Massachusetts Tests For Educator Licensure (MTEL - Free Download PDF

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Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure (MTEL )All examinees taking the Chemistry (12) test willbe provided with a scientific calculator with functionsthat include the following: addition, subtraction,multiplication, division, square root, percent, sine,cosine, tangent, exponents, and logarithms. Referto "Test Selection" in the current MTEL registrationbulletin for more information.www.mtel.nesinc.comCopyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). All rights reserved.Evaluation Systems, Pearson, P.O. Box 226, Amherst, MA 01004Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure and MTEL are trademarks, in the U.S. and/or other countries, of theMassachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education and Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s).Pearson and its logo are trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries of Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s).06/10

Chemistry (12) Practice TestTABLE OF CONTENTSIntroduction .1Purpose of the Practice Test .1Taking the Practice Test .1Incorporating the Practice Test in Your Study Plan .1Chemistry Practice Test.2Periodic Table, Constants, and Formulas.3General Test Directions .6Multiple-Choice Answer Sheet.7Multiple-Choice Questions .8Directions for the Open-Response Item Assignments .42Open-Response Item Assignments and Response Sheets.43Practice Test Results .49Practice Test Results Overview .50Multiple-Choice Question Answer Key Worksheet .51Multiple-Choice Question Practice Test Evaluation Chart.54Open-Response Item Evaluation Information.58Open-Response Item Scoring Rubric, Sample Responses, and Analyses .59Practice Test Score Calculation .70Readers should be advised that this practice test, including many of the excerptsused herein, is protected by federal copyright law.Test policies and materials, including but not limited to tests, item types, and item formats, are subject tochange at the discretion of the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.

Chemistry (12) Practice TestINTRODUCTIONThis document is a printable version of the Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure (MTEL )Chemistry (12) Online Practice Test. This practice test is a sample test consisting of 100 multiple-choicequestions and 2 open-response item assignments.To assist you in recording and evaluating your responses on the practice test, a Multiple-Choice Answer Sheet, anAnswer Key Worksheet, and an Evaluation Chart by test objective are included for the multiple-choice questions.A blank Response Sheet, Evaluation Information, and Sample Responses and Analyses, as well as a ScoringRubric, are included for the open-response items. Lastly, there is a Practice Test Score Calculation worksheet.PURPOSE OF THE PRACTICE TESTThe practice test is designed to provide an additional resource to help you effectively prepare for the MTELChemistry (12) test. The primary purpose of the practice test is to help you become familiar with the structureand content of the test. It is also intended to help you identify areas in which to focus your studies. Educationfaculty and administrators of teacher preparation programs may also find this practice test useful as they helpstudents prepare for the official test.TAKING THE PRACTICE TESTIn order to maximize the benefits of the practice test, it is recommended that you take this test under conditionssimilar to the conditions under which the official MTEL tests are administered. Try to take the practice test in aquiet atmosphere with few interruptions and limit yourself to the four-hour time period allotted for the official testadministration. You will find your results to be more useful if you refer to the answer key only after you havecompleted the practice test.INCORPORATING THE PRACTICE TEST IN YOUR STUDY PLANAlthough the primary means of preparing for the MTEL is your college education, adequate preparation prior totaking or retaking the MTEL test is strongly recommended. How much preparation and study you need dependson how comfortable and knowledgeable you are with the content of the test.The first step in preparing to take the MTEL is to identify what information the test will address by reviewing theobjectives for your field. A complete, up-to-date list of the Test Objectives is included in the Test InformationBooklet for each test field. The test objectives are the core of the testing program and a helpful study tool.Before taking or retaking the official test, focus your study time on those objectives for which you wish tostrengthen your knowledge.This practice test may be used as one indicator of potential strengths and weaknesses in your knowledge of thecontent on the official test. However, because of potential differences in format and difficulty between thepractice test and an official MTEL Chemistry (12) test, it is not possible to predict precisely how you might scoreon an official MTEL Chemistry (12) test. Keep in mind that the subareas for which the test weighting is greatestwill receive emphasis on this test. Refer to the Test Information Booklet for additional information about how toprepare for the test.1

Chemistry (12) Practice TestCHEMISTRYPRACTICE TEST2

5P31.07N14.01VASome of the elements 112 and above have been reported but not fully authenticated and 9.910Ne20.182He4.00132VIIIAIA1H1.01181PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTSChemistry (12) Practice TestCandidates taking the Chemistry test (field 12) will be provided with the periodic table, constants,and formulas shown below at the test administration.

