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Academic Standards forEnglish LanguageArtsGrades Pre K–5March 1, 2014Pennsylvania Department of Education

PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDSEnglish Language ArtsGrade Pre K–5INTRODUCTIONThese standards describe what students should know and be able to do with the English language, prekindergarten through Grade 12. Thestandards provide the targets for instruction and student learning essential for success in all academic areas, not just language arts classrooms.Although the standards are not a curriculum or a prescribed series of activities, school entities will use them to develop a local schoolcurriculum that will meet local students’ needs.Five standard categories are designed to provide a Pre K–12 continuum to reflect the demands of a college- and career-ready graduate:Standard 1:Foundational Skills begin at prekindergarten and focus on early childhood, with some standards reflected through Grade 5. Thesefoundational skills are a necessary and important component of an effective, comprehensive reading program designed to developproficient readers with the capacity to comprehend text, both literary and informational, across disciplines.Standard 2:Reading Informational Text enables students to read, understand, and respond to informational text.Standard 3:Reading Literature enables students to read, understand, and respond to works of literature.Standard 4:Writing develops the skills of informational, argumentative, and narrative writing, as well as the ability to engage in evidencebased analysis of text and research.Standard 5:Speaking and Listening focuses students on communication skills that enable critical listening and effective presentation of ideas.With a focus on college and career readiness, the instructional shifts are evident throughout the PA Core Standards: Balancing the reading of informational and literary texts so that students can access nonfiction and authentic texts, as well as literature Focusing on close and careful reading of text so that students are learning from the text Building a staircase of complexity (i.e., each grade level requires a “step” of growth on the “staircase”) so that students graduate college orcareer ready Supporting writing from sources (i.e., using evidence from text to inform or make an argument) so that students use evidence and respond tothe ideas, events, facts, and arguments presented in the texts they read Stressing an academically focused vocabulary so that students can access more complex textsThe English Language Arts Standards also provide parents and community members with information about what students should know and beable to do as they progress through the educational program and at graduation. With a clearly defined target provided by the standards, parents,students, educators, and community members become partners in learning. Each standard implies an end-of-year goal—with the understandingthat exceeding the standard is an even more desirable end goal.Note: The Aligned Eligible Content is displayed with the standard statement. On the Standard Aligned System portal, it is a live link.March 1, 20142

PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDSEnglish Language ArtsGrade Pre K–5TABLE OF CONTENTSFoundational Skills (Pre K–5) . 1.1Writing. 1.4Students gain a working knowledge of concepts of print, alphabetic principle,and other basic conventions. These foundational skills are not an end in and ofthemselves; rather, students apply them as effective readers. Book Handling Print Concepts Phonological Awareness Phonics and Word Recognition FluencyStudents write for different purposes and audiences. Students write clear andfocused text to convey a well-defined perspective and appropriate content. Informative/Explanatory Opinion/Argumentative Narrative Response to Literature Production and Distribution of Writing Technology and Publication Conducting Research Credibility, Reliability, and Validity of Sources Range of WritingReading Informational Text . 1.2Students read, understand, and respond to informational text—with anemphasis on comprehension, vocabulary acquisition, and making connectionsamong ideas and between texts with a focus on textual evidence. Key Ideas and Details Craft and Structure Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Range of ReadingReading Literature . 1.3Speaking and Listening . 1.5Students present appropriately in formal speaking situations, listen critically,and respond intelligently as individuals or in group discussions. Comprehension and Collaboration Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Conventions of Standard EnglishStudents read and respond to works of literature—with emphasis oncomprehension, vocabulary acquisition, and making connections among ideasand between texts with focus on textual evidence. Key Ideas and Details Craft and Structure Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Range of ReadingMarch 1, 20143

PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDSEnglish Language ArtsGrade Pre K–51.1Foundational SkillsPrint ConceptsBook HandlingStudents gain a working knowledge of concepts of print, alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions.Grade Pre KGrade KGrade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4March 1, 2014CC.1.1.PK.APractice appropriatebook handling skills.CC.1.1.K.AUtilize book handingskills.CC.1.1.PK.BIdentify basicfeatures of print. Differentiatebetweennumbers andletters andletters andwords. Recognize andname someuppercase andlowercase lettersof the alphabet.CC.1.1.K.BDemonstrateunderstanding of theorganization andbasic features ofprint. Follow words leftto right, top tobottom, and pageby page. Recognize thatspoken wordsare representedin writtenlanguage byspecificsequences ofletters. Understand thatwords areseparated byspaces in print. Recognize andname alluppercase andlowercase lettersof the alphabet.Intentionally BlankGrade 5Intentionally BlankIntentionally BlankIntentionally BlankIntentionally BlankIntentionally BlankIntentionally BlankIntentionally BlankIntentionally BlankCC.1.1.1.BDemonstrateunderstanding of theorganization andbasic features ofprint. Recognize thedistinguishingfeatures of asentence.4

PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDSEnglish Language ArtsGrade Pre K–51.1Foundational SkillsPhonological AwarenessStudents gain a working knowledge of concepts of print, alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions.Grade Pre KGrade KGrade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4March 1, 2014CC.1.1.PK.CDemonstrateunderstanding ofspoken words,syllables, and sounds(phonemes). Recognizerhyming wordsand when two ormore wordsbegin with thesame sound(alliteration). Count syllablesin spoken words. Segment singlesyllable spokenwords. Isolate andpronounce initialsounds.CC.1.1.K.CDemonstrateunderstanding ofspoken words,syllables, and sounds(phonemes). Recognize andproduce rhymingwords. Count,pronounce,blend, andsegmentsyllables inspoken words. Blend andsegment onsetsand rimes ofsingle-syllablespoken words. Isolate andpronounce theinitial, medialvowel, and finalsound(phonemes) inthe threephoneme (CVC)words.Grade 5CC.1.1.1.CDemonstrateunderstanding ofspoken words,syllables, and sounds(phonemes). Distinguish longfrom short vowelsounds in spokensingle-syllablewords.Count, pronounce,blend, and segmentsyllables in spokenand written words.Orally producesingle-syllablewords, includingconsonant blendsand digraphs.Isolate andpronounce initial,medial vowel, andfinal sounds(phonemes) inspoken singlesyllable words.Intentionally BlankIntentionally BlankIntentionally BlankIntentionally BlankAdd or substituteindividual sounds(phonemes) in onesyllable words tomake new words.5

PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDSEnglish Language ArtsGrade Pre K–51.1Foundational SkillsPhonics and Word RecognitionStudents gain a working knowledge of concepts of print, alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions.Grade Pre KGrade KGrade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4March 1, 2014CC.1.1.PK.DDevelop beginningphonics and wordskills. Associate someletters with theirnames andsounds. Identify familiarwords andenvironmentalprint.CC.1.1.K.DKnow and applygrade-level phonicsand word analysisskills in decodingwords. Demonstratebasic knowledgeof one-to-oneletter-soundcorrespondence. Associate thelong and shortsounds withcommonspellings for thefive majorvowels. Read grade-levelhigh-frequencysight words withautomaticity. Distinguishbetweensimilarly spelledwords byidentifying thesounds of theletters that differ.CC.1.1.1.DKnow and applygrade-level phonicsand word analysisskills in decodingwords. Identify commonconsonantdiagraphs,final-e, andcommon vowelteams. Decode one- andtwo-syllablewords withcommonpatterns. Read grade-levelwords withinflectionalendings. Read gradeappropriateirregularlyspelled words.CC.1.1.2.DKnow and applygrade-level phonicsand word analysisskills in decodingwords. Distinguish longand short vowelswhen readingregularly spelledone-syllablewords. Decode twosyllable wordswith long vowelsand words withcommon prefixesand suffixes. Read grade-levelhigh-frequencysight words andwords withinconsistent butcommonspelling-soundcorrespondences. Read gradeappropriateirregularlyspelled words.CC.1.1.3.DKnow and applygrade-level phonicsand word analysisskills in decodingwords. Identify andknow themeaning of themost commonprefixes andderivationalsuffixes. Decode wordswith commonLatin suffixes. Decodemultisyllablewords. Read gradeappropriateirregularly spelledwords.CC.1.1.4.DKnow and applygrade-level phonicsand word analysisskills in decodingwords. Use combinedknowledge of ns, andmorphology toread accuratelyunfamiliarmultisyllabicwords.Grade 5CC.1.1.5.DKnow and applygrade-level phonicsand word analysisskills in decodingwords. Use combinedknowledge of ns, andmorphology toread accuratelyunfamiliarmultisyllabicwords.6

PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDSEnglish Language ArtsGrade Pre K–51.1Foundational SkillsStudents gain a working knowledge of concepts of print, alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions.Grade Pre KGrade KGrade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4FluencyCC.1.1.K.ERead emergentreader text withpurpose andunderstanding.March 1, 2014Intentionally BlankCC.1.1.1.ERead with accuracyand fluency tosupportcomprehension. Read on-leveltext withpurpose andunderstanding. Read on-leveltext orally withaccuracy,appropriate rate,and expressionon successivereadings. Use context toconfirm or selfcorrect wordrecognition andunderstanding,rereading asnecessary.CC.1.1.2.ERead with accuracyand fluency tosupportcomprehension. Read on-leveltext withpurpose andunderstanding. Read on-leveltext orally withaccuracy,appropriate rate,and expressionon successivereadings. Use context toconfirm or selfcorrect wordrecognition andunderstanding,rereading asnecessary.CC.1.1.3.ERead with accuracyand fluency tosupportcomprehension. Read on-leveltext withpurpose andunderstanding. Read on-leveltext orally withaccuracy,appropriate rate,and expressionon successivereadings. Use context toconfirm or selfcorrect wordrecognition andunderstanding,rereading asnecessary.CC.1.1.4.ERead with accuracyand fluency tosupportcomprehension. Read on-leveltext withpurpose andunderstanding. Read on-leveltext orally withaccuracy,appropriate rate,and expressionon successivereadings. Use context toconfirm or selfcorrect wordrecognition andunderstanding,rereading asnecessary.Grade 5CC.1.1.5.ERead with accuracyand fluency tosupportcomprehension. Read on-leveltext withpurpose andunderstanding. Read on-leveltext orally withaccuracy,appropriate rate,and expressionon successivereadings. Use context toconfirm or selfcorrect wordrecognition andunderstanding,rereading asnecessary.7

PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDSEnglish Language ArtsGrade Pre K–51.2Reading Informational TextKey Ideas and DetailsText AnalysisKey Ideas and DetailsText AnalysisKey Ideas and DetailsMain IdeaStudents read, understand, and respond to informational text—with an emphasis on comprehension, vocabulary acquisition, andmaking connections among ideas and between texts with a focus on textual evidence.Grade Pre KGrade KGrade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4Grade 5CC.1.2.PK.AWith prompting andsupport, retell keydetails of text thatsupport a providedmain idea.CC.1.2.K.AWith prompting andsupport, identify themain idea and retell keydetails of text.CC.1.2.1.AIdentify the mainidea and retell keydetails of text.CC.1.2.2.AIdentify the mainidea of amultiparagraph textas well as the focusof specificparagraphs withinthe text.CC.1.2.PK.BAnswer questionsabout a text.CC.1.2.K.BWith prompting andsupport, answerquestions about keydetails in a text.CC.1.2.1.BAsk and answerquestions about keydetails in a text.CC.1.2.2.BAsk and answerquestions such aswho, what, where,when, why, and howto demonstrateunderstanding ofkey details in a text.CC.1.2.PK.CWith prompting andsupport, makeconnections betweeninformation in a textand personalexperiences.CC.1.2.K.CWith prompting andsupport, make aconnection betweentwo individuals, events,ideas, or pieces ofinformation in a text.CC.1.2.1.CDescribe theconnection betweentwo individuals,events, ideas, orpieces of informationin a text.CC.1.2.2.CDescribe theconnection betweena series of events,concepts, or steps ina procedure withina text.CC.1.2.3.ADetermine the mainidea of a text; recountthe key details andexplain how theysupport the mainidea.CC.1.2.4.ADetermine the mainidea of a text andexplain how it issupported by keydetails; summarizethe text.CC.1.2.5.ADetermine two ormore main ideas in atext and explain howthey are supportedby key details;summarize the text.E03.B-K.1.1.2CC.1.2.3.BAsk and answerquestions about thetext and makeinferences from text;refer to text tosupport responses.E04.B-K.1.1.2CC.1.2.4.BRefer to details andexamples in text tosupport what thetext says explicitlyand makeinferences.E05.B-K.1.1.2CC.1.2.5.BCite textual evidenceby quoting accuratelyfrom the text toexplain what the textsays explicitly andmake inferences.E03.B-K.1.1.1CC.1.2.3.CExplain how a seriesof events, concepts,or steps in aprocedure isconnected within atext, using languagethat pertains to time,sequence, andcause/effect.E04.B-K.1.1.1CC.1.2.4.CExplain events,procedures, ideas,or concepts in a text,including whathappened and why,based on specificinformation in thetext.E05.B-K.1.1.1CC.1.2.5.CExplain therelationships orinteractions betweentwo or moreindividuals, events,ideas, orconcepts in a textbased on specificinformation in ch 1, 20148

PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDSEnglish Language ArtsGrade Pre K–51.2Reading Informational TextCraft and StructureVocabularyCraft and StructureText StructureCraft and StructurePoint of ViewStudents read, understand, and respond to informational text—with an emphasis on comprehension, vocabulary acquisition, andmaking connections among ideas and between texts with a focus on textual evidence.Grade Pre KGrade KGrade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4Grade 5CC.1.2.3.DExplain the point ofview of the author.E03.B-C.2.1.1Intentionally BlankIntentionally BlankIntentionally BlankIntentionally BlankCC.1.2.4.DCompare andcontrast an event ortopic told from twodifferent points ofview.E04.B-C.2.1.1CC.1.2.PK.EIdentify the frontcover, back cover, andtitle page of a book.CC.1.2.K.EIdentify parts of a book(title, author) and partsof a text (beginning,end, details).CC.1.2.1.EUse various textfeatures and searchtools to locate keyfacts or informationin a text.CC.1.2.2.EUse various textfeatures and searchtools to locate keyfacts or informationin a text efficiently.CC.1.2.3.EUse text features andsearch tools to locateand interpretinformation.E03.B-C.2.1.2CC.1.2.PK.FWith prompting andsupport, answerquestions aboutunfamiliar words readaloud from a text.CC.1.2.K.FWith prompting andsupport, ask andanswer questions aboutunknown words in atext.CC.1.2.1.FAsk and answerquestions to helpdetermine or clarifythe meaning of wordsand phrases in a text.CC.1.2.2.FDetermine themeaning of wordsand phrases as theyare used in gradelevel text includingmultiple-meaningwords.CC.1.2.3.FDetermine themeaning of wordsand phrases as theyare used in gradelevel text,distinguishing literalfrom nonliteralmeaning as well asshades of meaningamong related words.CC.1.2.4.EUse text structure tointerpretinformation olution).E04.B-C.2.1.2CC.1.2.4.FDetermine themeaning of wordsand phrases as theyare used in gradelevel text, includingfigurative ze multipleaccounts of the sameevent or topic, notingimportantsimilarities anddifferences in thepoint of view theyrepresent.E05.B-C.2.1.1CC.1.2.5.EUse text structure, inand among texts, tointerpret information(e.g., n).E05.B-C.2.1.2CC.1.2.5.FDetermine themeaning of wordsand phrases as theyare used in gradelevel text, includinginterpretation offigurative 3.B-V.4.1.2March 1, 20149

PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDSEnglish Language ArtsGrade Pre K–51.2Reading Informational TextIntegration of Knowledge and IdeasEvaluating ArgumentsIntegration of Knowledge and IdeasDiverse MediaStudents read, understand, and respond to informational text—with an emphasis on comprehension, vocabulary acquisition, andmaking connections among ideas and between texts with a focus on textual evidence.Grade Pre KGrade KGrade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4Grade 5CC.1.2.PK.GWith prompting andsupport, answerquestions to connectillustrations to thewritten word.CC.1.2.K.GAnswer questions todescribe therelationship betweenillustrations and thetext in which theyappear.CC.1.2.1.GUse the illustrationsand details in a textto describe its keyideas.CC.1.2.2.GExplain how graphicrepresentationscontribute to andclarify a text.CC.1.2.3.GUse informationgained from textfeatures todemonstrateunderstanding of atext.E03.B-C.3.1.3CC.1.2.4.GInterpret variouspresentations ofinformation withina text or digitalsource and explainhow the informationcontributes to anunderstanding oftext in which itappears.CC.1.2.5.GDraw on informationfrom multiple printor digital sources,demonstrating theability to locate ananswer to a questionquickly or to solve aproblem th prompting andsupport, identify thereasons an author givesto support points in atext.Intentionally BlankMarch 1, 2014CC.1.2.1.HIdentify the reasonsan author gives tosupport points in atext.CC.1.2.2.HDescribe howreasons supportspecific points theauthor makes in atext.CC.1.2.3.HDescribe how anauthor connectssentences andparagraphs in a textto support particularpoints.CC.1.2.4.HExplain how anauthor uses reasonsand evidence tosupport particularpoints in a text.CC.1.2.5.HDetermine how anauthor supportsparticular points in atext through reasonsand evidence.E05.B-C.3.1.1E04.B-C.3.1.1E03.B-C.3.1.110

PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDSEnglish Language ArtsGrade Pre K–51.2Reading Informational TextVocabulary Acquisition and UseIntegration of Knowledge and IdeasAnalysis Across TextsStudents read, understand, and respond to informational text—with an emphasis on comprehension, vocabulary acquisition, andmaking connections among ideas and between texts with a focus on textual evidence.Grade Pre KGrade KGrade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4Grade 5CC.1.2.PK.IWith prompting andsupport, identify basicsimilarities anddifferences betweentwo texts read aloudon the same topic.CC.1.2.K.IWith prompting andsupport, identify basicsimilarities anddifferences betweentwo texts (read or readaloud) on the sametopic.CC.1.2.1.IIdentify basicsimilar

English Language Arts Grade Pre K–5 March 1, 2014 4 1.1 Foundational Skills Students gain a working knowledge of concepts of print, alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions. Grade Pre K Grade K Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 g CC.1.1.PK.A Practice appropriate book handling skills. CC.1.1.K.A Utilize book handing skills.