Title: Portal Standards Support In WebSphere Application .

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WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008Title:Portal Standards support in WebSphereApplication Server and WebSphere Portal(JSR 168 / 286, WSRP 1.0 / 2.0)Speaker:Andreas Brunnert (brunnert@de.ibm.com)WebSphere Portal DevelopmentIBM Germany R&D Labs, Boeblingen 2008 IBM

Objectives Learn what‘s new with JSR 286 and WSRP 2.0 Learn what you can do with portlets in WebSphere Application Server Get to know the relationship of the WebSphere Application Serverportlet runtime and WebSphere Portal 6.1 Learn how to implement isolation scenarios using the WebSphereApplication Server WSRP producer222WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Agenda Portlet Standards growth Portlet support in WebSphere Application Server Relationship with WebSphere Portal 6.1 WebSphere Application Server WSRP producer Migrating to WebSphere Portal Outlook Summary333WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Agenda Portlet Standards growth Portlet specification 1.0 (JSR 168) / 2.0 (JSR 286) Webservices for Remote portlets (WSRP) 1.0 / 2.0 Portlet support in WebSphere Application Server Relationship with WebSphere Portal 6.1 WebSphere Application Server WSRP producer Migrating to WebSphere Portal Outlook Summary444WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Scope of the Portlet Specification (JSR 168 / JSR 286) Portlet API and portlet container Contract between the API and the container Deployment unit: portlet application Not: Aggregation, layout management Page personalization and configuration engines Portal administration and configuration.Portlet app #1PortalPortletContainerPortlet APIClientPortet APortet B.Portlet app #NPortet C555WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Scope of Webservices for Remote Portlet (WSRP) Enable the sharing of portlets over the Network with a commoninterface Presentation-oriented WebServices Cross vendor publishing and consuming of applications andcontent (also cross language: .NET, Java ) Pluggable, NO coding required to integrate new services Proxy and stub are coded once or generated automatically No service-specific UI requiredRemote Service (Producer):66.GenericWSRPProxy#NGenericWSRPStub #1SOAP.GenericWSRPStub #NPortlet app #1Portet APortletContainerPortlet APIGenericWSRPProxy#1WSRP APIPortletContainerWSRP APIPortal(Consumer)Portlet APIClientPresentation and Application LayerPortet B.Portlet app #NPortlet C6WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Where do we want to go from 1.0? 1.0 design goal Provide the programming model for standalone, pluggable UIapplication components Portlet communication via common session For portlets bundled into same web application Applies to WSRP 1.0 & Java Portlet API 1.0 (JSR168) 2.0 design goal Define how portlets may be coordinated and react as a whole Allows building composite applications based on portletcomponents Allow for a better user experience using AJAX patterns Portlet communication cross web application / producerboundaries Applies to WSRP 2.0 & Java Portlet API 2.0 (JSR286)777WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Portlet specification 2.0 (JSR 286) – Coordination Features Events A portlet can declare events it wants to receive andevents it wants to emit The portal / portlet container will act as broker anddistribute the events accordingly Allows wiring of portlets at runtime Used for complex data types – action semantic New processEvent lifecycle method Public Render Parameter Extension to the portlet navigational state, managed by thePortal Shares render parameters between portlets Enables portlets to react in a coordinated manner Simple types – no extra lifecycle888WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Portlet specification 2.0 (JSR 286) Resource Serving Primarily an AJAX driven feature to serve any content within thePortlet and have access to the full portlet state at the same time Portlets will not be rendered as markup fragments and thereforecontrol the output stream themeselves New serveResource lifecycle method Extended Request Dispatcher Capabilities: Better support of web frameworks on top of portlets Request dispatching is now allowed for all lifecycle methods No markup can be returned for action / event Request dispatcher forward if now allowed for all lifecyclemethods Delegate to servlets for action handling Delegate to JSP’s for complete markup generation999WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Portlet specification 2.0 (JSR 286) - Miscellaneous Caching New API allows to get and set cache settings Shared cache entries Validation based caching PortletFilter Define filters to intercept the portlet Invocation or the URLcreation Extended runtime Id’s Portlet can now access the portlet window ID at the request PortletURL now accepts a writer CC/PP (JSR 188) support Restricting the custom window states