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FISHING AND FLYFISHINGMERIT BADGES2021Presented by Eagle Scout Jared SchultzRecorded by CAI (Certified Angling Instructor) James Schultz

Purpose of this power point Anyone who wants to use this power point can. Its purpose is to provide information to be used as:– A teaching tool to be used by a counselor– A review for the scout for information he was taught– A merit badge help for scouts doing the merit badge ontheir own– A supplement to the booklet– Scouts will have to do research. Not all answers aregiven. There is a lot of supplemental material, pictures,graphics that can be used to help teach and expand theminds of the scouts.No pictures of any person may be reproduced and usedelsewhere without permission.

Hi, I’m Eagle Scout, Jared. I am here to helpyou earn your Fishing and Fly Fishing meritbadges. Why both at the same time? Goodquestion. When you look at therequirements, there are many that aresimilar or the same. So, it just makes senseto do them both at the same time. Plusthere is a real bonus. If you do both ofthese badges and the EnvironmentalScience badge, you could earn yourComplete Angler Patch which is really cool.So let’s get started!! They aren’t all thathard and are fun to do. Lots of hands onstuff, plus you get to catch and eat fish.Not a bad deal. I will help guideyou along the way.

As you work on your merit badge, there are somethings you need to know . You and only you are responsible for your workand outcome. Not me, the guy next to you oryour counselor. Find a friend to do it with. It is a lot more fun. Read the merit badge booklets. They help andhave some good pictures that can speed up yourlearning. Document everything you do. When you catchthat fish, make that fly, filleting the fish Everything!! Take lots of pictures. Answer the questions in the worksheet. Look forthe action verb and do what it asks. If it says list,don’t draw. If it says explain then explain it!!Know your stuff. These merit badges will require you to havespecial equipment. You will need adult help. To learn how to cast afly line properly or to tie a wooly bugger, you willneed help. Get the help you need.

BowfinLet’s start the learning process by readingthe merit badge booklets. They havesome valuable information (plus some ofthe answers). We will also have to go onthe internet to YouTube to watch videoson how to tie flies, casting, knot tying andother stuff. Get permission from a parentbefore you start surfing. Also be sure andprint off the worksheets that you willneed to fill out. Get your blue card signedby your scoutmaster and talk to yourmerit badge counselor. Now we areready to go so let’s do it!!Merit badge worksheets: spMerit badge books: (Google fishing merit badge book) Buy at the Scout Shop in your area. shing%20Merit%20Badge%20Pamphlet%2035899.pdf Fly Fishing: hing Merit Badge Pamphlet 35900.pdf

Be Prepared the motto of the Boy ScoutsAccidents and injuries do happenand will happen to you. Beprepared ahead of time. Youmight want to think aboutearning your First Aid MB, LifeSaving MB, Search and RescueMB to help you respond, in agood way to these emergencies.You can also review yourrequirements for advancementsince they cover all of the medicalsituations you need to know forFishing/Fly Fishing MBSaugerGet that tetanus shot. Itwill help prevent illness thatyou can get when gettingcut on barb wire, crossingthat rusty fence to get toyour favorite fishing spot.AAAAHHHHHHHHHH!!

Fishing Merit BadgeReq. 1 Do the following:a. Explain to your counselor themost likely hazards you mayencounter while participatingin fishing activities, and whatyou should do to anticipate,help prevent, mitigate, andrespond to these hazards.b. Discuss the prevention ofand treatment for the followinghealth concerns that couldoccur while fishing, includingcuts and scratches, puncturewounds, insect bites,hypothermia, dehydration,heat exhaustion, heatstroke,and sunburn.c. Explain how to remove ahook that has lodged in yourarm.d. Name and explain five safetypractices you should alwaysfollow while fishing.Look at the two requirements. They are almostthe same so we may as well just do them both atthe same time. “Kill two fish with one lure” wesay. Also I will put all the Fishing MBrequirements in YELLOW and all of the Fly FishingMB requirements in LIGHT BLUE to help you keepthem straight.Fly Fishing Merit BadgeReq. 1 Explain to yourcounselor the injuries thatcould occur while fly-fishingand the proper treatment,including cuts, scratches,puncture wounds, insectbites, hypothermia, and heatreactions. Explain how toremove a hook that haslodged in your arm. Nameand explain five safetypractices you should alwaysfollow while fly-fishing.

