Teachers’ Manual Anne Frank Introductory Lesson

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Teachers’ ManualAnne Frank Introductory LessonThe lesson containsthe following activities: Mind map Film clip with an assignment Time lineTeachers in the upper classes of elementaryschools and lower classes of secondaryschools can use this Anne Frank IntroductoryLesson in their lessons about World War 2and the persecution of the Jews. With thislesson teachers can prepare their pupilsfor working on these topics. The lessonwill activate pupils’ prior knowledge aboutAnne Frank, the history of the persecutionof the Jews and World War 2, as well asgiving teachers insight into the level ofthis knowledge.Anne Frank aged 11at the Montessori School,December 1940Lesson aims:The pupils will learn- To use historical sources and place them inchronological order.- The characteristic aspects of the followingperiods in history; World War 2 and theHolocaust.- Who the important people and events werein this particular period in Anne Frank’s lifeand relate them to other relevant examplesin world history.The specific learning aims are described inthe roadmap.We suggest that you go through theIntroductory Lesson yourself first beforeusing it with your class. The lesson has beendeveloped in such a way that every schoolteacher can get started with their class. Thelesson unfolds step by step. Depending onthe level of your class you may decide toleave out certain sections, repeat others oradd more information. This extra informationcan be taken from Anne Frank’s story, whichyou can find in this Teachers’ Manual.1

Teachers’ Manual Anne Frank Introductory LessonThe lesson:Open the menu on the digital blackboard.Explain to your class what the Introductory Lesson is about and what you expect from them.Click on next (below right)mind mapConsists of: 1 slideDuration: 5 – 10 minutesAims- Activate prior knowledge about Anne Frank and World War 2.- Pupils learn about Anne Frank and are able to make the connection between her life and world history.On the digital blackboard there are two mind maps. The theme ofthe first one is World War 2, the second one is about Anne Frank.What comes to mind when the pupils think about World War 2? Askthem to write down six words on the mind map on the left.You can use this assignment in different ways. You can fill in themind map in the classical way but a disadvantage of doing this isthat not every pupil is involved. That is why in this manual there isa worksheet with both mind maps. This worksheet can be copiedso that pupils can fill in the mind maps either individually or in pairsbefore filling them in on the digital blackboard with the whole group.After this, pupils can do the same with the Anne Frank mind map.Pupils can then compare the mind maps. Do the same words appear on both mind maps? These can then be underlined or circled tomake this more visual.Tip:If pupils know more than six words,they can add lines to the mind maps themselves.Finished with the mind map? Click on next (below right)film clipWith assignmentConsists of: 3 slidesDuration: 10 minutesAims- Pupils learn how to place events in chronological order on atime line.- Pupils learn why Anne Frank and her family had to go intohiding. 2

Teachers’ Manual Anne Frank Introductory LessonOn the digital blackboard there are five images. Byclicking on an image it becomes larger and a captionappears. Look at the images together with your pupils.There is a worksheet for this slide in this manual. Copy theworksheet for pupils to do this assignment individually.In the film clip about Anne Frank pupils will see eventswhich contain the images. Duration of the film is 2:45.Pupils should watch the film carefully because theassignment requires them to put the images in thecorrect order.Click on next (below right)Watch the film clipClick on next (below right)Now put all the events from the film in the correct order. Ifpupils are using the worksheet they can draw a line fromthe image to the correct number. If the pupils are havingdifficulties with this assignment click on the images againto reveal the captions.When everyone has finished ask one pupil to drag theimages on the digital blackboard to the correct number.If all the images are in the correct place then a red button‘finished!’ will appear. Click on this.The worksheet for this slide can be found at the back ofthis manual.Check which images are in the correct place.If there are mistakes, correct them.Are all the images in the correct place?Click on next (below right)time lineConsists of: 3 slidesDuration: 10 minutesAims:- Pupils can place images of events from world history(persecution of the Jews and World War 2) and AnneFrank’s life on a timeline.- Pupils know who Anne Frank was and why she is famous.- Pupils know who Adolf Hitler was and what he and theNazis wanted to achieve in Germany.- Pupils know the dates when The Netherlands wasoccupied by Nazi Germany and when it was liberated bythe Allies.On the digital blackboard there is a timeline 1929-1945with 6 images of events that happened in this periodabove the line. Look at the images together with yourpupils. By clicking on an image it becomes larger anda caption appears. Pupils place the six events fromthe period 1929-1945 in the correct order. There is aworksheet for this slide in this manual. 3

