Chatsworth Lake Manor

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Chatsworth Lake Manor This Presentation touches on the history and unique aspects of the foothillcommunity of Chatsworth Lake Manor The Chumash heritage and 1797 Mission influence. 1836 – Chumash ChiefOdón and El Escorpion de las Salinas. 1849 Pierre Domec, the lime kiln, and the Domec Adobe The Domec Daughters and their 1901 homestead on 148 acres that wouldbecome Chatsworth Lake Manor The 1918 Chatsworth Reservoir/Lake, and movies made in the area. The Cabin Sites Brochure, from the 1920’s. Recent history and influences - The Church, Log Cabin, Market, Lenny’s, FireStation 759/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor1

Presentation ReferencePoints The red outline is FrancescaDomec’s 148 acre homesteadrecorded in 1901. The green outline is PierreDomec’s 1861 sketch map and1865 parcel map. It was filed butnever recorded, as the lowerportion of the parcel was onRancho Ex-Mission de SanFernando lands. The white square is Domec’sLimekiln.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor2

Native AmericanHeritage The eastern Simi Hills werean area of major culturalinteraction. To the west werethe Ventureño Chumash ofSimi Valley, whose principlevillage was in Malibu. To theeast were speakers of theFernandeño dialect ofGabrielino (Tongva), and theTataviam lived in themountains to the north.The red star to the right is whereChatsworth is today, next to thevillage of Momonga.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor3

Native American Heritage When the Spanish established Mission de San Fernando in 1797, theydocumented a ranchería named Momonga, the home territory of the originalsociopolitical group who lived somewhere along the eastern slope of the SimiHills in the vicinity of the Santa Susana Pass.The San Fernando Mission was “staffed” primarily with Chumash, Gabrielino(Tongva) and Tataviam, and their descendants became the historicFernandeño.In 1797 a Chumash Native American, Odón Chihuya, was born at Humaliwo(Malibu), and later lived at the San Fernando Mission. His granddaughter,Francesca Domec, was granted a 148 acre homestead in 1901 in what is nowChatsworth Lake Manor.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor4

The beginning of theLake Manor Timeline In 1797, The San Fernando Mission wasestablished. That same year, a Chumash NativeAmerican, Odón Chihuya, was born. He marriedEusabia, and they had four children. Two of theirdaughters, Maria Dolores and Espiritu, wouldmarry two Frenchmen, Pierre Domec and MiguelLeonis.In 1836, Odón moved to Rancho El Escorpionproperty at the mouth of Bell Canyon, and thesite of the Chumash village known as Huwam.In 1839, at the age of 42, Odón received hisDecree of Emancipation from the San FernandoMission.By 1843, Odón’s son-in-law Urbano and Urbano’sson Manuel join Odón at El Escorpion.9/16/2014El Escorpion today is known as Castle Peak,located at Vanowen and Valley Circle Blvd,just south of Bell Canyon.There is a 3 acre El Escorpion Park at the site.Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor5

Rancho El Escorpion In 1845, the three Chumash Native Americans,Odón, Urbano, and Manuel petition Governor PioPico for two leagues of land, close to 9,000 acres.In that year, Governor Pico makes the grant for onehalf of a square league. Juan Sepulveda, the SecondAlcalde (mayor) of Los Angeles, surveyed off a parcelthat was actually only a quarter of a league (1,110acres), even though it was ratified as half a squareleague. It was accepted by Odón and Urbano.Up to 1870, Odón and future partners of El Escorpiondispute the boundaries, occupying and using all 9,000acres of land at various times.To the right, the 1,100 acres of El Escorpion is outlined in red. The purple outline is representative ofthe 9,000 acres of land used by the grantees of El Escorpion, reaching north to include theChatsworth Reservoir, and east to Topanga Canyon.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor6

Rancho El Escorpion The area to the south was known as Escorpion Viejo.The area to the north was known as El Escorpion de lasSalinas (salt marshes), later known as ChatsworthLake/Reservoir/Nature Preserve.Chief Odón’s daughters married two Frenchmen. By 1849 - Pierre Domec marries? Maria DoloresOdón, and lived north of El Escorpion in today’sChatsworth Nature Preserve. (red star) 1859 - Miguel Leonis enters into a common-lawmarriage with Espiritu Odón and lives at ElEscorpion ranch headquarters. (green star)To the right is a portion of the 1871 Plat of the Ex Mission deSan Fernando finally confirmed to Eulogio de Celis, courtesy ofthe Huntington Digital Library.The horizontal line on the map was the 1869 dividing line of ExMission lands, later to become Roscoe Blvd.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor7

Pierre Domec Pierre Domec arrived in Los Angeles in 1844 atthe age of 24. He works as a cooper, and was incharge of the wine cellars of his compatriot JeanLouis Vignes.By 1849, 29-year old Pierre Domec wasdescribed as living at Santa Susanna at anIndian camp with Maria Dolores (1891 courttestimony, The Leonis Estate Case)Daughters Francesca born in 1854, Celedonia in1861, and Maria A. in 1862.Pierre Domec and wife Maria,from the Leonis Adobe archives9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor8

