The Known Patriots At The Battle Of Kings Mountain October .

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The Known Patriots at the Battle of Kings MountainOctober 7, 1780Image Courtesy of National Park Planner at www.npplan.com 2015 – J.D. Lewiswww.carolana.com

Note #1Most who study the Battle of Kings Mountain are certainly aware thatthe Patriot leaders made a smart choice in leaving the “infantry” behind,and for only “able horsemen” to ride on.What they intuitively “know” – but seem to fail to thoroughly “embrace” is:Almost all “officers” had good horses.Therefore .Many Patriot “Captains” had few men, sometimes no men, under theircommand during the actual battle at Kings Mountain. Most historiansrefuse to accept that at this important event, there were almost morePatriot officers engaged than militiamen, and that this is significant.Majors led as few as two (2) Captains, andmany who had no men, or only one to five. It was rare, but some Captainsdid have more than ten men. Few had their original companies at fullstrength. It will soon be shown that the companies averaged only 5 men.2

Note #2Although the British seized Charlestown and many officers, and theyonce again devastated both the SC and NC militia at the Battle of Camden,the Patriots constantly kept rebuilding their militia in both states, and theyretained their “semblance of order” by continuing the well-known“regiments” and recognized the leaders of all established militia units.Leaders of these well-established and well-known militia regiments agreedto “work with each other” for the common good of all.Ever since the start of the war, Captains attached themselves to otherregiments when it was convenient. This does not mean they were nowin this new regiment and no longer part of their original regiment.And, since the beginning of the war, whenever a regiment was musteredin “times of stress,” the entire regiment could not be assembled in timeto meet the exigency. So, leaders hastily pulled together what men theycould, and proceeded with incomplete regiments. In military parlance,these are called “detachments.”3

Note #3We may never know – for certain – the names of each and every Patriotwho truly participated in the Battle of Kings Mountain.And, we may never know – for certain – the exact “order of battle,”that is, which officers led specific men at a specific location, at theBattle of Kings Mountain.But We CAN do better and we should.4

Patriots at Kings MountainCommanding OfficerCol. William Campbell (VA)Washington County Regimentof Militia (VA)Little River District Regimentof Militia (SC)Burke County Regimentof Militia (NC)Washington County Regimentof Militia (NC)Col. William CampbellCol. James WilliamsMaj. Joseph McDowellLt. Col. John Sevier- Maj. George Wilfong- 21 Companies- Lt. Col. John Lewis- Lt. Col. Charles Robertson- Maj. Isaac Lane- Maj. Benjamin Sharp- Maj. Jonathan Tipton- Maj. Jesse Walton- 26 Companies- Maj. William Edmondson- 19 Companies- Rockbridge Rifles underCol. William Bowyer(Unknown number)Wilkes County Regimentof Militia (NC)Col. Benjamin Cleveland- Lt. Col. William Shepherd- Major Joseph Harden- 20 CompaniesSurry County Regimentof Militia (NC)Maj. Joseph Winston- Maj. Micajah Lewis- Maj. Edward Lovell- 14 CompaniesLincoln County Regimentof Militia (NC)Lt. Col. Frederick Hambright- Maj. John Barber- Maj. William Chronicle- Maj. Joseph Dickson- Maj. Francis McCorkle- 18 Companies- Lt. Col. Joseph Hayes- Maj. George Anderson- Maj. Samuel Hammond- Maj. John Moore- 13 Companies (SC/NC)- 3 Companies fromChatham County, NC- 1 Company fromGuilford County, NC- 1 Company fromGranville County, NC- 1 Company fromLower District, SC2ndSpartan Regimentof Militia (SC)Col. Thomas Brandon- Lt. Col. James Steen- Maj. John Moore- Maj. Thomas Young- 8 Companies- 4 Companies 1st SpartanCol. Andrew Hampton- Maj. James Gray- Maj. James Porter- Maj. Robert Porter- 14 CompaniesRowan County Regimentof Militia (NC)Lt. Col. Matthew Brandon- Lt. Col. John Hampton- 7 Companies- 6 Companies fromMecklenburg County, NCThese regiments all workedwith Maj. Joseph McDowellRoebuck’s Battalion of SpartanRegiment of Militia (SC)Clarke’s Regimentof Militia Detachment (GA)Col. Benjamin RoebuckMaj. William Candler- 8 CompaniesNew Acquisition DistrictRegiment of Militia (SC)Col. Samuel Watson14 Regiments,14 Detachments,234 CompaniesRutherford County Regimentof Militia (NC)- Maj. John Cunningham- 6 CompaniesUpper Ninety-Six DistrictRegiment Detachment (SC)Sullivan County Regimentof Militia (NC)Col. Isaac Shelby- Maj. Evan Shelby, Jr.- 15 CompaniesTurkey Creek Regimentof Militia (SC)Col. Edward Lacey- Lt. Col. John Nixon- Maj. John Adair- 7 Companies- 3 Companies fromCamden District, SC- 3 Companies fromFairfield District, SCHill’s Regimentof Militia Detachment (SC)Lt. Col. James Hawthorn- Maj. Samuel Tate- 5 CompaniesLt. Col. Robert Anderson- Lt. Col. Andrew Love- Maj. John Wallace- Maj. James McCall- 7 Companies- 3 CompaniesThese regiments all worked with Col. James Williams1,127 – 1,661 Men.Why a Range?5

