English Phonetics: An E-course Offered At Kasetsart .

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English Phonetics:An e-course offered at Kasetsart UniversityApiluck TumtavitikulLinguistics Dept., KUA. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

E-learning: What is it?“pedagogy empowered by digital technology”Nichols (2008)A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

E-learningModality-independent is educational-modal independentWith technology can be either offline or online education or a mix of both only that itutilizes digital technology as tools to achieve the educational goals.On/off classroom can be any type in the spectrum of education with digital technologyfrom classroom instruction with digital aids to a pure online courseA. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

E-learning paradigm(Lui and Hwang 2009)“conventionale-learning”- networkedcomputers- internet“m-learning”“u-learning”- internet- wireless- mobile devices- wireless- mobiledevices- RadioFrequencyIdentificationDevices (RFID)A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

In this perspective, the EnglishPhonetics course offered at KU is- a mixed-mode and blended coursewith both offline and onlinecontents and practicums that utilizeboth offline and online technologies.-The course is supported by theM@xLearn Program-- an LMS.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

Educationalphilosophyto provide a basic pronunciation/spokenEnglish course with phonetic contents- standard internationally- enhanced by instructional methodsthat are up-to-date technologically-student-centered pedagogically thatwill enhance self-access learningleading to life-long learning forself-developmentA. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

The course is designed-to be in accordance with the currentHigher Education Development Plan(the Commission of Higher Education2008) (http://www.mua.go.th).A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

Commission of Higher Education,in the 15-year long term plan (2008)addresses the issues of:-inadequacies of classroom-based education andmonologue teaching-the need for improvement of the quality ofeducationand advocates for-innovation in teaching-Liberal Arts education to prepare graduates forcompetitiveness in the post-modern world-communication skills in multi-lingual and multicultural society-IT for mobile and mass learning as well aslifelong learning-quality of educationA. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 20098

The course is also designedto be in accordance with K Upolicies of-internationalization-academic excellence- student-centered andragogy(as opposed to instructor-centeredwhich is mono-directional).A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

and in agreeent with Government’s Policies:A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 200910

In this regard, the English Phoneticscourse is in agreement with:Government Policies( on social and quality of life)on Human development (www.thaigov.go.th/)Commission of Higher Education policieson Human development (www.mua.go.th)Kasetsart University policieson Human development (www.ku.ac.th/eng2008/sarn PR.html)A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

Linguistic MotivationL2 Learning: learning English sound and speechproduction as a second/foreign language in a formalsetting at tertiary education level can be mosteffective through a carefully designed curriculumwhich incorporates both theoretical and practicalarticulatory as well as acoustic phonetics, beginningfrom single sound production of consonants andvowels to prosody in connected speech.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

Moreover, digital technologiesare recognized as the best tools infacilitating individual students inlanguage production practicesthrough both offline and onlineinteractive learning.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

-Textbook:Ladefoged (2006), A Course in Phonetics,(available in Thai version)-Website (for interactive learning):UCLA.-Supplementary reading and interactive lessons:Academic websites around the world, e.g.,U. of Arizona, USA, Macquarie U., Australia,Otago U., New Zealand, Stuttgart U., Germany,etc.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

-Lectures:on-campus, in classroom environments viadesktop/laptop computer on projected screenand/or via controlled intra-lab network onindividual computer screen.-Teaching materials:are integrated with live demonstrations ofsound/speech production and acoustic correlationusing IPA-Help program and speech analysis tools,(free download from http://www.sil.org )A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

-Access to e-course:is restricted to students registered forthe course. No pre-requisite. It welcomes all.Alumni of the course are given permission toaccess the course.-LMS: KU M@xLearn platformcourse materials, homework, classwork,linkages, news, course calendar, etc. are posted.The e-course provides a platform for instructorstudents and students-students interaction.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

Course oultineThe weekly lecture topics and activitiesoutlined for the 15-week English Phoneticscourse offered at KU. (Course syllabus anddetails of the Performing exercises areavailable athttp://pirun.ku.ac.th/ fhumalt/372101/p 372101.htm)A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 200918

-Each student is required to do a digitalsound recording of one's own Englishpronunciation on a list of test-items at thebeginning of the course. This is to establishwhere one is in his/her English pronunciation.-Along the 15-week course, the recordingis to be used for comparison to evaluate eachstudent's progress.-The topics covered are on par with the(English) Phonetics courses offered in theuniversities elsewhere around the world withextra topics on Phonetic Based English-to-ThaiTransliterations. A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 200920

A comparison of the topics coveredin the English Phonetics course offeredat KU with undergraduate phoneticscourse(s) offered at world top rankinguniversities shows that the topicscovered in the course offered at KU iscomparable to the course(s) offeredelsewhere in top universities. (names ofthe courses may differ).A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

