be both fun andexciting. By simply studying the pages that follow, for justa few minutes a day, you will soon be reading Hebrew,build a Hebrew vocabulary and even begin translatingBiblical passages for your self.About HebrewThe English word "alphabet" is derived from the first twoletters of the Greek Alphabet--Alpha and Beta. Hebrew onthe other hand, uses the word "alephbet," the first twoletters of the Hebrew alephbet--aleph and bet. The Hebrew7

Learn to Read Biblical Hebrewalephbet consists of 22 consonants. The vowels (callednikkudot, nikkud in the singular) are dots and dashesadded above and below the consonants. One advantage toHebrew is that the sound for each letter remainsconsistent, unlike English where one has to memorizemany variations. For instance, the word circus contains theletter "c" twice, the first time it is pronounced like an "S"while the second time it is pronounced like a "K." InHebrew, the letter K is always pronounced as a "K."Unlike English, which is read from left to right, Hebrew isread from right to left just as many other Semiticlanguages do including Aramaic and Arabic. This maysound difficult at first but in a very short time you will getused to it.When sounding out a word, it will be easier if youremember the Consonant (C) and Vowel (V) patterns ofHebrew words. In English, the consonants and vowelsmay be arranged in any order, such as in the word "circle"which has a C V C C C V pattern. Hebrew on theother hand, is very consistent, and each word will usuallyfollows a C V C V C. pattern. The Hebrew word %,l,m(melek - king) contains the pattern C V C V C, Ak,l,m(meleko – his king) is C V C V C V and %,l,m'h(hamelek – the king) is C V C V C V C.The pronunciations of some of the consonants and vowelshave changed over the centuries but this does not affectthe meaning of words as the letters of the words define it,and not the sounds. We will learn to pronounce themaccording to the Modern Hebrew pronunciation. ModernHebrew pronunciation is also divided into two parts,Ashkenazi and Sephardic. Since Sephardic is the8

Learn to Read Biblical Hebrewpronunciation adopted by the Modern State of Israel, wewill use this pronunciation.About this BookWhen I began to study the Hebrew language I used severaldifferent resources but found that they were not compiledin a format for beginning Hebrew students. I began toarrange charts and lists with the necessary information as aready resource for learning and reading the Hebrew Bible.This book is the result. Included in this book are lessonsfor learning the alephbet, verbs, nouns, adjectives andsentence structure.If at any time you have questions about the AncientHebrew Research Center, this book, its content or thelessons, please feel free to E-mail your questions orcomments to us through our web site;http://www.ancient-hebrew.orgAdditional ResourcesIt should be kept in mind that this book is not meant to beused for in-depth Biblical study, but as a reference guidefor Biblical reading practice, vocabulary building andsentence comprehension. More specific dictionaries andlexicons will be necessary for more in-depth study.9

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewThrough the process of Hebraic studies, you will want todig deeper into the meaning of specific words and phrases.At this point the purchase of a Hebrew Bible and aHebrew Lexicon will be helpful. There are several differentkinds of Hebrew Bibles. The standard Hebrew Bible willbe a Bible written only in Hebrew. The Interlinear Biblewill have the Hebrew on one line and the Englishtranslation for each word under each Hebrew word. AParallel Bible will have the Hebrew text on one page andthe English translation on the otherThere are several different Lexicons but be sure that theone you purchase includes all the words of the Bible withthe prefixes and suffixes attached. This will allow you tolook up a word even if you do not know the root. Irecommend Benjamin Davidson's Hebrew and ChaldeeLexicon of the Bible.10

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewPart 1The AlephbetEach of following eleven lessons introduces two newconsonants and may or many not introduce new vowels.Each lesson will also include a practice section, newvocabulary words and sentences. The practice session willallow you to practice the new letters and vowels andrefresh yourself on old ones. The vocabulary section willconsist of a few words using the new letters and vowels tobegin building your Hebrew vocabulary. The Sentenceswill allow you to begin using your new words insentences.To assist you in learning the letters and words, Irecommend that you put the letters and words you arelearning on flashcards so that you can study them at anytime.Transliterations of each of the lessons are provided at theend of the lessons to assist with pronunciation. Whenreading these transliterations, remember to use the correctHebrew sound for each vowel. For example thetransliterated Hebrew vowel sound "o" is the long "o"sound as in the English word "rope."11

