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CHAPTER IINTRODUCTIONA. Background of the StudyCommonly, people love beauty. Sometimes, beauty is shown by sense ofsight. By vision, people can enjoy the beauty, art is one of them. Art is a media tocreate human’s creativity in the framework to share author’s idea to other people.Paint, dance, music, and literature are several kinds of art. Literature is an artwhich is interesting. These are some types of literary works; poetry, drama, andnovel.Novel is a long story in prose. People like to read novel because the authorlets the readers imagine “the world” when they read novel. Through the characterand its characterization, plot, setting that are arranged by its author the readersimagine what they read on theirs mind. Author’s ability in writing and describingthe story will make the reader interested in enjoying the novel. Nevertheless, forsome reasons, not everybody loves to read and enjoy novel so much. So there arepeople trying to “share” it by adapting it into the movie.Movie is one of literary works. The movie and the novel have a closerelationship with fine art. By adapting novel into the movie, the movie makes theaudiences can understand more about the story. Movie entertains us by itsperformance in the motion picture. A lot of good movies are made from adaptationof literary works.

Literary works are very good sources for a movie world. Novel is mainly theone that provides fresh air for the film production. Many directors get ideas ofmovies from novels, it’s done to be profitable business up to the present. There’sparticular challenge in adapting a novel into a movie. A filmmaker of adaptedmovie production will face many difficulties, especially if the novels are bestsellers or the stories are popular, because the readers have their own perceptionabout a story. The novels are treated differently when they are adapted into films.One of the challenges for the film production team is how to interpret the work invisual. The screenplay writer should change the narration in the novel intodialogue. The filmmaker will make some adjustment of the works and it willinfluence the audiences. Sometimes it will get applause from the audiences if thefilmmaker team success in adapting the works into the film. The main reason ofthe filmmaker to have deep consideration in adjusting the novel is the budget ofthe film production, the taste of audience and director, and the interpretation ofscript writer in the novels.Many novels are adapted into the movies such as, Charles Dickens’s novelOliver Twist, Robert Louis Stevenson’s Dr, Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, JK Rowling’snovel Harry Potter, Dan Brown’s novel The Davinci Code, John Grisham’s novelThe Firm, and Jane Austen’s novel Pride and Prejudice.Novel Pride and Prejudice, first published on January 28 1813, this is thefamous of Jane Austen’s novel. Its manuscript was first written between 1796 and1797, and was initially called First Impression, but was never published under that

title (www.wikipedia.org). Pride and Prejudice is made more than ten timesadapted into motion pictures, and the newest was released by Universal Pictures in2005, was produced by Joe Wright. The major character of Elizabeth Bennet wasplayed by Keira Knightley and Matthew Macfayden as Fitzwilliam Darcy.Jane Austen is an English novelist. Her social commentary and masterful useof both free indirect speech and irony eventually made Austen on of the mostinfluential and honoured novelists in English literature. She was born in December16 1775 at a rectory in Stevenson, Hampshire. Her other major novels include:Sense and Sensibility (1811), Mansfield Park (1814), Emma 91816), Persuasion(1818) and Northanger Abbey (1818) (www.kirjasto.sc.fi/jausten.htm). Austen’snovels were met with success during her lifetime, but she published anonymously,so she had no real fame. She never married and died at 41. Austen is regarded asone of the finest woman writers of her time. Her work is most well-known for theway she makes her characters seem so realistic, the way she explores the nuancesof relationship, and the way she makes fun of the trends and attitudes of her era(www.bookrags.com)The story Pride and Prejudice addresses courtship and marriage among thelanded gentry in the early 19th century. Social status is an important part of 19thCentury English society. The main character is Elizabeth Bennet in possession of aquick mind and quicker tongue. She is the woman who has idealism; she wants tomarry for love not because of social status only. Mr. Darcy falls in love with her,but she doesn’t because for her Mr. Darcy is an arrogant man she ever met. The

story is happy ending after both of them realize that their pride and prejudice arethe main problem of themselves.The writer is interested in comparing both novel and movie, because they arehaving differences and similarities between novel and movie version. Thedifferences can be seen through the structural approach. That is way the writertakes the title A COMPARISON BETWEEN NOVEL AND UCTURAL APPROACH.B. Literature ReviewAnother writer who has studied about Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice isLily Novita Sari, with the title “Ambition for Higher Social Status in Jane Austen’sPride and Prejudice: Individual Approach. Budi Santoso, with title “Anxiety inJane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice: A Psychoanalytic Approach”. Lukman Hakim,with title “Elizabeth’s Struggle for Woman’s Right in Jane Austen’s Pride andPrejudice” A Feminist Approach”. And “The Influence of Family Life on theMajor Character’s Behaviour in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice: ABehaviourist Approach” by Astri Ardhiani. They are the students ofMuhammadiyah University of Surakarta.However no writer has conducted a research on comparison between the noveland movie version in Pride and Prejudice. Thus the writer decided to conduct a

research in comparing the novel and movie version of Pride and Prejudice byusing Structural Approach.C. Problem StatementThe problem of this research is “What are the differences and similarities ofPride and Prejudice in the novel and the movie version?”D. Limitation of the StudyThe researcher will compare the structural elements of the novel and its movieversion.E. Objective of the StudyThe objectives of this research are as follows:1. To analyze the structural elements of the novel and the film2. To find the similarities and differences in Jane Austen’s Pride and PrejudiceF. Benefit of the StudyThere are some benefits expected from this study, such as:1. TheoreticallyThis research hopes that the result of this research will give some benefits tothe world of literature, especially in term of comparison in literary study.

2. Practicallya) The researcher hopes that this study can enrich the writer’s knowledgeabout the differences and the similarities between the novel and the movieversionb) The research hopes that this study will help the readers understand thedifferences and similarities between the novel and the movie version.G. Research Method1. Type of the ResearchIn analyzing Pride and Prejudice the writer uses the qualitative methodbecause it does not need statistic to explore the fact.2. Type of the Data and the Source DataThe study uses library data, which are classified into two:a) The Primary DataThe primary data sources are both novel and movie version of Prideand Prejudiceb) The Secondary DataThe secondary data include the references and materials related to thestudy whether by picking up from books and internet

3. Technique of the Data CollectionThe method used in this study is library research by collecting andrecording both of t he primary and secondary data. In processing data thewriter will do some steps are follows:1) Reading the novel repeatedly2) Watching the film continuously to understand the content of film3) Identifying the topic both of novel and movie version4) Looking for and selecting the correlation of data and theory usingstructural analysis5) Taking notes of important information in both primary and secondarydata source6) Comparing both of novel and film7) Drawing the conclusion of the analysis that has already done in theformer chapter4. Technique of the Data AnalysisTechnique of data analysis of this research paper is descriptive andcomparative. Comparison analysis technique is used to compare on element toanother. The object being compared of this research is the intrinsic elementsof both versions.

H. Paper OrganizationThe writer divides this research into six chapters as follow: Chapter I consistof the Background of the study, Objective of the study, Benefit of the study,Research method, and Paper organization. Chapter II deals with underlying theoryof structural analysis. Chapter III consists of structural analysis of Pride andPrejudice novel. Chapter IV deals with structural analysis of the movie version.Chapter V elaborates and compares the similarities and differences between noveland movie version, and Chapter VI is conclusion and suggestion.

script writer in the novels. Many novels are adapted into the movies such as, Charles Dickens’s novel Oliver . John Grisham’s novel The Firm, and Jane Austen’s novel Pride and Prejudice. Novel Pride and Prejudice, first published on January 28 1813, this is the famous of Jane Austen’s novel. Its manuscript was first written between .

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