500 Words, Phrases, Idioms For The TOEFL . - List English - Free Download PDF

Today
3 Views
0 Downloads
7.31 MB
237 Pages
Transcription

Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

ii – 500 Words, Phrases, IdiomsCopyright 2010 by Bruce StirlingAll rights reserved.Duplication, distribution or database storage of any part of this work by anymeans is prohibited without prior written approval of the publisher.For permission to use material from this text or the CDs, please forward yourrequest to [email protected] 10: 1-889057-71-1ISBN 13: 978-1-889057-71-2G 3TiC C is a registered trademark.Nova Press11659 Mayfield AvenueLos Angeles, CA USA .netAcknowledgementsThanks to Gretchen Anderson for doing the narration for the CD. Thanks to JonConine at White House Productions, Shelton, Connecticut for recording andediting the CD. Thanks as well to Sybil and Norman Stirling, Patricia Stirling andGraciela Sauro for their comments and suggestions regarding the text. Thanksto Jeff Kolby at Nova Press for his support.Also by Bruce StirlingSpeaking and Writing Strategies for the TOEFL iBTAvailable at Amazon.com and as a phone app.Visit www.argumentmapping.com for more.Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

500 Words, Phrases, Idioms - iiiContentsWho is this book for?. 1How is this TOEFL bookdifferent?. 1Why Recycling?. 1Typing: An Essential TOEFLStrategy. 2Diagnostic Typing Test. 2Calculating Words-Per-Minute. 3Recycling Exercises. 3Exercise 1. 4Exercise 2. 7Exercise 3. 10Exercise 4. 13Exercise 5. 16Review #1. 19Exercise 6. 20Exercise 7. 23Exercise 8. 26Exercise 9. 29Exercise 10. 32Review #2. 35Exercise 11. 36Exercise 12. 39Exercise 13. 42Exercise 14. 45Exercise 15. 48Review #3. 51Exercise 16. 52Exercise 17. 55Exercise 18. 58Exercise 19. 61Exercise 20. 64Review #4. 67Exercise 21. 68Exercise 22. 71Exercise 23. 74Exercise 24. 77Exercise 25. 80Review #5. 83Exercise 26. 84Exercise 27. 87Exercise 28. 90Exercise 29. 93Exercise 30. 96Review #6. 99Exercise 31. 100Exercise 32. 103Exercise 33. 106Exercise 34. 109Exercise 35. 112Review #7. 115Exercise 36. 116Exercise 37. 119Exercise 38. 122Exercise 39. 125Exercise 40. 128Review #8. 131Exercise 41. 132Exercise 42. 135Exercise 43. 138Exercise 44. 141Exercise 45. 144Review #9. 147Exercise 46. 148Exercise 47. 151Exercise 48. 154Exercise 49. 157Exercise 50. 160Review #10. 163Extra Practice A. 164Extra Practice B. 167Extra Practice C. 169More Practice. 171Typing Strategies. 172TOEFL Keyboard. 173Home Row Keys. 173Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

iv - 500 Words, Phrases, IdiomsTop Row Keys.Bottom Row Keys.Finger Positioning.Left Hand - Baby Finger.Left Hand - Ring Finger.Left Hand - Middle Finger.Left Hand - Index Finger.Left Hand - Thumb.Right Hand - Baby Finger.Right Hand - Ring Finger.Right Hand - Middle Finger.Right Hand - Index Finger.Right Hand - Thumb.F and J Keys.Ready Position.Ergonomics.Exercise A – Home Row Keys.Exercise B – Top Row Keys.Exercise C – Bottom Row Keys.Exercise D – Shift Keys.Exercise E – Back Space Key.Return Key.Extra 80181182183184186187188190191Argument Mapping. 218G 3TiC C. 219TOEFL iBT Facts. 223Word List. 225Also From Nova Press. 233Answer Key. 192Scores. 201Bonus Material.Arguments and the TOEFL iBT.What is an argument?.Personal-Opinion Argument:Deduction.Rhetorical Strategies.Personal-Opinion Argument:Induction.Developing Your Opinion.What is not an opinion?.Fact-Based Argument:Deduction.Fact-Based Argument:Induction.Coherence High ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