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewAlephbet and VowelsThe following is a chart of all the consonants in theHebrew Alephbet. This chart includes all the variations foreach letter. For example the letter beyt can be written as Bor b. Several of the letters have a final form as well andare also included (such as m and ).LamedMemNunSamechAyinPeyTsadeQuphReshShinTavl etYudKaph12aBbgdhwzxjy& Kk

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewThe VowelsBelow are the names for each of the Hebrew vowels. Theletter aleph is used below to show the placement of eachvowel and is not part of the vowel.Cholam maleyQubbutsShuruqChataph qamatsChataph patachChataph olam13'a;a,aea.aiaoa

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLetter ComparisonsSeveral of the Hebrew letters are very similar and at thebeginning they are easily confused with other letters thatlook alike. Below is a chart showing letters of similarity inorder to make the reader familiar with the yTavbkDaletbpgnhxhtVavReshZayinVavF. NunZayinF. NunChetTavdrKaphwzw!z!xtMem14PeyTetF. MemSamechSamechTetAyinTsadekpmj ssj[c

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 1 – aleph, beytConsonantsaThe "Aleph" is the first letter of the Hebrewalephbet. This consonant is silent.bThe "Beyt" is pronounced two ways, a "b" as in"ball," and as "v" as in "visit." When a dagesh (a dotin the middle of the letter) appears in the middle ofthe letter (B) it will have the "b" sound. When theletter appears without the dagesh (b) the letter ispronounced "v."Vowelsa'This vowel, "qamats," (the little "T" shaped markunder the aleph) is pronounced "ah" as in "father."a;This vowel, "patach," is also pronounced "ah" as in"father."Practice'b ;a 'a 'B ;a 'a ;B 'b ;a ;B 1a'B b'a a'B b'a a;B a'b 215

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewVocabularyCame -a'B 2Father -b'a 1SentencesFather came. -16a'B b'a 1

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 2 – Mem, YudConsonantsmThe "Mem" is pronounced "m" as in "mother." The "final Mem" is used only when it appears at theend of a word. The pronunciation does not change.yThe "Yud" is pronounced "y" as in "yes." (Whenthe "yud" is suffixed to a word it means "of me" or"my." Sentence #2 includes the word b'a - father,with the suffixfather.)yforming the wordyiba'- myVowelsaiThe "chireq" is pronounced "ee" as in "bee."aeThe "tsere" is pronounced "ey" as in "grey."Practice;m ' em im ia ea iB eb eB ib 1 ia ea yim yiB yib yia yea 217

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewVocabularyWho -yim 2Mother - ea 1Sentencesa'B yim 1My father came. - a'B yiba' 2Who came? -18

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 3 – Nun, HeyConsonantsnThe "Nun" is pronounced "n" as in "no."!The "final Nun" is only used when it appears at theend of a word. The pronunciation does not change.hThe "Hey" is pronounced "h" as in "hello." (Whenthe letter h is prefixed to a word it means "the"such as in sentence #6 where the letter h is prefixedto the wordprophet.)ayibn" - prophet, forming ayibn" 'h - thePracticeb;h h'B !eB yEn En In :n eh ih ;h 'h 1a"n !im h'm b"n hEn hIn h"n !eh !;h 2h"n'B h'b"n1 !ih yeh yEn ayIn yIn ayih yih 31Hebrew words with more than one syllable usually accent the finalsyllables pronouncing the final Consonant-Vowel-Consonant as onesyllable. For instance, the word yIn'a, in the vocabulary list, ispronounced "a-niy" rather than "an-iy."19

