OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness Training

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1OSHA Hazard CommunicationAwareness TrainingINTRODUCTIONFederal rules and regulations that apply to the propane industry are published in a series of books called the Code ofFederal Regulations (CFR). An important section pertaining to the propane industry is OSHA’s Hazard CommunicationStandard, which is found in Title 29 CFR §1910. This regulation is commonly referred to as the “HazCom Standard.”These regulations exist to protect employees of chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors, and any companywhose work involves hazardous chemicals.After completing this module, you will be able to:n Understand what a Hazardous ChemicalInventory is.nIdentify the new labeling elements required bythe changes to the Hazard CommuncationStandard (HCS).nIdentify the sections of a Safety DataSheet (SDS).nExplain proper labeling procedures.nIdentify the regulatory requirements of youremployer’s written hazard communication program.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

2OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness TrainingOSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

3Lesson 1. Hazardous Chemical InventoryINTRODUCTIONTo protect yourself on the job, you must know whatchemicals are being used or stored by your company.To ensure safety in the workplace, OSHA requiresyour employer to maintain a Hazardous ChemicalInventory, which includes:nnnAll hazardous chemicals known to be present.Hazardous chemicals that may be transportedoff-site.Hazardous chemicals stored away from themain plant.Your employer is also responsible for informing youwhere to find the Hazardous Chemical Inventory atyour workplace, and who is responsible formaintaining the inventory.After completing this lesson, you will be able to:n Identify the different types of chemicalhazards.nExplain how a chemical is placed on theHazardous Chemical Inventory.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

4OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness TrainingDEFINING CHEMICAL HAZARDSAccording to OSHA, a chemical classified ashazardous must have a physical or health hazardassociated with its use. Here is how the two hazardsare defined:Physical HazardA physical hazard results from a chemical’s physicalproperties and immediate risks in handling it. Forexample, certain chemicals may be explosive orflammable and require you to take extra precautionsto avoid sources of ignition.Health HazardA health hazard can make you ill. The effects can beeither immediate, such as a chemical that causes aburn or rash, or they can be long-term or chronic, suchas lung cancer after years of working with asbestos.In some cases, a chemical may present both a physicalhazard and a health hazard. The Hazardous ChemicalInventory is to identify these hazards so you candetermine how to safely handle the chemicals youwork with.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

Lesson 1. Hazardous Chemical Inventory 5HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL INVENTORYThe following steps explain how a chemical is placedon the Hazardous Chemical Inventory:1. The manufacturer or importer evaluates everychemical for hazardous properties.2. The hazards found are listed on container labelsand SDS provided to your company.3. Your company designates someone to reviewthe information and update the HazardousChemical Inventory.Any chemical with a hazard warning label must belisted. There may be one hazardous chemical list for anentire building or separate inventories for each workarea.Some common household chemicals found in theworkplace, such as cleaning solutions, aerosols, andwasp spray, do not have to be listed on the HazardousChemical Inventory. You should, however, always followany safety precautions specific to those chemicals.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

6OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness TrainingCHECK FOR UNDERSTANDINGLet’s take a moment to check how well you understand the information presented in this lesson. Select theappropriate answer for the following question. Check your work on page 46.Hazardous chemicals stored away from the main plant are not required to be placed in the Hazardous ChemicalInventory?TrueFalseOSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

7Lesson 2. Safety Data SheetsINTRODUCTIONA Safety Data Sheet (SDS) provides information aboutchemical hazards. Anyone who might come intocontact with the hazardous chemical should read aboutpotential dangers and how to safely handle the product.Each chemical is evaluated for potential hazards by themanufacturer or importer. This information is thenplaced on an SDS.The SDS must be readily available in any work areawhere employees handle or may come into contactwith hazardous chemicals.The SDS must be updated when significant changesare made to the chemical compound or previouslyunknown health and physical hazards are discovered.After completing this lesson, you will be able to:n Identify the changes to the SDS under the newHazard Communication Standard (HCS).nIdentify why and how an SDS is used.nIdentify the different sections of an SDS.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

8OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness TrainingTHE PURPOSE OF AN SDSAn SDS is a required document that informs employeesof the chemical nature of materials they work with.SDSs must be easily accessible at all times in any workarea where hazardous materials are present. Yoursupervisor should inform you where the SDSs arelocated and who is responsible for keeping themup-to-date.Read the SDS for each chemical you are using and payspecial attention to the fire, health, and safety risksections. You should also consult your company’sPersonal Protective Equipment (PPE) policy for furtherinformation on how to best protect yourself.Hazardous chemical distributors are required toprovide an SDS upon request. If you cannot find an SDSfor a certain chemical, inform your supervisorimmediately so the missing document can be obtained.HOW TO READ AND UNDERSTANDAN SDSAlthough each SDS may look a bit different, they mustprovide the same information. An SDS must explain, inEnglish, how to safely use, handle, and store ahazardous chemical. Other important safetyinformation is provided on an SDS to protect you andthe people around you. This knowledge can also savevaluable time in the event of an accident or incident.To ensure your safety, it is important to know andunderstand all of the sections of an SDS prior toworking with any hazardous chemical. Let’s revieweach section of an SDS in detail. All SDSs will containthe same basic sections.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

Lesson 2. Safety Data Sheets 9SECTION 1: CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATIONThis section identifies the chemical on the SDS as well as the recommended uses. It also provides the essential contactinformation of the supplier. The required information consist of:nProduct identifier used on the label and any other common names or synonyms by which the substance is known.nThe name, address, phone number of the manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party, and emergency phonenumber.nRecommended use of the chemical (e.g., a brief description of what it actually does, such as flame retardant) andany restrictions on its use (including recommendations given by the supplier).Note: Chemical, as defined in the HCS, is any substance or mixture of substances.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

10OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness TrainingSECTION 2: HAZARD(S) IDENTIFICATIONThis section identifies the hazards of the chemical presented on the SDS and the appropriate warning informationassociated with those hazards. The required information consists of:nThe hazard classification of the chemical (e.g., flammable gas, category).nSignal word.nHazard statement(s).nPictograms (the pictograms or hazard symbols may be presented as graphical reproductions of the symbols inblack and white or be a description of the name of the symbol (e.g., skull and crossbones, flame).nPrecautionary statement(s). Note: The precautionary statement on an SDS will be the same statement found on alabel under the new HCS.nDescription of any hazards not otherwise classified.nFor a mixture that contains an ingredient(s) with unknown toxicity, a statement how much (percentage) of themixture consists of ingredient(s) with unknown acute toxicity. This is a total percentage of the mixture and not tiedto the individual ingredient(s).GHS Compliant Pictograms with DescriptionsOSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

Lesson 2. Safety Data Sheets 11SECTION 3: COMPOSITION AND INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTSThis section identifies the ingredient(s) contained in the product indicated on the SDS, including impurities and stabilizingadditives. This section includes information on substances, mixtures, and all chemicals where a trade secret is claimed.The required information consists of:nChemical name.nCommon name and synonyms.nChemical Abstracts Service (CAS) number and other unique identifiers.nImpurities and stabilizing additives, which are themselves classified and which contribute to the classification ofthe chemical.Mixturesn Same information required for substances.nThe chemical name and concentration (i.e., exact percentage) of all ingredients which are classified as healthhazards and are: A trade secret claim is made. There is batch-to-batch variation.ornThe SDS is used for a group of substantially similar mixtures.NOTE: If “Trade Secret” appears on an SDS, it means the manufacturer is exercising their right to avoid releasing sensitiveproduct information. However, in an emergency, this information must be provided immediately to your company,emergency responders, or any healthcare professionals involved.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

12OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness TrainingSECTION 4: FIRST AID MEASURESThis section describes the initial care that should be given by untrained responders to an individual who has beenexposed to the chemical. The required information consists of:nNecessary first-aid instructions by relevant routes of exposure (inhalation, skin and eye contact, and ingestion).nDescription of the most important symptoms or effects, and any symptoms that are acute or delayed.nRecommendations for immediate medical care and special treatment, when necessary.Different hazardous chemicals will require different emergency and first aid procedures if overexposedor ingested. Read this section for any hazardous chemicals you work with or may be exposed to.NOTE: If your physician requires information about the chemicals you are or may be exposed to, you should provide himor her with the SDS for those chemicals.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

