PK2 Next Generation ELA Standards At A Glance

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PK-2 Next Generation ELA Standards at a GlancePK-2 Reading Standards (Literary and Informational Text)Review the PK, K, 1st, and 2nd grade ELA introductions for information regarding: guidance and support, range of student reading experiences, text complexity, Englishlanguage learners/multilingual learners, and students with disabilities.Key Ideas and DetailsPKK12PKR1: Participate in discussions about atext.KR1: Develop and answer questionsabout a text.1R1: Develop and answer questionsabout key ideas and details in a text.PKR2: Retell stories or shareinformation from a text.KR2: Retell stories or share key detailsfrom a text.PKR3: Develop and answer questionsabout characters, major events, andpieces of information in a text.KR3: Identify characters, settings, majorevents in a story, or pieces ofinformation in a text.1R2: Identify a main topic or centralidea in a text and retell importantdetails.1R3: Describe characters, settings, andmajor events in a story, or pieces ofinformation in a text.Craft and StructurePKK12PKR4: Exhibit an interest in learningnew vocabulary.KR4: Identify specific words thatexpress feelings and senses.1R4: Identify specific words thatexpress feelings and senses.PKR5: Interact with a variety of genres.KR5: Identify literary and informationaltexts.1R5: Identify a variety of genres andexplain major differences betweenliterary texts and informational texts.PKR6: Describe the role of an authorand illustrator.KR6: Name the author and illustratorand define the role of each in presentingthe ideas in a text.1R6: Describe how illustrations anddetails support the point of view orpurpose of the text.Integration of Knowledge and IdeasPKK2R1: Develop and answer questions todemonstrate an understanding of keyideas and details in a text.2R2: Identify a main topic or centralidea and retell key details in a text;summarize portions of a text.2R3: In literary texts, describe howcharacters respond to major events andchallenges. In informational texts,describe the connections among ideas,concepts, or a series of events.12R4: Explain how words and phrases ina text suggest feelings and appeal to thesenses.2R5: Describe the overall structure of atext, including describing how thebeginning introduces the text and theending concludes the text.2R6: Identify examples of howillustrations, text features, and detailssupport the point of view or purpose ofthe text.2PKR7: Describe the relationshipbetween illustrations and the text.KR7: Describe the relationship betweenillustrations and the text.1R7: Use illustrations and details inliterary and informational texts todiscuss story elements and/or topics.Begins in KindergartenKR8: Identify specific information tosupport ideas in a text.PKR9: Make connections between self,text, and the world.KR9: Make connections between self,text, and the world.1R8: Identify specific information anauthor or illustrator gives that supportsideas in a text.1R9: Make connections between selfand text (texts and other people/world).2R7: Demonstrate understanding ofstory elements and/or topics byapplying information gained fromillustrations or text features.2R8: Explain how specific points theauthor or illustrator makes in a text aresupported by relevant reasons.2R9: Make connections between selfand text (texts and other people/world).NYSED PK-2 Next Generation ELA Standards at a Glance 1

