5. MILLING MACHINE - Gptcadoor

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5. MILLING MACHINE5.1 IntroductionMilling is a process of removing metal by feeding the work against a rotating multipoint cutter.The machine tool intended for this purpose is known as milling machine. Milling machine is usedfor machining flat surfaces, contoured surfaces, surfaces of revolution, external and internalthreads, and helical surfaces of various cross-sections. The surface obtained by this machine toolis superior in quality and more accurate and precise.5.2 Types of milling machineThe milling machines are classified according to the general design of the machine.1. Column and knee typea) Plain milling machineb) Universal milling machinec) Omniversal milling machined) Vertical milling machine2. Table type milling machine3. Planer type milling machine4. Special type milling machine5.2.1 Column and knee type milling machineThe column of a column and knee type milling machine is mounted vertically upon the base.Knee is mounted on the accurately machined guide ways of the column. It is designed to move upand down accurately. Saddle and table are mounted on the knee.There are different types of column and knee type machines.a) Plain milling machineIt is rigid and sturdy. Heavy workpieces are mounted and machined on the machine. The workmounted on the table is moved vertically, longitudinally and crosswise against the rotating cutter.The table cannot be rotated. It is also called as horizontal milling machine because the cutterrotates in horizontal plane.b) Universal milling machineThe table of a universal milling machine can be swivelled by 45º on either side and so helicalmilling works can be performed. It is named so because it can be adapted for a very wide range ofmilling operations. Various milling attachments like index head, vertical milling head, slot milling[Machine Tools – Milling Machine]Page 1

head and rotary table can be mounted. It can machine drills, reamers, gears, milling cutters with avery high degree of accuracy and so it finds an important place in a workshop.c) Omniversal milling machineIn addition to the table movements obtained in a universal milling machine, the knee can be tiltedto a required angle. It is useful for machining helical grooves, reamer and bevel gears. It is mostlyused in tool room work.d) Vertical milling machineA spindle of a vertical milling machine is positioned at right angles to the table. The cutter ismoved vertically or at an angle by swivelling the vertical head of the machine. The machine isadapted for machining slots and flat surfaces by moving the table. By mounting end mills and facemilling cutters on the spindle, vertical milling and internal milling are preformed5.3 Main Parts of Column and knee type milling machineBaseIt is made of cast iron and supports all the other parts of the machine tool. A vertical column ismounted upon the base. In some machines, the base serves as a reservoir for cutting fluid.[Machine Tools – Milling Machine]Page 2

ColumnIt is mounted upon the base and is box shaped. It houses the mechanism for providing drive forthe spindle. The front vertical face of the column is machined accurately to form dovetail guideways for the knee to move up and down. The top of the column holds an overhanging arm.KneeIt slides up and down on the guide ways of the column. An elevating screw mounted on the baseobtains this movement. Saddle is mounted upon the knee and moves in a cross direction.SaddleIt is mounted on the guide ways of the knee and moves towards or away from the face of thecolumn. This movement can be obtained either by power or by hand. The top of the saddle hasguide ways for the table movement.TableThe table is moved longitudinally either by power or manually on the guide ways of the saddle.The trip dogs placed on it control the movement of the table. The table of a universal millingmachine can be swivelled horizontally to perform helical works. The top surface of the table hasgot ‘T’ – slots on which the workpieces or other work holding devices are mounted.Sp

a) Plain milling machine b) Universal milling machine c) Omniversal milling machine d) Vertical milling machine 2. Table type milling machine 3. Planer type milling machine 4. Special type milling machine 5.2.1 Column and knee type milling machine The column of a column and knee

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1.3 Working Principle of Milling Machine 1.4 Special type Milling Machines 1.5 Principle Parts of a Milling Machine 1.6 Specification of Milling Machines 1.7 Cutting Parameters 1.8 Milling Cutters 1.9 Milling Machine Operations 1.10 Indexing 1.11 Index Methods 1.12 Indexing Procedur

Keywords: Milling machine, CAD/CAM, CNC machine, interfacing. 1. Introduction . Milling Machines Milling machines were first invented and developed by Eli Whitney to mass produce interchangeable musket parts. The milling machine removes metal with a revolving cutting tool called a milling cutter. With various attachments, milling

Describe the major components of milling machines. Describe and explain the use of workholding devices. Describe and explain the use of milling machine attachments. Explain indexing. Explain the selection and use of milling cutters. Explain milling machine setup and operation. Explain the use of feeds, speeds. and coolants in milling operations.

Plain milling is the milling of a flat surface with the axis of the cutter parallel to the machining surface. It can be carried out either on a horizontal machine or a vertical machine as shown in figure 16. Figure 16. Plain Milling 6.2. End Milling End Milling is the milling of a flat surface with the axis of the cutter perpendicular to the .

This milling and drilling machine is a light-duty multipurpose machine designed for turning, drilling, and milling metal and other materials. It can be widely applied for single part and mass production in all kinds of small-sized enterprises and repair industries. Milling and Drilling Machine OWNER’S MANUAL Milling and Drilling Machine

DESIGN OF SPECIAL PURPOSE MACHINE (SPM):- PROBLEM DEFINITION:- The company was using various types of milling machines like horizontal milling machine, vertical milling machine angular milling machine and HMCs the company designs and manufactures the special purpose machines needed by it in house and intended to do the same in case of milling

outside and inside of the caisson (as used in undrained pile design) and Nc is an appropriate bearing capacity factor for a deep strip footing in clay (typically a value of about 9 might be adopted). For undrained analysis Nq 1. Suction-assisted penetration Once the self-weight penetration phase has been completed, so that a seal is formed around the edge of the caisson, it will be possible .