Teachers’ Manual Anne Frank Introductory LessonCopy the worksheet for pupils to do this assignmentindividually. If pupils are using the worksheet they candraw a line from the image to the correct date. If thepupils are having difficulty with this assignment click onthe images again to reveal the captions. When everyonehas finished ask one pupil to drag the images on thedigital blackboard to the correct date.If all the images are in the correct place then a red button‘finished!’ will appear. Click on this.Check which images are in the correct place.If there are mistakes, correct them.Are all the images in the correct place?Click on next (below right)Next is the Anne Frank timeline 1929-1945Follow exactly the same procedure as with the previoustimeline.Are all the images in the correct place?Click on next (below right)Now the timeline with important events from 1929-1945and important events in Anne Frank’s life can be seentogether.What do pupils notice? What have they learned?What would they like to know more about?Tip: Read ‘Anne Frank’s story’ on page 5 to your classand illustrate it with images from the timeline.The introductory lesson is finished. Pupils should nowknow more about Anne Frank, the Holocaust and WorldWar 2. For more information visit the Teachers’ Portalwww.annefrank.org/teachers. You can also use TheSecret Annex Online with these lessons www.annefrank.org/secretannex. With this you can visit the onlinebuilding at 263 Prinsengracht and see what the hidingplace looked like when Anne Frank was in hiding.We would like to hear from you about yourexperiences after using the Anne Frank IntroductoryLesson for the digital blackboard. Send yourcomments to international@annefrank.nlThank you!4

Teachers’ Manual Anne Frank Introductory LessonAnne Frank’s storyAnne Frank was born on 12 June 1929 inFrankfurt am Main (Germany). She is Ottoand Edith Frank’s second daughter. Hersister Margot is three years older. The Frankfamily is Jewish.There are problems in Germany. There isa worldwide economic crisis. People arebadly affected, not only in the USA, but inGermany too.There is a political party that hates Jews.The party is the NSDAP (National SocialistGerman Workers Party) and its leader isAdolf Hitler. Hitler and the Nazis - thosewho follow him – are anti-Semitic. They hateJews and blame them for all the problems.Their solution is to get rid of all the Jewsin Germany then that will be the end of theeconomic crisis.In 1933 Hitler and the Nazis come to power.Jews are discriminated. Signs with ‘NoJews’ appear in more and more places.Anne’s parents decide to leave Frankfurt.The photo of Anne, Margot and their motherin the center of Frankfurt is the last phototaken of the family in Germany.Anne’s father finds work in The Netherlands.In February 1934 the whole family is livingon the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam. Annegoes to the 6th Montessori school nearby.First to kindergarten, then to the elementaryschool. There are other German Jewishchildren in her class.The Frank family feels free and safe in Amsterdam. Anne and Margot’s new friends areGerman and Dutch. The sisters soon learnto speak Dutch.Hitler and the NSDAP want a big and powerful Germany. They need a large army toachieve this. They want back territories thatGermany lost after World War 1. In 1936 theGerman army occupies the first of theseterritories: The Rhineland.On 1 September 1939 the German armyinvades Poland. This is the start of WorldWar 2. Six months later it is the turn of TheNetherlands. When the centre of Rotterdamis bombed on 14 May 1940, the Dutch armysurrenders. The German army occupies TheNetherlands, and the Nazis take control.After what happened in May 1940 it doesnot really seem as if anything has changedmuch. Anne and Margot go to school. Atthe end of 1940 Anne is in the last class ofthe Montessori school.The Nazis make life difficult for Jews in TheNetherlands. After the summer holidays in1941 Jewish children must attend separateschools. Anne has to say ‘goodbye’ to hernon-Jewish friends and Miss Kuperus, herclass teacher and headmistress of the Montessori school. Both cry when Anne leaves.From May 1942 all Jews older than 6 yearsold must wear a star on their clothes.There are rumors that all Jews will be sentto Germany to work for the Nazis. Otto andEdith Frank decide not to wait until this happens. They prepare a secret hiding place.Their daughters know nothing about this.Anne starts in the first class of the JewishLyceum, Margot in the fourth.12 June 1942 is Anne’s 13th birthday. Oneof her presents is the diary she chose a fewdays earlier in a neighborhood shop.On 5 July 1942 Margot receives a letter. Itis a call-up to go and work for the Nazis inGermany. She does not go. The next daythe family goes into hiding. Anne is not allowed to take her cat Moortje with her.The hiding place is in Otto Frank’s businesspremises on the Prinsengracht. Part of thebuilding, the house at the back which wasempty, has been refurnished for them. Amoveable bookcase hides the entrance tothe hiding place.The hiding place is not just for the Franks.Four other Jews join them: Hermann andAuguste van Pels with their son Peter andFritz Pfeffer. Four of Otto’s workers havepromised to help: Miep Gies, JohannesKleiman, Victor Kugler and Bep Voskuijl.They provide food, library books, magazines, newspapers and clothes as well as thelatest news from the city.5

