Adobe Photoshop 7 - Florida Atlantic University

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AdobePhotoshop 7.0Beginner

Table of ContentsWHAT CAN PHOTOSHOP DO? . 1RASTERS AND VECTORS: . 1RASTERS (BITMAPS): . 1VECTORS: . 1IMAGEREADY: . 2PHOTOSHOP SCREEN: . 2TOOLBAR:. 2YOU CAN DISPLAY THE HIDDEN TOOLS BY THE FOLLOWING: . 3PALETTES:. 3TO OPEN PALETTES:. 4TO CLOSE PALETTES: . 4TO MOVE WHOLE PALETTE GROUPS:. 4TO SEPARATE A PALETTE GROUP: . 4SIZING A PALETTE GROUP:. 5THE HISTORY PALETTE: . 5TO DISPLAY THE HISTORY PALETTE:. 5TOOLS OPTION BAR:. 5TO DISPLAY A PALETTE FROM PALETTE WELL: . 6TO REMOVE A PALETTE FROM THE PALETTE WELL:. 6INFO BAR: . 6MENU BAR: . 6SHORT-CUT MENUS: . 7OPENING, SAVING AND CLOSING FILES: . 7TO OPEN A FILE IN PHOTOSHOP: . 7SAVING FILES:. 7TO SAVE A FILE IN PHOTOSHOP: . 7FILE FORMATS: . 8SAVING FILES FOR THE WEB: . 8CLOSING FILES IN PHOTOSHOP: . 9TO CLOSE AN IMAGE DOCUMENT: . 9CREATING A NEW FILE WITHIN PHOTOSHOP: . 9TO CREATE A NEW FILE: . 9RESOLUTION: . 9COLOR MODE:. 11VIEWING IMAGES:. 11ZOOMING: . 11YOU CAN ZOOM USING NUMEROUS METHODS: . 12HAND TOOL: . 13YOU CAN SCROLL AROUND AN IMAGE USING NUMEROUS METHODS: . 13CANVAS SIZE AND IMAGE SIZE: . 13IMAGE SIZE:. 13TO CHANGE IMAGE FILE SIZE: . 14CROPPING IMAGES: . 14TO CROP AN IMAGE: . 14SELECTING IMAGES: . 15MARQUEE TOOLS: . 15TO SELECT A RECTANGULAR SELECTION: . 15MOVING A SELECTED AREA: . 16CREATING MULTIPLE SELECTIONS (OR ADDING TO A SELECTED AREA): . 16TO INCREASE THE SIZE OF A SELECTED AREA: . 16Page ii

SHRINKING A SELECTION: . 16TO SHRINK A SELECTED AREA:. 16MOVING SELECTED IMAGE AREAS:. 17TO MOVE THE SELECTED PART OF THE IMAGE (NOT JUST THE MARCHING ANTS): . 17COPYING SELECTED IMAGE AREAS: . 17TO COPY THE SELECTED PART OF THE IMAGE (NOT JUST THE MARCHING ANTS): . 17LAYERS: . 17RENAMING LAYERS:. 18TO RENAME LAYERS:. 18HIDING LAYERS: . 19TO HIDE LAYERS: . 19ADDING NEW LAYERS:. 19TO ADD NEW LAYER: . 19USING LAYER VIA CUT/LAYER VIA COPY:. 19TO ADD NEW LAYERS USING LAYER VIA CUT/COPY: . 19DELETING LAYERS: . 19TO DELETE LAYERS:. 20CHANGING LAYER ORDER:. 20TO CHANGE LAYER ORDER:. 20LINKING LAYERS:. 20TO LINK LAYERS:. 20TO MERGE LAYERS:. 21ADDING TEXT:. 21TO ADD TEXT: . 21ADDING TEXT EFFECTS:. 22THE GROUP WITH PREVIOUS FEATURE:. 22TO USE GROUP WITH PREVIOUS FEATURE: . 22TO UNGROUP LAYERS:. 23USING MARQUEE AND LASSO TOOLS:. 23TO USE THE ELLIPTICAL MARQUEE TOOL: . 23USING SINGLE ROW/SINGLE COLUMN MARQUEE TOOL: . 23USING LASSO TOOLS: . 23TO USE THE LASSO TOOL:. 24TO USE THE POLYGONAL LASSO TOOL: . 24USING MOVE AND MAGIC WAND TOOLS: . 24TO USE THE MOVE TOOL: . 24MAKING A COPY OF AN OBJECT: . 25TO MAKE A COPY OF AN OBJECT USING THE MOVE TOOL: . 25MOVING OBJECTS ON LAYERS: . 25TO CHECK THE AUTO SELECT LAYER BOX:. 25TO USE THE MAGIC WAND: . 26CREATING IMAGES: . 26THE PENCIL TOOL:. 26TO DRAW A LINE WITH PENCIL TOOL: . 26USING PENCIL OPTIONS: . 26MODE OPTIONS: . 26THE PAINTBRUSH TOOL:. 27THE AIRBRUSH TOOL:. 28THE CLONE STAMP: . 28TO USE THE CLONE STAMP TOOL: . 28THE PATTERN STAMP TOOL:. 29TO USE THE PATTERN STAMP TOOL TO CREATE YOUR OWN PATTERN FROM AN IMAGE:. 29USING THE PATTERN STAMP TOOL TO APPLY BUILT-IN PATTERNS: . 29Page iii

