Second Grade ELA Academic Packet

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Second GradeELA Academic PacketStudent Name SchoolWeek 6May 4 - 8, 2020Please follow your teacher's instruction on use and return of packets.Por favor siga las instrucciones de su maestro sobre el uso y la devolución de los paquetes.Tanpri swiv enstriksyon pwofesè w sou jan pou w itilize ak retounen pakè yo.Por favor, siga as instruções do professor sobre o uso e o retorno dos pacotes

OCPS Distance Learning PacketGrade 2 ELAWeek of May 4 - May 8, 2020DaySkillInstructionsMondayUse Text Features toLocation InformationEfficiently Review Learning: Using Text Features Read Endangered Species: The African Elephant . Respond to the comprehension questions.TuesdayDescribe theconnection betweenideas or concepts ina text Review Learning: Describe the Connections in a Text Reread Endangered Species: The African Elephant . Complete comprehension questions based on the text. Read and recount Toys for Boys to someone. (This text canbe found on the last pages of the ELA packet.)WednesdayExplain how imagescontribute to a text Review Learning: How do Images Contribute to a Text? Read Elephant Wrinkles Are Good For Them . Respond to the comprehension questions. Reread Toys for Boys . Look for and underline words thatcontain the /oi/ sound.Write a few of these words in thespace provided on the last page of the book.ThursdayDescribe theconnection betweenideas or concepts ina text Review Learning: Review the Describing the Connections ina Text from Tuesday. Reread Elephant Wrinkles Are Good For Them . Respond to the comprehension questions. Reread Toys for Boys . Look for words that contain thesesuffixes: -s, -ed, and -ing. Circle the words with the suffix -s.Box the words with the suffix -ed. Underline the words withthe suffix -ing.FridayCompare andContrast Key Pointsin Two Texts Review Learning: Compare and Contrast Important Points Reread E lephant Wrinkles Are Good For Them andEndangered Species: The African Elephant . Respond to the comprehension questions.Daily: Read a book of your choice for 30 minutes.* Toys for Boys is a decodable reader that can be found after Friday’s activities. ( The /oi/ sound can bemade by different letter combinations. This decodable book focuses on the /oi/ sound made by -oi, as inb oi l, and -oy, as in b oy . )** If your student needs assistance with any of the content presented in these lessons, please contact theirteacher. All Orange County Public School teachers are committed to supporting our students throughout thisdistance learning experience. Thank you for all that you do to maintain a strong School/Home connection!1

Monday: Using Text Features As 2nd graders, it is important that w e remember to use everythingin the text to help us understand what we read.We especially want to use our t ext features to locate key facts orinformation. Let’s review some text features.2

Endangered Species: The African elephantBy Gale, Cengage Learning, adapted by Newsela staffImage 1. An African elephant in South Africa's Kruger National Park. TheAfrican elephant is the world's largest land animal.1The African elephant is the world's largest living land animal. An average male standsmore than 10 feet tall. It weighs between 11,000 and 14,000 pounds. That is as much asseveral cars! A female African elephant is a little shorter. It weighs between 8,000 and10,000 pounds.2The animal's thick, wrinkled skin is dark gray. It has long white tusks. These are actuallyteeth. The African elephant has a long lifespan. It can live up to 70 years.3Apart from its tusks, the African elephant has another special feature: its trunk. Theelephant's trunk grows out of its nose and upper lip. The animal uses it for many things. Ituses it to drink, smell, breathe and feel. The elephant also uses its trunk to communicate.It can use the trunk to greet and signal to other elephants.3

Image 24African elephants are herbivores. That means they mainly eat plants. They munch on treebark, leaves, fruits and grasses. The elephants eat about 300 to 400 pounds of food aday! They drink about 50 gallons of water. African elephants are never far from a sourceof water. They use it for drinking, bathing and cooling their bodies down.5Elephants are social animals. They like to be around each other. Family units are madeup of females and their young. These groups are known as herds . The entire herd is ledby an older female. She is called the matriarch. All of the other members of the herd arerelated to her.6Older male elephants may live by themselves. Or, they may live with other males in smallgroups. They meet up with females only to mate. A female gives birth to a single calf at atime. The baby lives closely with its mother for several years.4

