Fall 2006 Vol. 12 No. 2 Texas Paralegal Journal

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fall 2006 vol. 12 no. 2Texas Paralegal JournalParalegals:Advancing the Profession.and empowering the future!Paralegal Division State Bar of TexasCelebrating 25 Years1981–2006

PRESIDENT’SMessageJavan Johnson, ACP, TBLS, Board Certified Legal Assistant, Civil Trial Law, Texas Board of Legal SpecializationThis is a very exciting time for theParalegal Division. As you arereceiving this Fall issue, the TexasAdvanced Paralegal Seminar (TAPS) isbeing presented September 20–22, 2006,and is again an excellent seminar. Manyof you may have attended, but if youhave not, I encourage you to watch yournext issue of this TPJ magazine for areport so you can see what you havebeen missing.The Division has been celebrating its25th anniversary throughout this pastyear, which is culminating with a finalcelebration, and a ‘toast’ to the next 25years of growth and advancement forTexas paralegals. The past 25 years hasseemingly blown past those of us whocan remember when this Division wasfirst formed. For those of you newer tothe profession, and yet even newer tothe Division, you may not have yet hadthe experience of seeing how far thisparalegal profession has grown since1981 when this Division was first formedby the State Bar of Texas.October 23rd denotes our official“25th Anniversary”and is also ParalegalDay in the State of Texas. All across thestate the Division leaders are organizingcelebrations for this special day. Ourhope is that you can join in this celebration by attending one of these events.The goals for the Division for thisyear is based upon the theme“Advancing the Profession throughEmpowering Paralegals.” You may haveseen the recent electronic e-mail blastwhich was sent out to all membersregarding the new “ParalegalStandards” which have been approvedby the State Bar of Texas Board offa l l 2 0 0 6Directors. If for some reasonyou missed that blast, thestandards are printed for youin full text following thismessage. Also, you may visitand go to the top left corner“About PD,” and the dropdown menu will show youthe link to the new definitionand standards.What does this mean for our profession?For the first time, attorneys are beinggiven a guideline for both the hiring ofparalegals, the utilization of paralegals,and the delegation of substantive legalwork as that relates to billable time forparalegals in order to be able to recoversame as a part of an award for attorneysfees. The standards also encourageattorneys to promote continuing legaleducation and certification for paralegals, as well as membership in theDivision.We are embarking upon acampaign of educating theattorneys, legal administrators, paralegal schools, paralegals, and the judiciary as tothese standards. If you havenot yet read them, thenplease take time and do sonow. Share them with everyone you know who has a voice and whohas any influence on your career. Alsoshare with them your copy of this edition of the TPJ so others may learnabout all the things going on with theDivision. You may reach me anytimewith any questions or concerns atAdvance yourself in this profession. Byempowering yourself with these newstandards, you will be the one to reapthe rewards!In Memoriam - Cathrue Savoie BenoitIt is with sadness that we report Cathrue Savoie Benoit from Beaumont, Texas, passed awayAugust 21, 2006.Cathrue was a Division Director from District 10 from 1984 to 1990, and served the ParalegalDivision as Secretary (1984-1985), Chair Pro-Tem (1986-1988), and Chair - now titled"President-Elect" and "President" respectively (1988-1990). In addition, she was appointed to aterm as Vice Chair of the Paralegal Committee of the State Bar of Texas.Cathrue was the law firm administrator for Sheldon, Jordan & Dunham, L.L.P. from theformation of the firm in 1997 until 2003, and prior to that position had worked many years as aparalegal.Cathrue Benoit will be remembered by all who worked with her as a professional dedicated tothe Division and its work, who performed her duties with energy, enthusiasm, charm, humorand intelligence. She was a role model and mentor to many.If you would like to make a monetary contribution to help Cat's family with her final expenses,an account has been set up at Port Arthur Teachers Federal Credit Union, Account #119630,3001 Jimmy Johnson Blvd - Port Arthur, TX, 77642-6303, 409-729-3075 - www.patfcu.org,under the name of "Cure for Cat." To view information about Cat's funeral and to post anacknowledgement, please go to: www.xanga.com/CathrueBenoitt e x a s pa r a l e g a l j o u r na l1