WORKING WITH VECTOR GRAPHICS:. 29TYPICAL OPTIONS FOUND OF THE OPTION BAR WHEN USING VECTORSHAPES: . 30TO USE SHAPE TOOLS:. 30TO MOVE A VECTOR SHAPE: . 31TO SIZE A VECTOR SHAPE: . 31TO DELETE A VECTOR SHAPE:. 31TO CONSTRAIN A VECTOR SHAPE: . 31USING THE PEN TOOL: . 31TO USE GUIDES: . 32TO CHANGE GUIDE LINES: . 32TO REMOVE THE BLUE GUIDE LINES:. 32TO USE THE PEN TOOL:. 32TO ADJUST LINES DRAWN WITH PEN TOOL: . 32USING THE DIRECT SELECTION AND PATH COMPONENT SELECTION TOOLS:33TO USE THE DIRECT SELECTION TOOL: . 33TO USE THE PATH COMPONENT SELECTION TOOL: . 33WORKING WITH COLORS:. 33THE COLOR PALETTE: . 33THE COLOR RAMP:. 34A LITTLE MORE ABOUT COLOR MODES: . 35OUT-OF-GAMUT ICON: . 35USING THE PAINT BUCKET AND EYEDROPPER TOOLS:. 36TO USE THE PAINT BUCKET:. 36TO USE THE EYEDROPPER TOOL:. 36USING THE RETOUCHING TOOLS: . 36THE DODGE TOOL: . 36TO USE THE DODGE TOOL:. 37THE BURN TOOL: . 37TO USE THE BURN TOOL: . 37THE SPONGE TOOL: . 37TO USE THE SPONGE TOOL: . 38THE BLUR TOOL:. 38TO USE BLUR TOOL:. 38THE SHARPEN TOOL:. 38TO USE THE SHARPEN TOOL: . 38THE SMUDGE TOOL: . 38TO USE THE SMUDGE TOOL: . 39USING GRADIENT TOOLS:. 39THE LINEAR GRADIENT TOOL:. 39TO USE THE LINEAR GRADIENT TOOL: . 39THE RADIAL GRADIENT TOOL: . 39TO USE THE RADIAL GRADIENT TOOL: . 39THE DIAMOND GRADIENT TOOL: . 40TO USE THE DIAMOND GRADIENT TOOL:. 40THE ERASER TOOL: . 40This handout is designed to be used in conjunction with attendance in training classes provided to the FAUcommunity by ITSS Instructional Technology Support Services and Academic Computing Services (ECS).Page iv

