Deputy Commissioner For Juvenile Justice

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William LassiterDeputy Commissioner for Juvenile Justice Serving public safety and reducing delinquency byproviding the right service, at the right time, in theright place2/16/20171

Mission: To reduce and prevent juvenile delinquency byeffectively intervening, educating, and treating youth inorder to strengthen families and increase public safety.Vision: A seamless, comprehensive juvenile justicesystem that provides the most effective services toyouth and their families at the right time, in the mostappropriate settings.2/16/20172

Juvenile Justice History

History: Eighteenth Century Children treated much like adultsConcerns abouthousing childrenwith olderserious offendersGovernors oftenpardonedyoung offenders

History: Nineteenth Century Houses of refugeApprenticeshipAttempts to “save” childrenthrough rehabilitationand disciplineCreation of larger industrialand reform schoolsContinued use of adult prisons

History: Twentieth CenturyIn North Carolina, concernsresulted in 1907 legislationauthorizing StonewallJackson Manual Training andIndustrial SchoolFunded by statelegislature in 1909

History: Twentieth Century: Continued 1919:First N.C. JuvenileCourt Act

History: Twentieth Century: Continued 1976 -1977: Three training schools transferredto NC DOC1978: Community based alternatives to trainingschool implemented with appropriation ofone million dollars1980: New juvenile code became effective“Willie M” class action lawsuit settledJuveniles removed from adult jailsState operated detention centers inCumberland, Gaston, Wilkes & Pittcounties.

History: Twentieth Century: Continued 1997: Governor named Commission onJuvenile Crime and Justice toreview juvenile codeCommission’s recommendations becomeJuvenile Justice Reform Act passed byN.C. General AssemblyOffice of Juvenile Justice created,combining Division of Youth Servicesfrom DHHS and Juvenile ServicesDivision from AOC.

History: Twenty-First Century 2000: General Assembly creates cabinet levelDepartment of Juvenile Justice andDelinquency Prevention.George Sweat is first Secretary. 2003: Performance audit by State auditor'soffice reveals need for replacement facilitiesdue to outdated, unsafe condition of currentfacilities.Therapeutic Environment Training initiatedat YDCs.

History: Twenty-First Century: Continued 2003: Construction of five new facilities approvedby General Assembly. 2006: Four replacementfacilities conductgroundbreakingceremonies. 2008: Four replacementfacilities open,

MeasureJackson ProjectStandard CareSerious Misbehavior****3.254.0Behavior Alerts***5.7540.3Time in DisciplinaryIsolation/Segregation(total hrs/mo.)**3.84300.04Number of Visitswith Family*28.2520.67Family Attendance atTreatment Activities**11.835.58Use of Force***0.173.42*No statistically significant differenceRecidivism at 3 years** p .001 ***p .0133%**** p .0552%

60,00048,08944,86450,00055.00*The juvenile delinquency rate droppedfrom 41.87 in 1998 to 20.78 in 0,0005.000-5.00Delinquent ComplaintsStatus ComplaintsDelinquency Rate2/16/201714

10,0009,2469,0008,0007,0006,0005,0004,0003,000*65% decrease inadmissions since 20013,2292,0001,00002/16/201715

1400120010001360*84% decrease incommitments since 199880060040021720002/16/201716

n 599,829Minor67%(2015)n 39,0142/16/201717

0%40%6,00030%4,00020%2,00010%00%201020112012Number of School-Based Complaints201320142015Percentage of School-Based Complaints18

190,000,000 180,000,000 170,000,000 160,000,000 150,000,000 140,000,000 130,000,000 120,000,000 178,432,976 173,757,294*24% decrease infunding since FY 2008 154,409,577 157,645,038 137,195,217 148,346,678 124,727,445 129,219,403 132,182,452 110,000,000 100,000,0002/16/201719

10,0007.00%9,0008,5988,0007,0006,0006.00%*68% decrease in the numberprobationers since 02%1,00001.00%0.00%Total ServedPct. Of AC Entry/Exits2/16/201720

Problem BehaviorNoncriminalMisbehaviorDelinquencyGRADUATED SANCTIONSTarget Population: Delinquent YouthPREVENTIONTarget Population: At-Risk YouthPrograms forAll Youth Programs for Youthat Greatest RiskImmediateInterventionYouth Development Goals:Healthy and nurturing familiesSafe communitiesSchool attachmentPro-social peer relationsPersonal development and life skillsHealthy lifestyle choicesSerious, Violent, andChronic OffendingIntermediateSanctions CommunityConfinementYouth DevelopmentCentersAftercareYouth Habilitation Goals:Healthy family participationCommunity reintegrationEducational success and skills developmentHealthy peer network developmentProsocial values developmentHealthy lifestyle choices2/16/201721

