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There is no restriction on the quotation or reproduction of any part of this publication, providedthat the source is acknowledgedMinistry of FinanceEconomic Policy and Planning DivisionPrivate Mail BagApiaSAMOATel: 34-333Fax: 21-312E-Mail: [email protected] 2016

MAP OF SAMOASource: www.lib.utexas edu/maps/samoa.html

BASIC INFORMATION ON SAMOAGovernment: Samoa is a Parliamentary democracy where the Parliament is elected through universalsuffrage every five years. The Prime Minister and Cabinet manage the day to day affairs of the country. Ithas a unicameral Legislative Assembly consisting of 54 members, who are all matais (chiefly titleholders)and at least five are women elected by citizens aged 21 years and over. The Prime Minister selects 12other parliamentarians to form a Cabinet. General elections are held every five years. The Human RightsProtection Party has been in power for an uninterrupted 34 years. The 1990 Village Fono Act gives VillageCouncils authority over village law and order, health and social issues.Constitution: Established in 1960, the Constitution blends traditional and democratic institutions andprocesses and recognizes the separation of powers between the Legislature, Judiciary and Executive.Legal system: Samoa has a Westminster legal system based on the English legal system as adopted bymany of the Commonwealth countries.Official languages: Samoan and English.Judiciary: Samoa‟s court system consists of two District courts and a Supreme Court manned by five localjudges. An Appeal Court made up of overseas judges sits once a year to hear appeal cases. There is aseparate Land and Titles Court that deals with matters relating to customary land ownership and „matai‟(chief) titles.Land area: 2,820 km2 made up of the two main islands of Upolu and Savai‟i and seven small islands, witharound 43% of land being arable.Exclusive Economic Zone: The smallest in the Pacific at 98,500 km2.Population: Estimated 193,483 in Samoa; 19% Urban (2015).Gross Domestic Product (GDP):Nominal GDP SAT 1.9 Billion (FY 2014/15).Real GDP SAT 1.7 Billion (FY2014/15).GDP composition: Real GDP; Primary sector 10%, Secondary sector 24%, Tertiary sector 66% (FY2014/15).GDP per capita (2011);:SAT 9,713; USD 3,176.Remittances:About 21.6% of GDP (2014/15).i

MESSAGE FROM THE MINISTER OF FINANCEI have great pleasure in presenting the Strategy for the Development of Samoa (SDS) forthe period 2016/17–2019/20.This is an important document for all Samoan. It is a guide to the path the Government iscommitted to follow over the next four years. It builds on the progress we have made in thepast as a nation and provides a clear signal for all Samoan of where the Governmentbelieves we should head as we move forward in the coming years. The SDS identifies thepriority outcomes we think are right for the next four years and outlines the programs andactions we will implement to achieve those priority outcomes. We have aligned the directionof the strategy with the globally agreed Sustainable Development Goals and Small IslandDeveloping States Accelerated Modality of Action (SAMOA) Pathway adopted in Samoa in 2014 by the Small IslandDeveloping States (SIDS) and supported by the United Nations.In shaping the SDS and determining the priority outcomes that are right for Samoa over the next four years,Government has consulted widely with community and industry groups. The SDS is a partnership betweenGovernment and all Samoans. The stronger this partnership, the more we will accomplish.The over-riding vision of the last SDS was “An Improved Quality of Life for All”. This vision continues to be a veryclear and relevant statement of what we are all seeking and we have kept it as the vision for next four years. We arecommitted to doing everything we can to ensure strong economic growth and development that generatesemployment and opportunities for our citizens to achieve an “improved quality of life”. We also want to do everythingwe can to ensure this will be “for all”. We do not want anyone left behind as we progress and we need to ensurevulnerable groups can equally share in our prgress. Accordingly we have added to our vision, the theme for the nextfour years “Accelerating Sustainable Development and Broadening Opportunities for All”.The SDS is not just an economic development strategy. It is a strategy by which we will strive to achieve economic,social and environmental progress. It is underpinned by sound economic management which will provide thefoundations for growth, including, importantly, employment growth through a strong private sector. The Governmentis committed to sound financial management and to improving the environment in which the private sector can grow.The strategy also sets out how sound economic and financial management will enable us to share the benefits ofeconomic growth as a community through a continuous focus on improving quality education and health outcomes,improving access to essential infrastructure and services for people regardless of where they live and throughprotecting our precious environment and strengtheing capacity to deal with adverse climatic changes and naturaldisasters.If we are to achieve our strategic outcomes in the SDS we will need to ensure that the decisions we take week byweek and year by year support and advance this strategy. For the Government, it will be particularly important thatwe frame our Budgets to support the direction, achieve the priority outcomes and the full intent of the SDS.The SDS is a living document and circumstances can change over such a period. We will keep the strategy underconstant review and if circumstances change – whether these changes are new opportunities or new challenges –we will act accordingly. But any such changes will ensure that we remain true to the vision.The SDS must be accessible to all Samoan and I believe it will be supported by all. Whenever the opportunity arisesto speak with groups across the country, Cabinet Ministers and senior government officials will ensure that weexplain the strategy and what it means for us all.Together we can continue to look forward to “An Improved Quality of Life for All”.Hon. Sili Epa TuiotiMINISTER OF FINANCEii