500 Words, Phrases, Idioms - 1Who is this book for?Are you studying for the TOEFL test? Do you need to learn academic Englishvocabulary to increase your TOEFL score? Do you also need to improve yourtyping skills so you can type your TOEFL essays faster and more accurately ontest day? If you said “Yes!” to any of these questions, then this book is for you.How is this TOEFL book different?This TOEFL book is different because it uses an integrated vocabulary learningsystem called recycling. Recycling is simple. Each exercise is divided into fourquizzes. Quiz #1, a multiple-choice vocabulary quiz, introduces ten new words.Next, you will do Quiz #2. Quiz #2 is a sentence-completion quiz based on theten words in Quiz #1. Next, you will do Quiz #3, a spelling quiz. The speaker onthe CD will say the same ten words in turn. You will then have ten seconds tospell each word by saying it and typing it. Finally, you will do Quiz #4. Quiz #4is a 60-word typing test based on the ten new words you have been recyclingthrough Quizzes #1, #2 and #3, plus words, phrases and idioms recycled fromprevious exercises.Quiz #1Quiz #4RECYCLEQuiz #2Quiz #3Why Recycling?Recycling is an effective way to acquire a TOEFL-level vocabulary because youare continually integrating and applying new words across four different contexts(quizzes) using six TOEFL skill sets: reading, listening, speaking, writing,spelling and typing. Recycling will help you remember each new word, phraseand idiom more effectively so you can apply it more proficiently on test day. Noother TOEFL text offers such an integrated approach to acquiring a TOEFL-levelvocabulary.Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

2 - 500 Words, Phrases, IdiomsTyping: An Essential TOEFL StrategyTo get a high TOEFL score, you must have an academic English vocabulary. Youmust also be good at typing. Why? Because accurate typing means fewermistakes. Fewer mistakes means higher essay scores. This text book will teachyou essential typing strategies based on the words, phrases and idioms you willrecycle across 50 lessons. By doing so, you will increase your typing proficiencyand be test ready. This brings us to the next point: How accurately can you typein English? Let’s find out.Diagnostic Typing TestDirections: You have one minute to type the 60-word passage below. Include all punctuation and capital letters.Topical unity means you focus on one topic from start to finish. If yousuddenly introduce a new and unrelated topic, you are changingtopics. For example, you are writing about pizza when you suddenlychange to TOEFL. This obvious change in topic direction is called atopic digression. This will result in a lack of topical unity andcoherence.Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

500 Words, Phrases, Idioms - 3Calculating Words-Per-Minute (WPM)If you made one mistake on the 60-word diagnostic typing test, you can type 59wpm (60 – 1 59 words per minute), two mistakes, 58 wpm, etc.Note: A letter not capitalized is a mistake. A comma in the wrong place is amistake. A missing comma is a mistake. Record your wpm score on page 201.Remember!If you type less than 35 wpm, you should learn and practicetyping strategies starting on page 172 before you do therecycling exercises.Recycling ExercisesDirections: Each recycling exercise is divided into four quizzes: 1) multiplechoice quiz; 2) sentence-completion quiz; 3) spelling quiz;4) 60-word typing test. Time yourself when doing each. Do all four quizzes sequentially to maximize the recyclinglearning process.Remember! When choosing a multiple-choice answer (Quiz #1), do not lookfor the perfect answer. For TOEFL, and for this text, there areno perfect answers. Choose the multiple-choice answer youthink is closest in meaning. Answer all multiple-choice questions even if you do not knowthe answer. For TOEFL, you will not lose a point if you answer amultiple-choice question incorrectly, so guess and move on.Remember! For the sentence-completion quiz (Quiz #2), you will have touse the appropriate part of speech to complete each sentence.For example, you might have to change a singular noun to aplural noun, or a base verb to the infinitive according to thesyntax of the sentence. When you have finished all 50 exercises, check your scores onpage 201. Recycle those exercises you scored low on. Abbreviations: n noun, v verb, adj adjective,adv adverb, phr phrase, id idiom, conj conjunction.Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