PK-2 Reading Standards (Foundational Skills)Review the PK, K, 1 , and 2 grade ELA introductions for information regarding: guidance and support, range of student reading experiences, text complexity,English language learners/multilingual learners, and students with disabilities.stndPrint ConceptsPKK12PKRF1: Demonstrate understanding ofthe organization and basic features ofprint.KRF1: Demonstrate understanding ofthe organization and basic features ofprint.1RF1: Demonstrate understanding ofthe organization and basic features ofprint.PKRF1a: Recognize that words are readfrom left to right, top to bottom and page topage.PKRF1b: Recognize that spoken words arerepresented in written language.PKRF1c: Understand that words areseparated by spaces in print.PKRF1d: Recognize and name someupper/lowercase letters of the alphabet,especially those in own name.PKRF1e: Recognize that letters are groupedto form words.PKRF1f: Differentiate letters from numerals.PKRF1g: Identify front cover and back cover.KRF1a: Follow words from left to right, topto bottom, and page by page.KRF1b: Recognize that spoken words arerepresented in written language by specificsequences of letters.KRF1c: Understand that words areseparated by spaces in print.KRF1d: Recognize and name all upper- andlowercase letters of the alphabet.KRF1e: Identify the front cover, back cover,and title page of a book.1RF1a: Recognize the distinguishing featuresof a sentence (e.g., first word, capitalization,ending punctuation).K1Phonological AwarenessPKPrint Concept Standards are addressedin Prekindergarten – Grade 1.Please see preceding grades for moreinformation.2PKRF2: Demonstrate an emergingunderstanding of spoken words,syllables, and sounds (phonemes).KRF2: Demonstrate understanding ofspoken words, syllables, and sounds(phonemes).1RF2: Demonstrate understanding ofspoken words, syllables, and sounds(phonemes).PKRF2a: Begin to recognize and matchspoken words that rhyme (e.g. songs, chants,finger plays).PKRF2b: Begin to recognize individualsyllables within spoken words (e.g. cup cake,base ball).PKRF2c: Isolate and pronounce the initialsounds (phonemes) in spoken one-syllablewords (e.g. the /m/ in map).KRF2a: Recognize and produce spokenrhyming words.KRF2b: Blend and segment syllables inspoken words.KRF2c: Blend and segment onsets and rimesof spoken words.KRF2d: Blend and segment individualsounds (phonemes) in spoken one-syllablewords.KRF2e: Create new words by manipulatingthe phonemes orally in one-syllable words.1RF2a: Count, blend and segment singlesyllable words that include consonantblends.1RF2b: Create new words by manipulatingindividual sounds (phonemes) in spoken onesyllable words.1RF2c: Manipulate individual sounds(phonemes) in single-syllable spoken words.Phonological Awareness Standards areaddressed in Prekindergarten – Grade 1.Please see preceding grades for moreinformation.NYSED PK-2 Next Generation ELA Standards at a Glance 2

PK-2 Reading Standards (Foundational Skills, continued)Review the PK, K, 1 , and 2 grade ELA introductions for information regarding: guidance and support, range of student reading experiences, text complexity,English language learners/multilingual learners, and students with disabilities.stndPhonics and Word RecognitionPKK12PKRF3: Demonstrate emergent phonicsand word analysis skills.KRF3: Know and apply phonics andword analysis skills in decoding words.1RF3: Know and apply phonics andword analysis skills in decoding words.2RF3: Know and apply phonics andword analysis skills in decoding words.PKRF3a: Demonstrate one-to-one lettersound correspondence by producing theprimary sound of some consonants.KRF3a: Demonstrate one-to-one lettersound correspondence by producing theprimary sound or most frequent sound foreach consonant.KRF3b: Decode short vowel sounds withcommon spellings.KRF3c: Decode some regularly spelled onesyllable words.KRF3d: Read common high-frequency wordsby sight.1RF3a: Know the letter-soundcorrespondences for common blends andconsonant digraphs (e.g., sh, ch, th).1RF3b: Decode long vowel sounds inregularly spelled one-syllable words (e.g.,final -e conventions and common vowelteams).1RF3c: Decode regularly spelled one-syllablewords.1RF3d: Determine the number of syllables ina printed word by using knowledge thatevery syllable must have a vowel sound.1RF3e: Decode two-syllable words followingbasic patterns by breaking the words intosyllables.1RF3f: Recognize and identify root wordsand simple suffixes (e.g. run, runs, walk,walked).1RF3g: Read most common high-frequencywords by sight.2RF3a: Distinguish long and short vowelswhen reading regularly spelled one-syllablewords (including common vowel teams).2RF3b: Decode short and long vowel soundsin two-syllable words.2RF3c: Decode regularly spelled two-syllablewords.2RF3d: Recognize and identify root wordsand common suffixes and prefixes.2RF3e: Read all common high-frequencywords by sight.FluencyPKPKRF4: Displays emergent readingbehaviors with purpose andunderstanding.KKRF4: Will engage with emergentreader texts and read-alouds todemonstrate comprehension.121RF4: Read beginning reader texts,appropriate to individual student ability,with sufficient accuracy and fluency tosupport comprehension.1RF4a: Read beginning reader texts,appropriate to individual student ability,orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, andexpression on successive readings.1RF4b: Use context to confirm or selfcorrect word recognition andunderstanding, rereading as necessary.2RF4: Read grade-level text withsufficient accuracy and fluency tosupport comprehension.2RF4a: Read grade-level text orally withaccuracy, appropriate rate, and expressionon successive readings.2RF4b: Use context to confirm or selfcorrect word recognition and understanding,rereading as necessary.NYSED PK-2 Next Generation ELA Standards at a Glance 3

