SPELLING RULES - Free Download PDF

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Be good and do goodSPELLING 5eatenfallenV6to eatto fallgodogoesdoesgoingdoingwentdidgonedoneto goto docatchbrushcatchesbrushescatching caughtcaughtto catchbrushing brushed brushed to cutputrunscutsputsrunning rancutting cutputting putrunfallgocatchbusflys .workrunmakeclap es. .nepflewcrieddriedy.-ies. runsfallsgoescatchesbusesflies inginginged flowncrieddriedto flyto crydriedruncutputto runto cutto putworkingrunningmakingclappedEnglish Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen01

An old broom knows the corners of the gowentgoneEnglish Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen02

You learn from your ranrunsaysaidsaidseesawseenshrinkshrankor oeshodshodshootshotshotshowshowedshownEnglish Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen03

Money doesn’t buy writtenEnglish Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen04

Silence is golden, speech is silverTHE USES AND FORMATION OF THE ENGLISH VERB TENSESThe Uses of the English TensesType of TenseType of Action ExpressedSimple- actions occurring at regular intervals- general truths, or situations existing for a period of time- non-continuous actionsContinuous- continuous, ongoing actionsPerfect- non-continuous actions completed before a certain timePerfect Continuous- continuous, ongoing actions completed before a certain timeThe Formation of the Indicative Mood of the Active VoiceTenseFSimple PresentAuxiliarydo/doesVerb formbare infinitivePresent Continuousam/is/arepresent participlePresent Perfecthave/haspast participlePresent Perfect Continuoushave/has beenpresent participleSimple Pastdidbare infinitivePast Continuouswas/werepresent participlePast PerfecthadPast Perfect Continuoushad beenSimple Futurewill (shall)bare infinitiveFuture Continuouswill (shall) bepresent participleFuture Perfectwill (shall) havepast participleFuture Perfect Continuouswill (shall) have been present participleVerbpast participlepresent participleEnglish Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen05

Don’t put off till tomorrow, what you can do todaySimple Past: showedPast Participle: shownSimple PresentSimple PastSimple futureI showI showedI will showYou showYou showedYou will showHe showsHe showedHe will showShe showsShe showedShe will showIt showsIt showedIt will showWe showWe showedWe will showThey showThey showedThey will showPresent ContinuousPast ContinuousFuture ContinuousI am showingI was showingI will be showingYou are showingYou were showingYou will be showingHe is showingHe was showingHe will be showingShe is showingShe was showingShe will be showingIt is showingIt was showingIt will be showingWe are showingWe were showingWe will be showingThey are showingThey were showingThey will be showingPresent PerfectPast PerfectFuture perfectI have shownI had shownI will have shownYou have shownYou had shownYou will have shownHe has shownHe had shownHe will have shownShe has shownShe had shownShe will have shownIt has shownIt had shownIt will have shownWe have shownWe had shownWe will have shownThey have shownThey had shownThey will have shownEnglish Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen06

Too many cooks spoil the brothPresent Perfect ConPast Perfect ConFuture Per fect ContI have been showingYou have been showingHe has been showingShe has been showingIt has been showingWehave been showingThey have been showingI had been showingYou had been showingHe had been showingShe had been showingIt had been showingWe had been showingThey had been showingI will have been showingYou will have been showingI will have been showingShe will have been showingIt will have been showingWe will have been showingThey will have been showingEXERCISES ON BE VERB1. Change the following pairs of words into sentences, using the correct forms ofthe Simple Present of the verb to be.For example:I, cautiousthey, friendlyI am cautious.They are friendly.1. you, careful.2. it, warm .3. he, here .4. we, bold .5. they, careless.6. she, clever7. we, ready8. you, reckless9. I, shy10. they, polite.2. Change the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1 into questions.For example:I am cautious.They are friendly.Am I cautious?Are they friendly?3. Change the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1 into negative statements.For example:I am cautious.They are friendly.I am not cautious.They are not friendly.4. Change the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1 into negative questions. Except where the subject of the verb is I, write both the form withoutcontractions and the form with contractions.For example:I am cautious.They are friendly.Am I not cautious?Are they not friendly?Aren't they friendly?English Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen07