4 - 500 Words, Phrases, IdiomsEXERCISE 1-AMultiple-Choice QuizDirections: You have 2 minutes to complete this task. Do not use a dictionary.Check your answers on page 192. Record your score on page 201.1. carnivore (n)6. resolute (adj)a.b.c.d.a.b.c.d.plant eatermeat eatermeat and plant eaterprimarily a meat eaterreviledharmoniousdeterminedcautious2. prey on (v)7. diurnal (adj)a.b.c.d.a.b.c.d.totototolook forthink abouthuntcommunicate with Godactiveactiveactiveactiveat nightat dawnat twilightduring the day3. accelerate (v)8. species (n)a.b.c.d.a. organisms capable of breedingand producing offspring of bothgendersb. specialized animals living in smallgroups in Africac. large group of animals living inspecial areasd. large warm-blooded animalstotototoslow down suddenlyspeed up quicklytake one’s timewander4. camouflage (n)a. to hide by disguise or protectivecoloringb. hunting by hidingc. a desert animal used fortransportationd. synonym for “color”5. astounding (adj)a.b.c.d.amazingincredibleunbelievableall of the above9. attain (v)a.b.c.d.totototoreachobtaincompleteborrow10. eschew (v)a.b.c.d.totototochew onavoidgo afterbargain withБольше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

500 Words, Phrases, Idioms - 5EXERCISE 1-BSentence-Completion QuizDirections: You have 5 minutes to complete this task. Check your answers onpage 192. Record your score on page 201.WordListcarnivore prey on accelerate camouflage astounding resolute diurnal species attain eschew 1. Heshu got a perfect 120 on the TOEFL test. That’s !2. Every hour all over the world, three become extinct.3. Soldiers wear so they will not be seen on the battlefield.4. Bats are nocturnal. They hunt at night. Deer are crepuscular. They are activeat dawn and dusk. Cheetahs are . They hunt during theday.5. Lions zebras.6. When a plane takes off, it to reach maximum take offspeed.7. Hernando is very . When he makes up his mind, nothingcan change it.8. The opposite of is herbivore.9. Sachi studied hard and her goal of becoming a surgeon.10. Joan peanuts because she is allergic to them.Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

6 - 500 Words, Phrases, IdiomsEXERCISE 1-CSpelling Quiz – CD Disc #1Directions: Go to track #1 on CD #1. For this quiz, you will hear a word, a phrase or an idiom. Youwill hear it twice. You will then have ten seconds to type it. As you type the word(s), say each letter. Check your answers in the word list on the previous page. Record your score on page 201.EXERCISE 1-D60-Word Typing TestDirections: You have 60 seconds to type the following passage. When you arefinished, calculate your wpm score. Record your score on page 201.The cheetah, a species of cat, is found only in Africa. Cheetahs, whichare carnivores, are diurnal. They eschew larger animals like zebrasand prey on gazelles and impalas instead. The cheetah’s spotted furis excellent camouflage. Quickly accelerating, cheetahs can attainspeeds of 120 mph. That is astounding. However, they can only runshort distances before they must rest.WPM Score / 60Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

500 Words, Phrases, Idioms - 7EXERCISE 2-AMultiple-Choice QuizDirections: You have 2 minutes to complete this task. Do not use a dictionary.Check your answers on page 192. Record your score on page 201.1. proficiency (n)6. selective task (phr)a.b.c.d.a.b.c.d.skill and knowledgeeasy and effortlessluck and timingchecking and recheckingconstructive taskdifficult taskflexible taskmultiple-choice task2. coherent (adj)7. constructive task leall of the aboveselective taskdevelopment tasknon-TOEFL taskattainable task3. rate (v)8. thesis (n)a.b.c.d.a.b.c.d.totototorescindscoremark upreasonopinionpositionclaimall of the above4. holistic (adj)9. integral part of otothethethetheholewholepiecesdetailsimportant part ofnot an important part ofpiece of the wholethe whole piece5. distractor (n)10. intelligible (adj)a. for TOEFL, a correct answerb. for TOEFL, no answerc. for TOEFL, an answer that looksright but is wrongd. for TOEFL, the perfect answera.b.c.d.understandableclearcoherentall of the aboveБольше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

