Mark scheme (Results)Summer 2018Pearson Edexcel GCE A LevelIn Business (9BS0)Paper 2 Business activities, decisions andstrategy
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General Marking Guidance All candidates must receive the same treatment. Examinersmust mark the first candidate in exactly the same way as they markthe last. Mark schemes should be applied positively. Candidates mustbe rewarded for what they have shown they can do rather thanpenalised for omissions. Examiners should mark according to the mark scheme notaccording to their perception of where the grade boundaries maylie. There is no ceiling on achievement. All marks on the markscheme should be used appropriately. All the marks on the mark scheme are designed to be awarded.Examiners should always award full marks if deserved, i.e. if theanswer matches the mark scheme. Examiners should also beprepared to award zero marks if the candidate’s response is notworthy of credit according to the mark scheme. Where some judgement is required, mark schemes will providethe principles by which marks will be awarded and exemplificationmay be limited. When examiners are in doubt regarding the application ofthe mark scheme to a candidate’s response, the team leader mustbe consulted. Crossed out work should be marked UNLESS the candidatehas replaced it with an alternative response.
QuestionNumber1 (a)AnswerMarkKnowledge 1, Application 2, Analysis 1Knowledge: 1 mark for understanding of internal finance,finance generated within the business/owner’s capital,personal savings, retained profit or giving a reason for usinginternal finance e.g. retain controlApplication: up to 2 marks for contextualized examplese.g. Mumtaz is a private limited company owned entirely bythe Akbar family High sales revenue and growth of ready mealsindicates the business can use retained profits as asource of finance Sales revenue of around 25m and ready meals part ofthe business is growing by 15-20% per yearAnalysis: 1 mark for developing a reason e.g. Internal finance is cheaper as there are no borrowingcosts, such as interest payments Internal finance enables the Akbar family to retaincontrol of the business(4)
QuestionNumber1 (b)AnswerMarkKnowledge 1, Application 3Quantitative skills assessed:QS5: calculate cost, revenue, profit and break evenQS9: interpret, apply and analyse information in written,graphical and numerical formsKnowledge: 1 mark forUnderstanding of the margin of safety: the differencebetween the actual output and the break-even outputMargin of safety sales volume – break-even outputApplication: up to 3 marks for: Calculation of unit contribution: 5- 2 3 Calculation of break-even output: 3 1m units3 Margin of safety 1.5m – 1m 500,000 unitsCan accept 0.5 millionNB: Award 4 marks if the candidate only states 500,000unitsAward only 3 marks if candidate states/calculates 0.5(4)
QuestionNumber1 (c)Indicative contentKnowledge 2, Application 2, Analysis 3, Evaluation 3Indicative content Organic growth occurs when a business expandsinternally and does not involve another business takingover or merging with itReasons for organic growth: Mumtaz Foods retains control especially as it is a familyowned business It maintains its existing management/structure/culture It enables the business to plan for and control growthe.g. the decision to enter the ready meals and halal babyfood market plus to open its own restaurants andfactoriesPossible counterbalance: Organic growth is slower e.g. Mumtaz Foods has existedsince 1979 and has only gradually grown to its currentsize Organic growth is limited, for example the business hasonly expanded in the Asian food market Limited finance available to fund organic growth e.g.Mumtaz has only used internal financePotential judgement Organic growth is the right decision because it enablesthe business to maintain control, which is especiallyimportant because Mumtaz is a long established businessthat has always been owned by the Akbar family Organic growth is not the right decision because thebusiness may have been slower than its competitors tograsp the opportunities offered by the growing readymeals market(10)
LevelLevel 1Mark01–2DescriptorA completely inaccurate response.Isolated elements of knowledge and understanding –recall based.Weak or no relevant application to business examples.Generic assertions may be presented.Level 23–4Elements of knowledge and understanding, which areapplied to the business example.Chains of reasoning are presented, but may be assertionsor incomplete.A generic or superficial assessment is presented.Level 35–6Accurate and thorough knowledge and understanding,supported by relevant and effective use of the businessbehaviour/context.Analytical perspectives are presented, with chains ofreasoning, showing cause(s) and/or effect(s).An attempt at an assessment is presented, usingquantitative and qualitative information, though unlikely toshow the significance of competing arguments.Level 47–10Accurate and thorough knowledge and understanding,supported by relevant and effective use of the businessbehaviour/context.A coherent and logical chain of reasoning, showingcause(s) and/or effect(s).Assessment is balanced and well contextualised,using quantitative and qualitative information, andshows an awareness of competingarguments/factors leading to a supportedjudgement.