One main difference between a purePhonetics course and a course that aimsat teaching pronunciation/speechproduction in a second/foreign language,e.g., English, is that the later isapplied phonetics.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

The English Phonetics course at KUtherefore does not cover topics such aslanguage disorders, acquisition andperception/recognition. Selfassessment and correction as well asAcoustics are integrated in lectures andpracticums throughout the course.Speech analysis tools are used for selfcorrection.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

- Students do have a glimpse of how phonetic/phonological rule-based synthesizers work andare given the challenge to outperform thecomputers!- Students are also given opportunities toself-monitor their own production with digitalaids throughout the course.- The extra topic on phonetic basedtransliteration offered at KU is a practicaltopic that is useful in everyday life for a Thaiin the globalized post-modern world, and istherefore, added to the curriculum.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

One crucial point is that the courses offeredat all universities surveyed and cited/linked inthe performing exercises (cf.table 1) andadditional assignments in the M@xLearn platforminclude instrumental studies. In this regard, thestate-of-the art of phonetics studies is inclusivelye-learning.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

Feedback from students isprovided by an online evaluation programimplemented by the university. Studentsanswer a standard questionaire for each coursetaken in the current semester on a voluntarybasis. The evaluation on the course offered forthe past few years has been very satisfactory.On a scale of 1-5, from the least-to-mostsatisfactory, the scores have been asfollows:A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

Feedback from studentsA. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 200927

Students’ satisfaction and grades do notimply excellent proficiency in Englishpronunciation and speech, however.How much improvement one has hadthroughout the course depends on severalfactors; where one started out at the beginningof the course, how much effort one has put intolearning and practicing and other individualfactors, etc.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

But what is ensured is that students who havetaken the course have a good foundation forEnglish pronunciation and speech production.They have resources for self-access learningfor the improvement of their own spokenEnglish. Their English proficiency increaseswith time as they continue their practice anduse of the language. They are given the toolsfor lifelong learning.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

What is guaranteed is that thestudents have finished the coursebetter off in their own Englishproduction and are equipped withknowledge of what spoken English is,how it is produced, why it sounds as itis, where the variants occur, whospeaks what varieties.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

These will bring them into anawareness of their own speech aswell as of the same but differentlanguages of English as they engage ina conversation with either a nativespeaker or one who speaks English asa second/foreign language.It prepares them to engage inEnglish as an international languagein the post-modern world.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 200931

How can the course be accessible fora wider audience?The English Phonetics e-course at KU is notpossible without the excellent facilitiessupported by the university; the LearningManagement System (LMS), evaluation system,webmail system, high speed internet andwireless access, computer lab with intra-labmini-LMS, classrooms that are well equippedwith digital technologies, etc.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

At present, the course is restricted toKU students.However, with MOU betweeninstitutions, it is not impossible forstudents from other universities toregister for the course.This is an open issue that has to bedealt with between universityadministrations.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

How can similar courses be developed forThai students and teachers of Englishlanguage/linguistics nationwide?Similar courses are possible to be implementedat individual universities or networkuniversities provided that there is a goodsupport system, or at least a good (high speed)internet access. This is also an open issue thathas to be decided upon at higher leveladministrations.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

A Proposal for CollaborationThe 15-year Higher EducationDevelopment Plan (2008-2022) aims at higherquality of higher education systemproducing:“graduates of quality, capable of life long workand adjustment” filled with “knowledge and innovation”prepared for “the country’s global competitiveness andsustainable development”.(Comission of Higher Education 2008:9).A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

For graduates of quality, preparedfor a globalized world community,English language proficiency isinarguably neccesary.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

One of the CHE ‘s strategic plans toachieve higher quality of education isto have Universities as catalysts forinformatization of Thailand through ICT.One of the tasks for universities inthis role is to implement e-Education, toestablish life-long learning educationwhich is learners-centered with quality(Comission of Higher Education 2008:22).A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

To adhere to the King’s “SufficiencyEconomy”, optimization of resources;personel, equipment, monetary fund, etc.must be kept underlying any decisionmaking in the higher educational systemto achieve the educational goals in thislong term plan.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

It is therefore, proposed that:- A collaboration be made between highereducational institutions that visualize theimplementation of such English language/lingustics courses- The availability of the state-of-the-arttechnologies, most importantly ICT, becooperatively and maximally utilized inHigher Education for human development.A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

Thank you.email: fhumalt@ku.ac.thwebsite: pirun.ku.ac.th/ fhumaltA. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009

-Textbook: Ladefoged (2006), A Course in Phonetics, (available in Thai version) -Website (for interactive learning): UCLA.-Supplementary reading and interactive lessons: Academic websites around the world, e.g., U. of Arizona, USA, Macquarie U., Australia, Otago U., New Zealand, Stuttgart U., Germany, etc. A. Tumtavitikul, SWU, Aug. 2009-Lectures: on-campus, in classroom environments via .

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