5. MILLING MACHINE - Gptcadoor

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5. MILLING MACHINE5.1 IntroductionMilling is a process of removing metal by feeding the work against a rotating multipoint cutter.The machine tool intended for this purpose is known as milling machine. Milling machine is usedfor machining flat surfaces, contoured surfaces, surfaces of revolution, external and internalthreads, and helical surfaces of various cross-sections. The surface obtained by this machine toolis superior in quality and more accurate and precise.5.2 Types of milling machineThe milling machines are classified according to the general design of the machine.1. Column and knee typea) Plain milling machineb) Universal milling machinec) Omniversal milling machined) Vertical milling machine2. Table type milling machine3. Planer type milling machine4. Special type milling machine5.2.1 Column and knee type milling machineThe column of a column and knee type milling machine is mounted vertically upon the base.Knee is mounted on the accurately machined guide ways of the column. It is designed to move upand down accurately. Saddle and table are mounted on the knee.There are different types of column and knee type machines.a) Plain milling machineIt is rigid and sturdy. Heavy workpieces are mounted and machined on the machine. The workmounted on the table is moved vertically, longitudinally and crosswise against the rotating cutter.The table cannot be rotated. It is also called as horizontal milling machine because the cutterrotates in horizontal plane.b) Universal milling machineThe table of a universal milling machine can be swivelled by 45º on either side and so helicalmilling works can be performed. It is named so because it can be adapted for a very wide range ofmilling operations. Various milling attachments like index head, vertical milling head, slot milling[Machine Tools – Milling Machine]Page 1

head and rotary table can be mounted. It can machine drills, reamers, gears, milling cutters with avery high degree of accuracy and so it finds an important place in a workshop.c) Omniversal milling machineIn addition to the table movements obtained in a universal milling machine, the knee can be tiltedto a required angle. It is useful for machining helical grooves, reamer and bevel gears. It is mostlyused in tool room work.d) Vertical milling machineA spindle of a vertical milling machine is positioned at right angles to the table. The cutter ismoved vertically or at an angle by swivelling the vertical head of the machine. The machine isadapted for machining slots and flat surfaces by moving the table. By mounting end mills and facemilling cutters on the spindle, vertical milling and internal milling are preformed5.3 Main Parts of Column and knee type milling machineBaseIt is made of cast iron and supports all the other parts of the machine tool. A vertical column ismounted upon the base. In some machines, the base serves as a reservoir for cutting fluid.[Machine Tools – Milling Machine]Page 2

ColumnIt is mounted upon the base and is box shaped. It houses the mechanism for providing drive forthe spindle. The front vertical face of the column is machined accurately to form dovetail guideways for the knee to move up and down. The top of the column holds an overhanging arm.KneeIt slides up and down on the guide ways of the column. An elevating screw mounted on the baseobtains this movement. Saddle is mounted upon the knee and moves in a cross direction.SaddleIt is mounted on the guide ways of the knee and moves towards or away from the face of thecolumn. This movement can be obtained either by power or by hand. The top of the saddle hasguide ways for the table movement.TableThe table is moved longitudinally either by power or manually on the guide ways of the saddle.The trip dogs placed on it control the movement of the table. The table of a universal millingmachine can be swivelled horizontally to perform helical works. The top surface of the table hasgot ‘T’ – slots on which the workpieces or other work holding devices are mounted.Sp

a) Plain milling machine b) Universal milling machine c) Omniversal milling machine d) Vertical milling machine 2. Table type milling machine 3. Planer type milling machine 4. Special type milling machine 5.2.1 Column and knee type milling machine The column of a column and knee

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DESIGN OF SPECIAL PURPOSE MACHINE (SPM):- PROBLEM DEFINITION:- The company was using various types of milling machines like horizontal milling machine, vertical milling machine angular milling machine and HMCs the company designs and manufactures the special purpose machines needed by it in house and intended to do the same in case of milling

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Doosan Puma TT1800SY (108) 230/210 530 65 Yes 2 spindles, Y-axis Doosan Puma 5100 LMB (127) 650 2.000 165 Yes Stay, C-axis, pinol. MULTIAXIAL LATHES CNC MILLING MACHINE MULTIAXIAL MILLING MACHINE MILLING BORINGS MACHINE 2. Vertical CNC milling machines Max length X

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