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US outlook forLampswith forecasts to 2005 and 2010New study finds: US demand for lamps is projected to advance3.9 percent per annum through 2005 to 5.4 billion The strongest gains will be experienced in the HIDand other product segment, which is projected to rise7.2 percent annually through 2005 The US lamp industry is very concentrated, with threelarge producers -- GE Lighting, Osram Sylvania andPhilips Lighting -- accounting for 85 percent of total sales

Freedonia Industry Study #1479LampsStudy Publication Date: October 2001Price: 3,600Pages: 276Lamps, a new study from The Freedonia Group, providesyou with an in-depth analysis of major trends in theindustry and the outlook for product segments and majormarkets -- critical information to help you with strategicplanning.This brochure gives you an indication of the scope, depthand value of Freedonia's new study, Lamps. Orderinginformation is included on the back page of the brochure.Brochure Table of ContentsStudy Highlights . 2Table of Contents and List of Tables and Charts . 4Sample Pages and Sample Tables from:Market Environment/Competitive Technologies . 6Products . 7Markets . 8Industry Structure . 9Company Profiles . 10List of Companies Profiled . 11Forecasting Methodology . 12About the Company . 13Advantages of Freedonia Reports . 13About Our Customers . 14Other Titles From Freedonia . 15Ordering Information . 16

Study Highlights US demand for lamps is projected to advance 3.9percent per annum through 2005 to 5.4 billion. Electrical discharge lamps such as fluorescents andhigh intensity discharge (HID) lamps will leadadvances in lamp demand over the forecast period. Demand in the building market will benefit from thelarge installed base of lamps in residential and nonresidential structures, as well as from additionalreplacement demand stemming from retrofit projectsinvolving the installation of energy-efficient lightingsystems. The strongest gains will be experienced in the HIDand other product segment, which is projected to rise7.2 percent annually through 2005. Incandescent lamps will remain the largest singleproduct segment of US-produced lamps, accountingfor over two-fifths of total value shipments in 2005. The US lamp industry is very concentrated, withthree large producers -- GE Lighting, Osram Sylvaniaand Philips Lighting -- accounting for 85 percent oftotal sales.* The study does not cover lighting fixtures, lamp ballasts,wiring devices, dimming controls and related products, orelectric power generating, transmission and distributionequipment.Lamps #14792Freedonia Industry Study

Study HighlightsLamp Shipments, 2000Incandescents47.0%Fluorescents26.7%HID & Other26.3%Lamps Supply & Demand(million dollars)% Annual GrowthItem199520002005201000/9505/00Gross Domestic Product (bil ) lamps/000 amp Demand- net imports36433814430622Lamp ShipmentsIncandescentsFluorescentsHID & Other326216271008627 /unitLamp Shipments (mil units)0.893651SUMMARY 7.20.9838741.1241001.2644101. Copyright by The Freedonia Group, Inc.Lamps #1479Order form on last page3

