GENERIC RISK ASSESSMENTS

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RANDSTAD CONSTRUCTION, PROPERTY ANDENGINEERING (CPE)GENERIC RISK ASSESSMENTSCONTENTS: INDEX RISK ASSESSMENTSDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 1 of 31

GENERIC RISK ASSESSMENT INDEX:Risk AssessmentsVersionIssue DateMobile Scaffold TowersWorking on ScaffoldsExcavationsWorking in Confined SpacesWorking Near Buried SpacesCrane OperationsMaintenance & Repair of PlantWeldingDemolitionWork Involving Asbestos ProductsExcessive NoiseHot-work Burning or Ignition ofLitterRoad worksUse of Static Scaffold TowersFragile Roof MaterialsUse of LaddersWorking Over WaterWorking Where There is a Risk ofMaterials FallingWorking Near Holes and EdgesUse of Mobile Elevated WorkPlatformsPortable Power ToolsCartridge Operated ToolsUse of Abrasive Wheel MachinesRefurbishmentManual HandlingElectrically Powered EquipmentOffice SafetyStorage SafetyFirst Aid 333May 2013May 2013333333333MayMayMayMayMayMayMayMayMayDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03201320132013201320132013201320132013Issue Date: May 2013Page 2 of 31

Operation and HazardsUse Of Mobile Scaffold Towers1.2.3.4.5.Falls from heightMaterials fallingTowers overturningOverloadingArcing or contact with overhead power linesHazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight MediumLowRiskHighControls1.2.Tower scaffold should be erected on firm level ground for light work only.Tower scaffold will only be erected, altered or dismantled by trained operatives in accordancewith manufacturer‟s specifications.3. The wheels of mobile towers should not be less than 125mm in diameter, be marked with safeworking load, locked into the base of standards and be fitted with brakes.4. To ensure stability the height of base ratio of a mobile scaffold tower must not exceedmanufacturers‟ instruction or 3.5:1 outside a building. Stabilisers may be used to increase heightto base ratio.5. Working platforms shall be fully boarded and at least 600mm wide or at 800mm wide whenmaterials are deposited thereon.6. Guard rails and toe boards must be fitted where persons can fall more than 2m.7. A safe means of access shall always be provided either by way of internal inclined stairway or aladder lashed vertically to one of the shortest sides. Access should never be permitted from aladder leaning against a tower.8. A tower scaffold will be inspected before use by a competent person who will be responsible, ifnecessary, for entries in the scaffold inspection register.9. Tower scaffolds must not be misused.10. When mobile scaffold towers are being moved they will be pushed from the base. No personswill be permitted to ride on the platform whilst being moved.11. The safe working load will be displayed on the structure which will not be exceeded.12. Notices will be displayed on incomplete structures.Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 3 of 31

Operation and HazardsWorking On Scaffold1.2.3.4.Falls from scaffold platformsMaterials falling from scaffold platformsScaffold collapsesPlant, vehicular traffic, persons colliding with structureHazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight MediumLowRiskHighControls1.All scaffolds and working platforms will be property constructed in accordance with BritishStandards, Manufacturer‟s instructions.2.Scaffolds will only be erected, altered or dismantled by qualified trained operatives.3.All scaffold components will be inspected before use.4.Additional to requirement of fitting of toe boards and guard rails to platforms over 2m high,those over 1m high will be fitted with guard rails.5.Protection against falling materials will be provided by use of nets, brick guards, fans and toeboards as necessary.6.Notices will be displayed on incomplete structures.7.Safe access and egress to working platforms will be provided generally by means of Class 1heavy duty ladders.8.Before acceptance of handing over certificates, structures will be inspected with contractors‟representative.9.No scaffold will be used until it has been inspected by a competent person, who will beresponsible for entries in scaffold inspection register F91 Ptla.Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 4 of 31