Let’s do a little brainstorming. Think through all of the hazards you mayencounter while fishing and then fill in the rest of the chart.HAZARDANTICIPATE PREVENTMITIGATERESPONDMitigatemeans: tomake lesssevere,serious, orpainful.Take care of yourequipment bycleaning therod/reel and lineand placing it backin its rod case.Big mouthbuffalo fishHere is an example: Hazard: Sunburn (sun) Anticipate: bring suntanlotion Prevent: wear a widerim hat Mitigate: cool skin withice or cold water Respond: put aloelotion on, get out of sun

Hi just looking for fish the old fashion way. Look atyour tenderfoot-first class First Aid requirements forhelp. You can also check on line. I think I see a bass.INJURYCutsScratchesPuncturesInsect bites/stingsHypothermiaDehydrationHeat exhaustionHeat strokeSunburnPREVENTIONSteelheadTREATMENT

Top waterfishing forsmallmouthis myfavorite.MuskellungeSafety should always be a majorconcern when fishing because so manythings can go wrong. Wear a hat andeye protection, shoes in a boat, have afirst aid kit available, life jacket whenappropriate .LIST FIVE SAFETY PRACTICESCasting:Wading:First aid:Clothing:Plans:

Small mouth bassPracticeremovinga hookfrom anorange

Req. 2 Discuss how to match a fly rod, lineand leader to get a balanced system. Discussseveral types of fly lines, and explain how andwhen each would be used. Review with yourcounselor how to care for this equipment.Req. 2 Discuss the differences between twotypes of fishing outfits. Point out and identifythe parts of several types of rods and reels.Explain how and when each would be used.Review with your counselor how to care forthis equipment.Brook Trout

Pink salmon

PaddlefishExplain when you would use each ofthese systems and how to use them. Spinning rod Baitcasting rod Spincasting rod Fly rod

It is important thatyour fishing equipmentto be set up right andbalanced. This isn’thard to do because it isall written right on therod and reel. They tellyou how heavy a lineto use, how much lineand the weights of thelures to be used.Line: 14-30 lb.Reel: SpinningLure: 1-4 oz.Line 12-25 lb.Reel: CastingLure: ½-1 ½ oz.Line capacityLbs.yards82401020012160Lake trout

Lake sturgeonTippets depend on what fishyou are going for and howbig the fish are and how bigthe hole in the hook is.The lineneeds tomatchtheweightof therod and if you want aline that floats or sinks.Your leader depends on theweight of the fishing line,what type and size of fishyou are going forThe length of the rod dependson how far you want to castand the weight of the line andthe terrain you are fishing.The weight of the poledepends on the type of fishingyou will do, the weight of thelure, size of fish5 weight rod7 feet long3 weight rod9 feet long

Scenario 1: Trout fishing for trout using a flyrod, trout are about 12” long on a narrowstream with lots of brush and tall weeds. YouGolden redhorsewould want a shorter rod , 7 foot, 3 weight line,Me asmaybe a 3-5 lb. leader with a 2.2 lb. or lessa cubtippet. Tippet may need to be lighter if thefish are biting on a blue-green olive mayfly. scoutScenario 2: Bass fishing for large largemouthusing a fly rod in a lake. You would want a 9foot rod, 8-9 weight, 8 weight line, 15 lb.leader that narrows down to about an 8 lb.tippet. If fishing with a popper (frogimitation) you would want a weight forwardfloating line. If fishing deep with a streamer,go with a sinking line.Balancing your spinning rods is also veryimportant. There are light weight, mediumweight and heavy weight rods, very stiff rodsand flexible rods, specialty rods, walleye rods,saltwater rods and more. Read the labels onthe sides and match the rod to the proper lineand reel. Be sure and read the label on thereel to know what type and weight of line thereel will hold.