for a given markup Lots of small clarifications and clean up 101010WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WebServices for Remote Portlets (WSRP) 2.0 Aligned with JSR 286 Supports Coordination Features: Eventing Public Render Parameter Supports resource serving . WSRP specific new features: Leasing Improve Producer resource management by providinglifetimes for portlet instances111111WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Agenda Portlet Standards growth Portlet support in WebSphere Application Server Motivation Capabilities Architectural Overview Access Portlets Demo Relationship with WebSphere Portal 6.1 WebSphere Application Server WSRP producer Migrating to WebSphere Portal Outlook Summary121212WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS Portlet Support - Motivation Encourage a consistent Programming model IBM recommendation: Use portlets as UI components Use servlets to implement services Makes this programming model available for single components Easy portlet integration into web applications Same programming model can be used to define businessmashups (aka composite applications) within WebSphere Portal Make the Portlet Programming Model as easy to develop and accessas Servlet Programming Model131313WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS Portlet Support - Capabilities Basic portlet support has been introduced with WAS 6.1 JSR 168 compliant portlet container Two Basic Portals: „Url Addressability“ and the „aggregationTaglib“ Extended support for JSR 286 with WAS 7.0 Manage Portlets and the PortletContainer Using ISC (admin console) as known from servlets and thewebcontainer Access Portlets Direct „URL Addressability“ of portlets Portlets are accessible via URL as known for Servlets http:// host : port / context-root / portlet-name Aggregation of portlets using the „aggr. TagLib“141414WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS Portlet Support - Capabilities Performance Measurement Request Metrics Log all portlet lifecycle invocations Performance Measurement Infrastructure (PMI) Displays average performance indicators for portlets Portlet Caching Leverages Dynacache Defined using cachespec.xml and the portlet.xml cacheconfiguration Fragment Caching Security Define security constraints within the portlet.xml / web.xml Standard J2EE security151515WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS Portlet Support - Architectural Overview- Aggregate Portlets in jsp pages using a simple JSP tag libraryClientAggregation TagLibPortlet URL Addressability- access Portlets as knownfrom Servletsusing direct URL„addressability“./ context / PortletName WAS PortletContainerPortlet APIPortlet app #1Portet APortet B1616Portlet app #N.Portet C- Implements the Portlet Standards and enablesPortals build on top to exploit those features byimplementing defined extension points- it is up to the Portal implementation what issupported and how a specific feature workse.g. Preference Persistence, URL handling.- provides capabilties for portlet and portletcontainermanagement using common WAS configuration means16WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS Portlet Support - Access Portlets - URL Addressability Complete portlet „URL Addressability“ – URL pattern with example1717http:// host : port http://localhost:9080/ context-root /worldclock/ portlet-name /StdWorldClock/ portletwindow /default/ ver /ver 2.0/resource/ id /resource/id image.jpg/action/action/ mode /mode edit/ state /state maximized/ rparam /rparam timezones UTC MEZ query parameter ?timezone UTC17WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS Portlet Support - Access Portlets - aggregationTaglib portlet:init portletURLPrefix " http://localhost/hello/framework/" portletURLSuffix "/something"portletURLQueryParams "p1 v1&p2 v2" HTML Pagetable table portlet:insert url "demo/weather" contentVar "weather.content" titleVar "weather.title"/ portlet:state url "demo/weather" portletMode "view" var "weather.view"/ portlet:state url "demo/weather" portletMode "edit" var "weather.edit"/ portlet:insert url "demo/time" contentVar "time.content" titleVar "time.title"/ portlet:state url "demo/time" mode "view" var "time.view"/ portlet:state url "demo/time" mode "edit" var "time.edit"/ columncolumntitle v etitle v eportletportletcontentcontent tr td { weather.title} /td td a href "{ weather.view}" view /a /td td a href "{ weather.edit}" edit /a /td td { time.title} /td td a href "{ time.view}" view /a /td td a href "{ time.edit}" edit /a /td /tr tr td colspan "3" { weather.content} /td td colspan "3" { time.content} /td /tr /table /portlet:init 181818WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS Portlet Support - Access Portlets - Details Address portlets directly via URL request Returning portlet output as HTML document, by default Example: http://localhost:9080/worldclock/StdWorldClock Include portlets as fragments by any Servlet via RequestDispatcher Returning