List of Contents,Tables and ChartsI. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYSummary Table . 3II. MARKET ENVIRONMENTGeneral . 4Macroeconomic Environment . 5Table - Macroeconomic Trends . 8Personal Expenditure Patterns . 8Table - Personal Consumption Expenditures . 10Demographic Trends . 10Population . 11Table - Population Trends . 12Households . 13Building Construction Trends . 13Table - Building Construction Expenditures . 16Residential Construction . 16Table - Residential Construction Expenditures . 18Housing Starts . 18Table - Housing Starts & Existing Stock . 20Housing Stock . 20Repairs & Improvements . 21Table - Residential Repair & ImprovementExpenditures . 22Nonresidential Construction . 22Nonresidential Construction Outlook . 23Table - Nonresidential Building ConstructionExpenditures . 24Nonresidential Building Stock . 24Table - Nonresidential Building Stock . 26Highway & Street Construction . 27Table - Highway & Street Construction Expenditures . 28Motor Vehicle Trends . 28Table - Motor Vehicle Trends . 30Durable Goods Outlook . 30Table - Durable Goods Shipments . 32Market Trends & Seasonality . 32Table - Lamp Market Trends, 1990-2000 . 34Chart - Lamp Market, 1991-2000 . 34Pricing Trends . 35Table - Lamp Pricing Trends . 36Regulations & Standards . 37General Regulations & Standards . 37Environment-Related Regulations & Standards . 38Energy Efficiency Initiatives . 40Lamps #14794World Lamp Overview . 42US Foreign Trade . 44Table - Lamp Foreign Trade . 46Imports . 46Chart - Lamp Imports by Type, 2000 . 48Chart - Lamp Import Value by Type, 2000 . 48Exports . 49Chart - Lamp Exports by Type, 2000 . 50Chart - Lamp Export Value by Type, 2000 . 50III. LAMPS OVERVIEWGeneral . 51Demand . 53Table - Lamp Demand by Type . 55Chart - Lamp Demand by Type, 2000 . 55Shipments . 56Table - Lamp Shipments by Type . 58Chart - Lamp Shipments by Type, 2000 . 59Chart - Lamp Shipment Value by Type, 2000 . 59IV. INCANDESCENT LAMPSGeneral . 60Table - Incandescent Lamp Supply & Demand . 63Chart - Incandescent Lamp Shipments by Type, 2000 . 64Large Incandescent Lamps . 64Table - Large Incandescent Lamp Supply & Demand . 67General Use Lamps . 67Table - General Purpose Large Incandescent LampShipments by Type . 71Reflector Lamps . 71Table - Reflector Lamp Shipments by Type . 73Decorative Lamps . 74Table - Decorative Lamp Shipments . 75Three-Way Lamps . 75Table - Three-Way Incandescent Lamp Shipments . 76Rough Service & Vibration Lamps . 76Table - Rough Service & Vibration Lamp Shipments . 78Other Large Incandescent Lamps . 78Table - Other Large Incandescent Lamp Shipments . 79Miniature Incandescent Lamps . 79Table - Miniature Incandescent Lamp Supply & Demand . 82Non-Sealed Beam Automotive Lamps . 82Table - Non-Sealed Beam LampShipments by Application . 85Glass & Metal Sealed Beam Lamps . 85Table - Glass & Metal Sealed Beam LampShipments by Type . 86Automotive . 87Table - Automotive Sealed Beam LampShipments by Application . 88Nonautomotive . 88Table - Nonautomotive Sealed Beam LampShipments by Application . 90Subminiature Incandescent Lamps . 90Table - Subminiature Lamp Shipments by Application . 91Miscellaneous Miniature Incandescent Lamps . 92Table - Miscellaneous Miniature LampFreedonia Industry Study

