Cultivating Character Farmer To Icon - EIU

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Abraham Lincoln Cultivating Character:from Farmer to American Iconby Sharon WrightStudents explore and analyze primary source images anddocuments, peer interviews and Lincoln realia to create acollection of Readers’ Response projects.Each project will include a written analysis containing a title page, adiorama of an event from Lincoln’s life, and a Venn diagramcomparing and contrasting their personal experiences with eventsfrom Lincoln’s youth. Primary sources offer a glimpse at a particular time or event thatmay show a unique perspective.--- -----------------------------------Subject:Social Studies/U.S. History/ Language ArtsTime Required:Five 40 minute class periods,Two 40 minute computer lab sessionsGrade Range:5-8Understanding Goal:How can primary sources help us make a personalconnection to events from Lincoln’s early life?Investigative orEssential Question:How can primary sources help us make a personalconnection to events from Lincoln’s early life?

Materials Purpose ofThe primary sources help students broaden theirLibrary of Congress Items: perspectives gather insights and make personal connectionsabout formative events in Lincoln’s life.Library of Congress Items: Bibliographical Information attached.Additional Materials: Project Overview (attached) Venn Diagram Form (attached) Diorama Rubric 8.jpgCultivating Character Farmer to IconCultivating Character PowerPoint (attached)2

Required Vocabulary:Compare/contrast, cultivate, character, icon, Venndiagram, vocabulary relevant to content areas (SocialStudies, History)Prior Content Knowledge: In addition to knowledge of how to analyze primary sources,students will need to know a general knowledge ofAbraham Lincoln and his impact on the Americanexperience. (President, assassinated, emancipation ofslaves, Civil War, penny)Technology Skills:Basic computer skills and internet searching nois Learning Standards: 1234516171826For information on specific Illinois Learning Standards go to www.isbe.state.il.us/ils/ Actions Description of Teacher Actions:Activating Prior Knowledge or Anticipatory Set1. Create a semantic web about Abraham Lincoln on thewhite board.2. Model how topics can be organized into categories.3. Discuss analysis of primary sources.4. Preview the Reader’s Response Project activities.Student Investigative Activities1. Read and analyze the formative events from Abe Lincoln’slife. Select and print a slide or slides for the Response Project.2. The slides include images of letters, written materials, andinterviews and Lincoln realia.Cultivating Character Farmer to Icon3

3. Discuss the implications of the slides on a personal level.This uses a Venn diagram to model teacher connection toone of the events. Model / discuss how the personalconnection can be translated into a collection of learningprojects.1. Write an essay (narrative, expository, or persuasive style)responding to one or more of the Power Point slides. Thisincludes a title page.2. Create a Venn diagram comparing his/her own life to oneor more events from Lincoln’s early years.3. Create a diorama depicting a scene from Lincoln’sformative years.4. Present the collections of learning projects to peersBest Instructional Practices:Teaching for UnderstandingStudents create a diorama about an event from Lincoln’slife they confirmed and revealed their understanding of thecontent.Differentiated InstructionWriting in response to a slide (or slides), students discovereda personal connection to Abraham Lincoln.Technology IntegrationStudents access presentation using computer literacy skills ofaccessing information and selecting page to print forreference.Literacy InstructionPresenting Reader’s Response projects to peers allowsstudents to practice oral presentation skills.Creating a Venn Diagram required students to read forinformation, make judgments, and draw conclusions.Students access and investigate “Cultivating Character” toread for information, make judgments, and drawconclusionsCultivating Character Farmer to Icon4