Now that I have told you how to balanceyour line to your pole, it really isn’t all thateasy. It really is a science!! Sometimes youmay want to go one or two weightslighter/heavier than is stated on your pole.Different conditions and your ability willeffect what weights you should use.For some greatinformation, go y-line-weight/But, if you areaverage like me,put a floating,weight forwardline that matchesyour pole and itwill cover yourneeds pretty well.A limiting factor tofly lines is the cost.You can get thecheap stuff at about 40 and really greatstuff at 120.Fresh water drum

Decoding a Fly LineLook at the secret code in the bluecircle. In this case it is WF5F The first two letters tell you thetaper of the line. WF Weightforward, DT double taper, L level The number represents the weightof the line The last letter is what type of line itis: F floating, S sinking,F/S sinking tip I intermediate,HD high density or fast sinking line.Level: line is same diameterthroughout. Hard to caste but cheapDouble Taper: reversible, taper is inthe middle of the line. Good for shortcasting.Weight Forward: Taper is 20 feet fromthe front of the line and narrows downto the end. Helps with rod casting andlong castsShooting Taper: Taper is on the veryfront of the line.

Learning how to tie a knot properly is afun activity. Your knot is the weakestpart of your fishing line so a properlytied knot is important. Loosing a bigfish when he pulls your knot apartbecause you tied it wrong is not fun.Practice, practice, practice. You will beexpected to show your counselor all ofthe knots listed. Start with a thin ropeto learn and then move on to fishingline.Brown TroutReq. 3 Demonstrate how to tie proper knots toprepare a fly rod for fishing:a. Tie a backing to a fly reel spool using thearbor backing knotb. Attach backing to fly line using the nail knotc. Attach a leader to fly line using the needleknot, nail knot or loop-to-loop connectiond. Add tippet to a leader using a doublesurgeon’s loop or blood knote. Tie a fly onto the terminal end of the leaderusing the improved clinch knotReq. 4 Demonstrate how to tie the followingknots: improved clinch knot, Palomar knot, uniknot, uni to uni knot, and arbor knot. Explainhow and when each knot is used.

SticklebackImproved Clinch Knot: This is probably themost common of all fishing knots and is easyto tie (especially for 20 lb test or less).1. Pull the line through the eye of the tackleand double back. Make 5 turns around thestanding line.2. While holding the coils, pull the endthrough the loop closest to the eye, and thenback through the big loop that was justcreated.3. Slide the knot

Coho salmonPalomar KnotThis is another very strong and easyto tie knot. It is not recommended forvery large lures.1. Double about 6 inches of line andpass it through the eye of the tackle.2. Tie an overhand knot.3. Pass the hook, lure or swivelthrough the loop.4. Tighten the knot and trim the end.Make sure the two lines in the eye areparallel. If they are crossed, it willreduce the strength of the knot.Uni-KnotThis is a versatile knot that can also be tied toform an end loop.1. Run 6 inches of line through the eye andfold back to make 2 parallel lines.2. Bring the free end back towards the eyeand make 6 spiral wraps around the 2 parallellines.3. Snug the knot. If you want to leave a loop,hold the knot at the point where you want itwhile you pull on the standing line.4. If you do not want a loop, slide the knot.

Snelling a Hook“Snelling” is essentially a Uni-Knot tied around a hook shank. Where ahook has an offset eye, this allows for an efficient “straight” pull of thehook’s point.1. Thread the line through the hook eye about 6 inches. Form a loop andhold if against the shank of the hook.2. Make 5 to 6 turns through the loop and around the hook shank.3. Close the knot and tighten by pulling on the standing line in onedirection and the hook in the other. Trim the free end.KiyiBlood KnotThis is one of the best knots for joining twolines of similar diameter, yet it is also a littletricky.1. Overlap the two parallel lines by 12 inchestotal. Take 5 wraps on one side and pull theend back through between the two strands.2. Repeat on the other side, pulling the otherend through the strands in the oppositedirection.3. Pull the two free ends slowly to gather theknot.4. Once gathered neatly, pull the standing lineto tighten the knot. Trim the free ends