Above, an 1861 sketch of a 160 acre parcel map for PierreDomec courtesy of the Huntington Library. The area is justsouth of Chatsworth Lake Manor and includes the limekilnnear Woolsey Canyon.9/16/2014Above, detail of the lower section of themap to the left. Notice Domec, Odón andBernabel adobes.Marcelina Odón and Bernabel were Odón’schildren.Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor9

The 1865 formal survey of the 1861 sketch by theDeputy County Surveyor of Los Angeles County,was for 160 acres.9/16/2014The 1865 survey boundaries overlaidon Google Earth in green. The whiteoutline is Domec’s limekiln.Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor10

Pierre Domec’sLimekiln Pierre Domec and otherFrenchmen operatedlimekilns at El Escorpion inthe 1850s-60s. Lime had aready market in LosAngeles, for mortar in brickconstruction, for the processof tanning cowhides, and insanitation. The limekiln can be seentoday looking east at theintersection of WoolseyCanyon and Valley Circle.9/16/20142014 photo of Limekiln, known as Chatsworth Calera Site, designated in1975 as L.A. Historic Cultural Monument 141Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor11

Pierre Domec When the 1871 Plat of the ExMission de San Fernando waspublished, the 1861 Domecadobe is not on the map. TheBernabel and Marcelina Odónadobes remained.A new house/adobe wasmarked on the 1871 map,located on government land, tothe west of the creek at the siteof today’s Chatsworth LakeManor Church.It appears that Domec built anew adobe by 1871 ongovernment land.9/16/2014Domec’s second adobejust north of Ex MissionLands in 1871.Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor12

Pierre Domec’sAdobePierre Domec’s second adobe, from the Los Angeles Public Library archives, identified astaken in 1959. Skyline rock features of a 2014 photo taken next to the church identify theadobe location as near the Chatsworth Lake Manor church.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor13

Pierre Domec ObituaryExcerpts from a Google translation of a January 1883 article in L'UnionNouvelle, organe de la population francaise du sud de la californie) M. Pierre Domec, who died last Monday at the age of 63 was a pioneer ofLos Angeles when he arrived in 1844. He was soon given the direction of thecellars of his compatriot Jean Louis Vignes.Later he created lime furnaces and in 1863 he was appointed director of theliquidation of Don Abel Stearns, a position he held three years.Then he conceived a project to ship a convoy of 3,500 horses across theRocky Mountains to Omaha where they were sold to the army of the UnitedStates. He then went to Texas where he bought 4,000 cattle to take back toCalifornia. His return was disastrous; he struggled against Indians anddrought across unknown lands and deserts. In short, he lost in this campaignmost of his fortune.Since that time P. Domec could not recover from this disaster and hesuccumbs to both moral and physical sufferings, but he is remembered asone of France’s most enterprising citizens of this country.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor14

Francesca Domec Pierre died in 1883, and his wifeMaria Dolores in 1884.Francesca and her sister Celedonianever married. The daughters fileda homestead claim in 1896, and in1901, Francesca received the 148acre homestead.By 1880, their younger sister MariaAntonia Domec had marriedFrancisco Moore and they had adaughter Marie Irene Moore born in1882.Francesca (31?) and Celedonia (24?), 1885?Leonis Adobe, unidentified pictures, Domec Trunk collection9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor15

Francesca Domec In the 1940 Chatsworthcensus, Marie Moore isliving with her son HenryAcosta (20) at 23144Smith Road in ChatsworthLake Manor.In 1952 Henry dies,leaving a wife Frances andtwo children John (12) andYolanda (2).A 1952 newspaper articlehas John Acosta in the 6thgrade at ChatsworthElementary and active inthe Scout Pack fromChatsworth Lake9/16/2014Excerpt from 1940 Census, “Chatsworth Manor”Marie Moore (50), Henry Acosta (20), Celedonia Domec (83)Francesca Domec dies in 1936, buried at the Calvary CemeteryChatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor16

Pierre Domec Trunk StoryThe Story below as remembered by Rayborn (Ray) Phillips, pastpresident of the Leonis Adobe Association.Around 1980, an antique dealer was driving down Melrose Ave. inLos Angeles and saw some old trunks sitting by the curb waiting fortrash disposal; recognized them as mid-19th century Chinesepainted trunks so popular in early California and “rescued” them.Apparently the last owner had died.The dealer found them full of items relating to the Pierre Domecfamily; toys, books, photographs, documents, letters, etc. A manconnected with our Adobe heard about them and recognized thefact that the Domec family was related to the Leonis family. He toldme about them, and I obtained the trunks and almost everythingexcept the toys, which he had sold off.Ray paid just 1,000 for the three trunks and their contents.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake ManorAn 1855 Pre-emption claim,from the Domec TrunkCollection17

