A Practical Course In British English Pronunciation FREE .

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A Practical Course inBritish English PronunciationTheSoundofFREESAMPLEChapter 1pdf mp3Englishby Joseph HudsonWritten & Produced at the Pronunciation StudioSelf Study or Classroom Use9 Chapters with Full Answer Key

Index1 Introduction2 How to use the book.3 IPA ChartChapter/Page14 - 15216 - 27328 - 39440 - 51552 - 63664 - 75776 - 87888 - 999SoundsSoundComparisonSpelling & Sound-9 ‘ghoti’ Introduction10 Schwa5-6 Consonants7-8 Vowels17-18 FricativeConsonants19-20 θ vs ð21-22 s Endings29-30 Long Vowels31-32 ɪ vs i:33-34 Silent r 41-42 PlosiveConsonants43-44 Glottal Stopvs /t/45-46 ed Endings53-54 Short Vowels55 /h/ Fricative65-66 ApproximantConsonants67 Weak ə vs ɪ68 Weak ɪ vs i77-80 DiphthongVowel Sounds89-90 NasalConsonants101-102 Affricate100 - 111 1ConsonantsIntroduction2 HowKeyto use the book.112 -130 Answer3 IPA Chart131-132 Glossary-56 h Function57-58 Silent Letters69-70 oo 81-82 o 91-92 ŋ vs ŋg93-94 a 103-104 Long vsShort Vowels105-106Contractions133 Acknowledgements & Further Reading134 About the Author, Voices & School

StructureIntonation11 Function / Content 13 Patterns12 Schwa Function14 UsagePostscript15 IPA23-24 Schwa Function 25-26 Sentence Stress27 HomographsWords& Tonic Syllable35-36 2 SyllableWords37-38 Wh- Questions39 Homophones47-48 3 SyllableWords49-50 Yes/NoQuestions51 Silent Syllables59-60 Joining61-62 Prominence62-63 Verb/NounStress71-72 Vowel Joining73-74 Question Tags75 ‘have’83-84 Compounds85-86 High-fall87 ‘do’95-96 Double StressCompounds97-98 Fall-rise99 ‘are’107-108 Stress Shift109-110 Adverbials111 Phrasal Verbs

How to Use the BookEvery chapter is split into the following sections:- Sounds: how to pronounce vowels and consonants.- Sound Comparison: focus on difficult sounds that are often confusing.- Spelling & Sound: how to turn written English into speech.- Structure: how English joins together and the weak/strong structure.- Intonation: the use of pitch and stress in speech.Most activities come with audio files to practise with. These are indicated with thefollowing symbol in the left margin: 9.3Every page of the course contains up to three parts: NOTES, EXERCISES andDRILLS as follows:NOTES All notes appear in grey boxes like this one. Here you will find the rules and production notes for each section.EXERCISES- Complete the exercises and check your answers with the audio or answer key.- The answer key is found in the back of the book on pages 113-130.DRILLS- Repeat drills regularly with the recording until they become easy to produce.- There is space on the recordings to repeat after each sentence or sound.EXTRA MATERIALS & CLASSES- Many of the exercises in ‘The Sound of English’ have extra practice activities availableto download from our website, visit: www.thesoundofenglish.org- You can also find information about where to study the course with qualified teacherson the website.

IPA ChartIPA is phonetic script, it show us the sounds to pronounce rather than spelling. The script is very useful for improving accuracy in pronunciation. You will learn each sound and its possible spellings on the course.

Chapter 1- ConsonantsSounds-freeVowels*Before beginning, download theaudio pack from www.thesoundofenglish.org// ' \W,,)/:t1fl "16Postscript IPA-PatternsIntonationUsagef .'ll't't'.-Function &StructureContent:.r\-Spelling & ‘ghoti’Sound Schwa /ˈ pɜ:sənli/Answer Key Pages 113-114Before beginning, download your audio pack www.pronunciationlondon.co.ukPronuncaition Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

Consonant Types SoundConsonant sounds are produced by blocking air as it leaves the mouth. This course shows you how to pronounce all 25 consonant sounds of English. Below is an example of each consonant sound - listen and read them.Type of SoundSoundExample 1Example high-tʃchosecatch(plosive followed by fricative)dʒjoystagenasalmmoodcalmnnowturn(air is released through the losive(complete block of air followedby explosion)fricative(constant flow of air “squeezed”through a block, sounds likefriction)affricateapproximant(vowel-like consonant, no fullblock of air ion Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