Operation and HazardsExcavations1.2.3.4.5.6.Cutting into underground electricity cables and contact with overhead power lines.Collapse of unsupported excavations.Falling into unfenced excavationsMaterials or plant falling into excavationsBreaking into gas or water mains.Struck by excavatorHazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight MediumLowRiskHighControls1.Accurate location of underground services by operatives trained in the use of locating equipment(CAT scan) and fencing of overhead power lines.2.Planned provision and use of trench support equipment.3.Adequate fencing or covering for excavations and excavations back filled as soon as practicable.4.Materials to be stock piled clear of the excavation 1.5m from the edge of the excavation.5.Wheel stops to be used when tipping back fill using dumpers or trucks.6.Proper ladder access with the ladder tied and extending 1.05m above the top of the excavation.7.Ladder access to be into the supported part of the excavation.8.Safety helmets to be worn by all operatives working in the excavation or close to excavations.9.Only correct and tested lifting equipment to be used.10. Excavators and other plant to be operated by trained, certified and authorized operators.Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 5 of 31

Operation and HazardsWorking In Confined Spaces1.2.3.4.5.Working atmosphere toxic, explosive or deficient in OxygenIn rush of liquid gasses or solidsExposure to disease bearing organismsEvacuation of sick or injured workmenFalls down shafts or sumpsHazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight MediumLowRiskHighControls1.Atmosphere to be tested before entry.2.Atmosphere to be constantly monitored during work.3.Workers to be trained in the use of monitoring equipment and evacuation procedures.4.Rescue equipment to be provided and all workers to wear safety harnesses, helmets andprotective clothing.5.All access points for effluent or process materials to be locked off or sealed.6.Where atmosphere tests are negative the space will be purged and retested.7.Where the atmosphere cannot be adequately ventilated, then breathing apparatus will be worn,if work must be carried out **8.**Where workmen are to operate, using breathing apparatus, special training must be given.9.Only the minimum number of workers required to carry out the work safely to enter.10. Workers to be logged in and out (tag system)11. Where permits to work are required, no work will be carried out until the authorized person haschecked the permit requirements and signed the permit.12. Work will not exceed the time limits or safety parameters of the permit, without the authority ofthe authorized person.13. Workers to be warned of health risks specific to their task and be provided with writteninformation on these risks, to present to their Doctor in the event of illness.Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 6 of 31

Operation and HazardsWorking Near Buried Services1.2.3.4.5.Contact with underground power cables causing danger to personsRupturing of gas pipes leading to leaks, fire or explosionRupturing of water pipes causing flooding and damageCutting of underground telecommunications and interrupting servicesRupturing of drains, sewers, culverts etc., causing health hazardsHazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight MediumLowRiskHighControls1.Prior to commencement of excavations all public and local utilities will be requested to provideinformation of services in the ground in proposed work area.2.Where services are believed to be present, steps will be taken to establish exact positions androutes which will be identified and marked.3.The depth at which the services are situated will be established by hand digging trial holes.4.Excavators and power tools should not be used within 0.5m of a buried service unless a permit towork system is used.5.Any damage to buried services must be reported to the appropriate utility immediately.6.If an electricity cable is struck, everyone should be kept clear of the area until made safe.7.If a gas pipe is ruptured, persons in the area should be excavated and steps taken to preventignition of gas.8.For further guidance on buried electricity cables refer to HS Guidance Note GS33.Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 7 of 31

Operation and HazardsCrane Operations1.2.3.4.Crane overturning – ground unsuitable, overloading etc.Arcing or contact with overhead cables or other obstructionsMaterials falling during lifting operationsFailure of lifting gear or equipmentHazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight MediumLowRiskHighControls1.Craning operations will be supervised by a competent person other than crane driver.2.Appropriate test certificates in respect of appliance and lifting gear will be examined and copiesretained on site.3.Driver of crane will hold a certificate of competence to drive (copy to be on site) and responsiblefor daily maintenance and completion of records.4.Surface from which mobile crane is to operate will be prepared and checked to ensure stability.5.Tower cranes will only be erected by competent persons.6.Operatives engaged in slinging and banking will be trained and holders of certificates of training,copies of which will be retained at side level.7.Slingers and bankers will be responsible for examining all lifting gear before use, ensuringstability and security of loads.8.Regular checks will be made to ensure stability of crane.9.Under no circumstances will appliance safe working load be exceeded. Slingers will be requiredto know weight of materials to be raised before commencement of lift.10. If driver of crane cannot see load during whole of lifting operation, additional slinger/bankers willbe used.11. All overhead electric cables will be identified. Cranes will not operate within 6 metres plusextended jib length, unless permit to work be issued.12. 600mm clearance must be maintained between any slewing or travelling crane body and anyobstruction or area must be enclosed.13. Site Management is responsible for the safe operation of cranes NOT the crane driver.Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 8 of 31

