UTAH DRIVER HANDBOOK STATE OF UTAH - Drivers Ed

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UTAH DRIVER HANDBOOKSTATE OF UTAHDEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETYDRIVER LICENSE DIVISIONPost Office Box 144501Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4501KEITH D. SQUIRESCommissionerDepartment of Public SafetyChris CarasDirectorDriver License DivisionFor Driver License AssistanceTelephone: 801-965-4437Toll Free Number: 888-353-4224Help conserve our natural resources.When you are finished with this book, please pass it on to afriend or return it to your local Driver License office.A searchable version of this book can be found at dld.utah.gov.THANK YOUUtah Driver HandbookVersion: 2017-2018

UTAH DRIVERHANDBOOKdld.utah.govFollow us on Facebook atUtah Driver License DivisionFollow us on Twitter atUtah Driver License @utahdldThis manual contains the rules which should be followed when operating any vehicle on Utah roads.The operator of a bicycle must obey the same rules of the road, and has the same rights and dutiesas the operator of a motor vehicle or other vehicle.NOTE: Please beware of imitator websites. For accurate Driver License information and formsvisit: dld.utah.gov.Issued by theUTAH DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETYDriver License DivisionP.O. Box 144501Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4501AndAAMVA Model Non Commercial Driver ManualRev. 08-17DLD-42Utah Driver HandbookVersion: 2017-2018Front Cover courtesy of:Haley Mattinson

DRIVER LICENSE SERVICESThere are many services provided by the Driver License Division, including: Driver License and Driving Privilege Cards Photo Identification Cards Utah Driving Records License Denials, Suspensions and Revocations License Reinstatements Driver Review Exams Voter Registration Organ Donor RegistrationUtah Driver HandbookVersion: 2017-2018

DRIVER LICENSE HISTORYInteresting Facts about the Driver License Division The Bureau of Driver License Services was created on January 1, 1934, when Utah officiallyadopted the “Uniform Operator’s and Chauffeurs’ License Act.” (Prior to this, the State ofUtah had no driver license law.)o This act required that “every operator of a motor vehicle shall not drive any motorvehicle upon a highway in this state unless such person was licensed to do so”. Originally, the Bureau of Driver License Services was an agency within the State TaxCommission. The first license in Utah was issued on December 5, 1933. It cost 25 and was good untilrevoked. It was printed in blue on white paper. The application card was 6” x 3½” and only asked for name, address, brief description, a fewquestions and a signature. No examination was given until January 1935, when the eye test, knowledge test, and anoccasional road test was given. The ‘good-until-revoked’ licenses were issued until December 31, 1935. Beginning January 1, 1936, the law was changed to have the license expire three years afterissuance (not on the birthdate.) The fee was still 25 . One of the biggest changes came in 1951 when the Bureau of Driver License Services movedfrom the State Tax Commission and became an agency within the Department of PublicSafety. In 1980, the state decided to reward ‘good drivers’ by developing a system for theapplication to renew their license through the mail. The Division began issuing a commercial driver license in 1989. The Division began offering more online services including MVRs and appointments. In January 2010, the Division and the Citizens of Utah started a 5-year process that requiredall Utah drivers to bring in their identification documents once again. This process was abeginning step to meet the Licensing practices for the Federal Real ID Act. January 2010, the Division suspended the Renewal By Mail Program. February 13, 2013, the Division was notified by the Department of Homeland Security thatUtah meets the Licensing practices of the Federal Real ID Act. April 2013, Driver License reinstated the Renewal By Mail Program and started offering anew service of Renewal By Internet. In May 2015, the Division began offering online CDL MVR services to authorized drivers andemployers. In 2016, the Division stopped conducting driving skills test on an enclosed range. All skillstests are performed on public roads. In March 2017, the Division eliminated scoring driving skills tests on paper and beganscoring skills tests on tablets.Did you know the Driver License Division is not part of the DMV?Our friends at the DMV (Department of Motor Vehicles) can assist you at dmv.utah.gov.Utah Driver HandbookVersion: 2017-2018