The Battle of Kings MountainPatriot Militia Units Arrived from VA, NC, SC, and GAPasquotank Washington County Regiment (VA) Augusta County Regiment Detachment (VA) Rockbridge Rifles Detachment (VA) Sullivan County Regiment (NC) Washington County Regiment lementHalifaxSurryFrankGuilford geWake Nash combeBurkeRowanTyrrellQuaker MeadowsRan- ChathamJohnstonPittSalisbury dolph(9/30)HydeLincolnGilbert MontgomeryMeckNew BernCross CreekCowpensKingslenJones(10/6)Mountainburg AnsonRichDuplin(10/7)mondOnslow CarteretThank YouNinety-SixJohn Robertson &BladenCamdenCherawDistrictBill wickGeorgetownDistrict Clarke’s Regiment Detachment (GA) Little River District Regiment (SC)Men also from Burke County, CaswellCounty, Lincoln County, and WilkesCounty, NC Lower District Regiment Detachment (SC) 2nd Spartan Regiment (SC) 1st Spartan Regiment Detachment (SC) Roebuck’s Battalion of Spartan Regiment (SC) New Acquisition District Regiment (SC) Upper Ninety-Six District Reg. Detach. (SC) Turkey Creek Regiment (SC) Fairfield Regiment Detachment (SC) Camden District Regiment Detachment (SC) Hill’s Regiment of Militia Detachment (SC)Caswell14 Regiments,14 Detachmentsof Charles TownDistrictCharlestownBeaufortDistrictBeaufort 2015 – J.D. Lewis – All Rights Reserved Wilkes County Regiment (NC) Surry County Regiment (NC) Burke County Regiment (NC) Rutherford County Regiment (NC) Lincoln County Regiment (NC) Rowan County Regiment (NC) Mecklenburg County Regiment Detachment (NC) Chatham County Regiment Detachment (NC) Guilford County Regiment Detachment (NC) Granville County Regiment Detachment (NC) Caswell County Regiment Detachment (NC)6