TABLE OF CONTENTSBASIC INFORMATION ON SAMOA. iMESSAGE FROM THE MINISTER OF FINANCE. iiTABLE OF CONTENTS.iiiACRONYMS .iiiSECTION 1: STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SAMOA 2016/17 – 2019/20 . 1Introduction . 2SECTION 2: PRIORITY AREAS AND KEY OUTCOMES . 3Priority Area 1. Economic . 4Key Outcome 1: Macroeconomic Resilience Increased and Sustained . 4Key Outcome 2: Agriculture and Fisheries Productivity Increased . 4Key Outcome 3: Export Products Increased . 5Key Outcome 4: Tourism Development and Performance Improved . 6Key Outcome 5: Participation of Private Sector in Development Enhanced . 7Priority Area 2. Social . 7Key Outcome 6: A Healthy Samoa and Well-being Promoted . 7Key Outcome 7: Quality Education and Training Improved . 9Key Outcome 8: Social Institutions Strengthened . 98.1). Community Development Enhanced . 98.2). Community Safety Improved. 10Priority Area 3: Infrastructure . 11Key Outcome 9: Access to Clean Water and Sanitation Sustained . 11Key Outcome 10: Transport Systems and Networks Improved . 12Key Outcome 11: Improved and Affordable Country Wide ICT Connectivity . 12Key Outcome 12: Quality Energy Supply . 13Priority Area 4: Environment . 14Key Outcome 13: Environmental Resilience Improved . 14Key Outcome 14: Climate and Disaster Resilience . 15SECTION 3: REVIEW OF THE IMPLEMENTATION AND OUTCOMES OF THE STRATEGY FOR THEDEVELOPMENT OF SAMOA 2012 – 2016 . 16Background . 17ACRONYMSGDPSDSSIDSSAMOAICTGross Domestic ProductStrategy for Development of SamoaSmall Island Developing StatesSIDS Accelerated Modality of ActionInformation and Communication Technologyiii

SECTION 1: STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SAMOA2016/17 – 2019/201