---------------------------------------Library of Congress ResourcesTitle:Abraham Lincoln: President-electCollection or ExhibitPrints and PhotographsMedia r?pp/ils:@filreq(@field(NUMBER @band(cph 3a18217)) @field(COLLID cph))Title:Abraham Lincoln, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing frontCollection or Exhibit Prints and PhotographsMedia r?pp/ils:@filreq(@field(NUMBER @band(cph 3a14822)) @field(COLLID dag))Title:Abraham Lincoln to Jesse W. Fell, Tuesday, December20, 1859Collection or ExhibitAbraham Lincoln PapersMedia Type:Unpublished d mal&fileName mal1/021/0216600/malpage.db&recNum 0Title:English Grammar in Familiar LecturesCollection or ExhibitExhibitsMedia Type:Published s/at0107 8s.jpgTitle:Abraham Lincoln, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing frontCollection or ExhibitBy Popular Demand:Portraits of Presidents and First Ladies, 1789-PresentMedia ammem/presp:@field(NUMBER @band(cph 3a53289))Title:Mrs. Abraham Lincoln, full-length portrait, standing, facing left, near tableCollection or ExhibitBy Popular Demand: Portraits of Presidents and First Ladies, 1789-PresentMedia ammem/presp:@field(NUMBER @band(cph 3a08038))Title:A photograph of the President and Thomas (Tad) made by Mathew B. BradyCollection or ExhibitBy Popular Demand: Portraits of Presidents and First Ladies, 1789-PresentMedia ammem/presp:@field(NUMBER @band(cph 3a14279))Cultivating Character Farmer to Icon5

Title:Abraham Lincoln, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing rightCollection or Exhibit By Popular Demand: Portraits of Presidents and First Ladies, 1789PresentMedia ammem/presp:@field(NUMBER @band(ppmsc 00052))Title:Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln to Caleb B. Smith, Friday, May 31, 1861Collection or Exhibit Lincoln PapersMedia Type:Unpublished TextURLhttp://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId mal&fileName mal3/434/4343900/malpage.db&recNum 0Title:Willie Lincoln, third son of President Lincoln. Died February 20, 1862 at the age of 3Collection or Exhibit Prints and PhotographsMedia ?pp/ils:@filreq(@field(NUMBER @band(cph 3c11451)) @field(COLLID cph))Title:Lincoln taking the oath at his second inauguration, March 4, 1865Collection or Exhibit I Do Solemnly Swear Presidential InaugurationsMedia ammem/pin:@field(NUMBER @band(cph 3a06250))Title:Page of Abraham Lincoln’s student sum book, ca. 1824-26Collection or Exhibit Words and Deeds in American HistoryMedia Type:Published mcc:@field(DOCID @lit(mcc/022))Title:The Ford Theatre Lincoln assassination play-bill, Friday evening April 14, 1865Collection or Exhibit An American Time CapsuleMedia Type:Published /rbpebib:@field(NUMBER @band(rbpe 2040580a))Title:Abraham Lincoln birthplace, Hodgenville, Larue County, KYCollection or ExhibitBuilt in AmericaMedia ammem/hh:@field(DOCID @lit(KY0095)Cultivating Character Farmer to Icon6

Title:Page from Abraham Lincoln’s sum bookCollection or ExhibitFirst American West: The Ohio River Valley 1750-1820Media Type:Published fawbib:@field(DOCID @lit(bmc0217))Title:Robert LincolnCollection or ExhibitMedia Type:URLPrints and y/i?pp/brhc:@field (NUMBER @band(cwpbh 04802)):didsplayType 1:m856sd cwpbh:m856sf 04802Title:Abraham Lincoln, (May-June 1860) (Autobiographical Notes; copy in hand of John G. NicolayCollection or ExhibitAbraham Lincoln PapersMedia Type:Unpublished TextURLhttp://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId mal&fileName mal1/032/0323000/malpage.db&recNum 0Title:Hannah Armstong to Abraham Lincoln, Thursday, May 19, 1864Collection or ExhibitAbraham Lincoln PapersMedia Type:Unpublished TextURLhttp://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId mal&fileName mal1/331/3316400/malpage.db&recNum 0Title:Abraham Lincoln to Albert G. Hodges, Monday, April 04, 1864(Lincoln’s position on slavery)Collection or ExhibitAbraham Lincoln PapersMedia Type:Unpublished TextURLhttp://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId mal&fileName mal1/320/3207700/malpage.db&recNum 0Cultivating Character Farmer to Icon7