Habitat7African elephants cover a hugeterritory. They are found in mostareas of Africa south of the SaharaDesert. Some live in forest areas.Others live in grasslands.8There are about 500,000 elephants inAfrica today. This may sound like abig number. But the elephantpopulation is much smaller than it used to be. There were once as many as 3 to 5 millionelephants in Africa.Protect the Elephants9African elephants face several dangers today. One is loss of land. People are building onthe land where elephants like to live. This pushes the animals out.10Another threat is poaching, or illegal hunting. For many years people have hunted Africanelephants for their tusks. Tusks are made of ivory. This material has been used to makemany things, from jewelry to piano keys. Today, it is against the law to sell ivory. That isbecause of an agreement between many countries. They knew the sale of ivory wasputting elephants at risk. So they came together to stop it.11Several African countries have taken steps to protect elephants. They have set asideland for the animals. These protected areas are called reserves. Tourists like to visit theseplaces. They can see elephants in their natural setting.12Many efforts to protect elephants have been successful. However, poaching is still aproblem. The African elephant is still at risk today.5

Directions: 1) Read E ndangered Species: The African Elephant . 2) Complete thecomprehension questions below.1. What information can you find under the heading “Protect the Elephants?” how the elephant uses the trunk to drink, smell, and breathe how elephants like to stay together in herds how some elephants live in forest areas and grasslands how countries have set aside land for the elephants to live2. Where can you find information about how an elephant uses its trunk to graband pull on to a tree branch? from the title from the headings from the caption from the fact box3. What is one piece of information that you can find under the heading “Habitat?”4. What is a piece of information that you can find under the heading “Protect theElephants?”5. Reread the fact box in the article (Image 2). What are t wo pieces of informationthat you learn about the African Elephant from reading this box?6

Tuesday: Describing the Connections in a Text7

Directions: 1) Reread E ndangered Species: The African Elephant . 2) Complete thecomprehension questions below.1. What are countries doing to help protect elephants? They are creating areas of natural land for elephants called reserves. They are building on the land where the elephants like to live. They are inviting tourists to come see the elephants in their natural setting. They are pushing the animals out and away from the danger.2. Which sentence best describes the connection between ivory and laws thatprotect elephants? Countries are making new laws that set aside land for animals so they canbe free. People were hunting elephants for ivory, so now they are laws against it. The elephants are still at risk today because poaching is still a problem. Countries agreed that people should make jewelry and piano keys out ofivory from elephant tusks.3. What part of the body does an African Elephant use to send signals to otherelephants? the tusk the ears the legs the trunk4. The article explains that the elephant population in Africa is much smaller thanit used to be. Write a paragraph explaining some of the reasons that thepopulation of elephants is so much smaller. Use evidence from the text.8

Wednesday9

Elephant Wrinkles Are Good for ThemBy Smithsonian.com, adapted by Newsela staff1African elephants have wrinkled skin. Scientists know that elephants have the wrinkles tostay cool. There is something they did not know. How does an elephant's skin get wrinkly?2Scientists found out why elephants have wrinkly skin. An elephant's skin gets thicker overtime. Skin comes in layers . On elephants, new layers of skin push up on the outer layer ofskin. This pushing makes the skin wrinkle.Elephants Don’t Sweat3Michel Milinkovitch is a scientist whostudies animals' bodies. Milinkovitchsaid that people might think wrinklyskin is not good.4Humans sweat when we get hot.Elephants cannot sweat to stay cool.Instead, elephants must splasharound in a pool of water or mud.Their wrinkles hold in lots of water. Ifelephants had smooth skin, the waterwould roll off. Mud also sticks to thewrinkled skin and also helps to keepbugs off of the elephants.10