Shipments by Application . 93Other Incandescent Lamps . 93Table - Other Incandescent Lamp Supply & Demand . 95V. ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE & OTHER LAMPSGeneral . 96Table - Electrical Discharge & Other LampSupply & Demand . 99Chart - Electrical Discharge & Other LampShipments by Type, 1990-2010 . 100Fluorescent Lamps . 100Table - Fluorescent Lamp Supply & Demand . 103General Use Lamps . 103Table - General Use Fluorescent LampShipments by Type . 106Large Fluorescent Lamps . 106Compact Fluorescent Lamps . 108Other General Use Fluorescent Lamps . 110Slimline Lamps . 110Table - Slimline Fluorescent Lamp Shipments . 112High Output Lamps . 112Table - High Output Fluorescent Lamp Shipments . 113Circular Lamps . 114Table - Circular Fluorescent Lamp Shipments . 114High Intensity Discharge & Other Discharge Lamps . 115Table - High Intensity Discharge & Other DischargeLamp Supply & Demand . 116General High Intensity Discharge Lamps . 117Table - General High Intensity Discharge LampShipments by Type . 120Sodium Vapor Lamps . 120Metal Halide Lamps . 122Mercury Vapor Lamps . 123Miscellaneous Electrical Discharge Lamps . 124Table - Miscellaneous Electrical DischargeLamp Shipments . 126VI. COMPETITIVE TECHNOLOGIESGeneral .LEDs .Product Development .Markets .Outdoor Lighting .Consumer Products .Motor Vehicles .Buildings .Remote Source Lighting Systems .Fiber Optics .Technology .Markets .Prism Light Guides .Other Competitive Technologies .127128130133134135135136137138139139141142VII. LAMP MARKETSGeneral . 145Table - Lamp Demand by Market . 147Chart - Lamp Demand by Market, 2000 . 148Lamps #1479Buildings .Table - Building Lamp Demand by Sector & Type .Residential .Table - Residential Lamp Demand by Use & Type .Commercial & Institutional .Table - Commercial & Institutional Building LampDemand by Market Sector & Type .Industrial & Other .Table - Industrial & Other Building LampDemand by Market Sector & Type .Motor Vehicles .Table - Motor Vehicle LampDemand by Sector & Vehicle Type .Lamp Demand .Regulatory Issues & Competitive Technology .Consumer Products .Table - Consumer Products Lamp Demand .Appliances .Photographic .Other .Decorative Holiday Lights .Table - Decorative Holiday Lamp Demand .Equipment & Other .Table - Equipment & Other Markets Lamp Demand .Transportation & Construction Equipment .Streetlighting & Related .Medical/Scientific/Miscellaneous 72174176176178178179181VIII. INDUSTRY STRUCTUREGeneral . 183Industry Composition . 184Table - Estimated RevenuesFor Selected Lamp Suppliers, 2000 . 186Market Share . 187Chart - Lamp Market Share, 2000 . 188Competitive Strategies . 189Vertical & Horizontal Integration . 189Other Competitive Strategies . 191Manufacturing . 192Product Development . 194Marketing . 197Green Marketing . 198Market-Specific Strategies . 199Distribution . 201Table - Lamp Demand by Distribution Sector . 202Consumer . 202Building Lamps . 202Vehicular Lamps . 204OEM . 205Other . 205Mergers & Acquisitions . 206Table - Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures . 207Cooperative Agreements . 208Table - Selected Cooperative Agreements . 210Corporate Profiles . 212-276Order form on last page5

Market Environment/Competitive TechnologiesThese Sections discusses factorsinfluencing lamp demand, includingconstruction trends, LEDs, remotesource lighting systems, and otherMARKET ENVIRONMENTcompetitive technologies.Energy Efficiency InitiativesThis information provides you with anunderstanding and an analysis of theIn addition to government regulations and standards, growing concern over globalenergy use and other environmental issues has led to a number of initiativesclimate in which the lamp industrySAMPLEPAGE lighting systems. Thesedesigned to encourage the installationof energy-efficientoperates.programs originate with government agencies, as well as public and privateorganizations.Lighting is a major source of energy consumption, accounting for about 25 percentof the total electricity consumed in the US on average. This share can rise to upCOMPETITIVETECHNOLOGIESto 50 percent of energy consumptionin somecommercial and institutionalbuildings. Moreover, the generation of this electricity creates a number ofFiber Optic Lighting - pollutantsMarkets that contribute to acid rain, global warming and smog. For example,electricity generation causes 35 percent of all US carbon dioxide emissions, 75percentof sulfurindioxideemissionsand nearly40 percent of nitrogen oxideFiber optic lighting systemsare growingpopularityin a varietyof applications,emissions.including displays, underwater lighting, architectural highlighting and signs. Bothglass and plastic fiber optic systems are used to replace fluorescent lamps cantlymuseum and retail displayUsingapplications.Becausefiber opticsystemsdo not reduces the amount of energyby theas well levelsof harmfulemissions.Some industrytransmit electricity, they consumedare often usedin systems,such tethatinstallingenergy-efficientlightinginall US commercialspas, fountains and pools. Side- and end-emitting systems are used for variousspace currentlyilluminatedby lesscasinosefficientlamps would save anarchitectural highlightingfloorapplicationson bridges,clock lowatthoursofelectricityannually.high-profile buildings. Signage uses for fiber optic systems include edge-lit exitsigns, billboards and traffic signals. The systems are also used for such specializedManufacturersof lightingproducts canlighting efficiency, and thusapplications as dentistry andmedical equipment,microscopesandimprovecameras.decrease energy consumption and related emissions, by improving the lumen-perwatt performanceof lampsand forballasts.More energy-efficientlighting systemsAutomotive lighting representsa large potentialmarketfiber optics,which .Thesedevelopmentsalready used in vehicular backlighting and drive indicator applications. However,have otherpositive aimedenvironmentaleffects.For ableexample, the use of fewer,product developments in alsothis sectorare primarilyat estheoverallamountto combine the complete range of vehicular lighting requirements into one system. of materials usedFiber optics are also used for such specialty transportation equipment applicationsas emergency vehicles, airplanes and ships.Several vehicular fiber optic lighting systems are available commercially, includingFederal-Mogul’s DISTRIBUTED LIGHTING SYSTEM. This system uses a singlelight source housed to direct light through thermoplastic light pipes or fiber opticLamps #14796Freedonia Industry Study

