Functional Translation Of The

1y ago
22 Views
1 Downloads
458.68 KB
129 Pages
Last View : Today
Last Download : 4m ago
Upload by : Baylee Stein
Transcription

h

Functional Translation of theConstitutionof theRepublic of Maldives2008Done ByMs. Dheena HussainLLB. (Hons), (Birmingham), LLM. (London), Barrister-at-Law (Lincoln’s Inn)At the Request ofMinistry of Legal Reform, Information and Arts

INDEXArticlePage NoCHAPTER ISTATE, SOVEREIGNTY AND CITIZENS1. Constitution. 12. Republic of the Maldives . 13. Territory of the Maldives . 14. Powers of the citizens. 15. Legislative power . 16. Executive power . 17. Judicial power . 18. Supremacy of Constitution . 29. Citizens. 210. State Religion . 211. National Language . 212. National Flag . 213. Currency of the Maldives. 314. Capital . 315. National Day . 3CHAPTER IIFUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND 30.31.Guarantee of Rights . 3Non-discrimination . 5Duty of the State . 5Freedom from restraint . 5Equality . 5Right to life . 5Protection of the environment . 5Economic and social rights . 6Privacy . 6No slavery or forced labour . 7Right to vote and run for public office. 7Freedom of expression . 7Freedom of the media . 7Freedom of acquiring and imparting knowledge. 7Freedom to form political parties, associations and societies . 8Right to strike. 8i

32. Freedom of assembly . 833. Right to protect reputation and name . 834. Right to marry and establishment of the family . 835. Special protection to children, young, elderly and.disadvantaged people. 836. Right to education . 937. Right to work . 938. Right of pension. 1039. Right to participate in cultural life . 1040. Right to acquire and hold property . 1041. Freedom of movement and establishment . 1142. Fair and transparent hearings . 1143. Fair administrative action . 1244. Personal liability . 1245. No unlawful arrest or detention . 1246. Power of arrest and detention . 1247. Search and seizure . 1348. Rights on arrest and detention . 1349. Release of accused . 1350. Prompt investigation and prosecution . 1451. Rights of the accused . 1452. Confessions and illegal evidence . 1553. Assistance of legal counsel . 1554. No degrading treatment or torture . 1555. No imprisonment for non-fulfilment of contractual.obligation . 1556. Right to appeal . 1557. Humane treatment of arrested or detained persons . 1558. Compensation . 1659. Retrospective legislation . 1660. Prohibition of double jeopardy. 1661. Publication of acts and regulations . 1662. Retention of other rights . 1763. Voidance of laws inconsistent with fundamental rights . 1764. Non-compliance with unlawful orders . 1765. Application to court to obtain a remedy . 1766. Voidance of laws inconsistent with rights and freedoms . 1867. Responsibilities and duties . 1868. Interpretation. 1969. Non-destructive interpretation of Constitution . 19ii

CHAPTER IIITHE PEOPLE’S MAJLIS70. Legislative authority. 1971. Determination of the composition of the People’s Majlis . 2072. Election of members . 2173. Qualifications of members . 2274. Court jurisdiction . 2475. Function of members . 2476. Declaration of assets . 2477. Resignation. 2478. Filling vacancy . 2479. Term of the People’s Majlis . 2480. Extension of term of the People’s Majlis . 2581. Oath of office of members of the People’s Majlis . 2582. Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the People’s Majlis . 2583. Sittings of the People’s Majlis . 2784. Presidential address . 2785. Proceedings open to the public . 2786. Quorum . 2787. Voting . 2788. Regulation of procedure . 2889. Publication of proceedings of the People’s Majlis . 2990. Privilege . 2991. Presidential assent or return for reconsideration. 2992. Publication of laws in the Government Gazette . 3093. Treaties . 3094. Delegation of power to make regulations and orders with.lawful authority. 3095. Reference to Supreme Court . 3196. Annual budget . 3197. Taxation and expenditures. 3198. Questioning of Ministers and members of the Government . 3299. Summoning persons . 33100. Removal of President or Vice President . 33101. Vote of no confidence in a member of the Cabinet . 34102. Salary and allowances . 35103. Improper benefit . 35104. Secretary General . 35105. Security . 35iii