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewVocabularyyIna' 2Son - !eB 4Prophet - ayib"n 6yeaShe – ayihcame (f.) - h'aB'What - h'm or h;mWhere –I- 1 3 5 7Sentencesayih yimMy son came. - a'B yIneB3I [am a] father. - b'a yIn'aWhere [is] my father? - yib'a yeaWhat [is a] prophet? - ayib"n h'mThe prophet came. - a'B ayib"n'h2Who [is] she? -4 1 2 3 4 5 62The English verb "to be" and its various tenses (am, is, are, etc.) donot exist in Hebrew and need to be added in the translation.3English has two indefinite articles, "a" and "an" which also do notexist in Hebrew and must be added in the translation.4When the letter h is prefixed to a word it means "the" such as insentence #6 where the letter h is prefixed to the word ayib"n (prophet)forming ayib"n'h, meaning "the prophet."20

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 4 – Lamed, VavConsonantslThe "Lamed" is pronounced "l" as in "long."wThe "Vav" is pronounced "v" as in "visit."Vowelsa.The "sh'va" is pronounced "eh" as in "help" when itis placed under the first letter of the word. Whenthis vowel appears anywhere else in the word, it isusually a "syllable break" and not pronounced.a,The "segol" is pronounced "eh" as in "help."PracticeyEw y:w y'l5 yil y;l yIw "w w 'l il ,l ;l el 1l'h h'l leh hel l:w lEw l w l,l w"w w w 2aelm' h'm.bel lIy;l h'Bil yIww" 35When one of the "a" vowels (qamats or patach) is followed by theconsonant "yud" in the same syllable, the pronunciation is a long "i"as in "lie" and NOT "ay" as in "lay."21

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewVocabularylea 2Believe - !em'a 4Sea - "y 6h'ly. ;l 1Water - Iy;m 36Here - hENih 5God -Night -Sentencesa'B h'l.y;l7Water [is] in the sea. - "y;B Iy;m8My son came to me. - yil a'B yIneB9Mother came in the night . - h'ly ;l;B h'a'B eahENih yiMea w10 yib'aNight came. - 1 2 3 4 5My father and my mother [are] here. 6When the dagesh (the dot in the middle of a letter) is placed withinsome letters, such as in the nun in the word hENih, it doubles theletter. Therefore, this word is pronounced "hin-ney" rather than "hiney."7When the letter "beyt" is prefixed to a word it means "in" as insentence #4 - h'l y;l;B - in the night.)8When the letter "lamed" is used as a prefix it means "to" or "for."The vocabulary word h'a'B (she came) is the feminine form of themasculine verb a'B (he came) which was given in lesson one.910When the letter "vav" is prefixed to a word it means "and."22

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 5 – Resh, ShinConsonantsrThe "Resh" is pronounced "r" as in "rain."XThe "Shin" is pronounced two ways, "sh" as in"sharp," and "s" as in "sign." When a dot is placedon the top right corner of the letter ( v) it takes the"sh" sound and when the dot is placed on the topleft corner of the letter (f) it takes the "s" sound.VowelsAThis consonant (vav) / vowel (cholam) combinationis called a "cholam maley" and is pronounced "ow"as in "open."PracticeAf Av Ar y,f yev y;r ir er ef ;v ,v 1vAr v'r rif rAv ryiv r;f vev 2l,v veh yif b;f vim b;r r;y rEn r'B 323

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewVocabulary Iy;m'v 2Created (m) - a'r'B 4Said (f) - h'rm. a' 6Day - Ay 8Rabbi - yiB;r 10 Al'vSaid (m) - r;m'aName - evRuler - r;fLight - rAaHeaven -Peace - 1 3 5 7 9Sentences Al'v r;fDay and night. - h;ly 'l w AyMy name [is] Levi. -yIwle yimv.11What [is] his name? - Am.vh;mHis name [is] Abraham. - 'h'r.b;a Am.v12God created heaven. - Iy;m'v leaa'r'B Al'v yil yiB;r r;m'aRuler of Peace. - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7Rabbi said to me Shalom. -11When the consonant/vowel combination "cholam maley" issuffixed to a word it means "of him" or "his."12In Hebrew, the verb usually appears before the object of the verb.24