portlet fragment only Including portlets by portlets is NOT supported ! clock/StdWorldClock“); Access remote portlets via Remote Request Dispatcher Normal Servlet Remote Request Dispatcher can detect this URLand render the portlet remotely (works only for JSR 168!) allows the invocation of portlets outside of the current JVMwithin a Network Deployment single core group environment191919WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS Portlet Support - Access Portlets - Details PortletPreferences are stored within cookies Using resource Serving to have complete control over the markup(WAS 7.0) Aggregate multiple portlets on a page via Aggregation Tag Library The URL contains only the state of one portlet on the page The page state (state of all portlets) is managed via session NO bookmarkability or back-button support Supports Public Render Parameter (WAS 7.0) Share the navigational state between portlets by defining apage scope using a specific JSP tag NO Eventing support202020WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS Portlet Support - Demo Installation URL addressability Aggregation Public Render Parameter (PMI)212121WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Agenda Portlet Standards growth Portlet support in WebSphere Application Server Relationship with WebSphere Portal 6.1 Architectural Overview Features WebSphere Application Server WSRP producer Migrating to WebSphere Portal Outlook Summary222222WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Relationship with WebSphere Portal – Architectural OverviewClientAggregationTagLib- On a Portalserver node, URL addressabilityand the aggregation TagLib portlet access isdisabled (by default) to avoid securityproblems- WebSphere Portal 6.1 on WAS 6.1 uses abackport of the WAS 7.0 portletcontainer(JSR 286) instead of the original JSR 168portletcontainer in WAS 6.1- WebSphere Portal 6.1.0.1 and futureversions on WAS 7.0 will use the WAS 7.0portletcontainer directlyWebSphere Portal6.1Portlet URLAddressability WAS PortletContainerPortlet APIPortlet app #1Portet APortlet app #N.Portet CPortet B232323WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Relationship with WebSphere Portal – Standard FeaturesFeatureWebSphere Portal 6.1JSR 168 JSR 286 ( )Eventing (JSR 268) Public Render Parameter(JSR 286) Resource Serving(JSR 286) WSRP 1.0 Producer WSRP 1.0 Consumer WSRP 2.0 Producer ( )WSRP 2.0 Consumer 2424WAS 6.1WAS 7.024WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Relationship with WebSphere Portal – Pitfalls Portlet URL length management differs User management and security aspects Embed backend-systems via WebSphere Member Manager Portlet Preferences and modes Persistency guaranteed by use of databases instead of Cookie orSession persistence Customizations and default values defineable via correspondingmodes Portlet Fragment Caching Portlets on a portlet page must take care about namespacingthemselves No Access to WebSphere Portal programming model extensions Property Broker, Credential Vault, Content Access Service .252525WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Agenda Portlet Standards growth Portlet support in WebSphere Application Server Relationship with WebSphere Portal 6.1 WebSphere Application Server WSRP producer Architectural Overview Usage Scenarios Demo Migrating to WebSphere Portal Outlook Summary262626WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS WSRP Producer – What is it? Lightweight IBM WebSphere Application Server WSRP 1.0 Producer Builds on top of WAS Portlet Container Exposes JSR168 portlets as WSRP services Enables all WSRP 1.0 Consumers to interact with WAS portlets “Silent” integration Easily deployable (just drop an EAR file on WAS) Seamless integration with JSR168 container in WebSphereApplication Server No new admin UI Directly integrated into existing WebSphere Application Serveradmin console Supported on all platforms and available as free Catalog download Covers the same WSRP 1.0 protocol spectrum as WebSphere Portal 6.1272727WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS WSRP Producer – Architectural OverviewAggr.TagLibWebSpherePortal 6.1(Consumer)URLAddressability WAS PortletContainerPortlet APIPortlet app #1Portet APortet BGenericWSRP.Proxy#NPortlet app #NPortet CJVM 0 - PortalAggr.TagLibWAS WSRPProducerURLAddressabilityWAS PortletContainerAggr.TagLibSOAPWAS WSRPProducerWAS PortletContainer.Portlet APIPortlet app #1Portet APortet BPortlet APIPortlet app #N.Portet CJVM 1 - WAS2828URLAddressabilityPortlet app #1Portet APortet BPortlet app #N.Portet CJVM N - WAS28WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS WSRP Producer – Architectural OverviewWebSpherePortal 6.1(Consumer)Aggr.TagLibURLAddressability WAS PortletContainerPortal UsersPortlet APIPortlet app #1Portet APortet BGenericWSRP.Proxy#NPortlet app #NPortet CJVM 0 - PortalAggr.TagLibWAS WSRPProducerURLAddressabilityURLAddressabilityWAS PortletContainerPortlet APIPortlet APIPortlet