CHAPTER IVTHE PRESIDENT106. Executive power . 36107. Term of office . 36108. Manner of Presidential election . 36109. Qualifications for election as President. 36110. Election . 37111. Presidential election. 37112. Vice President . 38113. Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. 38114. Oath of office of the President and Vice President . 39115. Powers and responsibilities of the President . 39116. Government Ministries. 41117. Responsibilities of the Vice President . 42118. Salary and allowances . 42119. Restrictions . 42120. Declaration of assets . 42121. Resignation. 42122. Vacancy of office of Vice President . 43123. Temporary inability of the President to perform hisresponsibilities . 43124. Temporary incapacity to carry out duties . 44125. Presidential elections on the vacancy of the office of.President and Vice President . 44126. Oath of office by persons temporarily discharging the.duties of the office of President and Vice President . 45127. Criminal accountability . 45128. Immunity to a person who has served as the President . 45CHAPTER VTHE CABINET OF abinet of Ministers . 46Qualifications of Ministers . 46Oath of office . 47Responsibilities of the Cabinet . 47Attorney General . 48Accountability and responsibility of the Cabinet . 49Salary and allowances . 50Restrictions . 50Dismissal. 50Declaration of assets . 50iv

139. Resignation. 50140. A minister to be responsible for each governmentauthority . 50CHAPTER VITHE JUDICIARY141. Judiciary . 51142. Compliance with Law. 52143. Jurisdiction of the courts . 52144. Powers in constitutional matters . 52145. Supreme Court . 53146. High Court . 54147. Appointment of the Chief Justice. 54148. Appointment of Judges . 54149. Qualifications of Judges . 55150. Oath of office of Judges . 55151. Full time performance . 56152. Salary and allowances . 56153. Declaration of assets . 56154. Tenure and removal . 56155. Power to determine the jurisdiction of courts and to enactadministrative laws relating to the courts . 56156. Administration of the courts . 56CHAPTER VIIINDEPENDENT COMMISSIONS AND OFFICESJUDICIAL SERVICE COMMISSION157. Judicial Service Commission . 57158. Composition of the Judicial Service Commission . 57159. Responsibilities and powers . 58160. Constituting the Judicial Service Commission . 59161. Term of office of members of the Judicial ServiceCommission . 59162. Resignation from membership of the Judicial ServiceCommission . 60163. Quorum and voting . 60164. Salary and allowances . 60165. Removal from office . 60166. Oath of office . 60v

ELECTIONS COMMISSION167. Elections Commission . 61168. Appointment and composition of the ElectionsCommission . 61169. Qualifications . 61170. Responsibilities and powers . 62171. Voting and recording of results . 63172. Elections petitions . 63173. Term of office of members of the Elections Commission . 63174. Resignation from membership of the ElectionsCommission . 63175. Quorum and voting . 64176. Salary and allowances . 64177. Removal from office . 64178. Oath of office . 64CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION179. Civil Service Commission . 65180. Appointment and composition of the Civil ServiceCommission . 65181. Qualifications . 65182. Responsibilities and powers . 66183. Term of office of members of the Civil Service Commission . 68184. Resignation from membership of the Civil ServiceCommission . 68185. Quorum and voting . 68186. Salary and allowances . 68187. Removal from office . 68188. Oath of office . 69HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION189. Human Rights Commission . 69190. Appointment and composition of the Human RightsCommission . 69191. Qualifications . 70192. Responsibilities and powers . 70193. Term of office of members of the Human RightsCommission . 71vi

194. Resignation from membership of the Human RightsCommission . 71195. Quorum and voting . 71196. Salary and allowances . 71197. Removal from office . 71198. Oath of office . 72ANTI-CORRUPTION COMMISSION199. Anti-Corruption Commission . 72200. Appointment and composition of the Anti-CorruptionCommission . 72201. Qualifications . 73202. Responsibilities and powers . 73203. Term of office of members of the Anti-CorruptionCommission . 74204. Resignation from the Anti-Corruption Commission. 74205. Quorum and voting . 74206. Salary and allowances . 74207. Removal from office . 74208. Oath of office . 75AUDITOR .Auditor General . 75Appointment of Auditor General . 75Qualifications of Auditor General . 75Responsibilities and powers . 75Reporting . 77Audit of the Auditor General’s office . 77Term of office of the Auditor General. 77Resignation of Auditor General . 77Salary and allowances . 77Removal from office . 77Oath of office . 77PROSECUTOR GENERAL220. Prosecutor General. 78221. Appointment of Prosecutor General . 78vii

222.223.224.225.226.227.228.229.Qualifications of Prosecutor General. 78Responsibilities and powers of the Prosecutor General . 79Acting through agents . 80Term of office of the Prosecutor General . 80Resignation of Prosecutor General . 80Salary and allowances . 80Removal from office . 80Oath of office . 81CHAPTER VIIIDECENTRALISED d administration . 81Election of Councils . 82Responsibilities. 82Authority to enact subordinate legislation . 83Finance . 83Ownership of property and liability for debts . 83CHAPTER IXSECURITY 6.Security services . 83Responsibilities and duties . 83Constitutional limitations . 83Authority of the People’s Majlis over the security services . 84Separate services . 84Multiparty committee of the People’s Majlis. 84Ministerial Responsibility . 84Military Service . 84Police Service . 84Illegal orders and non-compliance . 85Equal treatment . 85CHAPTER XPROPERTY, LIABILITIES AND LEGAL ACTIONS OF THE STATE247.248.249.250.Property and assets owned and acquired by the State . 85Land, sea and naturally occurring valuable resources . 86Ownerless property . 86Transactions relating to State property. 86viii