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 6 – Ayin, TetConsonants[The "Ayin" is also a silent (the same as the aleph).jThe "Tet" is pronounced "t" as in "tune."VowelsWThis consonant (vav) / vowel combination is calleda "shuruq" and is pronounced "uw" as in "tune."Practice[,j j,[ a,[ a,j Wj j,a i[ ij e[ ,j ,[ 1!W !A Wr Wl Al WB AB Wa Aa Wh Ah 2jW[ [Wj bWj lWv j,b [,B j,f j,r 3Vocabularyb,r,[ 2Israel - lear' .fIy 4She - ayih 6bAjOver, on - l;[He - aWhKeep (m) - remAvEvening –Good -25 1 3 5 7

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewSentencesbAj13 b,r,[What is their name? - 'mv. 14 h;mTheir name is Israel. - lear' .fIy Wm.vPeace over Israel. - lear' .fIy l;[ Al'vWho came in the evening? - b,r,[ a'B yimHe came in the evening. - b,r,['B a'B aWhShe came in the evening. - b,r,['B h'a'B ayihGood evening. -13In Hebrew, the adjective proceeds the noun, such as word(good) which comes after b,r,[ (evening).14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7bAjWhen the letter "Mem" is suffixed to a noun it means "of them" or"their."26

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 7 – Tav, DaletConsonantstThe "Tav" is pronounced "t" as in "tune."dThe "Dalet" is pronounced "d" as in "dig."Vowelsa/This vowel combination (sh'va and segol) is called a"chataph segol" and is pronounced "eh" as in"help."aoThe "cholam" is pronounced "o" as in "open."Practice;t it et ,t ?t Ad od ;d id ed ,d 'd ?d 1d;d ted t,d d?t dot tAd tod t?d t'd 2dyim !;t tom l?a b'd t;b tyeb dAt 327

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewVocabularyh,vm1516(With) - t,aSabbath - t;Bv;h'dyim.l;TMoses - 2 4 6 8 yihol?a 1Gave (m) - !;t'n 317Teaching - h'rAt 5dyim.l;T 7God -Student (f) -Student (m) -t,dm, Al 10demAl 9Studies (f) -Studies (m) -tyivaer18 11Beginning -15Remembering the C V C V rule, the Hebrew word for Moses,h,vm, appears to be missing a vowel after the "mem." Since Hebrewrequires a vowel after each consonant, the vowel is the "cholam" andis placed above the letter "shin" in the same place as the dot abovethe right leg of the shin. The dot in this case serves two purposes.The Hebrew word t,a is occasionally used in the text to mean"with" but is more frequently used (about 7,000 times) as a markerfor the direct object of the verb and is untranslatable into English.For example, in the sentence; "I made the dinner"; the phrase "thedinner" is the direct object and would be preceded by the word t,a. Ifthe sentence were; "I made a dinner," t,a would not precede it since"dinner" in this sentence is not a direct object.16The word hrAt, while often translated as "law," actually means"teaching" and is also the Hebrew name for the first five books of theBible as they contain the "teachings" of God.1718An exception to the rule requiring the C V C V pattern is theword tyivaer. The aleph does not always require a vowel after it.28

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewSentences Al'v t;B;v 1t'BV; ;h t,a Wr.m'v.w 2Peaceful Sabbath. And they will keep the Sabbath. - yihol?a a'rB' tyivaer.B 3In the beginning God created. -hr'AT t,d,mAl h'dyim.l;T 4A student studies Torah. -h'rAt;h t,a Wn'l19 h,vm !;t'n 5Moses gave to us the Torah. -h'rAt;h t,a demAl dyiml. T; 6A student studies the Torah. -19When the letter "lamed" is used as a prefix it means "to" or "for."The suffix Wn means "us." combined, this prefix and suffix mean "tous."29

Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew30

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 8 – Tsade, QuphConsonantscThe "Tsade" is pronounced "ts" as in "pots."#The "final Tsade" is used when this letter appears atthe end of a word. The pronunciation does notchange.qThe "Quph" is pronounced "q" as in "quiet."Vowelsa]This vowel combination (sh'va and patach) is calleda "chataph patach" and is pronounced "ah" as in"father."31

