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By Ocean Class

ContentsI. What was Britain like before the Romans?II. Who were the Romans and who founded Rome?III. When did the Romans invade Britain?IV. Why did the Romans invade Britain?V. How long did the Romans stay in Britain and why did they leave?VI. Why was the Roman Empire important?VII. Why did Hadrian build his wallVIII.Who was in the Roman army?IX. How did Roman Britain defend itself?X. What did the Romans build in Britain?XI. How did the Romans?XII. What was life like for a Roman family?XIII.What did the Romans believe in?XIV.What happened to Roman Britain?

What was Britain like before the Romans?Celtic TimesDid you know The Celts were the strongesttribe until 12AD and they lived in Europe?The Celts also lived inthe Bronze ageThe Celts lived in the Iron agefor 705 years.1

The Romans lived in Italy .Romulus and his twin called Remus were the sons of Mars, Godof war. When they were babies they were abandoned by a river,they were found by a wolf who fed and took care of them. Thenthey were adopted by a shepherd and they grew up clever andstrong. They built a town called Rome.One day, some years before Jesus Christ was born, the Romanscame to Britain. The Romans came to Britain nearly 2000 years agoand changed our country.2

The Romans invadedBritain 3 times. In 54B.C. 55 B.C. and 43A.D.The Romans invadedBritain before Jesus wasborn in August 55B.C.There were over 30,000men on foot and 2,000on horses.The Romans came to Britain looking forriches, land, slaves and most of Britain’smetal.3

1. They were angry withBritain for helping theFrench battle againststrong and mightyemperor Julius Caesar.2.They wanted lots ofriches and land.Especially copper ,silver and gold . Most ofall zinc and lead.DID YOU KNOW?The Romans called LondonLondinium.4

HOW LONG DID THE ROMANSSTAY IN BRITAIN AND WHY DIDTHEY LEAVE?How long did the Romans stay in Britain ?They stayed in Britain from 43 AD to 410 AD ; almost fourhundred years!Why did they leave?Their homes in Italy were being attacked so all the bravesoldiers were needed to protect their precious homes.5

The language that we speak was created by the Romans. Some ofthe words that we speak have Latin in them.The calendar we have is over 2,000 years old. It was started byJulius Caesar, a Roman master.The laws that we have today were originally made by the Romans.The solar calendar has 365 days and also 366 daysEvery leap year. The months are named after the Roman gods.Did you know thatthe Roman calendar is calleda solar calendar becauseit was based on the earthmoving around the sun?6

After the Romans invaded Southern Britain theyfelt like they had to defend it. They built straightroads so that it would be easier to march intobattle, which meant they were ready for fighting.Did you know.People can stillwalk along bits ofHadrian’s walltoday?This wall wasbuilt by a veryclever man. Hewas calledHadrian.The Romans built thereroads on foundations ofclay, chalk and gravel andthen laid flat stones on top

Who was in the Roman Army?There were about 30 legions in the Roman Army. Asoldier was not allowed to get married when he wasin the a legion. Soldiers came from outside Italy.They came from Africa, France, Germany, theBalkans, Spain and the middle East.Soldiers stayed in the army for 25 years. Old peoplesettled down in a military town. Roman soldiers woresandals with iron studs on the leather soles. Whenthe soldiers were far away from their homes theybecame lonely. Some legions had about 4,000 and6,000 soldiers. Some centuries was led by acenturion.8

How did Roman Britain defend itself?After the Romans invaded southern and Britain theyhad to defend it.Only men could be in the Roman Army because no women wereallowed. Every Roman soldier was a citizen. Soldiers had tostay in the army for at least 25 years.Hadrian’s wall protected the Romans.9

Romans used slaves and animals to power things instead ofengines. They had war machines like catapults.Slaves controlled heating and helped keep the fires blazing.Romans were the first to put arches into buildings and theybuilt roads. They built aqueducts to carry water it was like abridge on a arch.The Romans used cranes to lift heavy stones on building sitespowered by men on a treadmill. Roman builders discoveredhow to make cement that went hard under water. TheRomans also built big buildings that had arched roofs but theroofs did not need rows of pillars to hold them up.10

GORY GLADIATORSPERFECT PLAYSIf a gladiator survives longenough to retire theywould get a wooden swordas a present.Romans liked going to thetheatre .The actors mostlyliked to play comedies.People who fought asgladiators would fightagainst wild animals suchas lions , leopards andbears.The Romans showed thereacts in a theatre .Every onesat on stone steps.11

Mothers were less important than fathers in the family. The father had the power oflife or death over everyone.When a new baby was born it would be laid at its fathers feet-if the father pickedthe baby up it would live, but if he ignored the baby it would be taken away todie Women were expected to run the home, cook meals, and raise children. If theywere wealthy, women were lucky they would have had slaves to do the work forthem .Many women got married at the age of 14 .Marriages were often arranged bythe whole family .The husband would divorce his wife if he didn’t want a baby.Many women died young (in their 30s),because childbirth can be dangerous anddiseases were common .12

WHAT DID THE ROMANS BELIEVE IN ?Jupiter is the God of the sky and the most powerful God ofall. Neptune is the God of the seas and Jupiter's brother.Mars is the God of war, but used to be God of farming. Junois Jupiter's wife and she took care of women. Venus is theGod of love . Minerva was God of wisdom and loved toweave. Saturn once used to be God of all Gods but now isthe God of time . Romans go to shrines ore temples topray. Pluto was the God of death. Diana was the Goddessof the moon. Apollo is the God of the sun. Cupid was theGod of love. Mercury was the messenger .13

What happened to Roman Britain?The Romans also introducedChristianity to Britain. Manychurches are still built usingdesigns like a Roman Basilica. The time period afterthe Romans was theThe Romans also broughtAnglo –Saxons .Thenew plants and animals,such as chickens andRomans left Britain inparsley.AD 410.They neverconquered Scotland.The Anglo-SaxonsSome people believewere farmers and didthat King Arthur (ofthe Knights andnot live in towns likeRound Table) was athe Romans.Roman-British generalwho fought the14Saxons.

This book is a non-fiction book about The Romans.It has facts and information about the Romans. Find out whythey invaded Britain; what they did for us and what they builtin Britain.Discover how the Romans entertained themselves and whyHadrian built his wall. You can also find out what life was likefor a Roman family? So be prepared to go into the past!

Why was the Roman Empire important? VII. Why did Hadrian build his wall VIII. Who was in the Roman army? IX. How did Roman Britain defend itself? X. What did the Romans build in Britain? XI. How did the Romans? XII. What was life like for a Roman family? XIII. What did the Romans believe in? XIV. What happened to Roman Britain? 1 What was Britain like before the Romans? Celtic Times Did you .

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