Arbor Knot – This is a greatknot for tying a line to a reel.Run the line around thespool. Tie an overhandknot near the tip of the line.Take the end of the line and tie an overhandknot to the main line.Tighten the knot at the end of the line andthen pull the line tight around the spoolCiscowetSurgeon’s KnotThis knot is best for joining a heavy line to alight line (i.e. lines with unequal diameters).1. Lay 6 to 8 inches of the two lines paralleland overlapping2. Using the two lines, tie an overhand knot(Remember to pass the end of the line andthe entire leader through the loop twice).3. Proceed to tie a second overhand knot4. Pull both lines in opposite directions togather and tighten the knot. Trim free ends.

Rainbow smeltNail KnotThis knot is designed for splicingmonofiliment leader to a fly line. As thename implies, a nail is needed to tie theknot, although a toothpick or a straw canalso be used.1. Lay 8 to 10 inches of leader and fly lineoverlapping and parallel to each other,with a 6-penny nail in between.2. Using the leader line, loop up to 8 coilsback around the fly line, the nail, and theleader. Using the nail as a guide, run theleader line back under the coils.3. Hold the loosely-gathered knot withone hand, as you withdraw the nail withthe other hand.4. Pull on both ends of the leader line totighten the knot. Trim the free ends of theleader and the fly line.

White perchKnot Tying Tips Wet the knot when tying. It makes iteasier to draw tight Make sure the knot looks good and ittight Trim the knot carefully Learn a few knots really well. The onesyou will use Practice makes perfectSurgeon’s End LoopThis is one of the simplest and quickest waysof creating double lines for splicing to heavyleader material or for tying directly toterminal tackle.1. Double the end of the main line to form aloop. The amount you double determines thesize of the loop. Tie an overhand knot.2. With the loop still open, bring the doubleline through again.3. Pull the standing line and loop in oppositedirections to gather and tighten the knot. Trimthe free end.4. Once this knot is tied, create a dropper bysnipping the loop.5. For drift fishing, use the shorter of the twostrands for a weight and the other for thehook.6. For vertical situations, use the shorterstrand for the hook and the longer one for theweight.

Perfection LoopSome fly fishermen use the perfection loopto join a butt section (that has a perfectionloop tied on the end) with a fly leader (thatalso has a perfection loop tied on the end).Step 1—Make a loop as shown, with the tagend behind the standing line and facingdownward.Step 2—Make another, smaller loop over andbehind the first one, with the tag end facingdownward. Hold the loops in place betweenyour forefinger and thumb.Step 3—Pull the tag end between the twoloops, in front of the largerloop but behind the smaller loop, as shown.(The tag now should face upward.)Step 4—Holding the loops in place with yourforefinger and thumb, pull the smaller loopthrough the larger one.PRACTICEPRACTICEPRACTICEAmerican brooklamprey(The smaller loop is the one you will end upusing.)Step 5—Adjust the smaller loop to the desiredsize (smaller is better), moisten it, pull it snugover the standing line, and trim the tag endclosely

WarmouthUni to Uni knotYou not only need to know how to tie aknot, but need to know when to use it.I’m still practicing all thoseknots. The more youpractice, the better you willbecome and when in thefield and you need a certainknot, you will know it. Yourcounselor will expect you totie them without looking atpictures! Practice PracticePractice!!

Atlantic salmonDropper LoopThis is a good knot for creating one ormore loops in a leader (or main line) forattaching hooks, jigs, or a sinker.1. Form a loop to the size you desire.2. Twist the loop around the main line 8times.3. Reach through the center of thetwists and pull the loop through.4. Hold the loop with your teeth (becareful not to nick the line) while youpull on both ends of the main line totighten the knot.