THE TOP FIVE LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH ON UTAH HIGHWAYSSpeed Too Fast 37%Unrestrained Occupants 31%Drunk Driving 13%Failed to Yield Right of Way 11%Failed to Keep in Proper Lane 11%THE TOP FIVE LEADING CAUSES OF CRASHES ON UTAH HIGHWAYSFollowing too Closely 22%Failed to Yield Right of Way 18%Speed Too Fast 18%Failed to Keep in Proper Lane 12%Distracted Driving 10%THE TOP FIVE LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH ON UTAH HIGHWAYS (TEENAGERS)Speed Too Fast 33%Failed to Keep in Proper Lane 23%Disregard Traffic Signal/Sign 17%Overcorrected 17%Failed to Yield, Driver Distraction 13%THE TOP FIVE LEADING CAUSE OF CRASHES ON UTAH HIGHWAYS (TEENAGERS)Following Too Closely 21%Failed to Yield Right-of-Way 18%Speed Too Fast 12%Driver Distraction 9%Failed to Keep In Proper Lane 8%Information based on 2015 statistics provided by the Utah Department of Public Safety’s HighwaySafety office. The percentages are for the top five causes. To see all causes for crashes andfatalities, please visit: highwaysafety.utah.gov.Utah Driver HandbookVersion: 2017-2018

TABLE OF CONTENTSSECTION 1 - YOUR DRIVER LICENSE .1-1About This Manual . 1-1Definitions . 1-1Licensing Requirements . 1-4Persons Who Do Not Need a Utah Driver License. . .1-4Persons Who May Not Have a Utah Driver License. 1-4Driver License Compact . 1-5Obtaining a Driver License . 1-5Driver (Certificate) Licenses . 1-6Required License Tests. 1-6Sample Test Questions. 1-8SECTION 2 - DRIVER EDUCATION AND LEARNER PERMITS .2-1Driver Education . 2-1Learner Permits. 2-2Learner Permits Holding Periods . 2-2Sample Test Questions. 2-3SECTION 3 - LICENSE INFORMATION .3-1License Types . 3-1Utah's Classified License System. 3-2License Endorsements and Restrictions . 3-3Identity and Residency Requirements . 3-4Out-of-State License . 3-8Driver License Renewal, Duplicates and Lapsed/Expired License . 3-9Utah's Good Driver Program -Extensions/Renewal By Internet. 3-9Address Change . 3-9Motorcycle Endorsements . 3-10Utah Photo ID. 3-10Driving By Minors - Youthful Driving Restrictions . 3-11Driver License Fees . .3-12Sample Test Questions. 3-12SECTION 4 - READY TO DRIVE . 4-1Fatigue. 4-1Staying Awake/No Drowsy Driving . 4-1Driver Distractions . 4-2Aggressive Driving . 4-3Sample Test Questions. 4-4SECTION 5 - BEFORE YOU DRIVE.5-1Adjusting Your Seat . 5-1Adjusting Your Mirrors. 5-1Utah Driver HandbookVersion: 2017-2018

Seat Belts and Car Seats. 5-2Seat Belt Violations . 5-3Keeping Children Safe . 5-3Air Bags . 5-4Sample Test Questions. 5-5SECTION 6 - GETTING STARTED . 6-1Starting the Engine. 6-1Moving Forward . 6-1Stopping . 6-1Steering . 6-1Hand Postion . 6-1Backing . 6-2Signaling . 6-3Speed . 6-3Sample Test Questions. 6-5SECTION 7 - RULES OF THE ROAD .7-1Yielding Right-of-Way . 7-1Traffic Controls. 7-1Pavement Markings . 7-7Yellow/White Lane Markings . 7-7Crosswalk and Stop Lines . 7-8Other Lane Controls . 7-8Utah's Express Lanes/High Occupancy Vehicle Lane . 7-8Merging and Gore Area . 7-10Flex Lanes . 7-10Sample Test Questions. 7-11SECTION 8 - GENERAL DRIVING .8-1Turning . 8-1Intersections . 8-2Traffic Roundabouts. 8-2Single Point Urban Interchange . 8-3Changing Lanes . 8-4Continuous Flow Intersections . 8-4Diverging Diamond Intersection . 8-6ThrU-Turn Intersection . 8-6Entering a Multi-Lane Highway. 8-6Ramp Meters. 8-7Exiting a Roadway . 8-7Freeway Driving . 8-8Passing. 8-9Rules for School Buses . 8-10Utah Driver HandbookVersion: 2017-2018