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewPracticee]q ,q ;q 'q oq iq ,c 'c oc ]c ;c ec 1#,r q;r #oq #iq qic q]c #eq #oa #,a 2#oh hoq h]q a;q hoc a,c aec yiq yec 3VocabularyLand -#,ra, 2existed (m) -h"y'h 1Sentences - Genesis 1:1420;[yiq.riB t{ra{ m. yihy. yih{l/a r,ma{Y;wWy'h.w h'l.y'L;h !yebW AY;h !yeB Iy;m'V;h yim'y.lW yid][A{m.lW t{ta{ l. lyiD.b;h.l yinv' .w20From this point on the alephbet lessons will include Biblicalpassages. While most of the words will not be recognizable at thistime, remember that our objective is to "read" the text, notnecessarily understand it.32

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 9 – Chet, KaphConsonantsxThe "Chet" is pronounced "ch" as in the Germanword "ich" or the name "Bach."kThe "Kaph" is pronounced two ways, "k" as inkick, and "kh" as in the German word "ich" or thename "Bach." If the dagesh appears in the middle ofthe letter (K) it is pronounced "k." When the dageshdoes not appear in the letter (k) it is pronounced"kh." The "final kaph" may also appear with the dagesh(&) or without the dagesh ( ) with thepronunciations being the same as the "kaph." Allwords will end with a consonant, the only exceptionto this is the "final kaph" which will usually befollowed by a vowel.VowelsauThe "qubbuts" is pronounced "u" as in "tune."33

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewPracticeox ix ex ,x uk eK ,k iK 'k ;K 1xiK %ex ex x'k ;xKo %;x 2x;a ;x %;a &;r ;xur ;xor 3Vocabularyb,f,[ 221Noah – ;xon 4!eK 1Tree - #e[ 3Grass, herb -Yes, so -Sentences - Genesis 1:5a'r'q . ,v{x;l.w Ay rAa'l yih{l/a a'rq. Yi ;wd'xa, Ay r,q{b-yih.y;w b,r[, -yih.y;w h'l.y'l21According to the standard form of Hebrew pronunciation the name;xon should be pronounced "nocha" but, when the patach vowelappears below the letter "chet" at the end of a word, the two soundstrade places and is in fact pronounced "no'ach." This is unique onlyto this letter and vowel combination.34

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 10 – Zayin, PeyConsonantszThe "Zayin" is pronounced "z" as in "zebra."pThe "Pey" is pronounced two ways, "p" as in "pad,"and "ph" as "phone." If the dagesh appears in themiddle of the letter (P) it is pronounced "p." Whenthe dagesh does not appear in the letter ( p) it ispronounced "ph."@The "final Pey" is only used when this letter appearsat the end of a word. The "final pey" will neverappear with the dagesh and will therefore bepronounced "ph."Vowels\aThis vowel combination (sh'va and qamats) is calleda "chataph qamats" and is pronounced "ah" as in"father."35

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewPracticeAz Iz "z Ez uz oP ;P ep ,P \P ?p 1@,z z]p a z z,h zea @;a aEz h z 2@uq %Ez @;K z;v z'f 'P ;xPo 3VocabularyTo do, make -h'f'[ 2r,v]a 1Face - yinP' 3Which, who -Sentences - Genesis 1:11b,fe[ a,v,D #,r'a'h aev.d;T yih{l/a r,ma{Y;wAnyiml. yir.P h,f{[ yir.P #e[ [;r,z ;[yir.z;m!ek-yih.y;w #,r'a'h-l;[ Ab-A[.r;z r,v]a36

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson 11 – Gimel, SamechConsonantsgThe "Gimel" is pronounced "g" as in "game."sThe "Samech" is pronounced "s" as in "sand."Practice g :g Ig og g "g ?g is es ]s us os 1h:g hog a g g;a aAg hes s'a s,h 2dos rus s:g ges @es es s;m ;xso 3Vocabularyl'K22 1Bird - @A[ 3 'd'a 2Fish - h"g'D 4Man -All -22This word appears to be pronounced "kal" but, is actuallypronounced "kol." In this one instance the qamats vowel represents arare vowel pronounced "o."37