Abraham Lincoln ProjectAfter viewing a PowerPoint themed, “Cultivating Character: From Farmer to AmericanIcon,” you will need to create a collection of Reader’s Responses.1. Print off one or more of the Power Point slides that you think will best directyour activities.2. Make a Venn Diagram to Compare (what you have in common) andContrast (what is different) between your life and Abraham Lincoln’s. Be sure toget two copies of the Venn diagram paper. Use one for your rough draft, andthe second one for your Final Copy.(10 POINTS)3. Design and construct a Diorama to explain one of the important events fromAbraham Lincoln’s life. Be sure to follow the diorama directions carefully.Include a well-planned scene, the title, and the caption card that explains thescene and why you chose it.(40 POINTS)4. Write an Essay that tells what you have learned about Abraham Lincoln. Youmay choose what style of writing from the following: expository (facts about his early life) narrative (a story about one or two events) persuasive (explains which event was most important)If you have another great idea, make sure you check with me to get myapproval.Be creative! This is your chance to impress me with what you have learned!(50 POINTS)Venn diagramDioramaEssayTOTALCultivating Character Farmer to Icon10 points40 points50 points100 points8

Cultivating Character Farmer to Icon9

Diorama ProjectA diorama is a three dimensional scene from a book, play, or other source. It iseasiest to use a small box such as a shoe box or cereal box.First, select your scene and plan it out on a piece of paper. Make sure youremember to include all of the required elements, including the background andcaption/explanation card.Second, begin making articles for your scene. These may be hand drawn/made,pictures from magazines, computer generated, or any other appropriate model. Keepin mind that the articles must be close to scale, the correct size compared to the rest ofthe scene. Your diorama will not look right if the shoe is bigger than the tree it is next to!Third, begin decorating the scene. Glue in the appropriate background, andthen arrange the other items for the best look. When you are happy with the placementof the items, glue them carefully in place.Last, complete a final copy caption card that tells the title of your scene andexplains why that scene is important to your project. You might even tell why you chosethat particular scene. Be sure to attach the caption card carefully to the outside of thebox where your audience is sure to see it.BONUS POINTS can be earned by appropriately decorating the outside of the box.DIORAMA RUBRICPossible score 10 points5 points0 pointsRequired elements Backgroundsceneryappropriate totime periodSome scenery fits timeAll scenery fits time period period, some out ofsyncNo scenery evident;Scene does not fit timeperiodModels/itemsexplain theselected event5 or more items/models to 1-4 items/models torepresent the scenerepresent the sceneNo items/modelsevidentCaption card tellstitle and explainsthe sceneCaption card tells title,explains the importanceof the scene; correctconventionsIncomplete descriptionof scene; does notNo caption cardexplain importancepresentof the event; manyerrors in conventionsNeatness evidentwith an attractivedesignItems in scale with neat,attractive designSome items out ofscale; neatness not tograde levelCultivating Character Farmer to IconPoorly constructed,sloppy work not toability10

PowerPointThe InteriorCultivatingCharacterFrom Farmer to American IconClick the down arrow to change the slide or add information.1was mainly one room with a loft area for sleeping. All of the family activities such ascooking, washing, and preparing yarn on the Spinning Jenny happened there. On SundaysAbe and his sister Sarah read the Bible out loud to their parents.6Young AbeWhat it meansCultivate- to make grow; to groom; to makesomething or someone improve; tostrengthen or make strongerCharacterIcon-the condition where good values areshown; having strong morals; to showdeep belief in doing what is right-a person who becomes a symbol; onewho sets the standard of behavior;famous person throughout the world27Abraham LincolnIn schoolwas born into a poor family in Kentucky, but became one of the most famousfigures in American history. Abraham Lincoln lived through much difficulty, butovercame all odds to have influence over the entire world.3We know him as a famous person who:1. Became President of the United States.2. Emancipated (freed) many of the slaves in America.3. Was famous for being honest .4. Fought to keep the United States together duringthe Civil War.5. Was assassinated in a theatre.6. Can be seen on the U.S. penny.But what events in his life formed his character?What things made him the great man he was?Are there events from his past that give us aglimpse of who Abraham Lincolnwas as a person?was veryseldom in schooland taughthimself to readand write. Oftenhe would readby the light ofthe fire andpractice writing.When he had nopencil andpaper, Abecompleted hiswork withcharcoal and aflat shovel.Abe learned how tomultiply numbers andsolve word problems.Although he only wentto school “by littles” hewas an excellentstudent. He alwaysstudied everything hecould get his hands on,and was often seenreading instead ofworking at his chores.8Abe evenAbe Lincoln wasborn in a log cabin inHodgenville, Kentucky onFebruary 12, 1809, thesecond child of Thomasand Nancy HanksLincoln. Life was veryhard for pioneers whowere living in thefrontier.had to writeexplanations abouthow he solved wordproblems. In this essayhe had to explain howto use numbers in aproportion to find amissing number.94Abe learnedLincoln’s Log Cabinhow to measureaccurately and to convertnumbers from onemeasurement to another.This mathematical skillwould come in veryhandy later in life whenhe was a clerk in a store,a land surveyor, and asthe post master of thepost office in New Salem,Illinois.He also wrote a shortpoem about himself:5was built of logs cut and prepared by Abe’s father, Thomas. Like all pioneerchildren, Abe and Sarah worked hard every day to help their family build their farm.Abe became very skilled at using an ax and working with wood. His skill with an axgave him the nickname of “rail splitter.”Cultivating Character Farmer to Icon10“Abraham LincolnHis hand and pen,He will be good,But God knowswhen.”11