Lamps by TypeThese Sections provide demand forELECTRICAL DISCHARGE & OTHER LAMPShistorical years and forecast growth to2005 and 2010General High Intensity Discharge Lamps - Sodium Vapor LampsThis information helps you:Shipments of sodium vapor lamps are expected to advance 8.8 percent per annumto 70 million units in 2005, among the fastest growing lamp products. Advanceswill beSAMPLEsupported by aPAGEfavorable outlook for new roadway construction expendi- Analyze your company'stures and an incremental expansion of US highway mileage. Growth will also stemgrowth potential infrom increasing emphasis on the use of energy efficient products in nonresidentialthe industry.applications, as these lamps offer the highest energy efficiency of the major lamptypes. However, gains will be somewhat restrained by the poor light quality ofthese lamps, which limits use in indoor applications. Outline your strategicThere are two types of sodium vapor lamps: high pressure sodium (HPS) and lowplans for five and tenpressure sodium (LPS). HPS lamps generally consist of an outer glass envelopeyears out.that encloses a ceramic internal arc tube containing solid metallic sodium andmercury sealed in a xenon gas fill. The lamps are characterized by long operating lives (up to 24,000 hours) and have a much higher luminous efficiency thanEstablish sales goals.mercury or metal halide HIDs, but produce an orange-white light with poor colorrendering properties.LPS lamps are technically not high intensity lamps, but are classified with HPSlamps. The lamps consist of a U-shaped tube made of sodium-resistant glass,which contains sodium and a neon-argon gas mixture. The tube is enclosed in anevacuated outer bulb with an inner surface coated with material designed to reflectinfrared but pass visible light. LPS lamps have the highest efficacy of any artificiallight source, producing up to 180 lumens per watt. However, the lamps are similarto HPS in theirpoor light quality, as they produce an orange-yellow light.Reflector Lamp Shipmentsby Type(million units)The poor color characteristics of sodium vapor lamps limit their use to outdoorItem19901995200020052010and industrial applications in which requirements for high efficacy and long lifeoutweigh unfavorable color properties. Among the applications in which theLarge Incandescent Lamp Shipments% LE TABLEReflector Lamp ShipmentsR TypePAR Type11664521387761165927319510590215110105 /unitReflector Lamp Shipments (mil )2.452842.543512.814642.955753.07660 Copyright by The Freedonia Group, Inc.Lamps #1479Order form on last page7