QuestionNumber1 (d)Indicative contentKnowledge 2, Application 2, Analysis 4, Evaluation 4Marks for application and analysis include up to 2 marks forquantitative skillsQS9: Interpret, apply and analyse information in written,graphical and numerical forms Economic growth is an increase in the output of goodsand services produced in an economy over timeInflation measures the general rise in aggregate pricesUnemployment measures the % of the workingpopulation who are without a job and actively seekingworkThe / exchange rate measures how many dollars canbe exchanged for one poundImpacts: Rising unemployment could negatively affect Mumtaz’srestaurants due to customers cutting back onmeals out, given lower disposable incomeRising inflation (from 1.2% to 2.7%) may add toMumtaz’s costs, such as energy, which may result in afall in profit marginsA weaker (a fall of 24 cents between 2016 and 2020)could result in higher import costs especially foringredients if they are priced in dollarsPossible counterbalance Rising unemployment may benefit the ready mealsbusiness as customers may prefer to stay at home andchoose an ‘affordable treat’ rather than eating out Rising inflation may be passed on in the form of higherprices, which could have little impact given that MumtazFoods sells premium products A weaker could benefit Mumtaz’s export sales,especially as its ready meals products are sold in morethan 40 countriesPotential judgement The unemployment rate is forecasted to increase from4.8% to 6.5%, which may have a negative impact onMark
Levelthe restaurant business because it is a luxury good andpeople may need to make economies.Rising unemployment may have a positive impactbecause of the greater availability of workers especiallyfor Mumtaz’s new factory in BradfordThe impact may be negative for the restaurants becausedemand is likely to be more income elastic but positivefor ready meals. Overall impact on Mumtaz may dependupon which part of the business is bigger(12)Level 1Mark01–2DescriptorA completely inaccurate response.Isolated elements of knowledge and understanding – recallbased.Weak or no relevant application to business examples.Generic assertions may be presented.Level 23–4Elements of knowledge and understanding, which are applied tothe business example.Chains of reasoning are presented, but may be assertions orincomplete.A generic or superficial assessment is presented.Level 35–8Level 49–12Accurate and thorough knowledge and understanding, supportedby relevant and effective use of the businessbehaviour/context.Analytical perspectives are presented, with developed chains ofreasoning, showing cause(s) and/or effect(s).An attempt at an assessment is presented, using quantitativeand/or qualitative information, though unlikely to show thesignificance of competing arguments.Accurate and thorough knowledge and understanding, supportedthroughout by relevant and effective use of the businessbehaviour/context.A coherent and logical chain of reasoning, showing cause(s)and/or effect(s).Assessment is balanced, wide ranging and well contextualised,using quantitative and/or qualitative information, and showsan awareness of competing arguments/factors leading to asupported judgement.
QuestionNumber1(e)Indicative contentKnowledge 4, Application 4, Analysis 6, Evaluation 6Arguments for producing own label ready meals forsupermarkets The ready meals market grew by 2% in volume and value in2016Supermarket ‘own label’ ready meals have a combinedmarket share of 68%, with Tesco owning 18%Mumtaz already supplies Tesco, Asda and Morrisons‘own label’ ready meals can be used by supermarkets tomeet a wide range of customer needs and specific tastesMumtaz has increased its production capacity enabling itto meet the potential increased demand fromsupermarketsIncreased demand may enable the business to benefitfrom economies of scale and higher levels of capacityutilisation, resulting in lower unit costsHigher sales and lower unit costs may result in greaterprofitability and further expansion for Mumtaz FoodsArguments for selling more Mumtaz premium brand nameproducts There is a trend amongst consumers to prefer premiumready mealsIt is predicted that future success may be for innovative newproducts – Mumtaz’s successful Halal baby food range provesthat it is capable of developing successful new productsAnsoff would classify this strategy as market penetration,which carries the least riskPorter would classify this strategy as ‘differentiation’ enablingMumtaz to gain a competitive advantage through a USP ofquality and authenticity‘Own label’ relies heavily on price discounts and promotionaloffers – focusing on selling Mumtaz products would avoid thisand enable the business to charge higher pricesPossible recommendations Mumtaz should choose the option of supermarket ‘ownlabel’ ready meals because supermarkets own 68% ofthe market. Supermarkets have a greater distributionMark
