TWELFTH EDITION Introduction To Sociology

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TWELFTH EDITIONIntroductionto SociologyHENRY L. TISCHLER

about the authorHENRY L. TISCHLERgrew up in Philadelphiaand received his bachelor’sdegree from TempleUniversity and his mastersand doctorate degreesfrom NortheasternUniversity. He pursuedpostdoctoral studies at Harvard University. His firstventure into textbook publishing took place while hewas still a graduate student in sociology when hewrote the fourth edition of Race and EthnicRelations with Brewton Berry. The success of thatbook led to his authorship of Introduction toSociology.Tischler has been a professor at FraminghamState University in Framingham, Massachusetts,for several decades. He has also taught atNortheastern University, Tufts University, andIntroduction to SociologyTischler: “My goal in this book is to demonstrate the vitality, interest,and utility associated with the study of sociology. Examining societyand trying to understand how it works is an exciting and absorbingprocess. I have not set out to make sociologists of my readers butrather to show how sociology applies to many areas of life and how it isused in day-to-day activities. In meeting this objective, I have focusedon two basic ideas: that sociology is a rigorous scientific disciplineand that a basic knowledge of sociology is essential for understandingsocial interaction in many different settings, whether they be work orsocial. In order to understand society, we need to understand how itshapes people and how people in turn shape society.Sociology is a highly organized discipline shaped by several theoretical perspectives or schools of thought. It is not merely the studyof social problems or the random voicing of opinions. In this book, no single perspective is given greater emphasis; a balanced presentationof both functionalist theory and conflict theory is supplemented whenever possible by the symbolic interactionist viewpoint.Montclair State University. He continues to teachintroductory sociology every year and has beeninstrumental in encouraging many students to majorin the field. His other areas of interest are race andethnicity, and crime and deviant behavior.Professor Tischler has been active in makingsociology accessible to the general population andhas been the host of an author interview programon National Public Radio. He has also written aweekly newspaper column called “Society Today”which dealt with a wide variety of sociologicaltopics.Henry Tischler divides his time between Bostonand New York City. For forty two years he wasmarried to Linda Tischler, a senior editor at anational magazine. He lost his wife in 2016. Tischlerhas a daughter Melissa, who is an associate partnerand head of strategy at a consulting company, anda son Ben, who is an executive video producer.The book has received a great deal of praise for being cross- culturalin approach and for bringing in examples from a wide variety of societies. Sociology is concerned with the interactions of people wherever and whenever they occur. It would be shortsighted, therefore, to concentrate on only our own society. Often, in fact, the bestway to appreciate our own situation is through com parison with other societies. We use our cross- cultural focus as a basis for comparisonand contrast with U.S. society.”

contents in briefPA R TO N EThe Study of Society1 The Sociological Perspective2 Doing Sociology: Research MethodsPA R T34567Socialization and DevelopmentSocial InteractionSocial Groups and OrganizationsDeviant Behavior and Social ControlT H R E ESocial InequalityThis edition has been revised to make itas current as possible and to reflect newdevelopments in the field of sociology. Thegoal has always been to make the materialaccessible and make it possible for instructorsto present an interesting and informativecourse.Each chapter progresses from a specificto a general analysis of society. Each partintroduces increasingly more comprehensivefactors necessary for a broadbased understanding of social organization.Social Class in the United StatesGlobal StratificationRacial and Ethnic MinoritiesGender StratificationPA R T1213141516The Individual in SocietyCulturePA R T891011T WOabout the twelfth editionFO U RInstitutions and Social IssuesMarriage and Changing Family ArrangementsReligionEducationPolitical and Economic SystemsHealth and AgingGlossaryReferencesIndexPractice TestsPractice Test AnswersThe material is presented through consistentlyapplied learning aids. Each chapter beginswith a chapter outline, learning objectives,then a thought-provoking opening vignetteoffers a real-life story of the concepts beingcovered. Key terms are presented in boldfacedtype in the text (also listed at the end of each chapter with page references). Key conceptsare presented in italicized type in the text. Asummary of the learning objectives concludeseach chapter. An integrated study guidefollows each chapter. A full glossary is in theback of the book for further reference.The following sample pages illustrate howeach chapter is organized and some of theboxed features that appear.

sample pagespart opener — this book is dividedinto four parts; each part openerlists the chapters it comprises aswell as an overviewchapter outline — contentcovered in the chapter

sample pageschapter opener — each chapterbegins with learning objectives,a thought-provoking openingvignette offering real-life story of theconcepts being coveredhow sociologists do it — studiesand information that help expand ourknowledge of the social world

sample pagesday-to-day sociology — boxedfeatures that examine a trendor interesting sociologicalresearch that has a connectionto students’ livesthinking about social issues —boxes that help students realize thatmost social events require closeanalysis and that hastily drawnconclusions are often wrongour diverse world — boxedfeatures that encourage studentsto think about sociological issuesin a larger context and explore theglobal diversity presentin the world

sample pagessummary and key terms —summary of the learning objectivesand key terms with page referencesstudy guide — an integrated studyguide follows each chapter

ancillary packageSupplements for the Instructor Instructor’s Resource Manual includes:– learning objectives– chapter outline– key concepts and thinkers/researchers– lecture and classroom suggestions– student activities / Internet activities / video suggestions– annotated list of resources for students Test Bank files (to accompany the Instructor’s Resource Manual)include:– multiple choice questions– true/false questions– essay questions keyed to each learning objective PowerPoint files: each chapter comes with a set of PowerPoint filesas an additional source for teaching.wessex press, inc.www.wessexlearning.comNoel Capon, R.C. Kopf Professor of International Marketing, ColumbiaBusiness School, founded Wessex Press, Inc. in 2007. Wessex is asmall publisher with global reach focusing predominantly on marketing,management, and other higher-education textbooks. Wessex’s goal is toprovide top-quality learning materials at affordable prices. Publishing under theWessex Press and AxcessCapon brands, Wessex Press, Inc. offers titles inmultiple print and digital formats. Wessex also offers video books.Wessex Press, Inc.New York, NYwww.wessexlearning.comFor instructor access, or to request a free desk copy of Introduction to Sociology12e, go to -copyYou can also reach us at [email protected] or call 914-573-2757

Introduction to Sociology Tischler: “My goal in this book is to demonstrate the vitality, interest, and utility associated with the study of sociology. Examining society and trying to understand how it works is an exciting and absorbing process. I