# CALCULATING BRACING DEMAND FOR WALLS Wall Bracing

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CALCULATING BRACING DEMAND FOR WALLSWall bracingDESIGNRIGHTTHIS THIRD ARTICLE IN A BUILD SERIES ON CALCULATING BRACINGREQUIREMENTS FOR A BUILDING LOOKS AT WALL BRACING.TOM EDHOUSE, BRANZTECHNICAL ADVISOR5.600upper floor level4.2004.8006.50030 3001.9007.1004.2001.80030 lower floor levelFigure 1Elevation of example house.The same building is being used as in thecalculations are needed, one for each of these.previous article on subfloor bracing (see BuildRoof type and building dimensionThe gross floor plan area for the:As the roof pitch is over 25 degrees, when132, pages 38–41) with additional information in 2-storey 10.6 5.0 53 m²considering wind for the 2-storey part of theFigures 1 and 2. 1-storey 8.1 9.3 75.3 m² (for simplicity,building, use the overall dimensions of the roofthe area has not been reduced for the porchwidth and length.Data for calculation sheets for thisexampleentry)So, 2-storey section (upper and lower levels) are:garage area 6.2 7.040 43.6 m² length 10.6 0.300 0.300 11.2 mWind zone: MediumSoil type: Rock width 5.0 0.300 0.300 5.6 mEarthquake: Zone 2Cladding weights: Light lower storey, upper single-storey: length 6.2 3.1 9.3 m, widthFloor plan areas storey and roofRoof pitch: 30 degrees, so choose 25–45 degreesThe example building is part 2-storey, part single-Heights for building:storey. The garage is on a slab, and the remainder 8.1 m (no roof overhangs) garage: length 7.040 m, width 6.2 m (noroof overhangs).has a subfloor. Because these have different Lower of 2-storey to apex H 6.5 m, h 1.8 mwind and earthquake demands, the building is Upper storey to apex H 4.2 m, h 1.8 mBracing lines and spacingsdivided into four areas – upper of 2-storey, lower 1-storey to apex H 4.8 m, h 1.9 mUse the same bracing layout as for the subfloorof 2-storey, single-storey and garage – and four Garage to apex H 4.8 m, h 1.9 min Build 132 (see Figures 2 and 7). The maximum32 — Build 133 — December 2012/ January 2013

For simplicity, the bracing demand for the1-storey area has not had the area of overlap withthe 2-storeys deducted. Blue entries in Figure 5indicate overlap of 10.6003.100concreteslab floorCKey:DUpper of 2-storey3.100upper of2-storeyLower of 2-storeyLower storey 1-storey overlap(considered twice)lower of 2-storey1-storeyE5.000Figure 2Garage5.000Floor plan of example house.allowed spacing of bracing lines for walls is 6 mSee Figure 7 for the layout of the various bracedMinimum BUs per line in example(NZS 3604:2011 clause 5.4.6).sections.Lower level of the 2-storey (see Figure 3b):The garage bracing lines are greater than 6 m Lines B, C, D, E 5 m 15 75 BUs or 100 BUsapart so the garage will require a diaphragmBracing demand per lineceiling. Diaphragm ceiling requirements areComplete the bracing calculation sheets (seecovered in NZS 3604:2011 clause 13.5 andFigures 3–6) to obtain bracing demand. Always557/2 divided by 2 lines 139.2 BUsminimum BUs requirements are in clause 5.6.2.use whichever has the higher demand for windUpper level of 2-storey (see Figure 4b):or earthquake – these have been highlighted in Alternatively, it may be possible to use dragonties, which allow bracing lines spacing to bethe calculation sheets as the minimum bracingextended to 7.5 m. For walls with dragon tiesdemand required.attached, see clauses 8.3.3.1 to 8.3.3.4.Bracing lines less than 1 m apart and parallelare considered to be in the same bracing line.or 824/2 divided by 4 lines 103 BUs 15 BUs/m of bracing line orWall bracing maximum ratings for attachment to: 100 BUs or timber framed floors 120 BUs/m 50% of the total demand, divided by the number concrete floors 150 BUs/m.of bracing lines in the direction being considered.Lines B, C, D, E 5 m 15 75 BUs or 100 BUsor 392/2 divided by 4 lines 49 BUs The minimum bracing demand per bracing lineis the greater of:Lines M, N 10.6 15 159 BUs or 100 BUs orLines M, N 10.6 15 159 BUs or 100 BUs or318/2 divided by 2 lines 79.5 BUsSingle level (see Figure 5b): Lines A, B, C, D 8.1 15 121.5 BUs or 100BUs or 414/2 divided by 4 lines 51.8 BUs Lines M, N, O 9.3 15 139.5 BUs or 100BUs or 414/2 divided by 3 lines 69 BUsBuild 133 — December 2012/ January 2013 — 33

Figure 3Calculation sheet bracing achieved – lower level of2-storey.34 — Build 133 — December 2012/ January 2013Figure 4Calculation sheet for bracing achieved – upper levelof 2-storey.

Figure 5Calculation sheet for demand – single level.Blue entries indicate overlap with 2-storey.Figure 6Garage – demand and bracing.Build 133 — December 2012/ January 2013 — 35

MNAA1N5M4MNB1M1001A2B3BN302C4C1D1N2CFigure 7DD2 D3N4ground floorEM3E2Final bracing plan.Garage (see Fig 6b): P2C5C3C2upper levelM2E1P1garageB2N1Pthe P21 test. The rating may vary for earthquake,100 BUs for earthquake. This has been given theLines A, C 7.040 15 105.6 BUs or 100wind and also for the length used. For example,designation ‘Plstr 1’ in the worksheets.BUs or 247/2 divided by 2 lines 62 BUsa sheet material that is rated as achieving 120Lines O, P 6.2 15 93 BUs or 100 BUs orBUs for wind, may have a lesser rating whengarage door in bracing line C, a generic ply has217/2 divided by 2 lines 54.25 BUsused for earthquake or the sheet width is lessbeen chosen, designated in the worksheet asthan the manufacturer’s minimum width.‘Ply 1’. This has a rating of 150 BU/m for windTransfer these values to the appropriate bracingsheets.For the bracing sheets either side of theBUs ratings are all derived from testingand earthquake. Proprietary sheet linings testedelements at 2.4 m high. Bracing elements ofby manufacturers usually require some form ofChoose bracing elementother heights will require the BUs achieved to behold-downs – always follow the manufacturer’sBracing materials used are sheet products (ply,calculated for the height used using clause 8.3.1.4plasterboard, fibre cement and so on), concrete,of NZS 3604:2011.details. Never mix details from different systems.NoteHaving trouble reading Figuresconcrete blocks or metal components. All brac-In this example3–6? You can download these with thising units are achieved using proprietary productsFor this exercise, a generic plasterboard hasarticle from www.branz.co.nz/welcome tothat have had their bracing rating validated bybeen used with a rating of 120 BUs for wind andbuild, then The Right Stuff.36 — Build 133 — December 2012/ January 2013

32 — Build 133 — December 2012/ January 2013 Wall bracing THIS THIRD ARTICLE IN A BUILD SERIES ON CALCULATING BRACING REQUIREMENTS FOR A BUILDING LOOKS AT WALL BRACING. TOM EDHOUSE, BRANZ TECHNICAL ADVISOR DESIGN RIGHT The same building is being used as in the previous article on subfloor bracing (see Build 132, pages 38–41) with additional information in

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