The Battle of Kings Mountain Troop Movement Timeline-- All Roads Lead to the Cowpens -23456789September10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30Skirmish at Cane Creek – Burke County, NCC. McDowell with Burke County Regiment CaneA. Hampton with Rutherford County Regiment Creekwith detachments from Rowan & MecklenburgWataugaSettlementJohn Sevier MustersWashington CountyRegiment (NC)Joseph Winston MustersSurry County Regiment (NC)Richmond(aka Surry C.H.)Abingdon/Dunn’s MeadowWilliam Campbell MustersWashington County, VAMilitia & Rockbridge RiflesPembertonOakHillsborough,NCJames Williams (SC) Approvedto Recruit NC Militiamen.He has a small number of menwith him from SC, including theLittle River District & Lower District.Capts. Gholson,Griffin & HudginsJoinCaswellC.H.345678967ProbablyCamped atGilbert Denard’sTownFordBurkeC.H.Shelving RockIsaacShelby MustersSullivan CountyRegiment (NC)Cathey’s PlantationGillespie GapNorth Cove/Turkey CoveFortDefianceSeenBothGrider’sFortCornwallis Enters CharlotteCapt. HughFabush JoinsCapt. WilliamBennett JoinsGuilfordC.H.Salisbury10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20SeptemberKMCapt. MordecaiClark JoinsTuckaseegee Ford Beattie’s FordThomas Brandon brings1st Spartan & 2nd SpartanRegiment DetachmentsEdward Lacey (Turkey Creek Regiment) CharlotteIncluding Camden District & Fairfield District,William Hill (Hill’s Regiment of Light Horse),Robert Anderson bringsThomas Watson (New Acquisition District Regiment)Upper Ninety-Six DistrictNear Charlotte with Thomas Sumter (SC)Regiment DetachmentEspey’sSherrill’s LincolnMoore’sWilliam Graham Musters PlantationFordC.H.PlantationLincoln County Regiment (NC) 2015 – J.D. Lewis – All Rights Reserved2October345SycamoreShoalsMaj. Samuel Hammond (SC) Higgins’issues proclamation for refugees Plantationto join him at Higgins’ Plantation12 Men Trickle In QuakerMeadowsBenjamin Cleveland Musters WilkesWilkes County Regiment (NC) C.H.Capts. Douglas& McMullen Join1Cowpens1Maj. WilliamCandler (GA)ArrivesProbablyCamped atIsland FordBenjamin Roebuck (SC) bringshis Battalion of Spartan RegimentMaj. William Chronicle (NC)harassing foraging partiesaround Charlotte21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 301 Men Trickle In 2345October677

Blowup of General AreaShowing Major Rivers, Roads, TownsCatawba RiverRichmond(Surry eadowsDavidson’s Fort12345678Denard’s FordIsland FordCherokee FordTuckaseegee FordCowan’s FordBeattie’s FordSherrill’s FordTrading FordBurke C.H.Bedford Hill2FortNichols wn1GreatW agon ’sC.H.QuarterLexington87 RedSpringsCherawElizabethtownBroad RiverCamdenBFortMotteStatesburgKingstonKingstree 2015 – J.D. Lewis – All Rights ReservedNelson’s on This Blowup)(No Way I Could’veNewMapped All Troop New oroughKings MtnTradingPostUpperFall LRoadRoaWilliamsLittHarrisburg boroughFerryOrangeburghMoncksLittle River8

“Most Likely” Patriot Troop Deployment (1 of 2)Left Wing (105 companies)led byCol. Benjamin ClevelandLeft Center (21 companies)led byCol. Isaac ShelbyRight Center (26 companies)led byLt. Col. John SevierRight Wing (82 companies)led byCol. William CampbellF. Hambright(18 companies)W. Candler(6 companies)J. Sevier(26 companies)J. Winston(14 companies)I. Shelby(15 companies)J. McDowell(21 companies)B. Cleveland(20 companies)Lacey(13 comp)Hawthorn(5 comp)Hampton M. Brandon(14 comp) (13 comp)J. Williams(19 companies)W. Campbell(19 companies)T. Brandon(12 comp)Watson(7 comp)There are an equal number of sourcesthat indicate these two regiments werein either position. I leave it to the readerto decide which is most likely correct.Roebuck(8 comp)W. Bowyer(1 company)Anderson(3 comp)9

“Most Likely” Patriot Troop Deployment (2 of 2)NRavineB. ClevelandKingsMountainLeftCenterRightCenter 2015 J.D. Lewis – All Rights Reserved10