Chemistry (12) Practice TestCONSTANTSValueDescriptionIdeal gas constant (R)0.0821 L atm/mol K 8.31 J/mol KFaraday constant (F)9.65 104 C/mol e– 9.65 104 J/V mol e–Rydberg constant (RH)1.097 107 m–1Boltzmann constant (k)1.38 10–23 J/KPlanck's constant (h)6.63 10–34 J sMolal freezing point depression constant for water (Kf)1.86 C/mMolal boiling point elevation constant for water (Kb)0.51 C/mHeat of fusion of water (ΔHfus)334 J/g 80 cal/g 6.01 kJ/molHeat of vaporization of water (ΔHvap)2260 J/g 540 cal/g 40.7 kJ/molSpecific heat (s) of water (liquid)4.18 J/g K 4.18 J/g C 1.0 cal/g CDissociation constant of water (Kw)1.0 10–14 at 25 CStandard atmospheric pressure1 atm 760 mm Hg 760 torr 101.325 kPaSpeed of light in a vacuum (c)3.00 108 m/s1 calorie (cal)4.184 J1 watt (W)1 J/s4

Chemistry (12) Practice TestFORMULASFormulaDescriptionGibbs free energy equationΔG ΔH – TΔSNernst equationE E – Relationship between emf and free energy changefor reactants and products in their standard statesΔG –nFE Energy change as an electron transitions betweenenergy states11ΔE RHhc n 2 – n 2 Henderson-Hasselbalch equationpH pKa log Coulombs (C)C amperes secondsPhoton energyE hνSpeed of lightc λνAmount of heat (q)q msΔT0.0592 V n log Q at 298 K if Root-mean-square speedurms Graham's law of diffusionr1r2 [conjugate base] [acid] 3RTMM2M1NOTES FOR CHEMISTRY TESTNot all constants and formulas necessary are listed, nor are all constants and formulas listed used on this test.While attention has been paid to significant figures, no answer should be considered incorrect solely because ofthe number of significant figures.5

Chemistry (12) Practice TestGENERAL TEST DIRECTIONSThis practice test consists of two sections: (1) a multiple-choice question section and (2) an open-response itemassignment section. Each multiple-choice question on the practice test has four answer choices. Read eachquestion carefully and choose the ONE best answer. Record each answer on the answer sheet provided.Sample Question:1.What is the capital of Massachusetts?A.B.C.D.WorcesterNew BedfordBostonSpringfieldThe correct answer to this question is C. You would indicate that on the answer sheet.The open-response section of this practice test requires written responses. Directions for the open-response itemassignments appear immediately before those assignments.You may work on the multiple-choice questions and open-response item assignments in any order that youchoose. You may wish to monitor how long it takes you to complete the practice test. When taking the actualMTEL Chemistry (12) test, you will have one four-hour test session in which to complete the test.6

Chemistry (12) Practice TestMULTIPLE-CHOICE ANSWER 95969798991007YourResponse

Chemistry (12) Practice TestMULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS1.2.A chemist hypothesizes that a newlydeveloped photodegradable plastic willdegrade twice as fast as currently availablephotodegradable plastics. Which of thefollowing investigations would best testthis hypothesis?Several unknown solutions have beentested for the presence of Group 1 orGroup 2 metals using a flame-testprotocol. Which of the following methodswould be the best way to represent thecollected data?modeling the chemical reactionsinvolved in the degradation of thenew plastic and using this modelto project degradation rates underdifferent environmental conditionsA.a tableB.a histogramC.a scatter plotB.subjecting the new plastic andthe existing plastics to the sameenvironmental conditions andmeasuring their degradation ratesD.a line graphC.comparing the degradation rate ofthe new plastic with the degradationrates provided by the manufacturersof the existing photodegradableplasticsD.exposing the new photodegradableplastic to conditions of constant UVradiation and no UV radiation andcomparing the resulting degradationratesA.3.8A chemist is attempting to identify anunknown solid substance by determiningits density. The substance is found tohave a volume of 70.3 cm3, and repeatedweighing of the solid produced an averagemass of 51.12 g. Given these data, whichof the following correctly reports thedensity of the solid substance with thecorrect number of significant figures?A.7 10–1 g/cm3B.7.2 10–1 g/cm3C.7.27 10–1 g/cm3D.7.272 10–1 g/cm3

Chemistry (12) Practice Test4.Use the information below to answer the question that follows.Chromatography Reference TableCationdistance of cationRf distance of solvent Ni2 0.50Cu2 0.58Fe3 0.83A chemist is using paper chromatographyto identify the components of a sampleknown to contain at least one of thecations shown in the reference table.Given the chromatogram shown above,the unknown consists of:A.Cu2 cations.B.Ni2 and Fe3 cations.C.Fe3 and Cu2 cations.D.Ni2 , Cu2 , and Fe3 cations.9

Chemistry (12) Practice Test5.6.Use the graph below to answer thequestion that follows.The graph above depicts the results ofa titration experiment. Which of thefollowing conclusions about the titrationexperiment is best supported by thesedata?A.The acid being titrated is a poly protic acid.B.A strong base is being titrated with aweak acid.C.The titrant used in this experiment isa strong acid.D.A weak acid is being titrated with astrong base.10A chemistry class is planning to use afume exhaust hood to study the reactionbetween the elements copper and sulfur.Before beginning the experiment, theteacher will review with the class theproper use of the exhaust hood. Whichof the following instructions should beincluded in this discussion?A.Avoid using Bunsen burners withinthe fume exhaust hood.B.Turn off the fan while performingthe experiment.C.Keep the sash in its lowered positionduring the experiment.D.Step away from the fume exhausthood once the reaction has begun.