Operation and HazardsMaintenance And Repair Of Plant1.2.3.4.5.6.Uncontrolled movement of the plant under repairsUncontrolled movement of hydraulicsUncontrolled release of hot or pressurized liquidsCollapse of jacking equipmentTyre explosion or fuel fireHair or clothing caught in moving partsHazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight MediumLowRiskHighControls1.Plant and equipment must be maintained in accordance with guidance contained inmanufactures/suppliers manuals or instruction leaflets.2.Mobile plant or equipment to be worked on to have the wheels checked and hydraulicallyoperated lifting arms at rest before work or braking systems hydraulics on wheels commences.3.Where hydraulically operated equipment has to be elevated for work to be carried out it must besupported by ridged means, props or ram sleeves.4.Where work involves engine cooling systems, hydraulic systems and compressed air,arrangements must be made to depressurise them under controlled conditions.5.When jacking is used to raise the equipment in order to facilitate access under the machine, thejacking must take place on firm level ground and packing placed under strong points, to preventthe collapse of the machine in the event of a jack failure.6.No hot work to take place on wheels or fuel tanks unless the tyres are removed from the wheelsand the fuel tanks drained, purged and filled with water.7.Where work is to be carried out near moving parts, long hair and clothing must be kept clear.8.All guards to power shafts, fans, fan belts and other moving parts to be replaced when work iscomplete.Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 9 of 31

Operation and HazardsWelding1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.Fire and explosivesBurnsEye Injuries and Arc EyeElectric ShockExposure to Fumes and GasesExposure to HeatRespiratory DiseaseHearing DamageHazard PotentialMajorSerious SlightRiskHigh MediumLowControls1.Welding will only be carried out by trained operatives.2.All cylinders used in welding should be kept and moved in trolleys or securely fastened in verticalposition.3.All equipment will be used in accordance with manufacturer‟s instructions and must be inspectedbefore use to ensure it is safe.4.Operatives will wear protective clothing and necessary eye, hearing and respiratory protection.5.Adequate ventilation will be provided to prevent heat stress.6.Area of work will be screened as necessary to protect others from welding hazards.7.Fire Extinguishers will always be situated near work area (See Fires).Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 10 of 31

Operation and HazardsDemolition1.2.3.4.5.6.Premature collapse of building or part of buildingDamage to property adjacent to site of demolitionFalls from the working place or accessFalls of materialExplosion, fire or electrocutionHealth hazards to operatives and others e.g. Contaminants, asbestos, lead, dust etc.Hazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight MediumLowRiskHighControls1.Adjacent property, building or part of building to be demolished will be surveyed and a report, inwriting, prepared as to findings.2.Local Authority and HSE to be informed of proposed demolition if necessary.3.A detailed Method Statement will be prepared and submitted for approval of management beforework commences to cover method of demolition, access, protection of workforce and membersof public, arrangements for making safe gas, electric supplies, methods for dealing withflammable or other hazardous materials, dist suppression, transport and disposal of waste,Health and Welfare arrangements (see HS Guidance Note GS29, 1-4) and COSHH Assessmentfile)4.A competent person will be appointed to supervise work.5.Only competent and trained operatives will be permitted to carry out demolition work andcertificates of competence will be inspected and kept on site.6.Test certificates in respect of lifting appliances engaged in demolition will be inspected and kepton site.Additional CommentsMethod Statements required for all demolition workDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 11 of 31

