FORSAKEN: The Report Of The Missing Women Commission Of .

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REPORT IN RESPONSE TOFORSAKEN: The Reportof the Missing WomenCommission of Inquiry2020 STATUS UPDATE

2REPORT IN RESPONSE TO Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry2020 STATUS UPDATE

ContentsMESSAGE FROM THE MINISTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6UPDATES ON ACTIONS BY THEMES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81. Compensation and HealingHealing, Rebuilding, and Reconciliation (Rec. 3.3)2. Improvement to Policing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .811. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13Supports for Families of Missing Persons (Rec. 7.9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15Provincial Policing Standards (Rec. 4.1, 4.2, 4.12)Monitoring High Risk Offenders (Rec. 5.13)3. Supports for Missing Person InvestigationsTrauma-Informed Practice (Rec. 4.9, 4.12). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15Services for Marginalized Women (UM#1, Rec. 6.3, 6.4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154. Safety for Marginalized WomenCLOSING REMARKS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20APPENDIX OF REFERENCED MWCI RECOMMENDATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21REPORT IN RESPONSE TO Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry2020 STATUS UPDATE3

Message from the MinisterAs B.C.’s Solicitor General and Minister of Public Safety, I am pleased to present the 2020 statusupdate in response to Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry (the Report).In the year since the release of the 2019 status update, significant progress has been made toaddress recommendations outlined in the Report, and more broadly, to address the systemiccauses of violence against women and girls. This includes investment in actions that not onlyenhance public safety and healing, but also address critical needs related to poverty reduction,housing, mental health and addictions and other factors that impact community wellnessand welfare.For example:In March 2019, the Province released its Poverty Reduction Strategy, TogetherBC. The strategyoutlines policies to achieve the targets introduced in the 2018 Poverty Reduction Strategy Act:a 25% reduction in B.C.’s overall poverty rate and a 50% reduction in the child poverty rate by 2024.The Province is required to release an annual progress report on the targets beginning in 2020.In June 2019, we announced A Pathway to Hope, which lays out government’s 10-year vision formental health and addictions care that gets people the services they need in order to tackleproblems early on and support their well-being. It identifies the priority actions government willtake over the next three years to help people immediately and reduce demand on services downthe road. The focus is on supporting the wellness of children, youth and young adults, supportingIndigenous-led solutions and improving access and quality of care.Over the course of summer 2019, the Province sponsored a series of Indigenous-led, communitybased engagement sessions throughout B.C. to understand priorities and early opportunitiesto build a Path Forward to Ending Violence in response to the release of the National Inquiry intoMissing and Murdered Women and Girls, and in reference to historical recommendations providedby family members, survivors and those with lived experience.4REPORT IN RESPONSE TO Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry2020 STATUS UPDATE

In November 2019, the Province became the first in Canada to bring into force legislation toimplement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).The B.C. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act (DRIPA) aims to create a pathforward that respects the human rights of Indigenous peoples while introducing bettertransparency and predictability in the work we do together.In March 2020, the First Nations Justice strategy was endorsed by the Province and the FirstNations Justice Council, with support from the Union of BC Indian Chiefs, the First Nations Summit,and the BC Assembly of First Nations. The First Nations Justice Strategy sets a path for the partnersinvolved in the strategy and the criminal justice system to work together to:įreduce the number of First Nations people who become involved with the criminaljustice system;įimprove the experience of those who do;įincrease the number of First Nations people working within the justice system; andįsupport First Nations to restore their Indigenous justice systems and structures.In addition to these initiatives, the 2020 status update outlines targeted actions the Province hastaken to respond to the recommendations in the Report, and to demonstrate our commitmentto ending violence against women and girls, and supporting those who have been impacted.Honourable Mike FarnworthMinister of Public Safety and Solicitor GeneralREPORT IN RESPONSE TO Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry2020 STATUS UPDATE5

IntroductionIN SEPTEMBER 2010, the LieutenantGovernor in Council issued an Orderin Council establishing the MissingWomen Commission of Inquiry (MWCI),which examined the conduct of policeinvestigations into the disappearance ofnearly 50 women reported missing fromVancouver’s Downtown Eastside between1997 and 2002. In December 2012, theCommission released Forsaken – TheReport of the Missing Women Commissionof Inquiry (MWCI Report)1, outlining63 recommendations – 54 of which weredirected to the Province – and two urgentmeasures.In November 2013, the Province published astatus report2 that described progress madeto implement the recommendations of theCommission and enhance the safety andsecurity of women in British Columbia (B.C.).In December 2014, a second and final statusreport3 provided information on furtherprogress made since 2013, and spoke to how12346the intent of the recommendations wouldbe used to inform future government action,including efforts to end violence againstwomen and girls.In December 2016, the BC Office of theAuditor General (OAG) released Follow-Up onThe Missing Women Commission of Inquiry4,examining the degree to which the Provinceresponded to the 21 recommendationsand two urgent measures selected for auditby the OAG. The report found that eightrecommendations had been implemented,six recommendations had been partiallyimplemented, five had not beenimplemented, and four recommendationswere not far enough along to determinewhether the Province’s approach wouldaddress the intent of the recommendation.The report issued one recommendation:that the Province report publicly eachyear on how government’s actions aremeeting the intent of the Commission’srecommendations.Missing Women Commission of Inquiry (2012). Forsaken – The Report of the Missing Women Commission of nt of British Columbia (2013). Safety and Security of Vulnerable Women in B.C.: A Status Report in Response to: Forsaken– The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry. report.pdfGovernment of British Columbia (2014). A Final Status Update Report in Response to: Forsaken – The Report of the Missing WomenCommission of Inquiry. stice/about-bc-justice-system/inquiries/mwcireport 2014.pdfBC Office of the Auditor General (2016). Follow-Up On The Missing Women Commission of Inquiry. ications/reports/FINAL MWCI 2.pdfREPORT IN RESPONSE TO Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry2020 STATUS UPDATE

