#1 Method : Square Foot Gardening

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#1 Method : Square Foot GardeningIt’s NOT raised bed gardening, it’s Square Foot Gardening! Most plants in theSmallest Area. Arrange garden in squares: 3 or 4 wide x 4 or 8 feet long Make a square foot gridfor the top -MUST! Build bottomless boxesUse mostly compost Plant a different flower, vegetable, or herb crop in each square footusing 1, 4, 9, or 16 plants per square foot. Conserve seeds. Plant only a pinch (2 or 3 seeds) per hole.Transplants are planted in a slight saucer-shaped depression. Water by hand from a bucket of sun-warmed water.Great internet resource:http://www.melbartholomew.com/what When you finish harvesting a square foot, add compostis-square-foot-gardening/replant it with a new and different crop.

#2 Recycle : Key Hole GardeningWater Conservation and Composting! 6-foot diameter circle Notch the circle Exterior wall about 3 feet high using rocks, metal, timbers or any materialthat can support the weight of wet soil. Wire mesh to create a tube about 1 foot in diameter and about 4 feet high.Stand the tube in the center of the circle. Line the outer walls with cardboard and fill the garden area (but not the wiremesh tube in the center), with layers of compostable materials, wetting itdown as you go. Fill the last few inches with compost or potting soil. Fill the center basket with material, along with layers of vegetable and fruitkitchen scrapes – this serves as a fertilizer Water the center basket and the garden only when the plants need it. Thisforces the plants’ roots down toward the center basket.Great internet resources: -outdoors/keyhole-gardening

#3 For Larger Gardens: Trench GardeningA major issue in sustaining vegetable production is maintaining high soil quality Trench gardens use the same techniques as keyholegardeno Not raised but layers are dug into the groundo Leaving only a small mound of topsoil raisedabove ground level.o Trench gardens have the same moisture-retainingand soil enrichment properties as keyholegardens Require fewer materials Allow for larger plants, such as tomatoes andeggplant.Great internet estrenchingmethod.htmTrench composting is nothing new. In fact, the Pilgrims learnedwhen the Native Americans taught them to bury fish heads andscraps in the soil before planting corn.

#4 Reduce Erosion, Runoff, & Fertilizers:Potholing – Conservation AgricultureNo tractor?No tiller?No problemBenefits of making potholes:1. Concentrates inputs in the potholes rather than spreadingthem throughout the entire plot.2. Adds nutrients to the soil by increasing the amount oforganic material present.3. Potholes can be reused for up to three years withoutapplying new inputs.4. Traps water runoff, improving moisture retention andpreventing soil erosion.5. Uses locally available resourcesGreat Internet Resource http://www.crs.org/solr-search?search Homestead gardening& Search

#5 Companion Planting Grow stronger healthier plants Use less pesticides and fertilizers Be healthier and Save Money!Companion planting isn’t magic or folk lore. Ask the Pilgrims,it saved their lives when the Native Americans taught themabout the 3 sisters: Corn, Squash, and Beans.Certain plants grow better next to others because ofChemical, Physical, or Biological reasonsLearn more as you garden on Great internet resources: es/the-scientific-basis-for-companionplanting

#1 Method : Square Foot Gardening Arrange garden in squares: 3 or 4 wide x 4 or 8 feet long Make a square foot grid for the top -MUST! Build bottomless boxes Use mostly compost Plant a different flower, vegetable, or herb crop in each square foot using 1, 4, 9, or 16 plants per square foot. Conserve seeds.

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Square Foot Gardening The Food Project recommends using the square foot method to plan your garden. Mel Bartholomew, who developed this type of gardening in the late 1970s, discovered that this method could produce a greater harvest in less space with less work. In square foot gardening, the plants are arranged in blocks instead of rows.

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