In the Winter of Big SnowManyneighborsmany pioneer familiesfroze or starved to deathduring the Winter of 18301831. Abe’s family hadmoved to central Illinois, andlike other Illinois families,were snowbound for weeks.Abe had to trudge throughdeep drifts to get food for hisfamily. When he fell throughthe ice, his feet almost frozebefore he got to a neighbor’s.They saved his feet fromfrostbite, so he was able toreturn home with the neededsupplies.were illiterate, not ableto read or write, so Abekindly helped them bywriting letters for them or byreading their mail to them.“There were someschools, so called; but noqualification was everrequired of a teacher, beyondthe readin’, writin’, andcipherin’ to the Rule of Three--If a straggler supposed tounderstand Latin, happenedto sojourn in theneighborhood, he was lookedupon as a wizard.”1611LincolntraveledYoung Abrahamdown theMississippi Riveron a flat boat tosell the owner’sgoods at market.In New Orleans hesaw a slaveauction. Later hewrote a friend, “Ifslavery is notwrong, thennothing is wrong.”showed kindness forstrangers too. Once he helpeda traveling soldier by giving himfood.“I had been fishingone day and caught a little fishwhich I was taking home. Imet a soldier on the road, and,having been always told athome that we must be kind tosoldiers, I gave him my fish.”1217When Abewas 9his motherNancy Hanks Lincoln diedof the milk sickness.Because it was a droughtyear, there was very littlefood for the farm animals.The cows were foraging inthe fields and had eatenleaves of the white snakeroot plant. The poisons inthe plant got into the milkand made Nancy die at ayoung age. Abe and hissister Sarah weredevastated by their loss.13As a young manAbe moved to NewSalem, Illinois. He was verypopular among thetownspeople, and was wellknown for telling humorousstories. Once when he wasa clerk in Denton Offutt’sstore, a gang of men knownas the Clary’s Grove boyscame and challenged Abe tofight. Their leader, JackArmstrong could not“whip” Abe unless the restof the gang helped him.Abe earned their respectfor being such a strongwrestler; Armstrong andAbe became lifelongfriends.18During the Blackhawk WarAbe’s fatherAbraham waselected captain of hiscompany. Many of theClary’s Grove boysenlisted with him. Oneday an old Indianwandered into camp,carrying an official letterthat said he wasfriendly. Some of theother soldiers wanted tokill him anyway. CaptainLincoln, backed up bythe Clary’s Grove boys,saved the old man’s life.14Thomas brought home Sarah Bush Johnston to be Abe and his sister Sarah’s newstepmother. She brought three of her own children, Matilda, John, and Elizabeth to thesecond Lincoln home in southern Indiana, and “proved a good and kind mother” to Abe.19HonestAbeNewSalem,Illinoisalways tried to do theright thing. Once heborrowed a book, The Life ofGeorge Washington, fromhis neighbor, JosiahCrawford. It wasaccidentally damaged byrain, so Abe volunteered towork for free to repay hisneighbor. Abe worked forthree days in Josiah’scornfield, then got to keepthe book for himself.2015Cultivating Character Farmer to Iconwas where Abe lived for six years. During that time he met Ann Rutledgeand they became very close. Abe helped Ann improve her education by givingher a grammar book. He wrote in it, “Ann Rutledge is learning her gramm[e]r.”After Ann Rutledge died, Abe was very lonely and sad.12