NEW PARALEGAL DEFINITION AND STANDARDSADOPTED BY THE STATE BAR OF TEXASIn 2005, the State Bar of Texas Board of Directors, and the Paralegal Division of theState Bar of Texas, adopted a new definition for “Paralegal:”A paralegal is a person, qualified through various combinations ofeducation, training, or work experience, who is employed or engaged by alawyer, law office, governmental agency, or other entity in a capacity orfunction which involves the performance, under the ultimate direction andsupervision of a licensed attorney, of specifically delegated substantive legalwork, which work, for the most part, requires a sufficient knowledge of legalprinciples and procedures that, absent such person, an attorney would berequired to perform the task.On April 21, 2006, the State Bar of Texas Board of Directors approved amending thisdefinition by including the following standards, which are intended to assist the public inobtaining quality legal services, assist attorneys in their utilization of paralegals, andassist judges in determining whether paralegal work is a reimbursable cost when grantingattorney fees:A. Support for Education, Training, and Work Experience:1. Attorneys are encouraged to promote:a. paralegal attendance at continuing legal education programs;b. paralegal board certification through the Texas Board of Legal Specialization(TBLS);c. certification through a national paralegal organization such as the NationalAssociation of Legal Assistants (NALA) or the National Federation ofParalegal Associations (NFPA); andd. membership in the Paralegal Division of the State Bar and/or local paralegalorganizations.2. In hiring paralegals and determining whether they possess the requisite education,attorneys are encouraged to consider the following:a.b.c.d.2A specialty certification conferred by TBLS; orA CLA/CP certification conferred by NALA.; orA PACE certification conferred by NFPA; orA bachelor's or higher degree in any field together with a minimum of one (1)year of employment experience performing substantive legal work under thedirect supervision of a duly licensed attorney AND completion of 15 hours ofContinuing Legal Education within that year; ort e x a s pa r a l e g a l j o u r na lfa l l 2 0 0 6

e. A certificate of completion from an ABA-approved program of education andtraining for paralegals; orf. A certificate of completion from a paralegal program administered by anycollege or university accredited or approved by the Texas Higher EducationCoordinating Board or its equivalent in another state.3.Although it is desirable that an employer hire a paralegal who has received legalinstruction from a formal education program, the State Bar recognizes that someparalegals are nevertheless qualified if they received their training through previous workexperience. In the event an applicant does not meet the educational criteria, it issuggested that only those applicants who have obtained a minimum of four (4) yearsprevious work experience in performing substantive legal work, as that term is definedbelow, be considered a paralegal.B. Delegation of Substantive Legal Work:"Substantive legal work" includes, but is not limited to, the following: conducting clientinterviews and maintaining general contact with the client; locating and interviewingwitnesses; conducting investigations and statistical and documentary research; draftingdocuments, correspondence, and pleadings; summarizing depositions, interrogatories, andtestimony; and attending executions of wills, real estate closings, depositions, court oradministrative hearings, and trials with an attorney."Substantive legal work" does not include clerical or administrative work. Accordingly,a court may refuse to provide recovery of paralegal time for such nonsubstantive work.Gill Sav. Ass'n v. Int'l Supply Co., Inc., 759 S.W.2d 697, 705 (Tex. App. Dallas 1988,writ denied).C. Consideration of Ethical Obligations (See Note* below):1. Attorney. The employing attorney has the responsibility for ensuring that theconduct of the paralegal performing the services