PK-2 Writing StandardsReview the PK, K, 1 , and 2 grade ELA introductions for information regarding:guidance and support, range of student reading experiences, text complexity, English language learners/multilingual learners, and students with disabilities.Review the PK, K, 1st, and 2nd grade Writing introductions for information regarding production and range of writing.Text Types and PurposesPKK12stndPKW1: Use a combination of drawing,dictating, oral expression, and/oremergent writing to state an opinionabout a familiar topic in child-centered,authentic, play-based learning.KW1: Use a combination of drawing,dictating, oral expression, and/oremergent writing to state an opinionabout a familiar topic or personalexperience and state a reason tosupport that opinion.1W1: Write an opinion on a topic orpersonal experience; give two or morereasons to support that opinion.2W1: Write an opinion about a topic orpersonal experience, using clear reasonsand relevant evidence.PKW2: Use a combination of drawing,dictating, oral expression, and/oremergent writing to name a familiartopic and supply information in childcentered, authentic, play-based learning.KW2: Use a combination of drawing,dictating, oral expression, and/oremergent writing to name a familiartopic and supply information.1W2: Write an informative/explanatorytext to introduce a topic, supplying somefacts to develop points, and providesome sense of closure.PKW3: Use a combination of drawing,dictating, oral expression, and/oremergent writing to narrate an event orevents in a sequence.KW3: Use a combination of drawing,dictating, oral expression, and/oremergent writing to narrate an event orevents in a sequence.1W3: Write narratives which recountreal or imagined experiences or eventsor a short sequence of events.PKW4: Create a response to a text,author, or personal experience (e.g.,dramatization, artwork, or poem).KW4: Create a response to a text,author, or personal experience (e.g.,dramatization, artwork, or poem).W5: Begins in Grade 4W5: Begins in Grade 41W4: Create a response to a text,author, theme or personal experience(e.g., poem, dramatization, artwork, orother).W5: Begins in Grade 42W2: Write informative/explanatorytexts that introduce a topic, use factsand other information to develop points,use content-specific language, andprovide a concluding statement orsection.2W3: Write narratives which recountreal or imagined experiences or a shortsequence of events, including details todescribe actions, thoughts, and feelings;use temporal words to signal eventorder, and provide a sense of closure.2W4: Create a response to a text,author, theme or personal experience(e.g., poem, play, story, artwork, orother).W5: Begins in Grade 4Research to Build and Present KnowledgePKPKW6: Develop questions andparticipate in shared research andexploration to answer questions and tobuild and share knowledge.PKW7: Engage in a discussion usinggathered information from experiencesor provided resources.Ss in 2nd grade should understand the differencebetween opinions and arguments and begin tolearn how to write arguments with claims andsupporting reasons. (See Standards for examples.)K12KW6: Develop questions and participatein shared research and exploration toanswer questions and to build and shareknowledge.KW7: Recall and represent relevantinformation from experiences or gatherinformation from provided sources toanswer a question in a variety of ways1W6: Develop questions and participatein shared research and explorations toanswer questions and to buildknowledge.1W7: Recall and represent relevantinformation from experiences or gatherinformation from provided sources toanswer a question in a variety of ways.2W6: Develop questions and participatein shared research and explorations toanswer questions and to buildknowledge.2W7: Recall and represent relevantinformation from experiences or gatherinformation from provided sources toanswer a question.(e.g., drawing, oral expression, and/oremergent writing).NYSED PK-2 Next Generation ELA Standards at a Glance 4

PK-2 Speaking and Listening StandardsReview the PK, K, 1 , and 2nd grade ELA introductions for information regarding:guidance and support, range of student reading experiences, text complexity, English language learners/multilingual learners, and students with disabilities.stComprehension and CollaborationPKK12PKSL1: Participate in collaborativeconversations with diverse peers andadults in small and large groups andduring play.KSL1: Participate in collaborativeconversations with diverse peers andadults in small and large groups andduring play.1SL1: Participate in collaborativeconversations with diverse peers andadults in small and large groups andduring play.2SL1: Participate in collaborativeconversations wit

PK-2 Next Generation ELA Standards at a Glance . PK-2 Reading Standards (Literary and Informational Text) Review the . PK, K, 1. st, and 2 nd grade ELA introductions for information regarding: guidance and support, range of student reading experiences, text complexity, English language learners/multilingual learners, and students with disabilities. Key Ideas and Details PK K 1 2 PKR1 .

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