Financial Forecasting (Pro Forma Financial Statements)

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Financial Modeling TemplatesFinancial Forecasting (Pro Forma Financial ialplanningforecasting proformafinancialstatements.shtmlCopyright (c) 2009, ConnectCodeAll Rights Reserved.ConnectCode accepts no responsibility for any adverse affect that may result from undertaking ourtraining.Microsoft and Microsoft Excel are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All other productnames are trademarks, registered trademarks, or service marks of their respective owners

Table of Contents1.2.Financial Planning and Forecasting . 1-11.1Pro Forma Financial Statements . 1-11.2Financial Statements Modeling . 1-1Financial Planning and Forecasting Spreadsheet . 2-22.1Financial Statements Inputs . 2-22.1.1 Income Statement . 2-22.1.2 Balance Sheet . 2-32.2Common Size Financial Statements . 2-42.2.1 Fields from the Income Statement . 2-42.2.2 Fields from the Balance Sheet . 2-42.2.3 Average . 2-52.3Analysis Findings . 2-52.4Financial Statements Forecast . 2-52.4.1 Assumptions. 2-52.5Financial Ratio Analysis . 2-52.5.1 Inputs . 2-62.5.2 Liquidity Ratios . 2-62.5.3 Leverage Ratios . 2-62.5.4 Profitability Ratios . 2-62.5.5 Turnover Ratios. 2-6Pg iiFinancial Planning and ForecastingVersion 1.0

ConnectCode’s Financial Modeling TemplatesHave you thought about how many times you use or reuse your financial models? Everyday, dayafter day, model after model and project after project. We definitely have. That is why we build allour financial templates to be reusable, customizable and easy to understand. We also test ourtemplates with different scenarios vigorously, so that you know you can be assured of theiraccuracy and quality and that you can save significant amount of time by reusing them. We havealso provided comprehensive documentation on the templates so that you do not need to guess orfigure out how we implemented the models.All our template models are only in black and white color. We believe this is how a professionalfinancial template should look like and also that this is the easiest way for you to understand anduse the templates. All the input fields are marked with the ‘*’ symbol for you to identify themeasily.Whether you are a financial analyst, investment banker or accounting personnel. Or whether youare a student aspiring to join the finance world or an entrepreneur needing to understand finance,we hope that you will find this package useful as we have spent our best effort and a lot of time indeveloping them.ConnectCodePg iiiFinancial Planning and ForecastingVersion 1.0

1.1.1Financial Planning and ForecastingPro Forma Financial StatementsFinancial statements projections and forecasting are very common in corporate financial analysis.The reason is that it is very useful and important to forecast how much financing a company willrequire in future years. The projections are achieved by using historical sales, accounting data andassumptions on future sales and costs. These financial statements projections are known financialmodeling as Pro Forma financial statements.1.2Financial Statements ModelingThis spreadsheet provides a template for financial statements forecasting. It requires simplefinancial statements inputs from the past 5 years and will automatically generate all the necessaryPro Forma Financial Statements projections outputs.The following diagram illustrates the process of using this template for financial statementsforecasting. Most inputs are required in the first step. The rest of the four steps involve reviewingthe outputs generated and entering values like short term interest rates to be assumed in themodel.Pg 1-1Financial Planning and ForecastingVersion 1.0

2.2.1Financial Planning and Forecasting SpreadsheetFinancial Statements InputsThe template requires inputs from the Income Statement and Balance Sheet from the past 5years.2.1.1Income StatementAll inputs are marked with the "*" symbol.The fields that are automatically calculated as shown in bold below.RevenuesSales*Cost and expenses:Cost of sales*Selling, general and administrative expense (SG&A)*Research and Development*Depreciation*Operating income Sales - Cost and expensesInterestInterest expense*Interest income*Net Interest Interest income - Interest expenseIncome before taxes Operating income Net InterestIncome taxes*Net income Income before taxes - Income taxesCommon Shares*Earnings per Share Net income / Common SharesDividends paid*Retained Earnings Net income - Dividends paidPg 2-2Financial Planning and ForecastingVersion 1.0

2.1.2Balance SheetAll inputs are marked with the "*" symbol.The fields that are automatically calculated as shown in bold below.AssetsCash and cash equivalents*Accounts receivable*Inventories*Deferred income taxes*Total current assets Cash and cash equivalents Accounts receivable Inventories Defered income taxesFixed assetsCost*Accumulated Depreciation*Net fixed assets Fixed Assets Cost - Accumulated DepreciationGoodwill*Intangible assets*Other assets*Total assets Total current assets Net fixed assets Goodwill Intangibleassets Other assetsLiabilitiesAccounts payable*Current debt Total liabilities – Accounts payable – Long-term debt - Other longterm liabilitiesTotal current liabilities Accounts payable Current debtLong-term debt*Other long-term liabilities*Total liabilities Total liabilities and shareholder's Equity - Total Shareholders'EquityShareholders' equityCommon Stock and Additional Paid in Capital*Retained Earnings*Total Shareholders' Equity Common Stock and Additional Paid in Capital Pg 2-3Financial Planning and ForecastingVersion 1.0