is compatible with the professionalobligations of the attorney. It also remains the obligation of the employing or supervisingattorney to fully inform a client as to whether a paralegal will work on the legal matter,what the paralegal's fee will be, and whether the client will be billed for anynonsubstantive work performed by the paralegal.2. Paralegal. A paralegal is prohibited from engaging in the practice of law,providing legal advice, signing pleadings, negotiating settlement agreements, solicitinglegal business on behalf of an attorney, setting a legal fee, accepting a case, or advertisingor contracting with members of the general public for the performance of legal functions.**************Note: a more expansive list is included in the "General Guidelines for theUtilization of the Services of Legal Assistants by Attorneys" approved by the Boardof Directors of the State Bar of Texas, May, 1993.fa l l 2 0 0 6t e x a s pa r a l e g a l j o u r na l3

fa l l 2 0 0 6 vo l . 1 2 n o . 2Texas Paralegal JournalFocus on . . .Paralegal Division Celebrates Its 25thAnniversaryOn October 23, 1981, The State Bar ofTexas formed the first paralegal division ofthe state bar in the United States.7Hot “Cites”The Multimedia Trial11PD Traveled to Paris18ColumnsEt Al.President’s MessageWith New Paralegal Definition andStandards Adopted by the State Bar ofTexas15ScruplesThe Unauthorized Practice of Law in Texas27t e x a s pa r a l e g a l j o u r na l242006 Exceptional Pro Bono AwardRecipientBylaw Amendments Announcement forNovember 200620Editor’s Note4From Path-Finders to Trail Blazers:25 Years and Still Standing2006 Annual Meeting Paralegal Division2006-2007 Executive Committee andBoard of Directors25Important News2229fa l l 2 0 0 6

E D ITOR’Sby Rhonda J. BrashearsNoteP U B L I C AT I O N S :Rhonda Brashears, CP, EditorJavan Johnson, ACP, PresidentNorma Hackler, CMP, CoordinatorPage L. McCoy, PLS, CLA, Board AdvisorA RT D I R E C T I O N :David Timmons Design. 4703 Placid Place, Austin,Texas 78731. Phone 512-451-4845, Fax 512-451-1087.E-mail: dtimmons0@gmail.comIn my opinion, this is a very exciting issue of the Texas Paralegal Journal. This issuefocuses on the Division’s continued celebration of its 25th anniversary. What anexciting milestone in the life of our association! Several things have changed since ourinception, but at the same time several things have remained the same. One of thethings that has remained the same is the Division’s desire to continue to be the forerunner in advancement of the paralegal profession. With that in mind please pay specialattention to President Javan Johnson’s message and her article regarding the 25 years ofthe Division. Another exciting item in our magazine is the new “Paralegal Standards”(found on pages 2–3) recently approved by the State Bar of Texas Board of Directors;please take the time to read them.I hope, like I am sure you do, that the next 25 years for the Division are as wonderfulas the last.CorrectionIn the article “A Child’s Preference”, previously published in the Texas Paralegal Journal,it was stated, in error, that in Texas, a child could choose a primary conservator at age 10.That is in error. Several years ago, the Texas legislators, wisely I believe, raised the age ofchoice to 12 years of age. I apologize for the error, which was an oversight.J. Lindsey Short, Jr.HOW TO REACH USRhonda Brashears, CP, EditorUNDERWOODP. O. Box 9158Amarillo, TX 79105-9158806/379-0325 (o)806/349-9484 (fax)Rhonda.Brashears@uwlaw.comNorma Hackler, CMPCoordinator, Paralegal DivisionP. O. Box 1375Manchaca, TX 78652512/280-1776 (o)512/291-1170 (fax)nhackler@austin.rr.comTexas Paralegal Journal (ISSN# 1089-1633) is published quarterly in Winter, Spring, Summer and Fall for 15 set aside from membership dues for a 1-year subscription by the Paralegal Division of the State Bar ofTexas, 3505 Black Mesa Hollow, Austin, Texas 78739. Periodical Postage Paid at Austin, TX. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to the Texas Paralegal Journal, P.O. Box 1375, Manchaca, Texas 78652.Circulation Summer 2006: Total Printed: 2,000; Paid or Requested: 1,873; Mail Subscriptions: 1,873; TotalPaid and/or requested circulation: 1,873; Free Distribution: 0; Total Distribution: 1,873; Office Use orLeftover: 127.fa l l 2 0 0 6The Texas Paralegal Journal is published quarterly as aservice to the paralegal profession. A copy of eachissue is furnished to the members of the ParalegalDivision as part of their dues.PA R A L E G A L D I V I S I O NPresidentPresident ElectParliamentarianTreasurerSecretaryJavan Johnson, ACPPatricia GiulianoRobert SolizDeborah HathawayMona Hart Chandler, CPBOARD OF DIRECTORSJavan Johnson, ACP, President (Longview); PatriciaGiuliano, President Elect (San Antonio); DeborahSkolaski, CP, Houston, District 1 Director; StephanieHawkes, RP, Irving, District 2 Director; Debbie House,CP, Fort Worth, District 3 Director; Billy Hart, CollegeStation, District 4 Director; Kristy Ritchie, SanAntonio, District 5 Director; Deirdre Trotter, CLAS,Lubbock, District 6 Director; Stephanie Hawkes, RP,Board Advisor; Robert Soliz, Victoria, District 8Director and Parliamentarian; Ginger Williams, CLAS,Beaumont, District 10 Director; Cecile Wiginton, CLA,Midland, District 11 Director; Debbie Guerra, FlowerMound, District 12 Director; Deborah Hathaway,Sugar Land, District 13 Director and Treasurer; MonaHart Chandler, CP, Longview, District 14 Director andSecretary; Virginia Gil, Brownsville, District 15Director; and Clara Buckland, CP, El Paso, District 16Director.P U B L I C AT I O N S C O M M I T T E EMEMBERSRhonda J. Brashears, CP, Chair, Amarillo; StephanieHawkes, RP, Board Advisor, Irving; Heidi Beginski, ElPaso; Jeannetta Castle, CLA, Fort Worth; Mona HartChandler, CP, Longview; Pamela Crosby, Dallas; LauraGonzales, CP, Dallas; Carol Milligan, El Paso; DeidreTrotter, CLAS, Lubbock.DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION OF ARTICLES FORTHE WINTER ISSUE IS OCTOBER 15, 2006.Texas Paralegal Journal 2005 by the ParalegalDivision, State Bar of Texas. Published quarterly inTexas by the Publications Committee of the ParalegalDivision, P.O. Box 12487, Austin, Texas 78711. TheTexas Paralegal Journal is a magazine published toprovide information specifically for the members ofthe Paralegal Division of the State Bar of Texas, as wellas for members of the paralegal community in general, both in Texas and nationwide. Opinions expressedherein are solely those of the writer and not the Boardof Directors or of the Division. Publication of anyadvertisement herein does not imply endorsement inany manner. None of the information contained herein is intended nor should it be construed as legaladvice. Inclusion and editing of material submitted isat the discretion of the editor and the editorial subcommittee.t e x a s pa r a l e g a l j o u r na l5

Focus on.Paralegal Division Celebrates Its25th AnniversaryJavan Johnson, ACP, PresidentParalegal Division, State Bar of TexasOn October 23, 1981, the State Bar of Texas formed the first paralegal division of a state barin the United States. That is the formal date the Paralegal Division (PD), formerly theLegal Assistants Division, was established. October 23, 2006 marks the 25th Anniversaryof the Division. The official purpose for the PD is “To enhance paralegal’s participationin the administration of justice, professional responsibility and public service in cooperation with the State Bar of Texas.” PD has been a leader, and remains a leader in continuing to establish the parameters of professionalism issues facing our profession.As is done for any milestone birthday, the Board of Directors of PD thought it appropriate to share a historical overview of the past 25 years for our members. We hope youenjoy seeing the growth and progress PD has made through those years. It is only thehighlights – there was a lot more work going on that this history overview has time toreveal!1982The Bylaws, Code of Ethics, letterhead, seal, membership cards and membership certificates were approved, as well as nine standing committees toconduct the work of the Division. Charter memberships were approved during that firstyear through June 29, 1982. PD had 1013 charter members as of that date. Charter members were given a nice certificate that bore the words “Charter Member” and the dateJune 1, 1982, and signed by the State Bar President at that time, Wayne Fisher. PresidentFisher delivered the luncheon address at the first annual meeting of the PD and sharedthese words:Your presence here today confirms my belief that the time has come for the legalprofession to recognize the paralegal profession and for us to move