Representing Homeland Security Command And Control .

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10th International Command and Control Research and Technology SymposiumRepresenting Homeland SecurityCommand and Control:Conceptual Modeling in Support ofthe National Response PlanAmber L. FaganHeather L. WarrenEvidence Based Research, Inc.June 2005

Overview Project OverviewThe Conceptual ModelData Collection EffortsObservations & Conclusions

Project Background JFCOM J-7, in support of a Congressional mandate,is sponsoring a multi-agency, multi-contract teamintent on better understanding and improving thestate-of-the-art in modeling and simulation supportfor homeland security training, research andexperimentation.Effort spans a broad area of interest: Conceptual modeling Simulation Investments Exercise data collection and analysis to informmodeling and simulation effort

Project Context Conceptual Model is attempting to be true toNational Response Plan (NRP)NRP was approved November 2004Modeling efforts pre date approval of the NRPNRP is a living document

HLS Training Simulation Initiative Overviewnt ioairroppVMASC Simulation EngineAp 7 M408Selection and Development20 9 .FYSelectionAugust 2004No FundingFor DevelopmentFederal Responses and DataCollection (Booz Allen)ConceptualModelSep 05Simulation DevelopmentEBR State & Local ResponseConceptual Model DevelopmentOct 05AS 05Apr 05Aug 04Eng SelectJul 04Oct 03DP04

Technical ProcessInitial ceptualModelEnhancementsPopulation ControlCasualty ManagementData Collection Plan Literature Search Interviews Anecdotal Information IER/Nodal Analysis DP-04ReviewAndRefinementAnalysisArdentSentry 05VERTEX2005Review and Refinement Data Collection PlanNCO Framework Metrics

The Conceptual Model Implemented in Visio as a description of theNRP for: Mass Casualty Management Population ControlContinues to evolve as collaboration and datacollection occur

Data Collection Researched a variety of documents NRP, NIMS, state response plans, local responseplans, etc.Initial data collection at Determined Promise-04Conducted interviews with emergency respondersObserved the Ardent Sentry-05/TOPOFF-3exercisesObserved the Virginia Emergency Response TeamExercise

Symbology Homeland SecurityWorking GroupSymbologyAdapted with colorring to denotejurisdictionalauthority

Conceptual Model ShowingLocal InteractionsResourcesbyJurisdictionResources by JurisdictionEvent TimeShow Local ResourcesI 1 HourShow State ResourcesI 3 HoursShow National ResourcesI 5 HoursWind Direction: SWSlight BreezeTemperature: 96 Emergency Support Functions (ESF)Show All ResourcesIncidentDownwindPlumeEvent TimeHAZMATDECONEntitiesDECONCorp.KEYMayorFederal ResourcesState ResourcesInteractionsLocal ResourcesPVONon-region specificResourcesView Symbol Key

Conceptual Model Showing Localand State InteractionsResources by JurisdictionEvent TimeShow Local ResourcesI 1 HourShow State ResourcesI 3 HoursShow National ResourcesI 5 HoursWind Direction: SWSlight BreezeTemperature: 96 Emergency Support Functions (ESF)Show All ResourcesNGHAZMATDECONDECONDOTCorp.KEYMayorFederal ResourcesState ResourcesLocal ResourcesGovernorPVONon-region specificResourcesView Symbol Key

Conceptual Model Showing Local,State, and Federal InteractionsResources by JurisdictionEvent TimeShow Local ResourcesI 1 HourShow State ResourcesI 3 HoursShow National ResourcesI 5 HoursWind Direction: SWSlight BreezeTemperature: 96 Emergency Support Functions (ESF)Show All NDOTCorp.KEYMayorFederal ResourcesState ResourcesLocal ResourcesGovernorPVONon-region specificResourcesView Symbol Key

Model InteractionResources by JurisdictionEvent TimeShow Local ResourcesI 1 HourShow State ResourcesI 3 HoursShow National ResourcesI 5 HoursWind Direction: SWSlight BreezeTemperature: 96 Emergency Support Functions (ESF)Show All ResourcesPresidentDHSDOJDODEODOTWHOPE N VYNGHAZMATDECONDOTGovernorOgDECONCorp.g OEFKEYMayorFederal ResourcesState ResourcesLocal ResourcesPVONon-region specificResourcesFireView Symbol KeyStateReturn to Conceptual ModelPhysicalResourcesLocationTime to tyKnowledgeSocialProtocolCommand hierarchyBehaviorsRECEIVE request for resources (ESF 4)PROCESS request for resources (ESF 4)DIRECT resources (ESF 4)OBSERVE casualties (ESF 4)DIRECT evacuation of casualties (ESF 4)DIRECT containment the incident (ESF 4)INFORM Police, FBI, and EMS in Unified Command (ESF 4)REQUEST orders from Police, FBI, and EMS in Unified Command (ESF 4)RECEIVE orders from Police, FBI, and EMS in Unified Command (ESF 4)PROCESS orders from Police, FBI, and EMS in Unified Command (ESF 4)RECEIVE request to join EMAC (ESF 5)PROCESS request to join EMAC (ESF 5)DIRECT membership in EMAC (ESF 5)Return to Fire Diagram

Observations and Conclusions Evolving model represents: Highly complex and dynamic process Emergency response as dictated throughthe NRPCurrent limitations: Informal interactions are not represented Regional specialization may not berepresented

Research Issues Modeling Issues Logical representation of multilayered andmultidirectional data Regional specificity vs. generalized usabilityApplication Issues Capturing tacit knowledge & informal informationexchanges Assembling elements from a variety of resources,which do not necessarily agree Modeling is a discovery process

Contact InformationHeather L. WarrenEvidence Based Research1500 Breezeport WaySuite 400Suffolk, VA 23435(757) 638-7537warren@ebrinc.comAmber L. FaganEvidence Based Research1500 Breezeport WaySuite 400Suffolk, VA 23435(757) 638-7535fagan@ebrinc.com

Back Up

Project Partner Roles JWFC: Project Sponsor, providing overall direction VMASC: Project leadership, Integration and Development Northrop Grumman: Model Development Booz Allen Hamilton: DoD, Federal, and State Interagencyprocess data collection and analysis Evidence Based Research: Data collection and analysis,Interagency decision making process conceptual model development Loyola Enterprises: Database and GIS Data Environment Support Additional partners include: Hampton University, Norfolk StateUniversity, Eastern Virginia Medical School, VisiTech,WernerAnderson

POC InformationUSJFCOM Joint Warfighting CenterBill inia Modeling, Analysis and Simulation CenterDr. John SokolowskiMike Robinson757-638-6215757-638-7010Evidence Based Research:Dr. Dan MaxwellMark SinclairDon 7-638-7530757 in justin@bah.commidyette emery@bah.comjackolski john@bah.comBooz Allen Hamilton:Justin SherinEmery MidyetteJohn Jackolski

POC Information (cont.)Loyola:Ben LoyolaDr. Kent StevensNorthrop Grumman:Rod Cruse757-498-6118 (X101)757-224-0398 -7137rodney.kruse@jfcom.mil

DECON HAZMAT DECON NG Governor Mayor Federal Resources State Resources Local Resources Non-region specific Resources KEY View Symbol Key Show State Resources Show National Resources Show All Resources Resources by Jurisdiction I 1 Hour I 3 Hours I 5 Hours Show Local Resources Event Time PVO Emergency Support Functions (ESF) Corp.

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