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewSentences - Genesis 1:26Wnem.l;c.B 'd'a h,f][;n yih{l/a r,ma{Y;w@A[.bW 'Y;h t;g.dbi WD.rIy.w WnetWm.dKi-l'kb. W #,r'a'h-l'k.bW h'mhe B. b; W Iy;m'V;h#,ra' h' -l;[ fem{r'h f,m,r'h38

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewLesson TransliterationsLesson 1P1: bah ah vah bah ah ah bah ah ah vahP2: vah bah ahv bah ahv bahV1: ahvV2: bahS1: ahv bahLesson 2P1: vee bey vey bee ey ee mee mey mah mahP2: ey ee vee bee mee eym eemV1: eymV2: meeS1: mee bahS2: ah-vee bahLesson 3P1: hah hah hee hey nah nee ney ney beyn bah hahvP2: hahn heyn nah nee ney nahv mah meen nahP3: hee hee nee nee ney hey heen nah-vah bah-nahV1: eyV2: ah-neeV3: heeV4: beynV5: bah-ahV6: nah-veeV7: mahS1: mee heeS2: bey-nee bahS3: ah-nee ahvS4: ey ah-veeS5: mah nah-vee39

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewS6: hah-nah-vee bahLesson 4P1: ley lah leh lee lah veh vah vee lie lee lie vie veyP2: vehv vahv leyl vehl veyl vahl ley heyl lah hahlP3: vah-veem lee-bah lah-yeel leyv-mah mah-leyV1: lie-lahV2: eylV3: mah-yeemV4: ah-meynV5: hee-neyV6: yahmS1: lie-lah bahS2: mah-yeem bah-yahmS3: bey-nee bah leeS4: eym bah-ah bah-lie-lahS5: ah-vee veh-ey-mee hee-neyLesson 5P1: sheh shah sey rey ree rie shey sehy row show sowP2: sheysh sahr sheer showr seer rahsh rowshP3: bahr neyr yahr rahv meesh sahv seem heysh shehlV1: shah-lowmV2: shah-mah-yeemV3: ah-mahrV4: bah-rahV5: sheymV6: ahm-rahV7: sahrV8: yowmV9: owrV10: rah-beeS1: sahr shah-lowmS2: yowm veh-lie-lah40

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewS3:S4:S5:S6:S7:sh'mee ley-veemah sh'mowsh'mow ahv-rah-hahmbah-rah eyl shah-mah-yeemah-mahr rah-bee lee shah-lowmLesson 6P1: eh teh ey tee ee eht tuw teh eh eht tehP2: how huw ow uw bow buw low luw ruw own uwnP3: reht seht beh veht shuwl tuwv tuw uwtV1: towvV2: eh-rehvV3: ahlV4: yees-rah-eylV5: huwV6: heeV7: show-meyrS1: eh-rehv towvS2: mah sh'muwS3: sh'muw yees-rah-eylS4: shah-lowm ahl yees-rah-eylS5: mee bah eh-rehvS6: huw bah bah-eh-rehvS7: hee bah-ah bah-eh-rehvLesson 7P1: deh dah deh dey dee dah dow dow teh teh tey tee tahP2: daht deht dowt dowt towd tehd deht deyt dahdP3: towd veyt vaht dahv ehl mowt tahn meedV1: eh-low-heemV2: mow-shehV3: rey-sheetV4: ehtV5: tahl-meed41

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewV6: tahl-mee-dahV7: low-meydV8: low-meh-dehtV9: tow-rahV10: shah-bahtV11: nah-tahnS1: shah-baht shah-lowmS2: veh-shahm-ruw eht hah-shah-bahtS3: beh-rey-sheet bah-rah eh-low-heemS4: tahl-mee-dah low-meh-deht tow-rahS5: nah-tahn mow-sheh lah-nuw eht hah-tow-rahS6: tahl-meed low-meyd eht hah-tow-rahLesson 8P1: tsey tsah tsah tsow tsah tseh qee qow qah qah qehqahP2: ehts owts qeyts tsahq tseeq qeets qowts rahq rehtsP3: tsey qee tsey tseh tsow qah qah qow howtsV1: hah-yahV2: eh-rehtsS1: vie-yow-mehr eh-low-heem yeh-hee meh-ow-rowtbeer-qee-ah hah-shah-mah-yeem beyn hah-yowmuw-veyn hah-lie-lah veh-hie-uw leh-hahv-deel lehowt-owt uwl-mow-ah-deem uwl-yah-meem vehshah-neemLesson 9P1: kah khah kee kheh key khuw cheh chey chee chowP2: chahkh kow-ahch khahch chey-khah cheykh keechP3: row-ahch ruw-ahch rahk ahkh chah-khah ahchV1: keynV2: eh-sehvV3: eytsV4: now-ahch42