The known Patriot regiments anddetachments at Kings Mountain11

Member of the Virginia House of Delegates Died on August 22, 1781 of a Heart AttackWashington County Regimentof Militia (VA)The Route:Col. Abingdon“Here they are, Pemberton Oakmy brave boys. Sycamore ShoalsShout like hell,1745-1781 Shelving Rockand fight like devils.” Yellow Mtn. Gap Gillespie Gap N. Cove/Turkey Cove Quaker Meadows Burke C.H. Gilbert TownWilliam Campbell Denard’s FordCommanding Officer at the CowpensBattle of Kings Mountain Kings McCullough (mortally wounded)Lt.ReeseBowenCapt. WilliamBowen was illCapt.JohnEdmondson Capt.DavidCampbellCapt.RobertEdmondson William Campbell - Maj. William Edmonson (wounded) (Moss) - Adjutant John Reid – Aide-de-Camp (Moss)(W26946)Rockbridge Rifles (VA)Col. William BowyerCapt.JohnCampbellCapt.WilliamEdmondsonaka Edmistonaka Edmiston(killed)aka tgomeryCapt.JoshuaNichols Detached from theDetached from theAugusta County (VA) Montgomery CountyRegiment of Militia (VA) Regiment of Militia[Several sources claimedCampbell had 200 men withhim at the actual battle of KM](Moss) From RowanCounty, NC Capt.AndrewColvilleCapt.JohnHaysFrom SurryCounty, NC1st Lt.WilliamRussell, Jr. (NBBS) Capt.RobertCraigCapt.RobertKennedy Capt.WilliamDougherty Capt.WilliamLove Documented Nos. Led theCompany ofCapt. WilliamNeal19 companies with 98 privates 160 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Unknown number of men(Assume 10 Riflemen)Field 8NCOsPrivatesTotal49816098 19 5.2Men per Company[These are documented]12

The Route: Wilkes C.H. Fort Defiance Grider’s Fort Burke C.H. Gilbert Town Denard’s Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.RichardAllen Member of the NC House of Commons Member of the NC SenateWilkes County Regimentof Militia (NC)“My brave fellows, wehave beaten the Tories,and we can beat themagain. They are allcowards; if they hadthe spirit of men, theywould join their fellowcitizens in supporting theindependence of theircountry.”Col. Benjamin Cleveland(Moss,1909 Monument) 1738-1806 - Lt. Col. William Shepherd (ID’d by Ezekiel Reynolds S2013) - Maj. Joseph HardenMaj. Joseph Herndonremained with theinfantry and did notmake it to KM in time.Benjamin Cleveland Capt.DanielBailey Capt.JohnBarton Capt.ThomasBiecknell Capt.JohnBrown Capt.JohnCleveland Capt.RobertCleveland (mortally n Capt.Jesse HardinFranklinCapt.WilliamLenoir(wounded)Said to have6 men Lt.MartinGambill Capt.CharlesGordonLed the company ofCapt. William Nall lRiggs Capt.MosesGuest Capt.BenjaminHerndon Capt.WilliamJackson Said to have60 men Capt.XThurmanDocumented Nos. 20 companies with 100 privates 131 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field COsPrivatesTotal26910169 20 3.4Men per Company[These are documented]13

Member of the NC 3rd Provincial Congress Member of the NC House of Commons Member of the NC Senate Member of the US House of RepresentativesSurry County Regimentof Militia (NC)Maj. Joseph WinstonThe Route: Richmond(aka Surry C.H.) Wilkes C.H. Fort Defiance Grider’s Fort Burke C.H. Gilbert Town Denard’s Ford Cowpens Kings Mountain1746-1815 - Maj. Micajah Lewis (wounded) (Moss and 1909 Monument) - Maj. Edward Lovell (ID’d by John Smith S4852)Joseph WinstonJoined Cleveland at Wilkes C.H. on September 10th.Capt.JosephCloud (aka Joseph Cloyd)Capt.SamMcDowellCol. Martin Armstrong was guarding the homefront(Moss,1909 Monument) Capt.JamesGiddings Capt.William ThriftHughlett Capt.SamuelJohnson Capt.JoelLewis Capt.William TerrellLewis Capt.SalathielMartin (wounded)Capt.WilliamMeredith Capt.HarrisonMurray Capt.JosephPhillips Capt.JamesShepherd Capt.HenrySmith Capt.MinorSmith Documented Nos.14 companies with 70 privates 103 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field NCOsPrivatesTotal1548754 14 3.8Men per Company[These are documented]14