Dry, Thick Skin is Good for Elephants5The scientists found somethingelse. Elephants' skin is verysimilar to the skin of somehumans. Some people have askin disease. Only one out ofevery 250 people have thisdisease. These people do notlose their dead skin cells. Losingdead skin cells helps human skinstay smooth . The disease makesthe skin dry, thick and wrinkled,like elephant skin.6The disease is a problem forhumans. It is great for African elephants, though. These wrinkles help them to stay cool.Baby Elephants Might Have A Clue7Scientists, like Michael Milinkovitch,must keep looking for a link betweenelephant skin and the disease.Elephants get more wrinkles as theygrow older. The same skin change isbad for humans. This study mighthelp scientists find a cure forhumans with the disease.8Milinkovitch has a plan. He will watcha baby elephant. Baby elephantshave smooth skin when they areborn.9He wants to study how baby elephants get their wrinkles. Milinkovitch has many questionsabout how the cracks start forming in baby elephants. He hopes that what he learns willlead to a cure.11

Directions: 1) Read E lephant Wrinkles Are Good for Them . 2) Complete thecomprehension questions below.1. Which sentence from the text is clarified by the s econd photograph? “ Humans sweat when we get hot.” “ Elephants cannot sweat to stay cool. ” “ Instead, elephants must splash around in a pool of water or mud.” “ Elephants' skin is very s imilar to the skin of some humans.”2. How does the third photograph contribute to the text? It shows why elephants have wrinkles. It shows how the wrinkles are good for the elephant. It shows how deep the elephant wrinkles are. It shows how baby elephants have smooth skin.3. How does the f ourth photograph add to what the author tells us? It shows that baby elephants only have a few wrinkles. It shows how baby elephants stay cool. It shows that baby elephants are being studied by scien tists. It shows how the wrinkles are good for the elephant.4. What is a piece of information that you can find under the heading “ElephantsDon’t Sweat?”5. What is a piece of information that you can find under the heading “Dry, ThickSkin is Good for Elephants?”12

ThursdayDirections: 1) Review the D escribing the Connections in a Text f rom Tuesday.2) Reread E lephant Wrinkles Are Good for Them . 2) Complete the comprehensionquestions below.1. How do the elephants' wrinkles help them stay cool? The wrinkles help keep the bugs off of their skin. The wrinkles allow elephants to sweat when they are hot. The wrinkles hold in water when elephants go for a swim. The wrinkles cause the water to roll off of the elephant.2. Which sentence best describes the connection between baby elephants and ahuman skin disease? Scientists will study how baby elephants get their wrinkles to look for a curefor a human skin disease. Baby elephants get wrinkles when they get older like humans get wrinkles. Some humans will get a skin disease that causes their skin to be wrinkled. Scientists found that elephant skin is similar to humans who have a skindisease.3. What causes an elephant’s skin to wrinkle? New layers of skin with a disease will wrinkle. The skin gets wrinkled when elephants go in the water. The skin gets very thick and dry. New layers of skin push on the outer layer of skin.4. The article is titled “Elephant Wrinkles are Good for Them.” Write a paragraphto explain h ow elephant wrinkles are good for them. Use evidence from the text.13

Friday: Compare and Contrast Important Points14

Directions: 1) Review the texts E lephant Wrinkles Are Good for Them and E ndangeredSpecies: The African Elephant . 2) Complete the comprehension questions below.1. What is an important point made in b oth texts? Female elephants lead a group called a herd. Elephants cool their bodies down in the water. Baby elephants have smooth skin. Many elephants are in danger of being hunted.2. Part A: Which point is made in b oth texts? Elephants use their trunks to pull down tree branches. Male elephants live by themselves or with a small group. Elephants have body features that help them survive. Mud sticks to elephants’ wrinkled skin and keeps the bugs off of them.Part B: Write a sentence from each article that helped you find an answerto Part A.Write a sentence from “Endangered Species: The African Elephant.”Write a sentence from “Elephant Wrinkles Are Good for Them.”3. What is an important point that is in “Endangered Species: The AfricanElephant” and n ot in “Elephant Wrinkles Are Good for Them?”15

Second GradeEnglish LanguageLearnersAcademi

Grade 2 ELA Week of May 4 - May 8, 2020 Day Skill Instructions Monday Use Text Features to Location Information Efficiently Review Learning: Using Text Features Read Endangered Species: The African Elephant . Respond to the comprehension questions. Tuesday Describe the connection between ideas or concepts in a text Review Learning: Describe the Connections in a Text Reread Endangered Species .

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