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Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4Red Hat Enterprise Linux StepBy Step Guide

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: Red Hat Enterprise Linux Step By Step GuideCopyright 2003 Red Hat, Inc.Red Hat, Inc.1801 Varsity DriveRaleigh NC 27606-2072 USAPhone: 1 919 754 3700Phone: 888 733 4281Fax: 1 919 754 3701PO Box 13588Research Triangle Park NC 27709 USArhel-sbs(EN)-4-Print-RHI (2005-02-16T01:05)Copyright 2005 by Red Hat, Inc. This material may be distributed only subject to the terms and conditions set forth in theOpen Publication License, V1.0 or later (the latest version is presently available at of substantively modified versions of this document is prohibited without the explicit permission of the copyrightholder.Distribution of the work or derivative of the work in any standard (paper) book form for commercial purposes is prohibitedunless prior permission is obtained from the copyright holder.Red Hat and the Red Hat "Shadow Man" logo are registered trademarks of Red Hat, Inc. in the United States and othercountries.All other trademarks referenced herein are the property of their respective owners.The GPG fingerprint of the [email protected] key is:CA 20 86 86 2B D6 9D FC 65 F6 EC C4 21 91 80 CD DB 42 A6 0E

Table of ContentsIntroduction. i1. Architecture-specific Information . i2. Changes to This Manual . i3. Document Conventions . ii4. Copying and Pasting Text With X. iv5. Using the Mouse . v6. We Need Feedback! . vI. Starting Out . i1. Getting Started . 11.1. Setup Agent. 11.2. Introductory Terms. 61.3. Logging In. 71.4. Graphical Interface. 91.5. Opening a Shell Prompt . 91.6. Creating a User Account . 91.7. Documentation and Help . 111.8. Logging Out . 131.9. Shutting Down your Computer . 142. Using the Graphical Desktop . 152.1. Using Nautilus . 152.2. Using the Desktop. 192.3. Using the Panel . 212.4. Using the Applications and Actions Menus . 252.5. Customizing your GNOME session. 262.6. Logging Out . 312.7. Switching Desktops . 313. Managing Files and Directories . 333.1. File System Terms. 333.2. A Larger Picture of the File System . 333.3. Managing Files. 353.4. File Compression and Archiving . 373.5. Managing Directories. 434. Shell Prompt Basics . 454.1. Why Use a Shell Prompt. 454.2. The History of the Shell . 454.3. Basics . 464.4. Determining Your Current Directory with pwd . 514.5. Manipulating Files in Your Current Working Directory . 514.6. Leaving your Current Working Directory . 564.7. Locating Files and Directories . 574.8. Viewing text files from the shell prompt. 594.9. Manipulating Information from the Shell . 604.10. Using Multiple Commands . 644.11. Ownership and Permissions . 64II. Using Your System . 715. Connecting to the Internet. 735.1. The Internet Configuration Wizard . 735.2. Creating a Dial-Up Connection . 745.3. Creating a High Speed Connection . 755.4. Creating a Wireless Connection . 765.5. Additional Resources . 766. Web Browsing . 776.1. Firefox . 77

7. Email Applications. 817.1. Evolution. 827.2. Thunderbird. 847.3. Plain Text Email Clients . 868. Working with 898.1. Feature overview of . 898.2. Writer . 918.3. Calc . 948.4. Impress . 958.5. Draw and Math. 969. Working with Other Text Applications . 999.1. Working with Text Editors . 999.2. Viewing PDF and PS files . 10010. Audio, Video, and Games . 10110.1. Playing Audio CDs . 10110.2. Playing Digital Audio Files . 10210.3. Troubleshooting Your Sound Card . 10310.4. Troubleshooting Your Video Card . 10410.5. Games . 10510.6. Finding Games Online . 10611. Working with Digital Cameras . 10711.1. Nautilus and Digital Cameras . 10711.2. Using gThumb . 10712. Working with Images . 10912.1. Saving Images . 10912.2. Viewing Images. 10912.3. Editing and Creating Images with the GIMP. 11013. Diskettes and CD-ROMs . 11313.1. Using Diskettes . 11313.2. CD- and DVD-ROMs . 11513.3. CD/DVD-Rs and CD/DVD-RWs. 11713.4. Additional Resources . 12013.5. USB Flash Drives. 120III. Troubleshooting Your System . 12314. Frequently Asked Questions . 12514.1. Localhost Login and Password . 12514.2. Forgotten root Password . 12514.3. Forgotten user Password . 12614.4. Changing Passwords . 12614.5. Password Maintenance . 12614.6. Starting Applications . 12614.7. Finding Commands Quickly . 12714.8. Tips on Using Command History . 12814.9. Keep ls Output from Scrolling . 12814.10. Accessing a Windows Partition . 12914.11. Error Messages During Installation of RPMs . 13114.12. Changing Login from Console to X at Startup . 131