251. Prohibition of foreign ownership and foreign military.purposes . 87252. Legal actions in the name of the State . 87CHAPTER XISTATE OF on of a state of emergency . 87Content of the declaration . 88Limitations of the declaration . 88Publication. 90Submission of declaration to the Peoples Majlis . 90Determination of disputes relating to the declaration . 90Expiry or revocation of declaration . 90Public announcement of expiry of state of emergency . 91CHAPTER XIIAMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION261.262.263.264.265.266.267.Amendment of the Constitution. 91Assent of President . 91Publication in Government Gazette. 92Non-assent by President and national referendum . 92Defeat of Bill . 92Provisions included in Bill . 93No amendment during emergency . 93CHAPTER XIIIAPPLICATION AND CONSTRUCTION OF cy of the Constitution . 93Continuance of laws in force . 93Continued effect of repealed laws . 93Regulations enacted under authority of Statute . 93Ascertainment of time . 94Headings . 94Definitions . 94ix

CHAPTER XIVTRANSITIONAL MATTERS275. Application of this Chapter . 97276. Elections Commission . 97277. Vacancy in Elections Commission . 99278. Qualifications of members of the Elections Commission . 99279. Responsibilities of the Elections Commission . 99280. Term of Elections Commission . 99281. Judicial Service Commission . 99282. Supreme Court . 100283. Appointment of Judges to the Supreme Court. 102284. Term of Supreme Court . 102285. Continuation of Judges. 102286. Other courts.

Functional Translation of the Constitution of the Republic of Maldives 2008 Done By Ms. Dheena Hussain LLB. (Hons), (Birmingham), LLM. (London), Barrister-at-Law (Lincoln’s Inn)

Related Documents:

May 02, 2018 · D. Program Evaluation ͟The organization has provided a description of the framework for how each program will be evaluated. The framework should include all the elements below: ͟The evaluation methods are cost-effective for the organization ͟Quantitative and qualitative data is being collected (at Basics tier, data collection must have begun)

On an exceptional basis, Member States may request UNESCO to provide thé candidates with access to thé platform so they can complète thé form by themselves. Thèse requests must be addressed to esd rize unesco. or by 15 A ril 2021 UNESCO will provide thé nomineewith accessto thé platform via their émail address.

̶The leading indicator of employee engagement is based on the quality of the relationship between employee and supervisor Empower your managers! ̶Help them understand the impact on the organization ̶Share important changes, plan options, tasks, and deadlines ̶Provide key messages and talking points ̶Prepare them to answer employee questions

Chính Văn.- Còn đức Thế tôn thì tuệ giác cực kỳ trong sạch 8: hiện hành bất nhị 9, đạt đến vô tướng 10, đứng vào chỗ đứng của các đức Thế tôn 11, thể hiện tính bình đẳng của các Ngài, đến chỗ không còn chướng ngại 12, giáo pháp không thể khuynh đảo, tâm thức không bị cản trở, cái được

The importance of Translation theory in translation Many theorists' views have been put forward, towards the importance of Translation theory in translation process. Translation theory does not give a direct solution to the translator; instead, it shows the roadmap of translation process. Theoretical recommendations are, always,

Le genou de Lucy. Odile Jacob. 1999. Coppens Y. Pré-textes. L’homme préhistorique en morceaux. Eds Odile Jacob. 2011. Costentin J., Delaveau P. Café, thé, chocolat, les bons effets sur le cerveau et pour le corps. Editions Odile Jacob. 2010. Crawford M., Marsh D. The driving force : food in human evolution and the future.

Le genou de Lucy. Odile Jacob. 1999. Coppens Y. Pré-textes. L’homme préhistorique en morceaux. Eds Odile Jacob. 2011. Costentin J., Delaveau P. Café, thé, chocolat, les bons effets sur le cerveau et pour le corps. Editions Odile Jacob. 2010. 3 Crawford M., Marsh D. The driving force : food in human evolution and the future.

MARCH 1973/FIFTY CENTS o 1 u ar CC,, tonics INCLUDING Electronics World UNDERSTANDING NEW FM TUNER SPECS CRYSTALS FOR CB BUILD: 1;: .Á Low Cóst Digital Clock ','Thé Light.Probé *Stage Lighting for thé Amateur s. Po ROCK\ MUSIC AND NOISE POLLUTION HOW WE HEAR THE WAY WE DO TEST REPORTS: - Dynacó FM -51 . ti Whárfedale W60E Speaker System' .