RetainedEarningsTotal liabilities and shareholders' Equity Total assetsThe Total liabilities and shareholders' Equity field is worth noting. It is set to be equal to the Totalassets in the spreadsheet.Total liabilities and shareholders' Equity Total assetsTotal liabilities field is calculated as follows:Total liabilities Total liabilities and shareholder's Equity - Total Shareholders' EquityThe Current debt field is the Plug. It is defined as follows:Current debt Total liabilities – Accounts payable – Long-term debt - Other long-termliabilities2.2Common Size Financial StatementsThe Common Size Financial Statements express all the fields in the Income Statement and BalanceSheet as a ratio over Sales. By expressing the fields in ratio, a standardized financial statementcan be created to reveal insights and trends of companies. It will be easy to compare financialstatements of different size companies or the same company at different times. For example, acompany may have grown to be very large over the years.2.2.1 2.2.2 Fields from the Income StatementCost of Sales in 1999 Cost of Sales in 1999 / Sales in 1999Cost of Sales in 2000 Cost of Sales in 2000 / Sales in 2000Depreciation in 1999 Depreciation in 1999 / Sales in 1999Interest expense in 2003 Interest expense in 2003 / Sales in 2003Fields from the Balance SheetCash and cash equivalents in 2001 Cash and cash equivalents in 2001 / Sales in 2001Accounts receivable in 2002 Accounts receivable in 2002 / Sales in 2002Pg 2-4Financial Planning and ForecastingVersion 1.0

2.2.3AverageAn average of the past 5 years percentage is also calculated. This average will be useful forprojections and forecasting of future financial positions.2.3Analysis Findings 2.4Sales Growth Rate (Sales in Current Year - Sales in Previous Year) / Sales in PreviousYearTax Rate Income taxes / Income before taxesDividends payout ratio Dividends paid / Net incomeFinancial Statements ForecastThe main inputs in the Financial Statements Forecast worksheet are the Short term and Long termdebt interest rate. By default, The Sales Growth Rate, Tax Rate and Dividends payout ratio makeuse of the average value for the past 5 years. Adjustments can be further made to these figuresfor better accuracy in forecasting.2.4.1 2.5AssumptionsSales Growth Rate Average Sales Growth Rate in Analysis Findings WorksheetTax Rate Average Tax Rate in Analysis Findings WorksheetShort term debt interest rate*Long term debt interest rate*Dividends payout ratio Average Dividends payout ratio in Analysis Findings WorksheetFinancial Ratio AnalysisThis worksheet outputs the different financial ratios calculated from the Income Statement andBalance Sheet from the other worksheets.Pg 2-5Financial Planning and ForecastingVersion 1.0

2.5.1InputsThe Share Price for the different years is the only input in this worksheet. Using the Share Priceand information from other worksheet like assets, liabilities, cash and costs, the different ratios arecalculated.2.5.2Liquidity RatiosThe liquidity ratios provide information about a company's ability to repay its short-term debt. 2.5.3Current Ratio (Current Assets/Current Liabilities)Acid Test Ratio ((Current Assets-Inventories)/Current Liabilities)Current Cash Debt Coverage Ratio (Operating Cash/Average Current Liabilities)Leverage RatiosThe leverage ratios provide information about a company's long term solvency. The leverage ratiosfocus on the long term as compared to liquidity ratios which focus on the short term. 2.5.4Debt to Total Assets (Total Debt/Total Assets)Times Interest Earned (EBIT/Interest)Cash Debt Ratio (Operating Cash/Average Total Liabilities)Profitability RatiosThe profitability ratios provide information about the success of the company at making profits. 2.5.5Gross Profit Margin ((Sales-COGS)/Sales)Earnings per Share (Net Income/Number of Shares Outstanding)Profit Margin on Sales (Net Income/Net Sales)Return on Assets (Net Income/Average Total Assets)Return on Equity (Net Income/Average Equity)Price Earnings Ratio (Share Price/EPS)Dividends Payout Ratio (Dividends/Net Income)Turnover RatiosReceivables turnover provides information on how quickly a company collect its accountsreceivables. Inventory turnover provides information about the number-of-days worth of inventoryon hand. A low turnover may point to a situation where overstocking has occurred. Asset turnoverratios provide information on how efficiently a company utilizes its assets. Receivables Turnover (Net Sales/Average Receivables)Inventory Turnover (COGS/Average Inventory)Asset Turnover (Net Sales/Average Total Assets)Days' sales in inventory (365/Inventory Turnover)Days' sales in receivables (365/Receivable Turnover)Pg 2-6Financial Planning and ForecastingVersion 1.0

Planning and Forecasting Version 1.0 1. Financial Planning and Forecasting 1.1 Pro Forma Financial Statements Financial statements projections and forecasting are very common in corporate financial analysis. The reason is that it is very useful and important to forecast how much financing a company will require in future years.

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