Chatsworth Lake 1913 - Los AngelesAqueduct opening daycelebration Nov. 5, 1913. 1918 - ChatsworthReservoir, owned by theDepartment of Water andPower, is built using thehydraulic fill method, i.e.there was no mechanicalcompaction of the soilforming the dam.1925 Chatsworth Reservoir – LAPL Archives9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor18

Chatsworth Lake 1969 – The reservoir wasdrained to deepenshallow areas andconstruct a storm flowbypass system.1971 – The Sylmarearthquake damaged twoother hydraulic fill damsat the Upper and LowerVan Norman reservoirs.As a result, a decisionwas made to not storewater in the ChatsworthReservoir unless the damwas rebuilt.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor19

Chatsworth Lake 2002 – April 7th – FirstEarth Day Celebration,opening the NaturePreserve to the publicone day a year. 2014 – The reservoirhas been dry for 43years. The 30 acreecology pond, at the farnorth end of thereservoir, is maintainedby the DWP for wildlifeand migratory birds.9/16/2014Chatsworth Nature Preserve and Ecology PondChatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor20

ChatsworthLake Many movies werefilmed at ChatsworthLake over the years. Jerry England hasmade a one minutecollection of videoclips of movies thatyou mayremember .Mary Pickford at Chatsworth Lake1922, “Tess of the Storm Country”9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor21

ChatsworthLakefilminglocations –YouTubecourtesyJerryEngland9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor22

Local Real Estate Developments in the 20’s Girard, MiddleEastern/TurkishTheme, nowWoodland HillsSanta SusanaHills Cabin Sites,near CorriganvilleTwin Lakes Park,Mayan/AztecThemeCabin Sites, nowLake Manor andBox Canyon9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor23

Box Canyon andLake Manor The flyer to the right identifiesWalter Brooks selling CabinSites in “Chatsworth Lake ViewPlace”. (Note: “Chatsworth Lake ViewPlace” was identified in the 1930 SimiTownship Census) We also know that Walter Brooksbefore 1927 was managing theestate of Pierre Domec. The P.D.Estate Company was formed,with shares distributed to sistersFrancesca and Caledonia andtheir niece Maria Moore.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor24

The brochure describes25 x 70 ft. Cabin Sites for 25, with Free SweetSpring Water Piped tothe Streets. Total Cost 25, 35 or 50. “Take the family upwhere it’s always cool.Let them spend a dayamong the live oaks, bigrocks, sloping mountains,dark canyons. Let themrest in the always coolmountain breeze.”9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor25

April 1927 LA TimesFirst publishedmention of“Chatsworth LakeManor” “As the result of thediscovery of valuabletherapeutic water frommineral springs on theDomec Estate, plans arebeing made for theestablishment of a greathealth resort.”The estate has beenrenamed Chatsworth LakeManor9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor26

Cabin Sites Water SupplyThe story of the source of the water supplycomes from this excerpt from the 2001 LakeTimes:In the 1920's when Lake Manor was a thrivingresort, Clarence "Speed” Glanton was "the"water company. He and his wife laid miles of 21/2" galvanized pipe by hand. They had a welloff Mesa Drive (the Mesa off Box Canyon) and aspring that drained into the tank with the sunpainted on it on Box Canyon. From there, waterdripped into the customer’s tanks that dotted thehills above Lake Manor.Those tanks provided volume and pressure.Eventually Speed was shut out of the waterbusiness, but he lived on in the home he built inthe twenties until his passing a few years ago .9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor27

Cabin Sites Water SupplyComments below from Susie Foreman: The homes were on well water in1957, Buck Washburn was the localwater man. And he was like a sheriffof water. If you had a piece of grassin your yard you were in major trouble. The Foremans, Shaws andKissengers formed a group to get thewater bond to get water for the area.(Water came from Los VirgenesMunicipal) I remember that it was likea 100,000 water bond.9/16/2014Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor28

Floyd & Essie Mae BerryExcerpts below from Oct 1995 Lake Times Floyd was one of the early developers (1925)of the Lake Manor subdivisions. He set up hissurveyor's equipment in a tent on the site nowoccupied by The Lake Manor Chapel. Working around the clock (at night, withkerosene lanterns), he supervised the plottingand laying out of all of the roads andsubdivisions we enjoy today. His real estate office was at today’s Log CabinMercantile; his residence, located at the rearof the office, was built in stone from the hillshe loved so much. In 1955 they began to sell their land holdings.Essie lived at the Log Cabin until 1

Chatsworth Historical Society - Chatsworth Lake Manor 9 Above, an 1861 sketch of a 160 acre parcel map for Pierre Domec courtesy of the Huntington Library. The area is just south of Chatsworth Lake Manor and includes the limekiln near Woolsey Canyon. Above, detail of the lower section of the

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