K-5 ELA Missouri Learning Standards

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K-5 ELA Missouri Learning Standards: Grade-Level ExpectationsMissouri Department of Elementary and Secondary EducationSpring 20161

Reading1Comprehension6-12 Correlation Reading Literary 1A, Reading Informational 1AADevelop and apply skills to the reading process.Grade KGrade 1With assistance,Develop anddevelop anddemonstrate readingdemonstrate readingskills in response toskills in response toreading text and readread-alouds by:alouds by:Grade 2Develop anddemonstrate readingskills in response totext by:Grade 3Develop anddemonstrate readingskills in response totext by:Grade 4Develop anddemonstrate readingskills in response totext by:Grade 5Develop anddemonstrate readingskills in response totext by:a.a.a.a.a.b.c.d.e.predicting whatmight happen nextin a text based onthe cover, title, andillustrationsasking andresponding toquestions abouttexts read aloudretelling main ideasor important factsfrom a read aloudor familiar storyconnecting theinformation andevents of a text toexperiencesrecognizingbeginning, middle,and enda.b.c.d.e.f.predicting whatwill happen nextusing priorknowledgeasking andresponding torelevant questionsseekingclarification andlocating facts anddetails aboutstories and othertextsretelling main ideasin sequenceincluding keydetailsrecognizingbeginning, middle,and endmonitoringcomprehensionand makingcorrections andadjustments whenthat understandingbreaks downb.c.d.e.using text featuresto make andconfirmpredictions, explainwhy not confirmedasking andresponding torelevant questionsseekingclarification andusing information/facts and detailsabout texts andsupportinganswers withevidence from textretelling a story’sbeginning, middle,and end anddetermining itscentral message,lesson, or moralmonitoringcomprehensionand makingcorrections andadjustments whenunderstandingbreaks downb.c.d.explaining howspecific aspects of atext’s illustrationscontribute to whatis conveyed by thewords in a storydrawingconclusions andsupport withtextual evidencesummarizing astory’s beginning,middle, and enddetermining itscentral message,lesson, or moralmonitoringcomprehensionand makingcorrections andadjustments whenunderstandingbreaks downb.c.drawingconclusions andinferring byreferencing textualevidence of whatthe text saysexplicitly as well asinferences drawnfrom the textdrawingconclusions byproviding textualevidence of whatthe text saysexplicitlymonitoringcomprehensionand makingcorrections andadjustments whenunderstandingbreaks downdrawingconclusions andinferring byreferencing textualevidence to supportanalysis of what thetext says explicitlyas well asinferences drawnfrom the textb. drawingconclusions byproviding textualevidence of whatthe text saysexplicitly as well asinferences drawnfrom the textc. monitoringcomprehension andmaking correctionsand adjustmentswhenunderstandingbreaks downContinue to address earlier standards as needed and asapplies to more difficult texts.2

Reading1Vocabulary6-12 Correlation Reading Literary 1B, Reading Informational 1BBDevelop and apply skills to the reading process.Grade KGrade 1Grade 2With assistance,Develop anDevelop andevelop anunderstanding ofunderstanding ofunderstanding ofvocabulary by:vocabulary by:vocabulary by:Grade 3Develop anunderstanding ofvocabulary by:Grade 4Develop anunderstanding ofvocabulary by:Grade 5Develop anunderstanding ofvocabulary by:a.a.a.a.b.c.d.e.identifying andsorting pictures ofobjects intoconceptualcategoriesdemonstratingunderstanding ofopposites(antonyms)distinguishingmeaning betweenverbs describingthe same actionusing a picturedictionary to findwordsusing words andphrases acquiredthroughconversations,reading and beingread to, andresponding to textsa.b.c.d.e.f.g.h.using commonaffixes to figure outthe meaning of awordidentifyingcommon rootwords and theirinflectional endingsidentifying wordsthat name actionsand words thatname persons,places, or thingsrecognizing thatcompound wordsare made up ofshorter wordsdetermining whatwords mean fromhow they are usedin context of asentence eitherheard or readsorting words intoconceptualcategoriesdistinguishingshades of meaningamong verbs andadjectiveslocating words in adictionarya.b.c.d.e.f.using prefixes, rootwords, and suffixesto determine themeaning of wordsusing knowledge ofthe meaning ofindividual words todetermine themeaning ofcompound wordsusing context todetermine themeaning of a newword or multiplemeaning word intextusing antonymsand synonymslocating words in adictionary orglossary todetermine orclarify the meaningof words orphrasesdistinguishingmeaning amongclosely relatedverbs andadjectivesb.c.d.e.decoding andidentifying themeaning ofcommon prefixesand suffixes andknowing how theychange themeaning of rootwordsusing sentencelevel context todetermine therelevant meaningof unfamiliar wordsor distinguishamong multiplemeaning wordsusing homographsand homophonesdistinguishing theliteral and nonliteral meanings ofwords and phrasesin contextdetermining themeaning of the newword formed whena known affix isadded to a knownbase wordb.c.d.e.determining themeaning ofacademic Englishwords derivedfrom Latin, Greek,or other linguisticroot words andtheir prefixes andsuffixesusing the context ofthe sentence todetermine themeaning ofunfamiliar wordsor multiplemeaning wordscompletinganalogiesidentifying themeaning ofcommon idiomsand figurativelanguageusing a dictionaryor glossary todetermine themeanings,syllabication, andpronunciation ofunknown wordsb.c.d.e.determining themeaning ofacademic Englishwords derivedfrom Latin, Greek,or other linguisticroot words andtheir prefixes andsuffixes throughcontextusing context todetermine meaningof unfamiliar ning themeaning ofcommon idioms,adages, similes,metaphors,hyperboles, andother sayings intextidentifying andusing words andphrases that signalcontrast, addition,and relationships3