Consonant Articulation SoundWe use the articulators: tongue, lips, & teeth, to block air. The places where we block air in English are shown below. alveolar ridgevelumlipsteethpalatetongueglottisEXERCISE- Listen to the recording and match the sounds in the boxes with their articulationdiagrams (the first one has been done). The arrows point to the place of /bh/ʔ6.- Check your answers in the answer key on page 112.www.pronunciationlondon.co.ukPronuncaition Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

TheSound EnglishofBook 3CDs - order your copy for 20.00Free UK Delivery & 30 Day Money Back GuaranteeOrder your copy now: http://pronunciationlondon.co.uk/book-3cds/“'The Sound of English' is a unique method whose simplicity will help you, first to unlearn all theaccumulative pronunciation mistakes acquired in the process of learning English as a foreign languageand then teach you - in an easy and practical way - all the tricks you need to know in order to sound likea native speaker. Highly recommended to all of those who want get their command of the Englishlanguage to another dimension.” Javier Pena, Spanish Voice Artist 2013"'The Sound of English' really encapsulates Joe and the Studio’s teaching in the last 6 years. It iseven better structured than the first one ('An English Accent') and although it is more compact insize, it seems to have packed in drills that I did not have the chance to do in class previously."Kay Ng, Cantonese Speaker, 2013www.pronunciationlondon.co.ukPronuncaition Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

Vowels Sounds A neutral English accent has 19 vowel sounds.There are 3 types of English vowel sound - short, long and diphthong.English spelling does not always show us which sound to pronounce.We will learn how to pronounce each individual vowel sound on this course.Type of Sound1.3short(single mouthposition)SoundSpellingsExamplesəa,1 e, o, ualive, the, today, supplyɪithin, sit, richʊu, oo, ouput, look, shouldee, ea, iewent, bread, friendʌu, ofun, love, moneyælong(single mouthposition)diphthong(double mouthposition)2 acat, hand, fanɒo, arob, top, watchi:ee, eaneed, beat, teamu:ew, oo, o efew, boot, loseɜ:ir, ur, worthird, turn, worseɔ:al, aw, or, our, oortalk, law, portɑ:a, al, arglass, half, careɪay, ea, ae, aipay, great, maidɔɪoi, oynoise, toy, choiceaɪie, i e, i, yfine, like, mightəʊo, o e, oano, stone, roadaʊou, owround, how, brownɪəeer, earbeer, hear, steereəare, ere, ea, aicare, there, bearwww.pronunciationlondon.co.ukPronuncaition Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

Vowel Articulation SoundsA vowel sound is made by shaping the mouth as air flows out. Articulators used to shape the mouth are: tongue, lips and jaw. The chart below shows examples of mouth positions in closemidrelaxedmidbackroundedopeni: (keep)ɜ: (bird)ɒ (watch)DRILL- Repeat the following sentences. Notice your jaw opening each time.1.51. Keep this red bag. 2. Who took Paul’s watch?3. The bird runs fast.- Which sentence contains only rounded vowels?www.pronunciationlondon.co.ukPronuncaition Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

Introduction Spelling & Sound- English spelling does not always indicate pronunciation.- It was famously claimed that the word ‘fish’ could be spelt ‘ghoti’ because:-/ ' \W,,)/‘o’ in ‘women’ is pronounced /ɪ/f .'ll't't'.-‘gh’ in ‘enough‘ is pronounced /f/:.r\-1.6‘ti’ in ‘motion’ is pronounced /ʃ/so ‘ghoti’ could be pronounced /fɪʃ/!The ‘Spelling & Sound’ section shows you how to select sounds accurately byinterpreting spelling.l "16 The pronunciation of many English sounds can be predicted by their spelling.:t1f EXERCISE- Each group of words contains an identical spelling.- Circle the word that you think is pronounced differently from the others.1. gooseloose2. noserose3. playedauthor5. paidmaidbut7. none1.7losestopped4. father6. putchooselikedNorthernsaidhutdonegone8. footbookfood9. slownowcow10. wordwork11. watchwallwornwas- Listen and check your answers.www.pronunciationlondon.co.ukPronuncaition Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

Schwa Spelling & Sound- Match the words below with the IPA transcription on the right:IPA Transcriptionaroundˈ mænə6mannerˈ seɪləsailorˈ kæktəscactusəˈ raʊndfe?)x)/1.8Word- Which sound appears in every IPA transcription?1.9 The schwa sound /əә/ can be spelt as a , e , o and u .The schwa is the most common vowel sound in English. The schwa is weak - it can never be stressed. The production of the schwa is neutral: lips, jaw and tongue are relaxedEXERCISE- Every word in the box below contains one schwa sound.- Listen to the recording and underline the schwa in each word.1.10servantbaconpersistpicture commit alivejumper sublime London salad Peru structuresuggest soldier persuade combine balloonterror cushion scripture tighten sofa Russia- Think of any word in English with 3 syllables or more.- How many schwa sounds does it contain? Check in a dictionary.EXAMPLE: ‘conspiracy’ 2 schwa sounds.www.pronunciationlondon.co.ukPronuncaition Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