Chemistry (12) Practice Test7.8.Use the diagram below to answer thequestion that follows.9.The apparatus shown above is most likelyto be used in which of the followingscientific experiments?A.separating a mixture of twounknown liquidsB.determining the boiling point of anunknown liquidC.constructing a titration curve of anunknown liquidD.detecting the presence of cations inan unknown liquid11When a chemical is transferred from astock bottle into another container for usein the laboratory, the label on the newcontainer must include the name andformula of the chemical, its concentration,and number of the the stock reagent bottle wasreceived.C.hazard warnings for the number of the chemicalhygiene officer.Which of the following is an example of achemistry protocol being carried out in asafe manner?A.heating a compound in a test tubeover a flame with the test tubeopening oriented away from peopleB.evaporating acetone from a beakerusing direct heat from a BunsenburnerC.using a glass stirring rod to assist inpouring a solution of NaClO into abeaker containing HClD.transferring a beaker containingboiling water directly from a hotplate into an ice bath

Chemistry (12) Practice Test10.11.12.A student splashes a chemical into an eyeduring a lab experiment. Which of thefollowing is the first thing the teachershould do when responding to thissituation? the student to an emergencyroom at the closest area hospitalB.flush the student's eye with water atthe eyewash after checking for thepresence of a contact lensC.alert the school administrators thatan accident has the local poison control centerfor guidance on how to treat thestudentWhich of the following correctly identifiesboth an advantage and a disadvantage ofusing nuclear fission as a method ofgenerating electricity?A.advantage: produces onlynonhazardous waste productsdisadvantage: leads to thermalpollution of riversB.advantage: uses an unlimitedinexpensive fuel sourcedisadvantage: accelerates the rate ofozone depletionC.advantage: produces minimalgreenhouse gasesdisadvantage: requires long-termstorage of radioactive wasteD.advantage: inhibits the formation ofacid raindisadvantage: presents problems insafely containing plasmaWhich of the following is a serious ethicalconcern associated with the completesequencing of the human genome?A.B.C.D.The results are maintained bymultiple government agencies anduniversities and are difficult toaccess.13.The DNA used in the study wastaken from one individual and isnot representative of all humangenomes.The sequencing technology usedwas inadequate for sequencing sucha large genome, and the results haveproven to be inaccurate.An individual could be deniedhealth insurance due to a geneticpredisposition for a life-threateningdisease.12Research into the production of ethanolfrom corn has been promoted by society'sneed to:A.decrease the price of corn-basedfood products.B.stimulate job growth in automobilemanufacturing.C.decrease dependence on fossil fuels.D.increase the number of smallfamily-owned farms.

Chemistry (12) Practice Test14.A.15.16.Which of the following technologies usesX-rays to visualize an object?Potassium hydrogen carbonate is bestclassified as which of the following typesof matter?positron emission tomography(PET scan)A.heterogeneous mixtureB.magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)B.elementC.computerized axial tomography(CT scan)C.homogeneous mixtureD.compoundD.scanning tunneling microscopy(STM)Which of the following responsescorrectly matches a technological devel opment with its corresponding area ofchemistry research? chips: chemical analysisof DNAB.pest-resistant corn species:chemical equilibriumC.photovoltaic cells: electrochemistryD.synthetic fertilizers: molecularmodeling13

Chemistry (12) Practice Test17.18.19.Fog, which is composed of finely dividedwater droplets dispersed in air, is anexample of which of the following typesof mixtures?A.solutionB.aerosolC.foamD.emulsionThe products of a chemical reaction aresolid zinc carbonate and aqueous sodiumchloride. Which of the following proce dures will achieve the best separation ofthe mixture into its three components?A.filtering the mixture and thendistilling the filtrateB.crystallizing the mixture and thendecanting the aqueous portionC.centrifuging the mixture and thencrystallizing the supernatantD.distilling the mixture and thencentrifuging the distillate14Which of the following statementscorrectly identifies a difference betweena physical change and a chemical change?A.New atoms are formed in a chemicalchange but not in a physical change.B.Energy is conserved in a physicalchange but not in a chemicalchange.C.New substances are formed ina chemical change but not in aphysical change.D.Mass is conserved in a physicalchange but not in a chemicalchange.

Chemistry (12) Practice Test20.Use the table below to answer the question that follows.Properties of Selected AlcoholsAlcoholMelting Point( C)Boiling Point( panol26820.789An unknown alcohol is a liquid at roomtemperature (20 C), and a 50.0 mL samplehas a mass of 39.4 g. Based on theseproperties, the unknown alcohol can beidentified D.2-methyl-2-propanol.The constituent particles in a substance inits solid state tend to:A.remain motionless.B.vibrate about fixed positions.C.slide freely past one another.D.move constantly in straight lines.15

Chemistry (12) Practice Test22.23.24.According to the kinetic molecular theory,which of the following happens to themolecules of a gas when the gas iscompressed?A.The average distance between th

This practice test consists of two sections: (1) a multiple-choice question section and (2) an open-response item assignment section. Each multiple-choice question on the practice test has four answer choices. Read each question carefully and choose the ONE best answer. Record each answer on the answer sheet provided. Sample Question: 1.