Lesson 2. Safety Data Sheets 13SECTION 5: FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURESThis section provides recommendations for fighting a fire caused by the chemical. The required information consists of:nRecommendations of suitable extinguishing equipment, and information about extinguishing equipment that is notappropriate for a particular situation.nAdvice on specific hazards that develop from the chemical during the fire, such as any hazardous combustionproducts created when the chemical burns.nRecommendations on special protective equipment or precautions for firefighters.Remember, fire-fighting techniques are important even if a hazardous chemical is not directly involved. It is always criticalto stop fires from spreading to sensitive storage and staging areas.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

14OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness TrainingSECTION 6: ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURESThis section provides recommendations on the appropriate response to spills, leaks, or releases, including containmentand cleanup practices to prevent or minimize exposure to people, properties, or the environment. It may also includerecommendations distinguishing between responses for large and small spills where the spill volume has a significantimpact on the hazard. The required information may consist of recommendations for:nUse of personal precautions (such as removal of ignition sources or providing sufficient ventilation) and protectiveequipment to prevent the contamination of skin, eyes, and clothing.nEmergency procedures, including instructions for evacuations, consulting experts when needed, and appropriateprotective clothing.nMethods and materials used for containment (e.g., covering the drains and capping procedures).nCleanup procedures (e.g., appropriate techniques for neutralization, decontamination, cleaning or vacuuming;absorbent materials; and/or equipment required for containment/clean up).OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

Lesson 2. Safety Data Sheets 15SECTION 7: HANDLING AND STORAGEThis section provides guidance on the safe handling practices and conditions for the safe storage of chemicals. Therequired information consists of:nPrecautions for safe handling, including recommendations for handling incompatible chemicals, minimizing therelease of the chemical into the environment, and providing advice on general hygiene practices (e.g., eating,drinking, smoking in work areas is prohibited).nRecommendations on the condition for safe storage, including any incompatibilities. Provide advice on specificstorage requirements (e.g., ventilation requirements).Because many workplaces have different storage considerations and hazards on site, be sure to read yourcompany-specific SDS for the chemical you will be working with.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

16OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness TrainingSECTION 8: EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTIONThis section indicates the exposure limits, engineering controls, and personal protective measures that can be used tominimize worker exposure. The required information consists of:nOSHA Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs), American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)Threshold Limit Values (TLVs), and any other exposure limit used or recommended by the chemical manufacturer,importer, or employer preparing the safety data sheet, where available.nAppropriate engineering controls (e.g., use local exhaust ventilation, or use only in an enclosed system).nRecommendations for personal protective measures to prevent illness or injury from exposure to chemicals, suchas personal protective equipment (PPE) (e.g., appropriate types of eye, face, skin or respiratory protection neededbased on hazards and potential exposure).nAny special requirements for PPE, protective clothing or respirators (e.g., type of glove material, such as PVC ornitrile rubber gloves; and breakthrough time of the glove material).Wear appropriate PPE to protect yourself when working with chemicals that present health hazards. You must makesure you take proper precautions at all times when working with hazardous chemicals in order to protect yourselffrom exposure.More information about PPE can be found elsewhere in this training program. In addition, you should always consultyour company’s PPE policy for any further instructions.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