Abe and MaryAbe read every book he could find.He studied Blackstone’sCommentariesto learn aboutbeing a lawyer. Abe also readplays by Shakespeare, booksabout surveying and law, andcontinued learning aboutgrammar. Abe read fictionalnovels such as Robinson Crusoe,read from the Bible, and enjoyedAesop’s Fables. Some historiansbelieve that the idea for Abe’sfamous “House Divided” speechwas from the Book of Genesis orfrom a fable called, “The Lion andFour Bulls.”had four sons, three ofwhom died in childhood.Only Robert lived toadulthood. Abe and Marywere both distraught overtheir children’s deaths, butstill kept moving forward.Some of the most difficultdecisions Abe had to makewhile in office came whilehe was mourning the deathof one of his children.21Abe with Thomas“Tad” Lincoln26Edward “Eddie” LincolnWilliam “Willie” LincolnAbe became famousMeasurementskillsall over the world when be became our President. He symbolized a partof the American dream that even the son of a simple farmer could, through hardwork and perseverance, make something of himself. His sensible approach topressing topics of the day, his sense of humor, and his easy-going storytelling,endeared Abe to many people.he learned asa young man helpedAbe when he workedas a land surveyornear New Salem,Illinois. Abe becamerespected for hishonesty andaccuracy.22Robert Lincoln27Studying law booksUnfortunately,finally paid off,and Abraham earnedhis license to practicelaw. He moved toSpringfield, Illinoiswhere he became acircuit rider. Everyspring and fallAbraham wouldtravel around severalcounties to assistpioneers who neededhis legal services.When he was alone,he often read a bookas his horse pulledthe buggy to his nextstop.some people feltthat Abe should not bePresident. Theydisagreed with hispolitical views, andblamed him for many ofthe problems of ourcountry. One Aprilevening in 1865 Abe tookMary to see a play, acomedy called, “OurAmerican Cousin,” wherehe was assassinated byan actor named JohnWilkes Booth.2328The Almanac TrialAbrahamLincolnwas the time Abe saved JackArmstrong’s son William “Duff”Armstrong who was accused ofmurder. An eyewitness claimedthat he saw Duff by the light of abright moon. Abraham proved thatthe eyewitness was wrong by usingthe 1857 Almanac to show thatthere was no moon that night.Because Jack and his wife Hannahwere his friends, Abe did not evencharge a fee. Many years later,Hannah Armstrong wrote to Abethanking him and letting him knowthat Duff was doing well as a freeman.24was the 16th President of the United States of America during the CivilWar. He fought to keep our nation together, and emancipated, or freed theslaves. He overcame all odds, including educating himself, so he could reach hisgoals. He is famous for many things, and a glimpse into his childhood shows thathe was destined for greatness.“Whatever you are, be a good one.”29Mary Todd LincolnAbraham Lincolnmet Abraham in Springfield, and became his wife. Soon afterwards Abrahamdecided to run for a political office. Although he lost the Senate race to Stephen A.Douglas, Abraham became famous for his speaking ability. He became well-knownfor speaking the truth in a calm, common sense manner. This reputation helped himget elected as President of the United States in 1860.began life as a child of the frontier. His experiences while growing up made him intoa strong, much admired person.Because Abraham Lincoln is known the world over, he is considered an Americanicon. He is a symbol of the great things about our country. He is a reminder thatanyone can become famous, or important to their times, by working towardstheir goals.Points to PonderWhat events in Abe’s life changed / affected his perspective?Are there lessons he learned as a young man that he used as an adult?Compare and contrast your experiences with one or more of Abe’s. What things doyou have in common? What things are different?25Mary Todd LincolnLincoln being sworn into office30Cultivating Character Farmer to Icon13

Abraham Lincoln Cultivating Character: from Farmer to American Icon by Sharon Wright . Abraham Lincoln Project After viewing a PowerPoint themed, “Cultivating Character: From Farmer to American Icon,” you will need to create a collection of Reader’s Responses. 1. Print off one or more of the Power Point slides that you think will best .

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