Teachers’ Manual Anne Frank Introductory LessonAnne Frank’s storyDuring the day the people in hiding stayquiet because there are workers in thewarehouse who do not know that there arepeople hiding in the building. The people inhiding usually sit and read. Anne, Margotand Peter do their homework. Anne’sparents took their school books to thehiding place so that they do not get behindand can start school again after the war.In her small room Anne writes a lot in herdiary. She misses her friends so makes upa very good friend: Kitty. Anne writes toher about her feelings and experiences inthe secret annex. She dreams of becominga famous writer or journalist after thewar. When her diary is full she writes innotebooks and on loose sheets of paper.By permission of The ImperialWar Museum/B5103The people in hiding often listen to thenews on the radio. Sometimes the news isgood, like when the German army suffersa heavy defeat at Stalingrad in Russia.But sometimes the helpers bring bad newsand tell them of Jewish men, women andchildren being arrested in Amsterdam. Firstthey are taken to Camp Westerbork andthen sent on to Eastern Europe. Anne thinksthat most of them are being murdered thereby the Nazis.On 6 June 1944 the people in hiding hearsome good news. A large army has invadedEurope to liberate the occupied countriesof Europe. The people in hiding are givenhope. Anne thinks that she will be able togo back to school in October.The Nazis take the people in hiding toWesterbork, a large camp in Drenthe inthe north east of The Netherlands. Fromthere they are sent with thousands of otherDutch Jews to the Auschwitz concentrationcamp. On the platform in Auschwitz themen are separated from the women. Anneand Margot see their father for the lasttime. Later they are sent to another camp,Bergen-Belsen, here they die in March 1945shortly before the camp is liberated. On 5May 1945 The Netherlands is liberated andis a free country again.Otto Frank is the only one of the eightpeople in hiding to survive. In June 1945 hereturns to The Netherlands. On his return,Miep Gies, one of the helpers who lookedafter the people in hiding, gives him Anne’sdiary, notebooks and loose sheets of paper.Otto reads that Anne wanted to publish abook after the war and from all her writingOtto makes a book: the Secret Annex. Firstit is published in Dutch and then in morethan 70 other languages.Otto Frank received thousands of lettersfrom readers all over the world. Hededicated the rest of his life to Anne’sdiary. A year before his death he said: ‘I amnearly 90 and getting weaker. But the taskthat Anne gave me, continues to give mestrength to fight for reconciliation and forhuman rights all over the world.’But on 4 August 1944 a car suddenly stopsin front of Otto Frank’s business premises.Led by a Nazi, three Dutch policemenenter the building. They go to the hidingplace. The people in hiding have beenbetrayed! Whoever did that has never beendiscovered.The people in hiding are arrested and takenby truck to prison. Anne’s diary, notebooksand loose sheets of paper are left behind inthe hiding place. Miep and Bep find themwhen they go to look there. Miep keepsthem in her desk drawer.6

Teachers’ Manual Anne Frank Introductory LessonColophonThis manual refers to the digital Introductory Lesson about Anne Frankwas created by the Anne Frank House (AFH) and Young Crowds (YC).Editorial manual: Menno Metselaar and Piet van Ledden (AFH)and Françoise Giesen (YC)Editor: Mans Kuipers (YC)Translation: Jane RedmanDesign manual: Eric van den Berg (Graphic Island)Design and technical realization: Annemarie Dekker (YC), Allard PlaggenborgPhotographs Frank family: ANNE FRANK-Fonds, Basel/Anne Frank House, AmsterdamPhotographs: Image Bank WW2/NIOD, Anne Frank House, Maria AustriaInstituut, Ullstein Bild, Imperial War Museum/B5103, Library and ArchivesCanada/PA 136176, AFH/Juul HondiusFilm clip: www.annefrank.org/secretannexComments? Send an e-mail to international@annefrank.nlAnne Frank House: www.annefrank.orgAnne Frank Trust (UK): www.annefrank.org.ukAnne Frank Center (USA): www.annefrank.com Anne Frank House, 20117

Activity sheet with Anne Frank Introductory Lessonmind mapassignmentassignmentThink of 6 words that have to doThink of 6 words that have to dowith World War 2.with Anne Frank.film clipassignmentIn a minute you will put these events in the correct order.

Activity sheet with Anne Frank Introductory Lessontime lineassignmentPut the events in the correct order.assignmentPut the events in the correct order.

Anne Frank Introductory Lesson Anne Frank aged 11 at the Montessori School, December 1940 Teachers in the upper classes of elementary schools and lower classes of secondary schools can use this Anne Frank Introductory Lesson in their lessons about World War 2 and the persecution of the Jews. With this lesson teachers can prepare their pupils for working on these topics. The lesson will .

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