Req. 5 Name and identify five basic artificiallures and five natural baits and explain how tofish with them. Explain why bait fish are notto be released.LUREBullheadHOW TO FISH WITH THEM

Different Types of Fishing Flounder tramping Noodling Pearl divers Trout binning Trout tickling Bowfishing Gigging Hawaiian sling Harpoons Pike pole fishing Spearguns Tridents Netting Cast nets Drift nets Ghost nets Gill nets Hand nets Seine nets Tangle nets Trawl nets Angling longliningTrollingJiggingBobber fishingCastingFly iningBank fishingFloat tube fishingTenkara fishingRock fishingSurfcastingIce fishingKite fishingKontikiRemote control fishingDam fishingBasket weir fish trapsFish wheelsLobster trapsCormorant fishingMan fishingusing acormorant.Fishing with a drone

NATURAL BAIT EXPLAIN HOW TO FISH WITH THEMWax wormsMinnowssmallshinersLeachesFrogsNight crawlersMinnowsLarge sucker(your choice)CommoncarpIn the early spring, the sunfish andcrappies come into our bay to feed. Ifish with a small bobber, small splitshot, short shaft minnow hook and ashiner hooked 6-11 inches from thebobber. I am only fishing in 12 inchesof water. They hit one after another.Fun!!

What is all this talk I hear about exotic speciesand why I can’t just dump all of my extraminnows in the lake or the worms onthe ground?Why are exotic (invasive) species so bad?Good question Exotic means it is not native to ourarea. Most come from some other country.Because they did not develop here, they have no natural enemies,things that kill or eat them. So their populations go unchecked andthey grow in numbers. At this point, they may outcompete ournative species and use up their habitat (food, shelter, water,space ) This causes our native species population to decrease.Case point: Night Crawlers. The early bird did not catchthe worm because they didn’t live here. But when we dump ournight crawlers out on the ground, we plant them there and theymultiply. The night crawlers come up at night and eat the leavesthat are on the ground. Sounds like a goodthing, but these leaves are where many ofour native frogs, salamanders, slugs live.So eventually the crawlers eat the home ofthese animals and they die out.Northern PikeDid you knowthat NightCrawlers aren’tnative toAmerica? Theycame from Asia.That is why theyare calledExotic.

What is in your minnow bucket or worm can?Bighead carpSilver carpGrass carpCommon carpNew Zealand Mud SnailRuffeSea lampreyWhite perchChinese snailBanded mystery snailFaucet snailRound gobyRusty crayfishSpiny waterfleaZebra musselPerchBrazilian elodeaCurly-leaf pondweedFlowering rushNon-native waterliliesStarry stonewortBrittle naiadEurasian watermilfoilNon-native phragmitesPurple loosestrifeEach of the above species can be transported from an infected lake to a clean lake inminnow buckets, live wells, hanging on to boats, motors, trailers, dumping aquariumwater, transporting fish from one lake to another. You may be able to see them or theymight be in the form of microscopic larvae/eggs, pieces of the plant or seeds.

Req. 4 Explain how each of the following types of flies areused: dry flies, wet flies, nymphs, streamers, bass bugs, andpoppers. What does each imitate? Tie at least two types ofthe flies mentioned in this requirement.About tying flies: Anyone can do it, but it really is anart that takes a lot of practice. The absolute best wayto learn is to work with someone who knows how andhas all the equipment and materials. If someone isn’tavailable, go to YouTube and watch a dozen videos.Following the directions in some good books is alsoreally helpful especially after you have learned thegeneral techniques of making a fly. Go step by stepwith them and do it the way they do it. So I won’tteach you in this power point. I do suggest you startwith an easy fly like a wooly bugger and then maybe anymph like a pheasant tail nymph. Then take your fliesand go catch a fish.Wooly bugger and pheasant tailnymph that I tied.ScudBurbot

Here I am tying a popperthat imitates a frog. Ilucked out because mydad ties flies, has all theequipment and couldshow me how.Red salmonfishing in Alaska

The objective of tying flies is to createas life-like imitation of a real fish food.So you need to know what the fish areeating. Some tied flies like nymphs,emergers, leeches, minnows, andstreamers are made to be fished “wet”or below the surface. Others calleddry flies and poppers are used on thesurface of the water.Wet FliesDry FliesMooneye