forward incooperation and mutual support to provide better services to the public we serve.Let us assure you that the State Bar is not trying to impose anything on the paralegals in Texas, much less the paralegal profession throughout the country. We realize that what we are doing will have an impact, and for that reason we are just asconcerned as others may be. We only ask that your Division be a chance to showwhat that impact will be. Active participation by the membership will have adirect effect on that impact. .I challenge you to fight for what you believe in. .1983The first Board of Director elections were held. The Standing Rules wereestablished that enhance the work of the Division as to the Bylaws.Questionnaires were mailed to paralegals regarding the issue of voluntary certification.Even at this early date, PD was looking into enhancing the professionalism of paralegals.fa l l 2 0 0 6t e x a s pa r a l e g a l j o u r na l7

Focus on 1984A second questionnaire wassent out to paralegalsregarding voluntary certification.Education programs were reviewed andthe first Division newsletter was published.1985The public hearings regarding voluntary certificationbegan. There were initially two proposals:(1) create a PD exam, or (2) utilize theCLA exam with a Texas substantive lawsection added. Membership grew to 1500members. The second survey regardingvoluntary certification was mailed.1986A sustaining member category was added for lawfirms, corporations, and other individualsor entities supporting the Division. It wasdecided that more fact finding was neededregarding the voluntary certificationissues. Public hearings on proposals forvoluntary certification were held in sevenmajor cities.1987A Task Force for VoluntaryCertification was established. The Board of Directors resolved togo forward with a Texas exam, althoughno definitive exam was discussed.Educational programs were created in alist format that offered paralegal trainingto be available to attorneys and paralegals.Mock grievance procedures were conducted by the Ethics Committee.1988Funds were allocated forfuture implementation of acertification program. Membershipincreased to 1800. A special committeewas formed to determine whether an executive director should be retained.1989The necessity for hiring anExecutive Director becameapparent. A look at whether to allow PDto become a non-profit corporation wasvoted down. A special committee wasformed to provide recommendations forprocessing membership applications.8t e x a s pa r a l e g a l j o u r na l1990An ad hoc committee wasformed to digest the data onvoluntary certification. A formal list ofbenefits was prepared and published tomembers. The State Bar agreed to keeptrack of continuing legal education hoursand provide a transcript for 5.00. NormaHackler was hired as Executive Director.An indepth look was taken on the recommendations for processing membershipapplications, including “substantive” and“law related legal work” definitions.1991The voluntary certificationdigest was released and theconsensus was that PD would support acertification exam. A VoluntaryCertification Task Force was created towork with PD. This was the year that student membership category was added.The Division’s finances/bookkeeping totally separated from the Bar during this yearto allow us to handle our own accounting.Governor Ann Richards officially proclaimed, for the first time, that October23rd would be Legal Assistant’s Day inTexas.1992The official PD publicationwas formally named byBetsy Horn of Fort Worth as TexasParalegal Journal. The Joint Task Force onSpecialty Certification made significantadvances toward establishing a plantoward certification exams for paralegals,and the first look was taken at the TBLSexams as that vehicle. Joint CLE seminarswith local associations were sponsored insmaller areas.1993The Concurrent ResolutionNo. 