275th Anniversary Coloring Book (2019) - Winchester

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Meet Your Coloring Book Guide:Charles Broadway RoussThis is Charley Rouss. Charley is one ofWinchester’s most loved benefactors, along withJudge John Handley. Charley lived in Winchesterwhen he was young. At age 15, he worked at alocal store and was paid 1.00 per week. Whenhe wasn’t working, he sold pins and needles at thecity’s marketplace (where City Hall is located now).He saved 500 and opened his own store on his18th birthday in 1854. By 1860, he had earned over 20,000. After the Civil War, he moved to NewYork to start a business. He was very successfulin New York and before he died in 1902, he gaveWinchester some of his 10 million estate to helpbuild a new City Hall and fire station, buy a streamso the City could build its first water plant, andmuch more. Each year, Charles Broadway Roussis honored on his birthday, February 11 which isconsidered Rouss Day in Winchester.275th Anniversary Coloring Book (2019)Provided by:City of Winchester, Virginia&Winchester-Frederick County Historical SocietyPictures drawn by: Abigail MacKnight, Winchester area residentText by: Timothy Youmans, City Planning Director &Amy Simmons, City Communications Directorwww.WinchesterVA.gov/275th-anniversary1

Hi. My name is Charles Broadway Rouss, but my friendscall me Charley. The year 2019 is an important year.It marks the 275th anniversary of when Winchester,Virginia was founded. In this coloring book, I will leadyou through a few exciting moments in Winchester’shistory and introduce you to some of the city’sspecial people and places. Let’s take a walk throughWinchester’s history and have fun coloring along the way.2

Shawnee Indians lived and hunted in the lowerShenandoah Valley wilderness where the Townof Winchester (originally known as “Opequon”)was settled by James Wood and other early Europeansettlers. The Great Wagon Road followed native Americanhunting paths and lined up with part of what is nowLoudoun Street in Old Town Winchester.3

Colonel James Wood founded Winchester in 1744. Hefilled in for young George Washington in Winchester whenWashington was elected to public office for the very firsttime, long before he became the first United States President.Some residents were so happy that they carried ColonelWood around town in a chair to celebrate. James Woodlived at Glen Burnie on what is now Amherst Street while inWinchester.4

Abram’s Delight, named for originalsettler Abraham Hollingsworth, was built inthe mid-1700s and is the oldest standing homein Winchester. In 1833, his great-grandson builta large grist mill near the house. Today, both buildingsare museums owned by the City of Winchester and managed bythe Historical Society. Also on the Abram’s Delight property isan old log cabin, which shows how settlers may have built theirhouse after coming to Winchester.5

After becoming a Colonel in the Virginia Militia, GeorgeWashington was in charge of building Fort Loudoun in Winchesterduring the French and Indian War. The Fort was built to protectWinchester and was located on the hill north of Old Town. Thefort has been replaced by homes, but the story is still told at the FortLoudoun headquarters on North Loudoun Street.6

Douglas School on North Kent Street, is a historic school that was built in 1927 for African-Americanstudents in Winchester with funds from the Judge John Handley donation to Winchester. The schoolserved as the only African-American school in the city until 1966. The building was later used as acommunity center and is a Virginia Historic Landmark. When the school first opened, the children andteachers held a parade through downtown and marched to school together.7

W&P RAILROAD1836The first railroad to serve Winchester was the Winchester and Potomac Railroad which began in1836. This allowed farms and factories in and around Winchester to easily send products to the portsat Baltimore, Maryland. The railroads would play an important role 25 years later during the CivilWar. The railroad station on the corner of Piccadilly Street and Kent Street in Winchester is stillactive for the transportation of goods, but not for passengers.8

Judge John Handley was a wealthy 19thCentury Pennsylvania Judge who gavemoney to many projects in Winchesterincluding the Handley Library (1913)and John Handley High School(1923) that were named in hishonor. Funds from his trustwere also used for theDouglas School.Did you know that John Handleynever lived in Winchester? He wasnot a Winchester resident but heloved the city and wanted to make adifference here. The buildingsthat were named for him areunique, beautiful and makeWinchester special.9

The Winchester Memorial Hospital opened in 1902 on South Stewart Street. It outgrew that site by themid-1980s and relocated to Amherst Street as the Winchester Medical Center in 1990.10

Spottswood Poles was a very talented 20th Century baseball player in the Negro Leagues. He also wasa sergeant in the Army who earned a Purple Heart and five battle stars for his bravery while serving inFrance during World War I.11

In 1924, the first Shenandoah Apple Blossom Festival was held in Winchester to celebrate the area’sapple industry heritage. Each year, a queen is crowned and famous grand marshals are chosen to serveas leaders of the Grand Feature Parade and the Firefighters Parade. Now, thousands of people visitWinchester to enjoy the many festival events.12

Admiral Richard E. Byrd of Winchester was a 20th Century PolarExplorer who conducted many Antarctic research missions and was oneof the first pilots to fly over the North Pole. A statue honoring AdmiralByrd is located in front of the Winchester-Frederick County courthouseon Cameron Street.13

Shenandoah College and Music Conservatory relocated to Winchester in 1960 and expanded tobecome Shenandoah University. The University has a strong music program but has expanded in theareas of business, sports, and health sciences among other areas.14