IntroductionThe Strategy for the Development of Samoa 2016/17 – 2019/20 (SDS) provides an overview of the priorities theGovernment will be progressing over the next four years and the strategic outcomes we have committed ourselves toachieve. These are set out in four priority areas with fourteen key outcomes of the SDS. These cover economic,social, community and enviromental improvement and the policies, programs and actions we will put in place toachieve our outcomes.This is a coherent strategy having fourteen key outcomes to let everyone see clearly what Government is committedto achieve in the various sectors. But it should be thought about, and will be implemented, as one whole-ofgovernment strategy that will ensure that progress is made in a balanced way in all of the areas that are important forour individual, community and national well being. The Strategy builds on the progress we have made in the past andsets out clearly the direction for the next four years. It aims to ensure there are opportunities for all and improvedaccess to quality services and infrastructure across our nation.The SDS will also reflect how the national planing and budgeting processes are addressing the integration andmainstreaming of gender, human rights, climate and disaster resilience and the responses and commitments to theinternational protocols Samoa is party to; including; Agenda 2030; Sustainable Development Goals; Samoa Pathway;Paris Agreement; and the Pacific Framework for Regionalism.The SDS is linked to, supported by and builds on more detailed Sector Plans developed by Ministries and Agencies.These plans are available for those who want to know in more detail what our programs will be in the various sectors.The Sector Plans are an important resource for key partners with the Government in progressing towards theStrategic Outcomes we have committed to in the SDS. Importantly, we will link our annual and multiyear Budgets tothe strategic outcomes of the SDS. This will ensure that what we do is affordable as a nation and what we commit toeach year in the budget process is keeping us on the path towards reaching the SDS outcomes.Priority Area 1: EconomicKey Outcome 1: Macroeconomic Resilience Increased and SustainedKey Outcome 2: Agriculture and Fisheries Productivity IncreasedKey Outcome 3: Export Products IncreasedKey Outcome 4: Tourism Development and Performance ImprovedKey Outcome 5: Participation of Private Sector Development EnhancedPriority Area 2: SocialKey Outcome 6: A Healthy Samoa and Well Being PromotedKey Outcome 7: Quality Education and Training ImprovedKey Outcome 8: Social Institutions StrengthenedPriority Area 3: InfrastructureKey Outcome 9: Access to Clean Water and Sanitation SustainedKey Outcome 10: Transport Systems and Networks ImprovedKey Outcome 11: Improved and Affodable Country Wide ICT ConnectivityKey Outcome 12: Quality Energy SupplyPriority Area 4: EnvironmentKey Outcome 13: Environmental Resilience ImprovedKey Outcome 14: Climate and Disaster Resilience Increased2

SECTION 2: PRIORITY AREAS AND KEY OUTCOMES3

Priority Area 1. EconomicKey Outcome 1: Macroeconomic Resilience Increased and SustainedA stronger and more stable financial sector macroeconomic framework that sustains economic growth.Samoa‟s economyhas recovered fromthe effects of theGlobalFinancialCrisis and severalnatural disasters andis now economically stable. Strategies to ensureimproved economic and disaster resilience for thecountry will continue to be implemented andstrengthened.Strategic Outcomes1. Fiscal sustainability: - Public Finance Managementstrengthened to ensure total current expenditures arefully funded from ordinary revenue, with fiscal deficit tobe no more than 2.0% of GDP;2. Accommodative Monetary Policy established: Underlying inflation will be less than 4.0% average perannum;3. External position enhanced: - Public Debt level notto exceed the current level of 55% of GDP; - Importcover maintained at 4.0 to 6.0 months; and4. Real GDP growth will average 3.0 – 4.0%.Public financial management systems will beenhanced with a comprehensive review of tariffs, taxes and revenue collection and tighter governmentspending. Borrowings will ease and this will be in line with the Medium Term Debt Strategy targets in placefor 2016-2020 while also providing flexibility for funding to support critical public infrastructure and to ensurethe economy is resilient enough to respond to external shocks.Economic growth will be more inclusive of vulnerable groups in the community, employment opportunitieswill be broadened and economic resilience sustained led by private sector investment and developmentinitiatives. These outcomes support the global Sustainable Development Goal 1: End poverty in all its formseverywhere, Sustainable Development Goal 8: Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth,employment and decent work for all, and Sustainable Development Goal 17: Strengthen the means ofimplementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.Key Outcome 2: Agriculture and Fisheries Productivity IncreasedIncreased food, nutrition and income security with enhanced agribusiness partnerships and promotion ofcommercial value chains to increase and sustain agriculture and fisheries productivity.Agriculture and Fisheries are important contributors to Samoa‟s future growthand development. Rural livelihoods (skills building in processing food);domestic food production (food safety and post harvest loss training); betternutrition options for domestic consumers (schools pilot food project linkingfarmers with food provision); niche and high value domestic products (meat –chicken, lamb, beef, pork); export products (coconut oil extraction and4