Reading1Vocabulary6-12 Correlation Reading Literary 1B, Reading Informational 1BB(cont’d)Develop and apply skills to the reading process.Grade KGrade 1i. using words andg.phrases acquiredthroughconversations,reading and beingh.read to, andresponding to textsGrade 2recognizing thatsome words haveliteral and nonliteral meaningsusingconversational,general academic,and domainspecific words andphrasesf.g.h.i.Grade 3using a dictionary or aglossary to determinethe meanings,syllabication, andpronunciation ofunknown wordsdiscussing analogiesdetermining themeaning of theauthor’s use of similesand metaphors toproduce imageryusing conversational,general academic, anddomain-specificwords and phrasesf.Grade 4using conversational,general academic,and domain-specificwords and phrasesf.g.Grade 5using a dictionary,a glossary, or athesaurus (printedor electronic) todeterminepronunciations,parts of speech,meanings, andalternate wordchoicesusingconversational,general academic,and domainspecific words andphrases4

Reading1Making Connections6-12 Correlation Reading Literary 3BCDevelop and apply skills to the reading process.Grade KWith assistance,determine theconnection between:Grade 1Determine theconnection between:Grade 2Determine the relevantconnections between:Grade 3Explain relevantconnections between:Grade 4Explain relevantconnections between:Grade 5Compare, contrast, andanalyze relevantconnections between:a.a.a.a.a.a.b.text to self (textideas and ownexperiences)text to text (textideas includingsimilarities anddifferences infiction andnonfiction)text to text (textideas, includingsimilarities anddifferences infiction andnonfiction)b.text to text (textideas, includingsimilarities anddifferencesregardinginformation andrelationships infiction andnonfiction)text to world (textideas regardingexperiences in theworld)b.text to text (ideasand information invarious fiction andnonfiction works,using compare andcontrast)text to world (textideas regardingexperiences in theworld)As students mature and grow as readers, the text level and connections should become more complex.b.text to text (ideasand information invarious fiction andnonfiction works,using compare andcontrast)text to world (textideas regardingexperiences in theworld bydemonstrating anawareness thatliterature reflects acultural andhistorical timeframe)b.text to text (ideasand information invarious fiction andnonfiction works,using compare andcontrast)text to world (textideas regardingexperiences in theworld bydemonstrating anawareness thatliterature reflects acultural andhistorical timeframe)5

Reading1Independent TextNo 6- 12 CorrelationDDevelop and apply skills to the reading process.Grade KGrade 1Read independently for Read independently forsustained periods ofmultiple purposes overtime by:sustained periods oftime by:Grade 2Read independently formultiple purposes oversustained periods oftime by:Grade 3Read independently formultiple purposes oversustained periods oftime by:Grade 4Read independently formultiple purposes oversustained periods oftime by:Grade 5Read independently formultiple purposes oversustained periods oftime by:a.a.a.a.a.engaging with textas developmentallyappropriatea.b.engaging with andreading text that isdevelopmentallyappropriateproducing evidenceof readingb.reading text that isdevelopmentallyappropriateproducing evidenceof readingb.reading text that isdevelopmentallyappropriateproducing evidenceof readingb.reading text that isdevelopmentallyappropriateproducing evidenceof readingb.reading text that isdevelopmentallyappropriateproducing evidenceof reading6