Operation and HazardsWork Involving Asbestos Products1. Health hazards associated with asbestos – asbestosis, lung cancer, mesothelioma, laryngealcancerHazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight 2.13.14.15.Suspect materials will be assumed to be crocidolite or ammosite unless samples have been analysed andshown to be the contrary.Licensed persons or contractors will be engaged for removal and stripping of asbestos, where cutting,abrading and breaking of materials is involved, except where work is less than one hour duration in any 7days, or the total time spent by all persons will not exceed 2 hours.The enforcing authority (HSE) shall be notified 28 days before commencement of work unless licensedcontractor is in possession of a waver.A written assessment of work will be made to enable control measured to be taken.Adequate information, instruction and training shall be given to employees involved in asbestos work (SeeCode of Practice).Employees liable to be significantly exposed to asbestos, above action levels, must be medically examined byHSE approved Medical Practitioner before commencement of work and at 2 yearly intervals thereafter.Health records must be retained and information given to employee of results. Records of all employeesinvolved in asbestos work will be kept.Prevention of exposure or the reduction of exposure will be implemented by technical measure, reduction ofdust, minimizing breakage and fragmentation, by dust suppression/wetting and by clean „housekeeping‟.Where considered practical, special products ensuring 1) much enhanced penetration (other than water) willbe used or 2) those penetrating and solidifying within the asbestos will be used.Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) suitable for the work supplied, fitted and maintained. Control measureof PPE and clothing, after use, will be enforced along with maintenance of engineering controls etc.Maintenance procedures with respect to cleaning, washing and changing facilities will be enforced to preventtransfer of dust.Escape of dust and decontamination of plant will be ensured. Premises will be left clean and washed/wipeddown.The area of work will be designated and well signposted.Air monitoring, if considered necessary, will be arranged to check on effectiveness of controls, exposure ofemployees and when work is complete (See Code of Practice)Adequate washing facilities, and if considered necessary, showers with dirty and clean changing areas, will beprovided.Regulations concerning asbestos waste disposal, transportation and labeling will be applied. Double plasticsacks, suitably labeled will be available for small waste, then tied and sealed. Large pieces will not be cut butwrapped in plastic sheeting or placed in a totally sealed container or skip.Exposure limits measured in litres per millitre of air over a period of time will be applied.Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 12 of 31

Operation and HazardsWork Creating Excessive Noise1. Damage to hearing2. Nuisance to local residentsHazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight MediumLowRiskHighControls1.Noise will be reduced to lowest level possible and where persons are exposed to noise at orabove first action level or peak action level. Assessments will be made by a competent personand action taken in accordance with Noise at Work Regulations 1989 to protect both operativesand members of public.Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 13 of 31

Operation and HazardsHot Work, Burning Or Ignition Of Litter1. Building, damaged or destroyed by fire2. Plant or equipment damaged or destroyed3. Injury to personsHazard PotentialMajorSerious SlightRiskHigh MediumLowControls1.Fire Safety Plan to be prepared, promulgated and implemented.2.Fire Coordinator to be appointed.3.Highly flammable liquids and liquid petroleum gas will be stored in open air and necessary signsposted.4.Electrical and gas supplies will be installed and maintained in accordance with regulations andCodes of Practice. Certificates of test will be retained for inspection.5.Hot work/burning will be controlled by permits if necessary.6.No open fires will be permitted on site.7.Waste materials will be removed to skips and not allowed to accumulate.8.Plant powered by internal combustion engines will only be permitted to be used in well ventilatedareas.9.Refuelling will not take place whilst engine is running. Funnels will be used when refueling fromcanisters.10. All vehicular plant will carry fire extinguishers.Additional CommentsDocument Reference:CPERA/1Version Number: 03Issue Date: May 2013Page 14 of 31

Operation and HazardsRoadworks1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.Moving vehicles in collision with operatives or members of the publicAccidents or members of the publicFires and resultant burns to operatives or members of publicOperatives exposed to hazardous substancesCollision of vehicles and plantFalls over objects or into excavationsOperatives and members of public exposed to hearing damageContact with underground or overhead servicesHazard PotentialMajor SeriousSlight MediumLowRiskHighControls1.All roadworks will be signed in accordance wi

GENERIC RISK ASSESSMENT INDEX: Risk Assessments Version Issue Date Mobile Scaffold Towers 3 May 2013 Working on Scaffolds 3 May 2013 Excavations 3 May 2013 Working in Confined Spaces 3 May 2013 Working Near Buried Spaces 3 May 2013 Crane Operations 3 May 2013 Maintenance & Repair of Plant 3 May 2013 Welding 3 May 2013 Demolition 3 May 2013 Work Involving Asbestos Products 3 May 2013 Excessive .

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