What can Photoshop do?Photoshop is a powerful graphics creation and editingapplication used by professional and amateur imagealike to create, modify and correct images and make themWeb or Print.designersready forPhotoshop allows you to create new images within the application, import images fromother graphics applications, or scan in images from photographs, transparencies,negatives or other graphics. You can also bring in images by capturing a video image, orimporting other digital images such as from a digital camera or by the Kodak Photo CDprocess.Rasters and Vectors:Computer graphics fall in to two main categories – raster and vector. Photoshop allowsyou to work with both kinds and also one Photoshop file can contain both bitmap andvector data.You may have noticed that when you look at an image on a computer screen, some seemto be very fuzzy and unclear while others seem to keep their clarity no matter how largeyou may resize them.What you are noticing is the difference between a raster (bitmap) graphic and a vectorimage.Rasters (bitmaps):With a raster graphic, the clarity of the image depends entirely on the number of pixels itcontains. A pixel is a picture element and is the smallest whole unit that makes up abitmap image. You can think of a pixel as a little box of color, and a whole bunch ofpixels put together create one whole bitmap image. Each pixel is assigned a specificlocation and color value in the image.Bitmap images are the most common electronic medium for continuous-tone images,(i.e. .gif, .jpg, .bmp, .tiff) such as photographs, because they can represent subtlegraduations of shades and colors. Bitmaps are also resolution dependent, meaning theycontain a fixed number of pixels. The more pixels a bitmap contains the better qualitypicture (also bigger the file size). As a result, they can also lose detail and appear jaggedor blurry if they are resized larger on screen or if they are printed at a lower resolutionthan they were created for.Vectors:Vector graphics aren’t made of up pixels, but rather mathematical calculations calledvectors (i.e .eps, .wmf, .cmx). These mathematical calculations can create lines andPage 110/10/2003

curves that retain their clarity no matter what size the graphic or how it’s printed becausethey are resolution in-dependent. Also, since vector graphics don’t use pixels their filesize typically is much smaller than the average bitmap.As a result, vector graphic are the best choice for representing bold graphics that mustretain crisp lines, such as for logos or illustrations.ImageReady:ImageReady is a built-in additional program that comes withPhotoshop that helps create graphics that are intended strictly forWeb use. It is very easy to flip back and forth betweenPhotoshop and ImageReady and both programs share many of the same tools.However, ImageReady is beyond the scope of this class and will not be discussed in anylength. We will focus entirely on learning the basics of using Photoshop alone.Photoshop Screen:One must get comfortable and familiar with the components that make up the Photoshopworking environment. Photoshop has numerous toolbars, palettes, options and areas thatoffer features to create the image you desire. There is much more available in Photoshopthan in other more basic image programs – allowing you to create a much moreprofessional image.Getting usedavailable indesigner’sPhotoshopdifferentto all the featuresPhotoshop is thefirst chore.incorporates manymethods ofmanipulatingYou may edit antoolbar tools, paletteoptions, option barshortcut menukeyboard commandscollaboration of all.images.image usingtools, menuoptions,options andor aToolbar:Page 210/10/2003

The Toolbar, typically found on the left side of thescreen, contains tools for selecting, drawing,painting, editing and viewing images. You canchoose foreground and background colors, createquick masks, change the screen display mode andswitch to Adobe ImageReady.Selection toolsThe Toolbar has its tools organized into sections.They are grouped by selection tools, paintingtools, special tools, view tools, the color box, theediting mode section, viewing mode section, andjump to ImageReady section.Painting toolsSpecial toolsSelected tools on the Toolbar remain active until youchoose a different tool.View toolsMany of the tools displayed on the Toolbar have hiddentools that hide behind them. Any button on the Toolbarthat has a small arrow in the bottom, right cornerindicates additional hidden tools.The Color BoxEditing ModeViewing ModeJump toImage ReadyYou can display the hidden tools by thefollowing:Example of hidden Marquee tools.1. Click and hold mouse button on a toolthat has hidden tools, drag to the desiredtool, then release mouse. OR2. Right click on tool that has hidden tools,click on desired tool.Palettes:Palettes are optional areas that can be displayed toperform a number of editing processes. PalettesPage 310/10/2003