Capt.RobertBallewCapt.ThomasKennedyCapt.JohnSigman Member of the NC House of Commons Member of the NC Senate Member of the US House of RepresentativesBurke County Regimentof Militia (NC)The Route: Cane Creek Watauga Settlement Sycamore Shoals Shelving Rock Yellow Mtn. Gap Gillespie Gap N. Cove/Turkey Cove Quaker Meadows Burke C.H. Gilbert Town Denard’s Ford Cowpens Kings MountainMaj. Joseph McDowellCol. Charles McDowell rode to Hillsborough to meet Gates(Moss,1909 Monument) 1756-1801 - Maj. George Wilfong (HCC)Joseph McDowell Capt.JonathanCamp Capt.AlexanderErwin (aka Jonathan Kemp)(aka Alexander elSmith Capt.EdmundFear Capt.JohnHarden Capt.JohnHolmes (aka John Hardin)Capt.SamuelMiller Capt.RobertPattonCousin ofMaj. J. McDowellCapt.JohnSorrell Capt.ThomasHemphillCapt.DavidVance Capt.PatrickWatson Capt.AdamReep Capt.JohnRussell Documented Nos.Capt.JosephWhite Capt.SamuelWoods [Capt. George Cathey was sentwith an express for Brig. Gen.(Pro Tempore) William LeeDavidson, and missed theBattle of Kings Mountain.](aka Samuel Wood)21 companies with 105 privates 132 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field COsPrivatesTotal2366338 21 1.8Men per Company[These are documented]15

Sheriff of Rutherford CountyRutherford County Regimentof Militia (NC)The Route: Cane Creek Watauga Settlement Sycamore Shoals Shelving Rock Yellow Mtn. Gap Gillespie Gap N. Cove/Turkey Cove Quaker Meadows Burke C.H. Gilbert Town Denard’s Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.AdamHamptonCol. Andrew HamptonSupported Maj. Joseph McDowell(Moss) 1720-1805 - Maj. James Gray (ID’d by John McClure W25692) - Maj. James Porter (wounded) (Moss, 1909 Monument) - Maj. Robert Porter (Moss, R8352)Andrew Hampton Capt.BenjaminHarden Capt.GeorgeLedbetter Capt.JohnMcClain Capt.JohnMcClure Capt.JamesMcElhaney Capt.EphraimMcLean (aka Benjamin Hardin)Capt.JamesMiller Capt.GeorgeParis Capt.WilliamPorter Capt.ThomasPrice Capt.MosesShelby (wounded)Capt.RichardSingleton Capt.JamesWithrow (Moss said heacted as a Major)Documented Nos.14 companies with 70 privates 93 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field COsPrivatesTotal3285130 14 2.1Men per Company[These are documented]16

Col. William Graham (S8624) went home very sick.Hastily rode back whenHe heard the guns.Lincoln County Regimentof Militia (NC)“Huzza, my pravepoys, fight on afew minutes more,and te pattle villbe over!”The Route: Espey’s Plantation Sherrill’s Ford Lincoln C.H. Moore’s Plantation Beattie’s Ford Island Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.WilliamArmstrongCapt.John HardinHambrightLt. Col. Frederick Hambright(R4504) (wounded) (ALC, Moss, 1909 Monument) 1727-1817 Frederick Hambright- Maj. John Barber (ID’d by Charles Hamilton, R4512)- Maj. William Chronicle (killed)(ALC, Moss, 1880 Monument, 1909 Monument)- Maj. Joseph Dickson (ALC, Moss, also ID’d by Samuel Martin S9003)- Maj. Francis McCorkle (ALC, HCC, Moss)- Adjutant Andrew Floyd (S21757)Met Col. James Williams at Beattie’s Ford on 10/2 Capt.JamesBairdCapt.MalcolmHenry Capt.JohnBaldridgeCapt.JamesJohnson Capt.SamuelCaldwellCapt.ThomasLofton Capt.JohnCarruthCapt.SamuelMartin Capt.John PhilipDellinger Capt.WilliamMoore Capt.WilliamSherrillCapt.CharlesMattocks Capt.JohnMattocks(killed)Capt.JohnWeir (wounded)(aka James Johnston)Capt.JohnMooreCapt.SamuelEspey Documented Nos. 18 companies with 113 privates142 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field octorPrivatesTotal1113142113 18 6.3Men per Company[These are documented]17