marketing, taro and banana chip products); and investment in agribusiness growth (agribusiness supportprojects) will be improved. New market opportunities in Asia and Europe will be investigated to buildexports of agricultural products.Farmers will be assisted to access new plantingmaterial of taro, cocoa, coffee, vanilla andcocnonut. Coconut replanting will be supported tomeet export demand for Samoan coconut basedproducts including virgin oil. An innovative andtailor made financing scheme for small scalesubsistence, semi commercial and commercialagriculture and fishing business development will besupported. The tailor made financial schemesincludes Development Bank of Samoa the continuingagribusiness financing support through the SamoaAgricultural Competitiveness Enhancement c Outcomes1. Agriculture/Fisheries production systemsInvestment by private sector increased: - Newagribusinesses established in taro, fisheries andaquaculture, coconut based products, livestock andhorticulture;2. Domestic market production and food nutritionimproved: - 20% increase in volume of local foodproduction (2014);3. Agriculture/fisheries value adding and exportsincreased: - Ratio of agricultural exports to food importsmore than doubled; and4. Agriculture/fisheries sector 100% compliance withclimate, disaster and biosecurity policies.Employment opportunities in both the domestic and export industries will be increased with additionalaccess to Tertiary Vocational Education Training and Post Secondary Education Training opportunities foremployees and returned seasonal workers. These outcomes support the global Sustainable DevelopmentGoal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.Key Outcome 3: Export Products IncreasedMaximizing the gains from domestic and foreign trade and increasing income generation opportunities andsustainable livelihoods.An improved environment and incentives for value adding and exportdevelopment and growth in trade, manufacturing, tourism, fisheries andagribusiness industries will boost economic growth and employment creation.Anincreasednumber of market Strategic Outcomes1. Commerce and business investment environmentdrivenandfor exports improved: – Streamlined foreign investmentdiversified agricultural and fisheries investmentssystem; - Number of foreign investment certificateswill be supported through the Samoa Agriculture issued increased;Competitive Enhancement Program. Small 2. Business productivity increased: – NumberBusiness Enterprises establishment will contribute Samoa Agricultural Competitive Enhancement projectsto increased export revenue. The Samoa and Samoa Agribusiness projects supportedAgribusiness programs, Development Bank of increased; andSamoa and Business Enterprise Center will 3. Labour mobility increased: – Number of workprovide increased technical and financial services categories expanded in the regional employmentfor small business establishment. These initiatives scheme through negotiation with partner countries.will raise the domestic supply of quality food products for tourism and local processing for export products.5

Niche and high value agricultural and tourism export developments will be supported with coordinatedactions by relevant agriculture, tourism, trade and commerce implementing agencies in collaboration withinvestors and operators. Increased trade agreement awareness, implementation and development willimprove our businesses capacity to trade in the global market. Increased labour mobility opportunites willbe created through changes to the Regional Seasonal Employment Scheme. These outcomes support theglobal Sustainable Development Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrializationand foster innovation.Key Outc

each year in the budget process is keeping us on the path towards reaching the SDS outcomes. Priority Area 1: Economic Key Outcome 1: Macroeconomic Resilience Increased and Sustained Key Outcome 2: Agriculture and Fisheries Productivity Increased Key Outcome 3: Export Products Increased Key Outcome 4: Tourism Development and Performance Improved