FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours Of Concern - Scope Australia

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FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours of Concern(Challenging Behaviour)WHAT ARE BEHAVIOURS OF CONCERN ?Behaviours of concern are sometimes called challengingbehaviours.Behaviours of concern are words that describe a kind ofbehaviour. They are behaviours people do that may be aproblem for them or others.Behaviours of concern can be when someone does thingsthat hurt themselves, other people or things.This behaviour can stop them from doing things that otherpeople do. These things may be going to work or seeingtheir friends.These behaviours can seriously hurt people.These behaviours can be very stressful and upsetting.It is helpful to understand a few things about behavioursof concern. It is the behaviour that is a problem and not the person These behaviours are not uncommon It is not a disease.Copyright Scope (Vic) Ltd 20091

FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours Of Concern (Challenging Behaviour)WHAT DO BEHAVIOURS OF CONCERN LOOK LIKE?There many different behaviours of concern. Below is a list ofthe main kinds:Hurting themselves.For example, a person may hurt, hit or scratch themselves.Hurting others.For example, a person may hit, pinch or bite someone else.Breaking things.Refusing to do things.For example, a person may not eat or take their medicine.They may refuse to do activities they used to enjoy.Doing the same thing again and again.For example, a person may say the same thing overand over again.Doing things that others don’t like.For example, a person may scream, swear or taketheir clothes off.Hiding away from peopleFor example, not wanting to be with other people.Remember, many people may behave in these waysat times. It is only a behaviour of concern when itis causing problems for the person and/or thosearound them.Copyright Scope (Vic) Ltd 20092

FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours Of Concern (Challenging Behaviour)WHY DO BEHAVIOURS OF CONCERN OCCUR?All behaviours of concern happen for a reason.The reasons may be .1. SOMETHING TO DO WITH THE PERSON’S BODYFor example the person may show behaviours of concernbecause They are in pain.Their medicine isn’t agreeing with them.They are sick.They have a condition such as Autism or PraderWilli Syndrome.They are not eating well.Their hormones are not working properly.Hormones are chemicals in our body.Copyright Scope (Vic) Ltd 20093

FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours Of Concern (Challenging Behaviour)2. TO COMMUNICATEFor example, the person may show behaviours of concern tocommunicate a message such as They are hungry or thirsty.They want to go somewhere.They want to do something.They are lonely.3. TO GET SOMETHING DESIREDFor example, a person may show behaviours of concern so They can spend time with someone.They can get something they want.They can get out of doing something they don’twant to do.They get a good feeling on their body. The feelingscan be from touching, moving, seeing, smelling orhearing.Copyright Scope (Vic) Ltd 20094

FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours Of Concern (Challenging Behaviour)4. TO CHANGE SOMETHING ABOUT THEIR ENVIRONMENTFor example, a person may show behaviours of concernbecause It is too noisy or quiet.HOTIt is too hot or too cold.COOLThere are bad smells around.They can not get somewhere or reach something.They don’t have choices.They are bored.They don’t know what is happening next.There are too many or too few people around.Copyright Scope (Vic) Ltd 20095

FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours Of Concern (Challenging Behaviour)5. TO SHOW THEY ARE FEELING UPSETFor example the person may show behaviours of concernbecause Something traumatic has happened to them.Somebody died or has left them.Somebody is dying or is leaving them.Somebody has yelled or screamed at them inan angry way.They are being picked on. Sometimes this iscalled bullying.Remember that the reason for everyone’sbehaviour of concern is different.Remember, a behaviour of concern is notusually because of one reason but because ofmany reasons.Copyright Scope (Vic) Ltd 20096

FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours Of Concern (Challenging Behaviour)BEHAVIOURS OF CONCERN AND MENTAL ILLNESSSometimes behaviours of concern may be a person’s responseto a mental illness. This is more likely when someone is unableto understand or communicate what they are experiencing.DEPRESSIONSome of the behaviours that people might show when they areDEPRESSED are listed below:Hiding away from people.Stopping doing things they enjoy.Not sitting still.Hitting out at others trying to help.BIPOLAR DISORDERBehaviours that may occur with BIPOLAR DISORDER aresometimes the behaviours that occur when someone isdepressed and then at other times the following behaviours:Walking away from important relationships.Copyright Scope (Vic) Ltd 20097

FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours Of Concern (Challenging Behaviour)Behaving in a frantic way. Feelingunstoppable.Acting on impluse and not thinking of theconsequences.Behaviours that may occur with PSYCHOSIS include:Aggression that seems to come for no reason.Behaviours that seem that the person isseeing or hearing things that are not there.There are many types of mental illnesses and these are just 3 orthem. You can find more information in the Mental Health FactSheet of the Bridging Project.Remember, behaviours of concern are not thesame as a mental health problem. A mentalhealth problem may exist and this should belooked at by an appropriate professional.Copyright Scope (Vic) Ltd 20098

FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours Of Concern (Challenging Behaviour)TYPES OF HELPPeople with behaviours of concern can be helped in thefollowing ways:Assessment The assessment asks a lot of questions about the person andtheir environment. The assessment aims to understand what the behaviours ofconcern are and their purpose . The assessment is usually called a functional analysis. The assessment gives information on how to best supportthe person.Behavioural Support Give the person better ways to meet their needs - eg ways ofcommunicating so everyone can understand. Provide the person with the medical help they may need. Change the environment to help meet the person’s.needs – eg. hanging curtains to make the room darker. Teach the person more effective coping skills.Copyright Scope (Vic) Ltd 20099

FACT SHEET 5: Behaviours Of Concern (Challenging Behaviour)This Fact Sheet is linked to the work of theBridging Project. The Bridging Project isbeing undertaken by Scope in collaborationwith the Centre for Developmental DisabilityHealth Victoria, Monash University. Themission of the Bridging Project is to progressthe knowledge and resource base to ensurethat people with complex communication andmental health needs have access to qualityservices. The project has two complementarystreams, Building Evidence (increasing theevidence base in relation to individuals withcomplex communication and mental healthCopyright Scope (Vic) Ltd 2009needs through research and related activities)and Building Capacity (building the capacityof services to address the mental health needsand preferences of individuals with complexcommunication needs). The project is designedaround the needs of people who are 18 yearsor older.More information regarding The BridgingProject can be found at the Scope Web Page,http://www.scopevic.org.au10

Acting on impluse and not thinking of the consequences. Behaviours that may occur with PSYCHOSIS include: Aggression that seems to come for no reason. Behaviours that seem that the person is seeing or hearing things that are not there. There are many types of mental illnesses and these are just 3 or them.

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