Not all fishing flies work all the time, especiallywith trout. If there is a “hatch” and insects areRound whitefishsitting on the surface and you throw a nymphat the fish, they will completely ignore it. Youneed to throw a fly that matches what the fishHere are someare feeding on at that moment. This is calledbooks that willmatching the hatch. Your fly needs to be thehelp you tie flies.same size, shape and color. Trout are verypicky. So matching the hatch is reallymatching what the fish are eating. If it is onthe surface than you need a bunch of dry flies.If they are feeding in the riffles eatingscuds, then you need a fly that lookslike a scud.

PATTERNDry FliesMATCHES WHAT ANIMALAdamsMayflies, midgesBloaterCompara-DunsPATTERNWet FliesMATCHESWHAT ANIMALElk Hair CaddisHare’s EarMayfly nymphsLight CahillPheasant TailGrasshopperSquirrel TailWooly BuggerAntsZug BugBeetlesBrassieSmall poppersLarge poppersDamselflyFrogs, water bugs, miceSan Juan Worm, Red wormsClouser minnow,Clouser, Zonker,BucktailsBaitfish (minnowsof different sizesand patterns)Any predatory fishat different timesof the yearWooly BuggerBaitfish, leechAll predatory fishMudder MinnowSculpinAll predatory fishGirdlebugAquatic bugLake fish

Req. 5 Demonstrate the ability to cast a flyconsistently and accurately using overheadand roll cast techniques.ChannelCatfishReq. 3 Demonstrate the proper use of twodifferent types of fishing equipment.The best way to learn howto use a fly rod properly isto have someone teachyou. It is not the same oreven close to how you casta spinning rod, so get help.You can also google it onYouTube. There are a lotof great videos showingyou how. It will take hoursof practice before you aregood. I was lucky becausemy dad fly fishes so heshowed me how, but I stillput in several hours beforeI was consistently castingabout 30 feet11:00 O'clockPointers: Keep yourwrist stiff,wear a braceto help you ifyou can Back andforward castsare at 11:00and 1:00 on aclock It is all abouttiming Learn how to“Load” theline1:00 O'clock


Req. 6 Go to a suitable fishing location andmake observations on the types of insects fishmay be eating. Look for flying insects andsome that may be on or beneath the water’ssurface. Look under rocks. Explain theimportance of matching the hatch.Chinook SalmonGet a small net and go to your favorite fishing spot andlook for stuff. I scooped through the muck, weeds andalong the vegetation. I was surprised. I found: tadpoles(bass love them), frog eggs, snails, scuds, damselflylarvae, dragonfly larvae, water boatman, leeches,caddisflies, water scorpion, mayfly larvae, mosquitoes,midges and more. A whole smorgasbord!! So get outthere and discover what your fish are eating.

Pumpkinseed sunfishAnother place to look forwhat fish are eating is inthe stomach of a fish thatyou have caught.Intestines swim bladder stomachLook on the land around your fishing spot formore fish food. Panfish and trout love eatingbeetles, grasshoppers, worms, mayflies,damselflies, moths, and just about any otherliving thing that falls in the water. Bass likebigger things like frogs and mice.GutsCut openstomachDragonfliesThis largemouth bass had eatentwo dragonfly nymphs before Icaught it on a fake minnow.

Stomach contents of two BrookTrout: Northern Red Salamander,Crawfish, Leopard Frog, Dragon FlyNymph, Stone Fly Nymph, and Cadisboth in case and larvaeWhite bassThe stomach ofa northern pikeis mostlyminnows, sowhat wouldyou fish with tocatch anorthern?Stomachcontents of aking salmonStomach contents of a musky. Note allthe panfish and how big they are.