69 was signed by BobBullock, President of the Texas Senate, andPete Laney, Speaker of the House, thatOctober 23rd of each year would be TexasLegal Assistant’s Day. Specialty certification exams were approved by the TexasSupreme Court on 5/18/93 to be given toparalegals by the Texas Board of LegalSpecialization (TBLS).1994The Texas Bar JournalJanuary issue was dedicatedto paralegals. The first specialty examswere given by TBLS on 3/26/94 to 157paralegals.1995The Texas Paralegal Journalbecame a full magazine.The Long Range Planning Task Force wasformed to begin studying future professionalism issues.1996The State Bar of Texas madeits insurance programsavailable to PD members. Advanced seminars were planned to coincide with theTBLS speciality exams. A ContinuingLegal Education committee was formed toassist local associations in providing CLEto their areas with help from PD.Budgeting was made available for theLegally Speaking programs to be tapedworking with the El Paso CommunityCollege.1997The Long Range PlanningTask Force (LRPTF) hostedthe Fall TAPA meeting to share information regarding the professionalism issuesand was charged with preparing a preliminary digest of information. The development of a video on how to utilize paralegals was first discussed.1998The LRPTF held its firstpublic hearing held inCorpus Christi at the annual meeting. Itwas determined that the production oftapes regarding the utilization of paralegalswould proceed, targeted for law schools.The Executive Director’s title changed toPD Coordinator.1999This was the year “LegalAssistant University” (LAU)was first held in San Antonio with 270 paralegals coming together for a three-dayseminar covering a wide variety of topics.The March 2000 Texas Bar Journal issuewas dedicated to paralegals. Public hearings were continued throughout the statefa l l 2 0 0 6

SUSTAINING MEMBER PROFILEOne Legal, Inc.Mention the name One Legal to anyCalifornia paralegal and you canrest assured that they will have goodthings to say. Maybe that’s becauseover the past 16 1/2 years, OneLegal, Inc. has filed more than 20 millionpages of legal documents, advanced over 50 million in court filing fees, and boastsa success rate of 99.9996% in meeting filing deadlines. With more than 15,000 lawfirms as customers and 45,000 individualusers, One Legal has built a name for itselfin same-day court filing and service ofprocess. Now that the company offerselectronic services in Texas through eFilingfor Courts, it hopes to earn the same stellar reputation among the Texas paralegalmarket.The company’s history dates back tothe days before the Internet was availableand the fax machine was considered aninnovation. When Bob Battaglia foundedOne Legal, Inc. in 1990 (then known asFax & File), a single faxed page took morethan 2 minutes to transmit to his office.A law firm would call to alert the companyof their filing order, fax the document tothe One Legal office, and a document specialist would review it for accuracy beforedelivering it to the courthouse. Time-consuming faxes didn’t deter Bob fromexpanding his business into the largest“electronic” court filing service inCalifornia. In fact, the fax machine stillprovided a much faster, same-day alternative for law firms who previously had tomail their documents to the court, or finda courier who could deliver them on alast-minute basis. Little by little, law firmsadopted faxing as a “better” way of filingcourt documents.One Legal, Inc. which changed itsname from ‘Fax & File’ in 2003, is now thelargest provider of online court services inCalifornia with 17 company-owned branchoffices and 172 courts served. As an innovator in the market, the company continued to invest in technology and was thefirst to offer online document submissionthrough the Internet, changing the face ofcourt filing forever.In 2005, One Legal became certified asan EFSP in Texas through eFiling forCourts. In just one year, One Legal hasattracted many satisfied customers in lawfirms throughout Houston, Dallas andother counties offering eServices. It is aproud member of the Paralegal Division offa l l 2 0 0 6David Lundbergthe State Bar of Texas as well as theHouston Metropolitan ParalegalAssociation, and participates in many ofthe local seminars and events.According to Battaglia, the Texas market was attractive because the courts werevery quick to adopt electronic filing andservice of process. “In California, thereare still just a few courts that can acceptelectronically submitted documents. Butin Texas, we’re able to use the latest technology in more counties. We’ve established a local presence in the market aswell, making it more convenient for paralegals to get training or other types ofassistance whenever they need it.”What makes customers choose OneLegal for their online court filing and service