allow you to change tool settings, select colors, work with layers, channels and paths, etc.There are ten (10) palettes available in Photoshop, however there are three (3) that willappear by default when you open Photoshop (if not manually closed); Navigator, Colorand Layers.Palettes are typically displayed grouped together, by default. However you can splitpalettes into their own group or combine different palettes together to form a new group.You can also keep palettes stored, but out of the way, by keeping them in the Options barpalette well.Palettes can be opened, closed, moved and sized at will.To open palettes:1. Choose Window from Menu bar.2. Show desired palette.To close palettes:1. Click X in upper, right corner of palette OR2. Choose Window from Menu bar and close desired palette.To move whole palette groups:1. Click and hold on Title bar of palette group.2. Drag to new locationPalettes can not be docked, but only float on the screen.To separate a palette group:1. Click and hold on name of palette tab.2. Drag to new location or to new palettegroup.Page 410/10/2003

Sizing a palette group:1. Point to any edge of the palette group until a double-headed arrow appears.2. Click and hold with double-headed arrow.3. Drag in the direction you wish to size the palette group.Sizing palettes is exactly the same as sizing windows.The History Palette:There is only one Undo available per step inPhotoshop. You can undo a step that you havejust taken by choosing Edit, Undo from Menu bar.However, there may be times where you need toundo more than one step. The History Palettekeeps a running history of steps that you havetaken and allows you to move back and forth between the steps.Unlike the Undo feature, the History Palette stays active even after saving the file.However, once you’ve closed the file, the History Palette forgets all steps and starts anew when you open the file again.To display the History Palette:1. Choose Window, History from Menu bar.Tools Option Bar:Most tools found in the Toolbar have different options that can affect how that toolworks. These options are found in the Options bar which appears immediatelyunderneath the Menu bar at top of screen .(displayed below is the Options bar for the Elliptical Tool)The Options bar is tool sensitive and will display a different set of options depending onwhich tool is selected in the Toolbar.The Option bar is docked, by default, at top of screen. However you can make the barfloat or dock at bottom of screen. A docked bar is represented by two vertical lines atbeginning of bar.The Options bar also contains a palette well for storing other palettes, which providesquick access to favorite palettes without having them continuously displayed on screen.The palette well appears on the far right side of the Options bar.Page 510/10/2003

To move a palette into the Options bar palette well:1. Click and hold on name tab of palette.2. Drag to palette well.3. Release mouse.To display a palette from palette well:1. Simply click on palette name in palette well.To remove a palette from the palette well:1. Click and hold on name tab of palette in palette well.2. Drag to new palette group or create new group.3. Release mouse.Info Bar:The Info bar (very similar to Microsoft’s Status bar) is positioned at the bottom of thescreen. The Info bar contains a Zoom text box, a pop-up menu that displays informationabout the current document, and an information statement about the current tool selectedfrom Toolbar.The second part of the Info bar is a pop-up menu that displays information about the filesize, by default. The first value indicates how large the file would be if saved as aflattened file with no layers; the second value indicates the size of the file if saved withall layers and channels intact.By clicking on the arrow in the Info bar, different information can be obtained about thecurrent file, such as the document profile, scratch size, efficiency, timing and current toolselected.Menu bar:The Menu bar is a bar that appears at the very top of the Photoshop screen that allowsyou to choose options and commands to work in Photoshop. The Menu bar is similar toother window applications in that is has standard features such as saving, printing, andcopying. Plus additional features specific to graphic design programs or to AdobePhotoshop specifically.Page 610/10/2003

Short-Cut menus:You can also reach menu options by using the Short-Cut menu feature. By right-clickingon specific areas in Photoshop you will display a menu of area-specific options.For example, if you right-click on the Toolbar, you’ll display a menu that allows you tochoose hidden tools. If you right click on an image file Title bar, you’ll display adifferent menu with options to duplicate the image or change the image size, etc.Opening, Saving and Closing Files:In order to be able to edit an image, it must be opened withi

Adobe Photoshop 7.0 Beginner . Table of Contents . switch to Adobe ImageReady. The Toolbar has its tools organized into sections. They are grouped by selection tools, painting tools, special tools, view tools, the color