“Now, boys,quickly reloadyour rifles, andlet’s advanceupon them,and give themanother hellof a fire!”The Route: Sycamore Shoals Shelving Rock Yellow Mtn. Gap Gillespie Gap N. Cove/Turkey Cove Quaker Meadows Burke C.H. Gilbert Town Denard’s Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.ThomasCaldwell Member of the NC House of Commons Sheriff of Lincoln County, KY Governor of KY (twice)Sullivan County Regimentof Militia (NC)Col. Isaac Shelby(Moss, Both Monuments) 1750-1826 - Maj. Evan Shelby, Jr. (Moss)(also ID’d by Alexander Kelso W9493)Isaac Shelby Capt.MosesCavett Capt.GilbertChristian Capt.JamesDuff Capt.JamesElliott FromLincoln CountyCapt.GeorgeMaxwell Capt.JohnPemberton Capt.JohnSawyer (aka John liamJohnston FromLincoln County Capt.RogerTopp Capt.ThomasWallaceCapt.JohnMartin FromSurry County FromBurke CountyCapt.DavidWebb ProbablyAn ErrorDocumented Nos. [Several sources claimedShelby had 240 men withhim at KM]15 companies with 75 privates 96 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field COsPrivatesTotal3426342 15 2.8Men per Company[These are documented]18

Washington County Regimentof Militia (NC)The Route: Sycamore Shoals Shelving Rock Yellow Mtn. Gap Gillespie Gap N. Cove/Turkey Cove Quaker Meadows Burke C.H. Gilbert Town Denard’s Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.JesseBean Member of the NC House of Commons Member of the NC Senate Member of the US House of Representatives (NC) Governor of the Unrecognized State of Franklin Governor of Tennessee Member of the US House of Representatives (TN)Lt. Col. John SevierCol. John Carter at home, health declining fast(Moss, Both Monuments) 1745-1815John Sevier Capt.WilliamBean Capt.JacobBrown - Lt. Col. John Lewis- Lt. Col. Charles Robertson (ID’d by John Grier S1906)- Maj. Isaac Lane (ID’d by Amos Richardson S31932)- Maj. Benjamin Sharp- Maj. Jonathan Tipton (Moss, W1098)- Maj. Jesse Walton (ID’d by Elsi Hunt S7054)- Adjutant David Hickey Capt.JoelCallahan Capt.BenjaminClark Rifle CompanyCapt.XFinley Capt.NingHawkins(probable)Capt.ThomasPreston Capt.GeorgeRussellCapt.WilliamCox Capt.JamesCrabtree (wounded) Capt.JosephLuskRifle Company Capt.RobertSevier Capt.AlexanderMooreCapt.ValentineSevier, Jr. Capt.GeorgeNorthCapt.JamesStinson (mortallyWounded)Rifle CompanyCapt.JohnPattersonCapt.ChristopherTaylor Capt.JamesPearceCapt.XWaring Possibly under Col. ShelbyCapt.SamuelWear Capt.SamuelWilliams(aka Samuel Ware, Weir)[Several sources claimedSevier had 240 men withhim at KM] Capt.JamesWilson Capt.ElijahWitt Capt.XYoung (probable)26 companies with 130 privates 175 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field COsPrivatesTotal26010560 26 2.3Men per Company[These are documented]Documented Nos.19

SupportedMaj. Joseph McDowellSince Cane CreekThe Route: Cane Creek Watauga Settlement Sycamore Shoals Shelving Rock Yellow Mtn. Gap Gillespie Gap N. Cove/Turkey Cove Quaker Meadows Burke C.H. Gilbert Town Denard’s Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.JohnBrandonRowan County Regimentof Militia (NC)Col. Francis Locke was ranging across Rowan County.Lt. Col. Matthew Brandon(ID’d by Charles Moore W24005) - Lt. Col. John Hampton (ID’d by Andrew Bigham S1639) (aka John Brannon)Capt.ThomasCowan Capt.JohnDickey Capt.JamesHouston Capt.PeterMull Capt.RichardSimmons Capt.BenjaminSmith (wounded)Several hints that a couple of these companiesmay have joined long after Cane Creek, on themarch towards Kings Mountain. These laterarrivals may have been placed under Col. JamesWilliams (SC) during that late timeframe.7 companies with 35 privates 44 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Documented Nos.Field sPrivatesTotal05145 7 0.7Men per Company[These are documented]20