Raise the Juvenile Age Update:Recommendation from the Youth SubcommitteeWilliam Lassiter, Deputy Commissioner for Juvenile JusticeDepartment of Public SafetyDivision of Adult Correction and Juvenile Justice22

(Steinberg, et.al., 2008)

(Steinberg, et.al., 2008)

(Steinberg, et al., 2009)

(Steinberg, et al., 2009)

(Steinberg, et al., 2009)

(Steinberg, et al., 2009)

(Steinberg & Monahan, 2007)

(Steinberg & Monahan, 2007)

Complaint in juvenilecourt Heard in juvenile court Parent required to beinvolved Sanctions on a continuum Confined in youth facility Records are confidential Avoids collateralconsequences Charged like an adultHeld in jailConvicted of a crimeLittle parental involvementServes sentence in prisonAll records are publicSevere collateral consequences

Raise the Age Proposal That the current procedure in G.S. 7B-2200authorizing the transfer of juveniles to superiorcourt is maintained, except that 16- and 17-yearolds who commit Class A-E felonies will beautomatically transferred upon a finding ofprobable cause or an indictment;That the Juvenile Code be amended to give lawenforcement officers greater access toinformation about juveniles to assist them inexercising their discretion to make decisionsabout custody, release, and filing a complaint;

Raise the Age Proposal That the Juvenile Code be amended to requirejuvenile court counselors to track consultationswith law enforcement officers about juveniles andto provide more information to victims andcomplainants about juvenile complaints;That the Juvenile Code be amended to givevictims the right to request that a prosecutorreview a juvenile court counselor’s decision not toapprove the filing of a juvenile petition;That prosecutors and juvenile defenders beprovided greater access to electronic juvenilerecords; and

Raise the Age Proposal That the legislature provides full funding toimplement these recommendations.”

Raise the Age ProposalNorth Carolina data shows a significant 7.5%decrease in recidivism when teens areadjudicated in the juvenile versus the adultsystem.COMPARATIVE STATISTICAL PROFILE, supra note 54, at Tables 9 and 11 (showing a two-yearrecidivism rate for 16-17 year old probationers to be 49.3% and a two-year recidivism rate for15-year–olds to be 41.8%).North Carolina data also shows that whenyouthful offenders are prosecuted in the adultsystem, they recidivate at a rate that is 12.6%higher than the overall population.COMPARATIVE STATISTICAL PROFILE, supra note 54, at Table 9 (while the overall probation entrypopulation recidivates at a rate of 36.7%, 16- and 17-year-olds recidivate at the much higherrate of 49.3%).

Raise the Age ProposalIn 2009, the Governor’s Crime CommissionJuvenile Age Study submitted to theGeneral Assembly included a cost-benefitanalysis of raising the age of juvenile courtjurisdiction to 18. The analysis, done byESTIS Group, LLC, found that the agechange would result in a net benefit to thestate of 7.1 million.GOVERNOR’S CRIME COMMISSION JUVENILE AGE STUDY, A STUDY OF THE IMPACT OFEXPANDING THE JURISDICTION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUVENILE JUSTICE ANDDELINQUENCY PREVENTION 4-6 (2009) [hereinafter 2009 GOVERNOR’S CRIMECOMMISSION REPORT].

Raise the Age Proposal In 2011, the Youth Accountability Planning TaskForce submitted its final report to the GeneralAssembly. The Task Force’s report included acost-benefit analysis, done by the Vera Instituteof Justice, of prosecuting 16 and 17-year-oldmisdemeanants and low-level felons in juvenilecourt. That report estimated net benefits of 52.3 million.YOUTH ACCOUNTABILITY TASK FORCE REPORT, supra note 3.

William LassiterDeputy Commissioner for Juvenile Justicewilliam.lassiter@ncdps.gov Serving public safety and reducing delinquency(919) 825-2719by providing the right service, at the right time,in the right place2/16/201739

Deputy Commissioner for Juvenile Justice . 2/16/2017 1 Serving public safety and reducing delinquency by providing the right service, at the right time, in the right place . Mission: To reduce and prevent juvenile delinquency by effectively intervening, educating, and treating youth in

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