of process needs? In addition to its 16 years of experience and unparalleled success, the company prides itself on being acustomer-friendly company. “We hireonly highly skilled, personable representatives with extensive knowledge of localcourt requirements. When a paralegalcalls One Legal, they’re going to get theassistance they need in a friendly and helpful manner,” states Battaglia.Plus, One Legal is the only serviceprovider with open billing terms and nocredit card fees. To register with OneLegal, visit https://lawplace.onelegal.com,or contact your Texas Account Manager,David Lundberg at (713) 373-2082. Youcan email David atdlundberg@onelegal.com. For CustomerSupport, call (800) 938-8815, option 3. Wehope to have the opportunity to provideyou with professional, friendly and expertservice very soon.t e x a s pa r a l e g a l j o u r na l9

Focus on by the LRPTF.2000The public hearings werecompleted and the information was digested by the LRPTF. A JointTask Force was formed with the ParalegalCommittee to continue examining theissues of professionalism. The LAUScholarship was named for NancyMcLaughlin, our TPJ editor who we lost ina car accident. LAU was held in Austin.held in San Antonio. An online surveywas conducted by the Joint Task Forceregarding the preferred term “legal assistant” or “paralegal.” The online CLE program began being developed. A job bankwas added to the PD website. The JointTask Force proposed a new definition of“paralegal.”2004The State Bar College beganoffering Associate membership for paralegals. TYLA endorsed the“Profiling the Paralegal Profession” video.LAU was held in Austin. PD celebrated its20th Anniversary beginning in 2001. LAUwas held in Dallas.An emeritus membershipcategory was added, andother categories were restructured. PDintroduced the Ambassador programcomprised of past presidents of PD totravel and speak on behalf of PD. LAUwas held in San Fort Worth. The onlineCLE program was fully implemented, andmandatory CLE for membership in PDwas also implemented.200220052001Charter members of the PDwere located to join in the20th Anniversary celebration at annualmeeting. LAU was held in Houston. TheJoint Task Force sought clarification of thedefinition of “legal assistant.”MytexasBar.com was made available to PDmembers for updating membership information.2003A public relations ad wasdeveloped for PD. LAU wasA PD representative wasappointed to serve on theBoard of Directors of the State BarCollege. PD made its first overseas travelto London. LAU was renamed the TexasAdvanced Paralegal Seminar (TAPS), andwas held in Austin. The State Barapproved the definition of “paralegal,”and the Division changed its name toParalegal Division. PD members wereincluded for the first time in the TexasLegal Directory.2006PD is celebrating its 25thanniversary. An onlinesalary survey was conducted and theresults tabulated. PD traveled to Paris inApril. New “paralegal standards” wereapproved by the PD and the State Bar, andare currently being marketed. TAPS isbeing held in Dallas in September.While the work of the Division hasbeen vast over the past 25 years, this is asmall sketch of what we have accomplished. We continue to grow and moveforward, enabling Texas paralegals to stayempowered, and to continue to advance inthe legal profession and be the leadersacross the nation!Javan Johnson currently serves as thePresident of the Paralegal Division, and isa charter member of the Division. She is aNALA Advanced Certified Paralegal inCivil Litigation, and a Board CertifiedParalegal in Civil Trial Law by the TexasBoard of Legal Specialization. Javan is afreelance paralegal in Longview, and hasover twenty-five years’ experience in civiltrial work. She has taught paralegals atKilgore College since 1988. She is a frequent speaker on behalf of the Division.Paralegals Traveling to Italy Spring 2007The third annual Division trip is planned for April 2007 to Florence, Italy departing on a

4 texas paralegal journal fall 2006 Texas Paralegal Journal fall 2006 vol. 12 no. 2 Focus on . . . Paralegal Division Celebrates Its 25th Anniversary On October 23, 1981, The State Bar of Texas formed the first paralegal division of the state bar in the United States. 7 Hot “Cites” The Multimedia Trial 11 PD Traveled to Paris 18 Columns .

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