Parking . 8-10Parking On a Hill . 8-12Two and Three Point Turns . 8-13U-Turns. 8-13Sample Test Questions. 8-16SECTION 9 - MANAGING TIME AND SPACE .9-1Seeing What's Critical . 9-1Managing Speed . 9-1Stopping Distance . 9-2Managing Space . 9-2Communicating. . 9-4Sample Test Questions. 9-5SECTION 10 - AVOIDING CRASHES . 10-1Defensive Driving . 10-1Emergencies and Avoiding Crashes . 10-1Vehicle Problems . 10-3Sample Test Questions. 10-4SECTION 11 - SHARING THE ROAD. 11-1Pedestrians. 11-1Bicycles . 11-2Motorcycles . 11-3Large Vehicles . 11-4Emergency Vehicles . 11-5Move Over Law . 11-5Police/Traffic Stops . 11-6Slow Moving Vehicles . 11-6Pedestrian Vehicles . 11-7Mobility Vehicles. 11-7Sample Test Questions. 11-7SECTION 12 - SPECIAL DRIVING CHALLENGES . 12-1Night Driving . 12-1Highway Work Zones . 12-2Rural Roads . 12-3Trip Planning . 12-3Winter Driving . 12-4Tornadoes . 12-6Lightning. 12-6Flooding . 12-6Driving in Very Hot Weather . 12-7Minor Driving at Night . 12-7Utah Driver HandbookVersion: 2017-2018

Distracting Situations . 12-7Vehicles Submerged Under Water . 12-7Mountain Driving . 12-8Runaway Vehicle Ramps . 12-8Desert Driving . 12-8Avoiding Collisions with Animals . 12-9Railroad Crossings . 12-9General Railroad Safety Information . 12-11Safety Tips for Using Railroad Crossings . 12-12Trax Light Rail and Streetcars . 12-13Vulnerable Users of the Highway . 12-14Special Considerations . 12-14Street-Legal All-Terrain Type1, Utility, or Full-Size Vehicles. 12-14Sample Test Questions. 12-16SECTION 13 - HOW TO PREPARE FOR YOUR DRIVER LICENSE . 13-1Knowledge Test . 13-1Scheduling Your Driver License Test . 13-2Driving Skills (Road) Test . 13-3How to Prepare For Your Driving Skills Test . 13-3What to Expect. 13-7Are All Tests the Same? . 13-7Other Test Information . 13-7Driver License Employees Want You to Pass . 13-7Safe Driving Tips . 13-8Test Vehicle Requirements . 13-8After Your Driving Skills Test . 13-9APPENDIX A - OPTIONAL INFORMATION . A-1Becoming an Organ Donor.A-1Voluntary Contributions .A-1Sample Test Questions.A-2APPENDIX B - MOTORCYCLES . B-1Driving and Riding .B-1Lights and Signals .B-2Following Distance .B-3Lane Position .B-4Blind Spots .B-5Intersections .B-5Passing and Being Passed .B-7Road Hazards .B-7Sample Test Questions. B-8Utah Driver HandbookVersion: 2017-2018

APPENDIX C - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION YOU NEED TO KNOW . C-1Identity Fraud Prevention . C-1Sample Test Questions. C-2APPENDIX D - CRASHES AND INSURANCE . D-1The Utah Motor Vehicle Financial Responsibility Law. D-1Motor Vehicle Insurance Coverage . D-1If You Are Involved In a Crash . D-2Release Of Crash Information . D-3Financial Responsibility Act. D-3Providing Security After a Crash . D-4Unsatisfied Judgments . D-4SR22 Insurance .

Utah Driver Handbook Version: 2017-2018 DRIVER LICENSE HISTORY Interesting Facts about the Driver License Division The Bureau of Driver License Services was created on January 1, 1934, when Utah officially adopted the “Uniform Operator’s a

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