8 - 500 Words, Phrases, IdiomsEXERCISE 2-BSentence-Completion QuizDirections: You have 5 minutes to complete this task. Check your answers onpage 192. Record your score on page 201.WordListproficiency coherent rate holistic distractor thesis selective task constructive task integral part of intelligible 1.The most important part of your independent essay is your .2.A TOEFL essay is intelligible.3.For each TOEFL reading and listening question, you get four answer choices.Two choices are obviously wrong, one is right, and one is a .4.means skill and knowledge.5.ETS calls the TOEFL reading and listening questions6.The TOEFL speaking and writing questions are called .7.Lee’s handwriting is so bad it is not .8.The personal computer is an daily life in the U.S.9.Traditional Chinese medicine is based on a approach.10. Your two TOEFL essays will be holistically.Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

500 Words, Phrases, Idioms - 9EXERCISE 2-CSpelling Quiz – Track #2Directions: Go to track #2 on CD #1. For this quiz, you will hear a word, a phrase or an idiom. Youwill hear it twice. You will then have ten seconds to type it. As you type the word(s), say each letter. Check your answers in the word list on the previous page. Record your score on page 201.EXERCISE 2-D60-Word Typing TestDirections: You have 60 seconds to type the following passage. When you arefinished, calculate your wpm score. Record your score on page 201.The TOEFL iBT is an English-language proficiency test. It consists ofselective and constructive tasks. Reading and listening are selectivetasks. Each question includes a distractor. The speaking and writingsections are constructive tasks. A thesis is an integral part of acoherent independent essay. Coherence means your argument isintelligible. Your spoken and written responses will be ratedholistically.WPM Score / 60Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

10 - 500 Words, Phrases, IdiomsEXERCISE 3-AMultiple-Choice QuizDirections: You have 2 minutes to complete this task. Do not use a dictionary.Check your answers on page 192. Record your score on page 201.1. agrarian (adj)6. assiduous (adj)a. related to fields and land andfarmersb. related to oceans and rivers andfishermenc. related to math and physics andprofessorsd. related to cars and trucks andmechanicsa.b.c.d.2. fertile (adj)a.b.c.d.good for growingrich in nutrientsproductiveall of the ototo experienceto go throughto pass throughall of the hangingshamingtaming9. chaotic (adj)communicate withabide withrely onlie on5. prosper (v)a.b.c.d.a.b.c.d.a.b.c.d.4. reliable (adj)a.b.c.d.7. undergo (v)8. transformation (n)3. enervating (adj)a.b.c.d.lazysmartshyhard workingsucceed economicallyfail romanticallybelieve resolutelyrealize constant changeno changeequilibriumcalm10. emancipated е ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

500 Words, Phrases, Idioms - 11EXERCISE 3-BSentence-Completion QuizDirections: You have 5 minutes to complete this task. Check your answers onpage 192. Record your score on page 201.WordListagrarian fertile enervating reliable prosper assiduous undergo transformation chaotic emancipated 1. When Abraham Lincoln entered Richmond, the defeated capital of the slaveowning south, he was welcomed by slaves.2. Black soil means the land is very .3. Checking and rechecking these customer accounts is so .4. Banaz’s life is so . She is always trying to do five things atonce.5. It was a big for Sahiba when she moved to Canada andmarried David.6. An worker is a resolute worker.7. When you move to a new country, you many changes,such as learning how to speak a new language.8. Why do I need a new car? My old car is perfectly .9. Beata’s new hat company has really begun to .10. In North America, many Native Americans followed the buffalo for foodwhile others lived in villages. These Native Americans grew corn thus theywere while the hunters were nomadic.Больше ресурсов по изучению английского на List-English.ru

12 - 500 Words, Phrases, IdiomsEXERCISE 3-CSpelling Quiz – Track #3Directions: Go to track #3 on CD #1.

for the perfect answer. For TOEFL, and for this text, there are no perfect answers. Choose the multiple-choice answer you think is closest in meaning. √ Answer all multiple-choice questions even if you do not know the answer. For TOEFL, you will not lose a point if you answer a multiple-choice question incorrectly, so guess and move on.