The Province subsequently committed toimplementing the OAG’s recommendation,and in February 2018, released a statusupdate5 that reported on activitiesundertaken since 2014. This was followedin February 2019 with the release of astatus update detailing progress sincethe previous year.6This 2020 Status Update continues theProvince’s commitment to annual reportingon initiatives undertaken since 2019 relatedto the MWCI recommendations. Similar tothe 2019 status update, additional initiativesthat are aligned with the objectives ofthe MCWI Report are included to providebroader information related to governmentactions to address the systemic causes ofviolence against women and girls.56Government of British Columbia (2018). Report in Response to Forsaken – The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry:Status Update. supdate-2018.pdfGovernment of British Columbia (2018). Report in Response to Forsaken – The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry:Status Update. supdate-2019.pdfREPORT IN RESPONSE TO Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry2020 STATUS UPDATE7

Updates on Actions by Themes1. Compensationand HealingHEALING, REBUILDING, ANDRECONCILIATION (REC. 3.3)Supporting Indigenous-led Solutionsto Mental Health and WellnessGovernment has made importantinvestments to support Indigenous-ledsolutions to mental health and wellnessand substance use. In 2018, the Province(represented by the Ministries of Health,Mental Health and Addictions, Childrenand Family Development, and IndigenousRelations and Reconciliation), signed aMemorandum of Understanding with theGovernment of Canada and the First NationsHealth Council to improve mental health andwellness services. The partners collectivelycommitted 30 million over a two-yearperiod to support First Nations to plan,design and deliver new mental health andwellness services based on their health plansand priorities. A key focus for the partnersis supporting First Nations to design a fullcontinuum of care that affirms, promotesand restores the mental health and wellnessof First Nations in BC and that contributes tohealing, Nation rebuilding and reconciliation.A number of new service delivery modelsfor mental health and wellness are alreadyemerging across the province as a result ofthis partnership approach.8This tripartite partnership is complementedby new investments by the Province tosupport the diverse healing journeys of FirstNation individuals, families and communities.This includes new funding for Indigenousland-based healing and a commitment of 40 million by the Province and the FirstNations Health Authority to support therenovation, replacement and constructionof First Nation-run treatment centresthroughout BC.Civil Forfeiture Crime Prevention andRemediation GrantsGovernment continues to prioritizecommunity-led projects that promotehealing and rebuilding of Indigenousindividuals, families and/or communitiesaffected by violence and trauma. Since 2014,just over 3.7 million in grant funding hasbeen provided through the Civil ForfeitureCrime Prevention and Remediation GrantProgram to community-led projectssupporting healing and rebuilding fromviolence in Indigenous communities. In2019/2020, 36 Indigenous healing andrebuilding projects totalling just over 1million in grant funding were implemented,including projects that have a specific focuson Indigenous women and girls. Examplesinclude:REPORT IN RESPONSE TO Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry2020 STATUS UPDATE