IV. Appendix . 133A. KDE: The K Desktop Environment . 135A.1. Customizing KDE . 135A.2. Introducing Konqueror . 136A.3. Using Konqueror . 138A.4. Using the KDE Desktop. 140A.5. Using the Panel . 141A.6. Browsing the Web with Konqueror . 144A.7. Using Konqueror to View Images . 145A.8. KMail . 146A.9. Logging Out of KDE. 148A.10. Finding Help . 148B. Getting Started with Gnu Privacy Guard. 151B.1. Configuration File . 151B.2. Warning Messages. 152B.3. Generating a Keypair. 152B.4. Generating a Revocation Certificate. 154B.5. Exporting your Public Key. 155B.6. Importing a Public Key . 157B.7. What Are Digital Signatures? . 158B.8. Additional Resources . 158C. Applications . 161D. A Comparison of Common DOS and Linux Commands . 165E. System Directories. 167F. Keyboard Shortcuts. 169Index. 171Colophon. 175

IntroductionWelcome to the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Step By Step Guide!By now, you should have read the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Installation Guide and successfully installed Red Hat Enterprise Linux. This manual is designed to help new and intermediate Linux usersnavigate and perform common tasks. Keep in mind that Linux looks, feels, and performs differentlyfrom other operating systems you may have used. Forget about the conventions of other operating systems and, with an open mind, approach Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a new, interesting, and versatilealternative.This manual is task-oriented. You will find useful tips, hints, warnings, and screen shots interspersedthroughout. First, you will learn the basics of using Red Hat Enterprise Linux, such as familiarizingyourself with the desktop, learning to use the shell prompt, and navigating through files and folders.Once the basics are covered, the manual moves on to more advanced topics including setting up aninternet connection, configuring a printer, and working with documents.Most users choose to work within either the GNOME or KDE graphical desktop environments (otherdesktop environments are also available). The Red Hat Enterprise Linux Step By Step Guide focusesprimarily on how to perform tasks in these two environments.Topics discussed include: Using the graphical desktop environment Managing files and directories Working with documents Using the Web and email Working with a digital cameraAfter conquering the basics of your Red Hat Enterprise Linux system, you may need informationon more advanced topics. You can find this information in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux SystemAdministration Guide, the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Reference Guide, the Red Hat Enterprise LinuxIntroduction to System Administration, and the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Security Guide.HTML, PDF, and RPM versions of the manuals are available on the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Documentation CD and online at this manual reflects the most current information possible, read the Red Hat EnterpriseLinux Release Notes for information that may not have been available prior to our documentationbeing finalized. The Release Notes can be found on the Red Hat Enterprise Linux CD #1, online at, or in the /usr/share/doc/redhat-release-4 product / directoryafter installation, where product is AS, ES, WS, or Desktop.1. Architecture-specific InformationUnless otherwise noted, information contained in this manual applies only to the x86 processor andprocessors featuring the Intel Extended Memory 64 Technology (Intel EM64T) and AMD64 technologies. For architecture-specific information, refer to the Red Hat Enterprise Linux InstallationGuide for your respective architecture.

iiIntroduction2. Changes to This ManualThis manual was previously published under the title Red Hat Linux Getting Started Guide. It hasbeen renamed and incorporated into the Red Hat Enterprise Linux documentation set. It has beenmodified to include new features in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 and to reflect changes in documentedprocedures that are not supported in Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Changes to this manual include:Removable MediaThe title and contents of this chapter have been changed from Diskettes and CD-ROMs to reflect expanded media options: both DVD-ROMs and USB flash drives are now included in thischapter.Web Brows

Welcome to the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Step By Step Guide! By now, you should have read the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Installation Guide and successfully in-stalled Red Hat Enterprise Linux. This manual is designed to help new and intermediate Linux users navigate and perform common tasks. Keep in mind that Linux looks, feels, and performs ...