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewS1: vie-yeeq-rah eh-low-heem lah-owr yowm veh-lahchow-shehkh qah-rah lie-lah vie-hee eh-rehv vie-heevow-qehr yowm eh-chahdLesson 10P1: pheh pah peh phey pah pow zuw zey zah zee zowP2: zeh zey ahph eyz hehz zeh phahz zehphP3: pow-ahch pahm sahz shahz kahph zeykh quwphV1: ah-shehrV2: ah-sahV3: pah-neemS1: vie-yow-mehr eh-low-heem tahd-shey hah-ah-rehtsdeh-sheh ey-sehv mahz-ree-ah zeh-rah eyts peh-reeow-seh peh-ree leh-mee-now ah-shehr zahr-ow vowahl hah-ah-rehts vie-hee kheynLesson 11P1: sow suw sah sey see geh gah geh gow gee gah gahP2: hehs ahs sey gow ahg geh gow gahP3: sow-ahch mahs seym seyph seyg gahs suwr sowdV1: kowlV2: ah-dahmV3: owphV4: dah-gahS1: vie-yow-mehr eh-low-heem nah-ah-seh ah-dahmbeh-tsahl-mey-nuw hah-reh-mehs veh-yeer-duwveed-gaht hah-yowm uwv-owph hah-shah-mah-yeemkeed-muw-tey-nuw uwv-khowl hah-ah-rehts uwvkhowl uw-vah-beh-hey-mah hah-row-meys ahl hahah-rehts43

Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew44

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewPart 2Reading PracticeBelow is the first chapter of the book of Genesis inHebrew. The name "Genesis" comes from the Greek namefor this book and means "origins." The Hebrew name forthis book is "Bereshiyt." The Hebrew names for the firstfive books of the Bible is derived from the first word (orfirst principle word) of the book. In this case, the firstword in the book is "bereshiyt" and means "in thebeginning."The purpose of this section is to allow you to practicereading. Also included is a transliteration of the chapter forpronunciation help. Again, remember to use the correctHebrew pronunciation for each vowel.45

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewThe Hebrew#,r'a'h tea.w Iy;m'V;h tea yih{l/a a'r'B tyivaer.B 1 Ah.t yen.P-l;[ . ,v{x.w Wh{b'w Wh{t h't.y'h #,r'a'h.w 2 Iy'M;h yen.P-l;[ t,p,x;r.m yih{l/a ;xWr.wrAa-yihy. ;w rAa yihy. yih{l/a r,ma{Y;w 3leD.b;Y;w bAj-yiK rAa'h-t,a yih{l/a a.r;Y;w 4. ,v{xh; !yebW rAa'h !yeB yih{l/aa'r'q . ,v{xl; .w Ay rAa'l yih{l/a a'r.qiY;w 5d'x,a Ay r,q{b-yihy. ;w b,r,[-yihy. ;w h'l.y'lyihyiw Iy'M;h . At.B ;[yiqr' yihy. yih{l/a r,ma{Y;w 6 Iy'm'l Iy;m !yeB lyiDb. ;m Iy;M;h !yeB leD.b;Y;w ;[yiqr' 'h-t,a yih{l/a f;[;Y;w 7r,v]a Iy;M;h !yebW ;[yiqr' 'l t;x;Tim r,v]a!ek-yihy. ;w ;[yiqr' 'l l;[emb,r,[-yihy. ;w Iy'm'v ;[yiqr' 'l yih{l/a a'r.qiY;w 8yinev Ay r,q{b-yihy. ;w Iy;m'V;h t;x;Tim Iy;M;h Ww'QIy yih{l/a r,ma{Y;w 9!ek-yihy. ;w h'v'BY; ;h h,a'ret.w d'x,a Aq'm-l,a Iy;M;h hew.qmi .lW #,r,a h'v'BY; ;l yih{l/a a'r.qiY;w 10bAj-yiK yih{l/a a.r;Y;w yiM;y a'r'qb,fe[ a,v,D #,r'a'h aev.dT; yih{l/a r,ma{Y;w 11r,v]a Anyiml. yir.P h,f{[ yir.P #e[ [;r,z ;[yir.z;m!ek-yihy. ;w #,r'a'h-l;[ Ab-A[.r;z[;r,z ;[yir.z;m b,fe[ a,v,D #,r'a'h aecAT;w 12Ab-A[.r;z r,v]a yir.P-h,f{[ #e[.w Whenyim.lbAj-yiK yih{l/a a.r;Y;w Whenyim.l46