which might therefore enable Mumtaz to sell more oftheir products and enable them to achieve the aim ofbecoming the UK’s market leader in Asian ready mealsMumtaz should choose to sell more Mumtaz premiumbrand name products because it is an established brandthat is already growing rapidly in UK supermarkets andabroad. This strategy is less risky as it is not dependenton a few supermarkets and enables the business tomaintain competitive advantage through differentiationExample of possible ‘MOPS’ recommendationsMarket – the market is the ready meals market. It is a growingmarket which is dominated by supermarket own brands.Consequently, in order to achieve the aim of market leader,focusing on producing ‘own label’ ready meals would appear tobe the best option.Objectives – Mumtaz aims to be the market leader in Asianready meals. It already has an established reputation forpremium products and supplies the big supermarkets (e.g.Tesco 18%) with its own products. Consequently, selling moreMumtaz premium brand products would be the best option.Product – Mumtaz is innovative e.g. the new Halal baby foodrange. The introduction of new product ranges is an importantfactor in driving sales. Retailers offer different recipes whichenable them to meet a wide range of consumer tastes.Consequently, the supermarket ‘own label’ option should bechosen because it offers Mumtaz more opportunities to sell awider range of products enabling it to achieve its aim ofbecoming market leader.Situation – Mumtaz is an expanding business with the readymeals part of the Group growing by 15-20% a year. It is alsoexporting to over 40 countries and planning to manufactureready meals in Asia. Consequently, the best option would be tofocus on premium brand products so they could establishMumtaz as a global brand and achieve its aim of becomingmarket leader.(20)
LevelLevel 1Mark01–4DescriptorA completely inaccurate response.Isolated elements of knowledge and understanding.Weak or no relevant application of business examples.An argument may be attempted, but will be generic andfail to connect cause(s) and/or consequence(s)/effect(s).Level 25–8Level 39–14Level 415–20Elements of knowledge and understanding, which areapplied to the business example.Arguments and chains of reasoning are presented, butconnections between cause(s) and/or consequence(s)/effect(s) are incomplete. Attempts to address the question.A comparison or judgement may be attempted, but it willnot successfully show an awarene
Level 1 1–2 Isolated elements of knowledge and understanding – recall based. Weak or no relevant application to business examples. Generic assertions may be presented. Level 2 3–4 Elements of knowledge and understanding, which are applied to the business example. Chains of reasoning are presented, but may be assertions or incomplete.
CSEC English A Specimen Papers and Mark Schemes: Paper 01 92 Mark Scheme 107 Paper 02 108 Mark Scheme 131 Paper 032 146 Mark Scheme 154 CSEC English B Specimen Papers and Mark Schemes: Paper 01 159 Mark Scheme 178 Paper 02 180 Mark Scheme 197 Paper 032 232 Mark Scheme 240 CSEC English A Subject Reports: January 2004 June 2004
Matthew 27 Matthew 28 Mark 1 Mark 2 Mark 3 Mark 4 Mark 5 Mark 6 Mark 7 Mark 8 Mark 9 Mark 10 Mark 11 Mark 12 Mark 13 Mark 14 Mark 15 Mark 16 Catch-up Day CORAMDEOBIBLE.CHURCH/TOGETHER PAGE 1 OF 1 MAY 16 . Proverbs 2—3 Psalms 13—15 Psalms 16—17 Psalm 18 Psalms 19—21 Psalms
Examiners should mark according to the mark scheme not according to their perception of where the grade boundaries may lie. All marks on the mark scheme should be used appropriately. All marks on the mark scheme are designed to be awarded. Examiners should always award full marks if deserved, i.e. if the answer matches the mark scheme.
H567/03 Mark Scheme June 2018 6 USING THE MARK SCHEME Please study this Mark Scheme carefully. The Mark Scheme is an integral part of the process that begins with the setting of the question paper and ends with the awarding of grades. Question papers and Mark Schemes are d
the mark scheme should be used appropriately. All the marks on the mark scheme are designed to be awarded. Examiners should always award full marks if deserved, i.e. if the answer matches the mark scheme. Examiners should also be prepared to award zero marks if the candidate’s response is not worthy of credit according to the mark scheme.
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SHAPING A BETTER WORLD SINCE 1845. VIRTUAL OPEN DAYS 10 –12 SEPTEMBER 2020 . Average 6B (1A in profile) at GCSE or average BBB at AS-level . PPE 1A 6B at GCSE or BBB at AS-level 1A 6B at GCSE or BBB at AS-level MEng GCSE - 6B GCSE - 6B Midwifery GCSE - 5B including Maths and Science GCSE - 5B inc