į 29,967 to the Northern Society forDomestic Peace for the “MMIWG FamilyGatherings” project in Smithers. Familymembers and survivors who contributedto the National Inquiry into Missing andMurdered Indigenous Women wereinvited to a therapeutic retreat andoffered support to address grief andcomplex trauma, through the facilitationof skilled Indigenous trauma therapists.į 29,300 to the British ColumbiaBereavement Helpline’s “Sisters inStrength Healing Retreat” project. Theinitiative provided bereaved Indigenouswomen impacted by violence –specifically the violent death or missingstatus of their female family members– a safe space to explore culturallyappropriate, traditional healing practices.į 30,000 to West Kootenay Women’sAssociation for the “Heal the Earth, HealOurselves” project, an eight-week healingand wellness program for Indigenouswomen in Nelson. The initiative focusedon providing access to culturallyrelevant land-based practices to supportwomen’s journey towards healing.į 30,000 to Women Against ViolenceAgainst Women Rape Crisis Centrefor the “Indigenous Counseling andOutreach” project offering outreach,trauma-informed one-to-one counsellingand support groups to Indigenouswomen, Two-Spirit and genderdiverse people who have experiencedsexualized violence.Civil Forfeiture CrimePrevention andRemediation GrantProgramESTABLISHED IN 2006, the CivilForfeiture Office, located within theMinistry of Public Safety and SolicitorGeneral, operates to underminethe profit motive behind criminalactivity by taking away the tools andproceeds of crime and putting themback into programs that supportcommunity crime prevention andremediation initiatives.Through the Civil Forfeiture CrimePrevention and Remediation GrantProgram, one-time funding isprovided to crime prevention andremediation projects that alignwith funding streams chosen on anannual basis. Since 2012, the annualgrant program has included fundingstreams to support projects thataddress violence against women,human trafficking and sexualexploitation, help implement theMWCI recommendations, and supporthealing and rebuilding in Indigenouscommunities.More information about CivilForfeiture Crime Prevention andRemediation Grant Program and theapplication process can be foundhere: evention/community-crime-prevention/grants.REPORT IN RESPONSE TO Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry2020 STATUS UPDATE9

Crime Victim Assistance ProgramThe Crime Victim Assistance Program (CVAP)assists victims, immediate family members,and, in some cases, witnesses in copingwith the effects of violent crime. It providesfinancial benefits to help offset financiallosses and assist in recovery. CVAP continuesto support victims and their immediatefamily members through access to financialbenefits that support healing, includingfunding for counselling or memorial services.In 2018/19, CVAP provided a total of 14.7million to claimants.Giving Voice ProjectIn 2018/19, the Province committed toproviding 400,000 over two years to theMinister’s Advisory Council on IndigenousWomen Giving Voice Project. Additionalfunding was provided in 2019/20 whichmeant a total of 54 projects have beenfunded to date for a grand total of 546,000.Giving Voice projects promote healing fromgender-based violence by providing safespaces for Indigenous women and girls tospeak about issues of violence and createcommunity-based solutions, both on- andoff-reserve. Projects include traditionalactivities like knowledge workshopsand healing circles. It also includes morecommunity-focused projects, such asmonthly dinners, guided communitydialogues, cultural retreats and workshopson healthy masculinity.10Community Healingand RebuildingTHE MINISTRY OF INDIGENOUSRELATIONS AND RECONCILIATIONprovided funding to support healingand rebuilding among families ofMissing and Murdered IndigenousWomen and Girls (MMIWG). In2019/20, 54,000 was providedto Quatsino First Nation to host acommunity-based family gatheringfor the families of MMIWG, which tookplace May 21-22, 2019. OrganizerCary-Lee Calder partnered withQuatsino First Nation to host thefamily gathering in the VancouverIsland Kwakwaka’wakw community.This two-day Gathering offeredthe families a place to share theirstories, let go of their grief, and beginhealing through their connection toculture. It provided all who attendedan opportunity to experiencetransformation and growth whilefostering mental, physical, social,spiritual and emotional well-being.Participants also increased theirknowledge of cultural models ofwellness which are fundamental totheir identity.REPORT IN RESPONSE TO Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry2020 STATUS UPDATE

Moosehide CampaignA few examples of this work include:In 2018/19, the Province committed 2million over four years to support the MooseHide Campaign, which is a grassrootsmovement of Indigenous and nonIndigenous men and boys who are standingup against violence towards women andchildren. As part of the Province’s ongoingcommitment to ending violence, the B.C.Public Service co-sponsors and participatesin the Moose Hide Campaign AnnualProvincial Gathering and Day of Fasting. Atthe 2020 Provincial Gathering, approximately730 public servants participated.į USINGProvincial funding for the Moose HideCampaign Development Society hasprovided resources the past two yearsto work with K-12 schools, now with 27communities participating, as well as postsecondary institutions to expand its antiviolence message with children and youth.The Moose Hide Campaign collaborateswith post-secondary institutions with theirSexualized Prevention Offices, IndigenousEducation Departments, Student Unionsand Residence Departments and manycampuses host Moose Hide CampaignDay events.The Campaign has also developed a FirstNations outreach and engagement strategy.the B.C. First Nations LeadersGathering as a platform to engage withFirst Nations representatives from allparts of the province.į ACTIVELY engaging and getting supportfrom Indigenous political leadership inB.C.į WORKINGwith the First Nations HealthCouncil to explore community-basedprogramming, andį LIAISINGwith communities regardingwhat they are doing on the ground toend violence against women.2. Improvementto PolicingPROVINCIAL POLICING STANDARDS(REC. 4.1, 4.2,

REPORT IN RESPONSE TO Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry 2020 STATUS UPDATE 4 Message from the Minister As B.C.’s Solicitor General and Minister of Public Safety, I am pleased to present the 2020 status update in response to Forsaken: The Report of the Missing Women Commission of Inquiry (the Report).

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