Patsy Cline was a world famous country music singer who sang at local talentshows and the local radio station in Winchester before becoming a nationalmusic star in Nashville, Tennessee. The house her family owned on SouthKent Street is now a private museum showcasing her life in Winchester.15

Loudoun Street used to be a normal street, but was changed to a pedestrian mall in 1974. TheLoudoun Street Mall allows people to walk, exercise, shop and dine safely without worrying aboutwatching out for cars and trucks. On the Mall today are many great shops, restaurants (many withoutdoor cafes), places to do activities, areas for entertainment, and a splash pad for kids to enjoy.16

The town of Winchester was founded in 1744, was established in 1752, and became a city in 1874.Over the last 275 years, Winchester has created a lot of fascinating history. Draw yourself, friends andfamily above celebrating Winchester’s 275th anniversary with the entire community.17

Winchester History Puzzle12345678109111213WORDS: BLOSSOM, BURNIE, CLINE, DELIGHT, FIRST, HANDLEY, HEBRON, MEDICAL, ROUSS, SEVENTY,WORDS:BURNIE, CLINE,DELIGHT,WOODFIRST, HANDLEY, HEBRON ,MEDICAL, ROUSS, SEVENTY,SPRING, BLOSSOM,TOWN, WASHINGTON,WINCHESTER,SPRING, TOWN, WASHINGTON, WINCHESTER,WOODACROSSDOWNACROSS1. The largest cemetery located in Winchester is the1.MountThe largestlocated in Winchester is theH cemeteryN Cemetery.Mount H N Cemetery.5. A central water system, made of oak pipes, was5.installedA centralsystem,made oftooakpipes,gallonswas ofin water1808 tocarry 00gallonsofwater per day from the Old Town S G.water per day from the Old Town S G.6. The first president of the United States, GeorgefirstpresidentNofmovedto Winchesterat the age6.WThethe UnitedStates, Georgeof16.W N moved to Winchester atthe age of 16.9. During the Civil War, between 1862-1864,9.WinchesterDuring thechangedCivil War,betweenWinchesterhandsS 1862-1864,Y timesbetweenmayhands S Y timesthe haveUnionchangedand Confederate.between the Union (north) and Confederate (south).11. One of the oldest homes in Winchester, now a11.One ofcalledthe oldesthomesnowina 1754museumAbram'sD inWinchester,T was builtmuseumcalledAbram’sDTwas built inby Abraham Hollingsworth.1754 by Abraham Hollingsworth.12. Winchester was the F T place where George12.Winchesterwasthe Fto publicoffice.T place where GeorgeWashingtonwaselectedWashington was elected to public office.13. In 1874 the T N of Winchester became the Cityof InWinchester.13.1874, the T N of Winchester became theCity of Winchester.DOWN1. Judge John H Y bequeathed more than two1. JudgeJohninH1895toY gaveandmorethan twomilliondollarsbuilda librarya school.million dollars in 1895 to build a library and a school.2. R S City Hall was named after Charles BroadwayR2. RS. S City Hall was named after CharlesBroadway R S.3. In 1752, the Town of W R wascharteredby thethe Virginia3. In 1752,Town ofGeneralW Assembly.Rcharteredby theVirginia4.wasTheShenandoahAppleB GeneralMAssembly.Festival was firstheld in May of 1924.4. The Shenandoah Apple B M Festivalwas first held in May 1924.6. Winchester was founded by Colonel James W D in1744.6. Winchester was founded by Colonel James W Din 1744.7. The Winchester Memorial Hospital, now known as theWinchesterM MemorialL Center,first openedin 1902.as the7. The WinchesterHospital,now knownM legendPatsyCL Center,firstbornopened8.WinchesterCountry musicE wasin in1902.Winchesterin 1932.8. Country music legend Patsy C E was born in10. The Glen B E Museum was home ofWinchester in 1932.Colonel James Wood.10. The Glen B E Museum was home ofColonel James Wood.18

yorof Winchester . . .Myname:MyMyname:name is:Myaddress:Myaddress:I liveat:MyfavoritethingsWinchesterare: oritethingsWinchester1.(Drawyour picture!)picture)(Draw your(Drawyourpicture)2.The Mayor wantsto rletterandto know what you think.the mayor will sendyou ainspecialgift!Sendyour letterSendin yourletter toto(PleaseincludetheMayoratthe Mayor atyour address.)RoussCity HallRouss City Hall15 N. Cameron Street15 N. CameronStreetMail to:Winchester,VA 22601Winchester,VA 22601MayorCity of Winchester15 N. Cameron StreetWinchester, VA 226013.Here’sI likebestaboutthis book:book:Here’swhatthisHere‛swhatwhatI likebestaboutthis book:Or, fax to (540) 722-3618FUN FACTS: MAYOR OF WINCHESTER The Mayor represents the City at important meetings. The Mayor is elected to office by the citizens of Winchester every fouryears. The Mayor rides in the Shenandoah Apple Blossom Festival and Old TownHoliday parades.Page sterVA.gov/275th-anniversary

9.During the Civil War, between 1862-1864, Winchester changed hands S _ _ _ _ _ Y times between the Union and Confederate. 11.One of the oldest homes in Winchester, now a museum called Abram's D _ _ _ _ _ T was built in 1754 by Abraham Hollingsworth. 12.Winchester was the F _ _ _ T pl

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