WHAT DID YOU FIND?In the waterConnected to rocks On land around the Tullibeelake

COMMON FISH FOODS AND THE LURES THAT IMITATE THEMNatural Fish FoodFROGSSpinner FishingFly FishingWalleyeLEECHESMICEWORMSMINNOWSSurfaceMed. DepthDeepCRAYFISHFake frog forspinnersTADPOLESLARGE BUGS on thesurfaceLARGE BUGS underwaterMAYFLIES, CADDISFLIES,STONEFLIESSurfaceBottomFake frog forfly fishing

Req. 6 Do the following:a. Explain the importance of practicingLeave No Trace techniques. Discuss thepositive effects of Leave No Trace onfishing resources.b. Discuss the meaning and importanceof catch and release. Describe how toproperly release a fish safely to thewater.Req. 7 Explain theimportance of practicingLeave No Trace and how itpositively affects fly-fishingresources.Brainstorm: The effects on fishing resourcesThe Principles of Leave No Trace1. Plan ahead and prepare2. Travel and camp on durable surfaces3. Dispose of waste properly (pack it in pack it out)4. Leave what you find5. Minimize campfire impacts6. Respect wildlife7. Be considerate of other visitorsBlack Crappie

What percent of fish die after catch and release?Catch and release fishing. Bait caught fish typically suffer amuch higher hooking mortality than fish caught on fliesand lures. At least one out of three fish caught with baitwill die after release. Over 60 percent of deep hooked fishdie.How can you reduce damage to the fish?Try keeping the fish in the water at all times. Use single hooks, lesstreble hooks that are barbless. Use more artificial baits and lessnatural baits.If you must take the fish out of the water Wet your hands first so you don’t rub offall the slime Don’t hold it by the gills or eyes Keep the fish horizontal if possible Use a rubber net rather than a nylon meshnet Don’t lift the fish by the line Do it quickly Don’t let the fish flop around in the boatIf you don’t have to take the fish out of thewater, remove the hook with a removal toolkeeping the fish underwater and let it go.I am releasing a smallmouth bass in the Mississippi river.

Req. 8 Obtain the regulations affecting gamefishing where you live. Explain why they wereadopted and what is accomplished byfollowing them.Reg. 7 Obtain and review the regulationsaffecting game fishing where you live. Explainwhy they were adopted and what youaccomplish by following them.Lake TroutI just turned 16. This means I had tobuy my first fishing license. When Igot my license, they gave me theregulation booklet. Wow it is 98pages long and there is a lot of reallyimportant information I need toknow in order to fish. I can’t dependon my dad for understandinganymore. I need to know this stufffor myself. Get a copy and look itover. You might find it prettyinteresting and a bit over mlOr get a copy from anystore that sellsfishing/hunting licenses.

Conservation and the LawsThe DNR (Department of Natural Resources) isresponsible for managing our fishing resource.This is not an easy or quick job when you aremanaging millions of acres of land/water that isused by millions of people with a million waysthey think it should be done.How do they figure out what to do with thishuge resource we call fishing? Good question.It is based mostly on science mixed in withpolitics and social norms.1. Count the fish. The DNR does yearly censuswork on many of our lakes and rivers.2. Know the biology of the fish. How fast theygrow, how many offspring they have, whattheir habitat is, limiting factors affectingthem, spawning season etc.3. Study the survival rates, age structure of thelakes, number of fisherman and commercialtake 4. Make laws, set harvest limits and seasonsbased on the data and when the fish spawn.There is also a societal part to settingthe limits and laws. Do fisherman wantlots of fish or big fish? Do we stock thelakes? Are there Tribal treaties andjurisdictions involved? How muchmoney does the DNR have to managethe resource? Is it connected to aparticular tourist industry in that areathat depends on fisherman?We need to protect theresource for all generations.I only keep what I can eat. This fish issmall so I will keep him. The really bigones lay the eggs so I let those all go.

Outdoor CodeAs an American, I will do my best to—Be Clean in my Outdoor Manners.I will treat the outdoors as a heritage.I will take care of it for myself and others.I will keep my trash andgarbage out of lakes, streams,fields, woods, and roadw

–A merit badge help for scouts doing the merit badge on their own –A supplement to the booklet –Scouts will have to do research. Not all answers are given. There is a lot of supplemental material, pictures, graphics that can be used to help teach and expand the minds of the sco