app #1Portlet app #N.Portet CAdministratorJVM 1 - WAS2929SOAPWAS WSRPProducerWAS PortletContainerPortlet app #1Portet APortet BAggr.TagLibPortet APortet BPortlet app #N.Portet CJVM N - WAS29WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS WSRP Producer – Usage Scenarios Lightweight means to integrate content into Enterprise Portals Provide access to JSR168/JSR 286 (soon) portlets deployed onWebSphere Application Server Exploit WebSphere Application Server features from portlets andintegrate them to WebSphere Portal JVM Isolation & Workload Distribution Distribute portlets to different JVMs Protect Enterprise front-end portal from “malicious” portletstearing down the JVM Spread out load to Producer servers If many applications need to be served Applications using much memory Applications causing high cpu load on central server303030WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS WSRP Producer – Exposing Portlets By default all portlets installed into WebSphere Application Server areexposed as WSRP remote portlets WSRP Consumers can access portlets right out-of-the-box No additional administrative tasks necessary Administrator can control access to these portlets Portlet exclude list Portlets can be excluded from being provided over WSRP ingeneral Controlled via WAS admin console Access Control checks Tied to JavaEE security Can be enabled/disabled by admin313131WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS WSRP Producer – Security Authentication, Integrity, Confidentiality, Non-Repudiation Realized by WS stack (WS-Security) And/or transport level (SSL) Supports SSO using WS-Security identity assertion LTPA token forwarding Signed UsernameToken UsernameToken for asserted identity UsernamePasswordToken for trust identity In general everything WebSphere Application Server Supportswith WS-Security Access Control handled by WSRP 1.0 Producer & WebSphereApplication Server Security Authorization checks against JavaEE security role specified bythe portlet323232WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WebSphere Application Server WSRP Producer - erePortal 6.1WAS WSRPProducerPortlet URLAddressabilityPortlet URLAddressability WAS PortletContainerWAS PortletContainerSOAPPortlet APIPortlet app #1Portet APortet BGenericWSRP.Proxy#NPortlet APIPortlet app #NPortet Cserver: WebSphere Portal3333Portlet app #1Portet A.Portlet app #NPortet CPortet Bserver: server133WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

WAS WSRP Producer – How does it compare to Portal?WebSphere Portal 6.1ProducerWSRP 1.0 conformanceBridge JSR 168 portlets to WSRPCluster supportPersistent State Management WAS WSRP 1.0 Producer Pushed to ConsumerSession ManagementRemote config modeEdit defaults supportWSRP caching supportSSO using WS-SecurityAuthorizationGranular control (by mode)Personalization (WSRP P3P profiles)Puma User supportWebSphere Application Server 6.13434 34WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Agenda Portlet Standards growth Portlet support in WebSphere Application Server Relationship with WebSphere Portal 6.1 WebSphere Application Server WSRP producer Migrating to WebSphere Portal Outlook Summary353535WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Migrating to WebSphere Portal No direct migration from „URL Addressability“ or „aggr. TagLib“ reuse the portlets directly Install Portal on top of an existing WAS with portlets Use the XML Access „predeployed“ app task Mind the Pitfalls: Caching Security . Integrate portlets running on WAS in a portal node(using the WAS WSRP producer) no changes in the portlets Isolation to run your applications on multiple JVMs Step by step migration363636WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Agenda Portlet Standards growth Portlet support in WebSphere Application Server Relationship with WebSphere Portal 6.1 WebSphere Application Server WSRP producer Migrating to WebSphere Portal Outlook Summary373737WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Outlook (subject to change) Portlet and Portletcontainer management will be more aligned withthe standard WAS configuration means as in previous Portal versions WebSphere Portal profile and configuration management will beeasier e.g. Use the Dmgr for your cluster deployment directly WAS WSRP 2.0 producer On WAS 7.0 WAS 7.0 will support all component model features of JSR 286 Portlet filters Resource Serving Validation based Caching Public Render Parameters .383838WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

Summary The major theme of the second version of the Portlet Standards isCoordination and building composite applicati

Title: Portal Standards support in WebSphere Application Server and WebSphere Portal (JSR 168 / 286, WSRP 1.0 / 2.0) Speaker: Andreas Brunnert (brunnert@de.ibm.com) WebSphere Portal Development IBM Germany R&D Labs, Boeblingen WebSphere User Group UK Meeting, Edinburgh, 2008

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