Reading2Fiction6-12 Correlation Reading Literary 1AADevelop and apply skills and strategies to comprehend, analyze, and evaluate fiction, poetry, and drama from a variety of cultures and times.Grade KGrade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4Grade 5With assistance, read,Read, infer, analyze,Read, infer, analyze,Read, infer, analyze,Read, infer, analyze,Read, infer, analyze,infer, and drawand draw conclusionsand draw conclusionsand draw conclusionsand draw conclusionsand draw conclusions :conclusions to:to:to:to:to:a. identify elements ofa story, includingsetting, character,and key eventsb. retell a main eventfrom a story readaloud and familiarstoriesc. recognize sensorydetails and recurringphrasesd. recognize differenttypes of textse. name author andillustrator of a storyand describe howeach is telling thestoryf. compare and contrastadventures ofcharacters in familiarstoriesg. ask and answerquestions aboutunknown words intexta.b.c.d.e.f.g.describecharacters, setting,problem, solution,and events inlogical sequencesdescribe the mainidea of a storydescribe sensorydetailsexplain recurringphrases and whythey are usedexplain the actionsof the maincharacter and thereasons for thoseactionsidentify who istelling the storycompare andcontrastadventures andexperiences ofcharacters instoriesa.b.c.d.e.f.describe thesetting, problems,solutions, sequenceof events (plot),and big idea ormoral lessondescribe the maincharacters in worksof fiction, includingtheir traits,motivations, andfeelingscompare andcontrast differentversions of thesame story withrespect to theircharacters,settings, andsequence of eventsdescribe causeand-effectrelationshipsexplain how thestory changesbased on who istelling the storycompare andcontrast thedifferences inpoints of view ofcharacters and howstories arenarrateda.b.c.d.e.f.g.summarize andsequence theevents/plot andexplain how pastevents impactfuture eventsdescribe thepersonality traits ofcharacters fromtheir thoughts,words, and actionsdescribe theinteraction ofcharacters,includingrelationships andhow they changeparaphrase the bigidea/themes andsupporting detailsof textscompare andcontrast keyelements in varioustypes of fictionexplain cause-andeffect relationshipsdistinguish theirown point of viewfrom that of thenarrator or those ofthe charactersa.b.c.d.e.summarize andsequence theevents/plot,explain how pastevents impactfuture events, andidentify the themedescribe thepersonality traitsof characters fromtheir thoughts,words, and actionsdescribe theinteraction ofcharacters,includingrelationships andhow they changecompare andcontrast theadventures orexploits ofcharacters andtheir rolescompare andcontrast the pointof view from whichstories arenarrated; explainwhether thenarrator orspeaker of a storyis first or thirdpersona.b.c.d.e.f.g.compare andcontrast the rolesand functions ofcharacters invarious plots, theirrelationships, andtheir conflictsexplain the themeor moral lesson,conflict, andresolution in astory or noveldescribe how anarrator’s orspeaker’s point ofview influenceseventsrecognizeforeshadowingexplain the effectof a historicalevent ormovement inliteratureintroduce originmyths andculturallysignificantcharacters/eventsin mythologyintroduce differentforms of thirdperson points ofview in stories7

Reading2Develop and apply skills and strategies to comprehend, analyze, and evaluate fiction, poetry, and drama from a variety of cultures and timesGrade KPoetry6-12 Correlation Reading Literary 1A, 2A, 2CBGrade 1Grade 2Grade 3Grade 4Grade 5With assistance, read,infer, and drawconclusions to:Read, infer, and drawconclusions to:Read, infer, and drawconclusions to:Read, infer, and drawconclusions to:Read, infer, and drawconclusions to:Read, infer, and drawconclusions to:a. respond to rhythmand rhyme throughidentifying a regularbeat and similaritiesin word soundsa. use rhythm, rhyme,and alliterationthrough identifying aregular beat andsimilarities in wordsoundsa.a.a.a.b.describe howrhythm, rhyme,and repetitioncreate imagery inpoetryuse onomatopoeiab.use examples ofalliterationidentify basic formsof poetryexplain structuralelements of poetryb.explain how poetsuse sound andvisual elements inpoetryidentify forms ofpoems8

ReadingDevelop and apply skills and strategies to comprehend, analyze, and evaluate fiction, poetry, and drama from a variety of cultures and times.CGrade KWith assistance, read,infer, and drawconclusions to:Grade 1Read, infer, and drawconclusions to:Grade 2Read, infer, and drawconclusions to:Grade 3Read, infer, and drawconclusions to:Grade 4Read,

K-5 ELA Missouri Learning Standards: Grade-Level Expectations Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Spring 2016 . Reading 2 1 Develop and apply skills to the reading process. Grade K Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 A With assistance, develop and demonstrate reading skills in response to read-alouds by: a. predicting what might happen next in a text based on the .

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