Function & Content Structure- Listen to the sentence below:“Shall we go for a walk?”1.11- Which words are stressed? Why? Spoken English is divided into function and content words. Function words carry only grammatical meaning, such as:Word Type Examplesprepositions to from for of with byauxiliaries are was do have could would shall canarticles a an thequantifiers some any few allpronouns he she it you I this that Content words carry real meaning such as:Word Type Examplesnouns car wedding James table joyverbs move drink turn enjoy thinkadjectives big interesting quiet slow brightadverbs quickly quietly fortunately often againEXERCISE- In the sentences below, underline the function words:1.121. Can we go for a swim in the sea?2. It’s a beautiful day in the South of England.3. How do you want to pay for this, sir?4. Jessica Smith is required in ‘Arrivals’ immediately.5. When you get to the station, give me a call.6. Would you like some of my carrot cake?www.pronunciationlondon.co.ukPronuncaition Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

TheSound Englishof140 Page E-book 200 mp3 Audio - 15.0030 Day Money Back GuaranteeOrder your copy now: http://pronunciationlondon.co.uk/e-book-audio/"I really like this book. Especially, the examples you use (like the ones on p77for diphthong vowels), very easy to visualize and remember. My congratulations onthis work." Daria, Polish Speaker & English Teacher, 2013"Studying pronunciation on this course book puts the student at ease and provides answersto the many questions a learner may have. Most importantly, the course book offers aremarkably solid structure to a notoriously difficult and changeable subject, i.e. the spokenword”. Arianna Willis, Italian Speaker, 2013"As I expected, very well written. I especially like the drills; very well-thought out. andamusing too. I'm listening to the CDs now. Excellent!" Steve Collins, Author, 2013www.pronunciationlondon.co.ukPronuncaition Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

Schwa Function Words Structure- Read and listen to the passage below, the schwa sound is written in IPA:I’d like təә go shopping fəәr əә pair əәf shoes, bəәt thəәshops əә closed becəәse thəәs əә weathəәr əәlert. əәparrəәntlylots əәf snow is coming in frəәm thəә Highləәnds so thəәgovəәrnməәnt həәv əәdvised peopəәl təә stay əәt home.1.13- Which function words are pronounced with a schwa sound in the passage? Many function words are pronounced with schwa when they are weak.If a function word is stressed, it can not be pronounced with schwa.Function words are always strong when said alone.DRILL- Say the word on the left alone (strong), then say it in the sentence on the right usingthe schwa sound (weak):Word Sentence(STRONG) (WEAK)1.141to /tu:/ I went to work early. /tə/2are /ɑ:/ What are you doing? /ə/3was /wɒz/ Was it warm in Greece? /wəz/4from /frɒm/ This cardʼs from my family. /frəm/5there /ðeə/ There werenʼt enough drinks. /ðə/6can /kæn/ Where can we buy a map? /kən/7her /hɜ:/ Her carʼs broken down. /hə/8for /fɔ:/ Iʼll repeat for the last time! /fə/www.pronunciationlondon.co.ukPronuncaition Studio Ltd 37 Gray's Inn Road WC1X 8PQ0207 4040777 All rights reserved Joseph Hudson 2012

Introduction Intonation- Listen to the following question being answered in three different ways:1.15A Johnny, have you finishedyour homework?1. YesB 2. Yes3. Yes- Which answer (B) means i) maybe ii) definitely iii) why are you asking me? Spoken English uses 3 intonation patterns - fall, fall-rise & rise. Intonation shows us the speaker’s attitude to what they are saying.DRILL- Repeat after the recording:1.161. a) Yes b) Yes c) Yes2. a) No b) No c) NoEXERCISE- Listen to the conversations and circle the answer you hear:1.171. Are you married?Yes 2. Did you enjoy th

English A Practical Course in British English Pronunciation FREE SAMPLE Chapter 1 pdf mp3 Written & Produced at the Pronunciation Studio. 1 Introduction 2 How to use the book. 3 IPA Chart Index 1 Introduction 2 How to use the book. 3 IPA Chart Chapter/ Page Sounds Sound Comparison Spelling & Sound 1 4 - 15 5-6 Consonants 7-8 Vowels -9 ‘ghoti’ Introduction 10 Schwa 2 16 - 27 17-18 .

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