Detachmentassigned to supportLt. Col. Matthew Brandon(Rowan County Regiment).With Maj. Joseph McDowellsince Cane CreekThe Route: Cane Creek Watauga Settlement Sycamore Shoals Shelving Rock Yellow Mtn. Gap Gillespie Gap N. Cove/Turkey Cove Quaker Meadows Burke C.H. Gilbert Town Denard’s Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.ConradHise Capt.JamesLigert Mecklenburg County Regimentof Militia (NC)Col. Robert Irwin was guarding the homefrontCapt.XMagrath Capt.JamesReese Capt.ThomasShelby Capt.ZaccheusWilson (aka James Tigert)Documented Nos.6 companies with 30 privates 36 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field sPrivatesTotal04104 6 0.7Men per Company[These are documented]21

The Route: Hillsborough Caswell C.H. Guilford C.H. Salisbury Tuckaseegee Ford Beattie’s Ford Island Ford Cowpens Kings MountainDetachmentassigned to supportCol. James Williams (SC).Joined at Hillsborough, NCon September 8thCapt.WilliamGholsonChatham County Regimentof Militia (NC)Col. Ambrose Ramsey was guarding the homefront Capt.WilliamGriffin Capt.JohnHudgins David Blalock (S3011)Matthew Stroud (S3980)said Capt. W. Gholsonsaid Capt. W. Griffinwas under Col. Benjamin was under Col. BenjaminClevelandClevelandDocumented Nos.3 companies with 15 privates 18 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field sPrivatesTotal0353 3 1.0Men per Company[These are documented]22

The Route: Guilford C.H. Salisbury Tuckaseegee Ford Beattie’s Ford Island Ford Cowpens Kings MountainDetachmentassigned to supportCol. James Williams (SC).Joined at Guilford C.H.on September 14thGuilford County Regimentof Militia (NC)Capt.HughFabushCol. John Peasley was with BG Jethro Sumner in RowanCounty, NC Documented Nos.1 company with 5 privates 6 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field sPrivatesTotal0121 1 1.0Men per Company[These are documented]23

The Route: Salisbury Tuckaseegee Ford Beattie’s Ford Island Ford Cowpens Kings MountainDetachmentassigned to supportCol. James Williams (SC).Joined at Salisbury, NCon September 27thGranville County Regimentof Militia (NC)Col. Joseph Taylor was guarding the homefront.Col. Philip Taylor was at Salisbury with BG Jethro SumnerCapt.WilliamBennett Documented Nos.1 company with 5 privates 7 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field sPrivatesTotal0131 1 1.0Men per Company[These are documented]24

“For God’s sake,boys, don’t giveup the hill.”The Route: Hillsborough Caswell C.H. Guilford C.H. Salisbury Tuckaseegee Ford Beattie’s Ford Island Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.MordecaiClarkFromBurke County,NCCapt.PendletonIsbellFromWilkes County,NC [Samuel Blair (S3009)said Capt. M. Clarkwas under Maj. JosephMcDowell and Col.James Williams.]Capt.JohnJones (Mortally Wounded)Col. James Williams1740-1780Capt.SamuelCulbertson Member of the SC House of RepresentativesLittle River District Regimentof Militia (SC)Capt.JamesDillard Capt.JohnMcMullenFromCaswell County,NC (Moss, Both Monuments) - Lt. Col. Joseph Hayes (Moss)- Maj. George Anderson (wounded) (RSCP: said he was a Captain at KM)- Maj. John Moore (W9206) (Moss)- Maj. Samuel Hammond (S21807) (Moss)Capt.JohnDouglasFromCaswell County,NCCapt.JohnSmith FromBurke County,NCCapt.ThomasDugginCapt.IsaacWhite FromLincoln County,NCCapt.SamuelEwingCapt.DanielWilliams Capt.WilliamGrahamFromLincoln County,NC (Son of Col. JamesWilliams)(Capt. Douglas and Capt. McMullen joinedat Caswell C.H. on September 11th)Documented Nos.Col. James Williams also led the3 NC militia detachments shownIn 3 earlier slides (5 companies) and1 SC militia detachment shown innext slide (1 company)13 companies with 65 privates 91 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field COsPrivatesTotal1426842 13 3.2Men per Company[These are documented]25