Lesson 2. Safety Data Sheets 17SECTION 9: PHYSICAL ANDCHEMICAL PROPERTIESThis section identifies physical and chemicalproperties associated with the substance or mixture.The minimum required information consists of:nAppearance (physical state, color, etc.)nEvaporation ratenUpper/lower flammability or explosive limitsnFlammability (solid, gas)nOdornUpper/lower flammability or explosive limitsnVapor pressurenVapor pressurenOdor thresholdnVapor densitynVapor densitynRelative densitynpHnSolubility(ies)nRelative densitynPartition coefficient: n-octanol/waternMelting point/freezing pointnAuto-ignition temperaturernSolubility(ies)nDecomposition temperaturenInitial boiling point and boiling rangenViscositynFlash pointThe SDS may not contain every item on the abovelist because information may not be relevant oris not available. When this occurs, a notation to thateffect must be made for that chemical property.Manufacturers may also add other relevantproperties, such as the dust deflagration index (Kst)for combustible dust, used to evaluate a dust’sexplosive potential.It is important to always know the physical andchemical properties of all hazardous chemicals withwhich you work.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

18OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness TrainingSECTION 10: STABILITY AND REACTIVITYThis section describes the reactivity hazards of the chemical and the chemical stability information. This section is brokeninto three parts: reactivity, chemical stability, and other. The required information consists of:nReactivity: Description of the specific test data for the chemical(s). This data can be for a class or family of thechemical if such data adequately represent the anticipated hazard of the chemical(s), where available.nChemical stability: Indication of whether the chemical is stable or unstable under normal ambient temperatureand conditions while in storage and being handled.Description of any stabilizers that may be needed to maintain chemical stability.Indication of any safety issues that may arise should the product change in physical appearance.nOther: Indication of the possibility of hazardous reactions, including a statement whether the chemical will react orpolymerize, which could release excess pressure or heat, or create other hazardous conditions. Also, a descriptionof the conditions under which hazardous reactions may occur.nList of all conditions that should be avoided (e.g., static discharge, shock, vibrations, or environmental conditionsthat may lead to hazardous conditions).nList of all classes of incompatible materials (e.g., classes of chemicals or specific substances) with which thechemical could react to produce a hazardous situation.nList of any known or anticipated hazardous decomposition products that could be produced because of use,storage, or heating. (Hazardous combustion products should also be included in Section 5 (Fire-Fighting Measures)of the SDS.)OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

Lesson 2. Safety Data Sheets 19SECTION 11: TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATIONThis section identifies toxicological and health effects information or indicates that such data are not available. Therequired information consists of:nInformation on the likely routes of exposure (inhalation, ingestion, skin and eye contact). The SDS should indicate ifthe information is unknown.nDescription of the delayed, immediate, or chronic effects from short- and long-term exposure.nThe numerical measures of toxicity (e.g., acute toxicity estimates such as the LD50 (median lethal dose)) - theestimated amount [of a substance] expected to kill 50% of test animals in a single dose.nDescription of the symptoms. This description includes the symptoms associated with exposure to the chemicalincluding symptoms from the lowest to the most severe exposure.nIndication of whether the chemical is listed in the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Report on Carcinogens (latestedition) or has been found to be a potential carcinogen in the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)Monographs (latest editions) or found to be a potential carcinogen by OSHA.OSHA & DOT TRAINING PROGRAM

20OSHA Hazard Communication Awareness TrainingSection 12: Ecological Information (non-mandatory by OSHA)This section provides information to evaluate the environmental impact of the chemical(s) if it were released to theenvironment.Section 13: Disposal Considerations (non-mandatory)This section provides guidance on proper disposal practices, recycling or reclamation of the chemical(s) or its container,and safe handling practices. To minimize exposure, this section should also refer the reader to Section 8 (ExposureControls/Personal Protection) of the SDS.Section 14: Transport Information (non-mandatory)This section provides guidance on classification information for shipping and transporting of hazardous chemical(s) byroad, air, rail, or sea.Section 15: Regulatory Information (non-mandatory)This section identifies the safety, health, and environmental regulations specific for the product that is not indicatedanywhere else on the SDS.Section 16: Other Information.This section indicates when the SDS was prepared or when the last known revision was mad

4 OSHA HAzArd COmmuniCATiOn Aw AreneSS TrAining OSHA dOT TrAining PrOgrAm DEFINING CHEMICAL HAZARDS According to OSHA, a chemical classified as hazardous must have a physical or health hazard associated with its use. Here is how the two hazards are defined: Physical Hazard A physical hazard results from a chemical’s physical

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