MarketsThe Markets Section analyzes trends andconsiders the threats and opportunities ineach of the major markets for lamps.LAMP MARKETSThe information presented willhelp you:Appliances Demand for lamps used in appliances is expected to advance 1.9 percent per year Focus your sales and marketingefforts on high growth areas.Propose new areas for 55 million units in 2005. Gains will result from residential repair and improve-PAGE projects often include new appliances. AdvancesmentSAMPLEspending, as improvementwill also stem from growing consumer preference for high-end appliances, whichoften contain an increased number of light bulbs per unit. However, demand forappliance lamps will be limited by decelerating appliance shipments. Thisslowdown in shipments will result in part from the weak new residential housingmarket. Demand for appliance lamps will also be limited by competition fromLEDs and LCDs, particularly for indicator light applications.Appliances which use lamps include refrigerators, freezers and such cookingappliances as microwaves and ovens. In response to growing consumer preferencefor higher-end goods, many appliance manufacturers have increased the valueadded features in these products. These advances often include increases in theCommercial & InstitutionalBuildingnumberof light bulbsLampused perDemandunit. For example, many higher-end refrigeratorsby Market Sector & Typefeature night lights used to improve visibility.(million units)ItemPhotographic19901995200020052010Demand for lamps used in photographic applications is forecast to decline onepercent per annum through 2005 to 20 million units, based on decreased use ofOffice/Comm Bldg Stock (bil 1996 )15641703199622802585traditional flash 0.39bulbs. Thesehowever,represent0.33a significant improveunits/000 bldg stock0.38declines,0.360.34ment over the double-digit losses of the last decade. During the 1990s, the use ofCommercial & Institutional Demand613 due 646710 introduction780855flash bulbs plummetedto the widespreadofcameras with built-inBy Sector:flashes. However, since most of this effect has already taken place, losses inRetail186186202215225photographic lamps will moderate over the forecast al & Other283308334370415In addition to flash bulbs, photographic lamps include such incandescent bulbs asBy Type:IncandescentFluorescent & Other Copyright by TheInc.223 Freedonia213 Group,210% commercial & institutionalBuilding Lamp 119.3404519.14475 Copyright by The Freedonia Group, Inc.Lamps #14798Freedonia Industry Study

IndustryStructureSample page fromFreedonia Industry StudyGaina betterunderstandingof your#1117FractionalHorsepowerMotorscompetition and analyze yourcompany's position in the industry withinformation about: industry composition market share competitive strategies- vertical & horizontal integration- other competitive strategies manufacturingINDUSTRY STRUCTUREMarketing - Market-Specific StrategiesIn addition to “green marketing” techniques, which find use across a wide range ofend uses, lamp producers use many other marketing strategies targeted at specificmarkets. The majority of these techniques are aimed at either residentialconsumers or purchasers of lamps for nonresidential buildings.Brand recognition is a key competitive factor in marketing in the consumer lampmarket. Consumers in the US typically recognize only the General Electric,Philips and Sylvania brands, SAMPLEwhich have beenPAGEmade familiar through aggressive product developmentadvertising and promotional campaigns. However, some producers of private labelbulbs have been able to make headway in the consumer lamp market by using marketing- green marketing- market-specific strategiespackaging that looks similar to that of a national brand.Another major trend in the consumer lamp market is the use of application-basedor segmentalized marketing, in which lamps are marketed based on their intendedapplication rather than on lamp technology. This type of marketing first became distribution- consumer- building lamps- vehicular lamps- OEM- otherpopular following the Energy Policy Act of 1992, which mandated lamp labelingto include the listing of lumens, watts and bulb life in equal sized lettering. Theeffects of this act included not only increased information regarding the relativemerits of various lamps, but also increased marketing of lamps by applicationrather than technology. This trend has continued to gain popularity and a numberof major lamp producers use packaging that is color coded or features productapplication pictures or descriptions. A number of manufacturers, including GELighting and Osram Sylvania, supply retailers with display materials and other mergers & acquisitions cooperative agreementsmerchandising assistance so that the lamps can be displayed according to their enduse or according to the type of fixture in which they can be used.Lamp producers selling products to the nonresidential building market use a numberof other specialized marketing techniques, including lighting assessments andLamps #1479Order form on last page9

Company ProfilesThe Profiles Section analyzes 41companies active in the U.S. lampmarket. These profiles represent asampling or cross-section of the types ofcompanies involved in the industry.Divisions, subsidiaries, jointventures, etc., are discussed underappropriate parent companies.COMPANY PROFILESSLI Incorporated500 Chapman StreetCanton, MA s for profiles included:Chicago Miniature Lamp Incorporated147 Central Avenue Information provided byHackensack, NJ 07601201-489-8989key staff members in therespective companiesSLI Incorporated is a vertically integrated manufacturer and supplier of lightingsystems, which include lam

Philips Lighting -- accounting for 85 percent of total sales with forecasts to 2005 and 2010. Freedonia Industry Study #1479 Lamps . Price: 3,600 Pages: 276 Lamps, a new study from The Freedonia Group, prov

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