The Route: Hillsborough Caswell C.H. Guilford C.H. Salisbury Tuckaseegee Ford Beattie’s Ford Island Ford Cowpens Kings MountainDetachmentassigned to supportCol. James Williams.With him since battleof Musgrove’s MillLower District Regimentof Militia (SC)Col. Reuben Harrison was guarding the homefrontCapt.JohnWalters Documented Nos.1 company with 5 privates 6 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field sPrivatesTotal0121 1 1.0Men per Company[These are documented]26

SupportedCol. James Williams.Joined at Salisbury, NCon September 24th2nd Spartan Regimentof Militia (SC)Col. Thomas Brandon(Moss, says he was only acting as aCaptain at KM – this Author disagrees) - Lt. Col. James Steen (Moss, 1909 Monument incorrectly said he was killed) - Maj. John Moore (W9205) (Moss) - Maj. Thomas Young (Moss)1741-1802The Route: Salisbury Tuckaseegee Ford Beattie’s Ford Island Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.GabrielBrown Capt.DanielDuff Member of the SC House of Representatives Member of the SC SenateCapt.WilliamGrant Capt.BenjaminJollyCapt.JohnMcCool Capt.JohnPutnam (Most likely at KM)Capt.MosesWhite Capt.WilliamYoung Capt.JohnBoyerDetached from1st SpartanRegiment Capt.JohnCollinsDetached from1st SpartanRegimentCapt.WilliamSmith Detached from1st SpartanRegiment Capt.WilliamTaylor Detached from1st SpartanRegimentDocumented Nos.12 companies with 60 privates 86 Total[This number represents my guestimate]Field COs / Drs.PrivatesTotal2325832 12 2.6Men per Company[These are documented]27

Roebuck’s Battalion of SpartanRegiment of Militia (SC)SupportedCol. James Williams.Joined at Beattie’s Fordon October 2ndCol. Benjamin Roebuck(Moss said he was only a Major or Lt. Coloneland led a Company at KM. This Author disagrees) 1753-1788(William McKnight (W585) hints that Lt. Col. Henry Whitewas with Roebuck at the battle of KM. No other evidence.)The Route: Beattie’s Ford Island Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.AndrewBarry Capt.JamesSmithCapt.AmbroseFinnel Capt.RobertThomasCapt.VardryMcBee Capt.MajorParson Capt.MosesWood Capt.GeorgeRoebuck Documented Nos.Field OfficersCaptainsLieutenantsEnsigns8 companies with 40 privates 50 Total[This number represents my guestimate]1810Officers10NCOsPrivatesTotal0142414 8 1.8Men per Company[These are documented]28

Col. Samuel Watson1740-1781The Route: Charlotte Tuckaseegee Ford Beattie’s Ford Island Ford Cowpens Kings MountainCapt.JohnCunningham Member of the SC House of Representatives Member of the SC SenateNew Acquisition DistrictRegiment of Militia (SC)SupportedCol. James Williams.Joined at TuckaseegeeFord on October 1stCapt.RobertHanna A few sources hint that Lt. Col. William Bratton was at KM.No compelling evidence. This Author thinks Bratton was with Sumter. - Lt. Col. Andrew Love (p

Washington County Regiment of Militia (NC) Lt. Col. John Sevier-Lt. Col. John Lewis-Lt. Col. Charles Robertson-Maj. Isaac Lane-Maj. Benjamin Sharp-Maj. Jonathan Tipton-Maj. Jesse Walton-26 Companies Lt. Col. Joseph Hayes-Maj. George Anderson-Maj. Samuel Hammond-Maj. John Moore-13 Companie

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