A book holds a house of gold5. Add negative tag questions to the ends of the affirmative statements resultingfrom Exercise 1. Except where the subject of the verb is I, use contractions forthe tag questions.For example:I am cautious.They are friendly.I am cautious, am I not?They are friendly, aren't they?6. Using the Simple Present of the verb to be, and making sure that the wordorder is correct, form the following groups of words into grammatically correctstatements or questions. If the symbol ? is present, form the words into a question. If the word not is present, form the words into a negative statement ornegative question. Do not use contractions in this exercise.For example:it, brownyou, ?, excitedIt is brown.Are you excited?I, satisfied, notI am not satisfied.1. you, ?, hungry2. we, ?, not, correct3. he, ?, happy4. not, ?, it, cold5. she, here6. I, early, ?7. they, wrong, not8. you, ?, comfortable9. they, ?, not, strong10. not, ?, I, fortunatenot, ?, they, readyAre they not ready?.Note:Practise all the sentences in the past and the future tensesEnglish Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen08

Honest work never hurtMultiple Choice QuestionsRing the correct answer.1. You at work.amisarebe2. We in the office.amisarebe3. I in a meeting.amisarebe4. The student on the phone.amisarebe5. Where ?you from areare you from6. from this town?Is sheBe7. from this city?They areIs theyAre theyThey isnot beare not9. Ms. Smith in a meeting. not isisntis not10.You and I at work.is notare not8. Bob and Karen fromis notare from youyou are fromshe She isthis country.am notEnglish Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen09

Blood is thicker than waterEXERCISES ON SIMPLE PRESENT1. Using the Simple Present tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of theverbs shown in brackets. For example:I to the radio. (to listen)He to the radio. (to listen)I listen to the radio.He listens to the radio.1. She the guitar. (to play)2. We soccer. (to play)3. They to talk. (to like)4. He ice cream. (to like)5. You your friends often. (to call)6. He the office every day. (to call)7. She regularly. (to practise)8. They once a week. (to practise)9. We here. (to shop)10. It delicious. (to taste)2. Using the Simple Present tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of theverb to have. For example:I a pen.He two pencils.I have a pen.He has two pencils.1.3.5.7.9.I many books.He a bicycle.They two sleds.I a warm sweater.He an alarm clock.2. You an apartment.4. We fun.6. She milk in her tea.8. We breakfast at eight o'clock.10. They a sense of humor.3. Paying attention to which verbs change their spelling before adding s in thethird person singular, fill in the blanks with the Simple Present of the verbs shownin brackets. For example:He always promptly. (to reply) She little. (to say)He always replies promptly.She says little.They bridge once a week. (to play)They play bridge once a week.1.2.3.4.5.He it. (to deny)They to be on time. (to try)It to be careful. (to pay)She hard. (to study)You good manners. (to display)English Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen10

Haste makes waste6. He always himself. (to enjoy)7. She to Ireland once a year. (to fly)8. We five people. (to employ)9. He his friends. (to accompany)10. She chocolate chip cookies every week. (to buy)Answers4. Paying attention to which verbs take “s” and which take “es” in the thirdperson singular, fill in the blanks with the Simple Present of the verbs shown inbrackets. For example:He everywhere on foot. (to go)He goes everywhere on foot.It surprising. (to seem)It seems surprising.They skiing. (to teach)They teach skiing.1. She a great deal of work. (to do)2. He television every evening. (to watch)3. She a horse. (to own)4. We the dishes every night. (to do)5. She she had a pair of skates. (to wish)6. He us to call him. (to want)7. She she made a mistake. (to confess)8. He usually the truth. (to tell)9. They apples to make cider. (to press)10. It out easily. (to wash)English Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen11

Misfortune seldom comes alone / bad luck comes in threes5. For each of the following verbs, underline the letter or letters representing thesound preceding the es ending, and then indicate the number of syllables in theverb. For example:wisheswishes 2laceslaces 21. watches4. rushes7. misses2. teases5. faces8. tames3. likes6. dines9. scarestakestakes 16. Change the following affirmative statements into questions.For example:She walks to work.They take the bus.Does she walk to work?Do they take the bus?1. I hurry home.2. He drives a truck.3. You follow the news.4. They want a pet.5. She likes flowers.6. We need tea.7. She goes to school8. He drinks coffee.9. I learn quickly.10. It rains heavily.7. Change the affirmative statements given in Exercise 6 into negative statements.For example:She walks to work.They take the bus.She does not walk to work.They do not take the bus.1. I hurry home.2. He drives a truck.3. You follow the news.4. They want a pet.5. She likes flowers.6. We need tea.7. She goes to school.8. He drinks coffee.9. I learn quickly.10. It rains heavily.English Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.K

English Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen SPELLING RULES V1 V2 V3 V4 V5 V6 eat eats eating ate eaten to eat fall falls falling fell fallen to fall go goes going went gone to go do does doing did done to do catch catches catching caught caught to catch brush brushes brushing brushed brushed to brush fly flies flying flew flown to fly cry cries crying cried cried to cry