Learn to Read Biblical Hebrewyivyilv. Ay r,q{b-yihy. ;w b,r,[-yihy. ;w 13 Iy;m'V;h ;[yiq.riB t{r{a.m yihy. yih{l/a r,ma{Y;w 14t{t{a.l Wy'h.w h'l.y'Lh; !yebW AY;h !yeB lyiDb. ;h.l yin'v.w yim'y.lW yid][A{ml. W-l;[ ryia'h.l Iy;m'V;h ;[yiq.riB t{rAa.mil Wy'h.w 15!ek-yihy. ;w #,r'a'h-t,a yil{d.G;h t{r{a.M;h yen.v-t,a yih{l/a f;[;Y;w 16rAa'M;h-t,a.w AY;h t,l,v.mm, .l l{d'G;h rAa'M;h yib'kAK;h tea.w h'l.y;Lh; t,l,v.mm, .l !{j'Q;hryia'h.l Iy'm'V;h ;[yiq.riB yih{l/a 't{a !eTiY;w 17#,r'a'h-l;[rAa'h !yeB lyiDb. ;h]lW h'l.y;Lb; W AY;B l{v.mli .w 18bAj-yiK yih{l/a a.r;Y;w . ,v{xh; !yebWyi[yib.r Ay r,q{b-yihy. ;w b,r,[-yihy. ;w 19h'Y;x v,p,n #,r,v Iy;M;h Wc.r.vIy yih{l/a r,ma{Y;w 20 Iy'm'V;h ;[yiq.r yen.P-l;[ #,r'a'h-l;[ @epA[.y @A[.w-l'K tea.w yil{d.G;h inyiN;T;h-t,a yih{l/a a'r.biY;w 21 ,henyim.l Iy;M;h Wc.r'v r,v]a t,f,mr{ 'h h'Y;xh; v,p,nbAj-yiK yih{l/a a.r;Y;w Whenyim.l @'n'K @A[-l'K tea.wWa.limW Wb.rW Wr.P r{mael yih{l/a 't{a . ,r'b.y;w 22#,r'a'B b,rIy @A['h.w yiM;Y;B Iy;M;h-t,ayivyimx] Ay r,q{b-yihy. ;w b,r,[-yihy. ;w 23H'nyim.l h'Y;x v,p,n #,r'a'h aecAT yih{l/a r,ma{Y;w 24!ek-yihy. ;w H'nyim.l #,r,a-At.y;x.w f,m,r'w h'meh.B-t,a.w H'nyim.l #,r'a'h t;Y;x-t,a yih{l/a f;[;Y;w 25Whenyim.l h'm'd]a'h f,m,r-l'K tea.w H'nyim.l h'meh.B;h47

Learn to Read Biblical HebrewbAj-yiK yih{l/a a.r;Y;wWnem.l;c.B 'd'a

Learning the Hebrew language can be both fun and exciting. By simply studying the pages that follow, for just a few minutes a day, you will soon be reading Hebrew, build a Hebrew vocabulary and even begin translating Biblical passages for your self. About Hebrew The English word "alphabet" is derived from the first two .

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