VCP5-DCV Official Certification Guide (Covering The VCP550 .

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VCP5-DCVOfficial Cert Guide

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VCP5-DCVOfficial Cert GuideBill FergusonUpper Saddle River, NJ Boston Indianapolis San FranciscoNew York Toronto Montreal London Munich Paris MadridCapetown Sydney Tokyo Singapore Mexico City

VCP5-DCV Official Certification Guide, Second EditionCopyright 2015 VMware, Inc.Published by Pearson Education, Inc.Publishing as VMware PressAll rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. This publication isprotected by copyright, and permission must be obtained from the publisher priorto any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission inany form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, orlikewise.ISBN-10: 0-7897-5374-XISBN-13: 978-0-7897-5374-8Library of Congress Control Number: 2014942086Printed in the United States of AmericaFirst Printing: August 2014ASSOCIATE PUBLISHERDavid DusthimerVMWARE PRESSPROGRAM MANAGERDavid NelsonEDITORJoan MurrayDEVELOPMENT EDITORChristopher ClevelandMANAGING EDITORSandra SchroederSENIOR PROJECTEDITORTonya SimpsonCOPY EDITORChuck HutchinsonAll terms mentioned in this book that are known to be trademarks or servicemarks have been appropriately capitalized. The publisher cannot attest to theaccuracy of this information. Use of a term in this book should not be regarded asaffecting the validity of any trademark or service mark.PROOFREADERDebbie WilliamsVMware terms are trademarks or registered trademarks of VMware in the UnitedStates, other countries, or both.EDITORIAL ASSISTANTVanessa EvansWarning and DisclaimerEvery effort has been made to make this book as complete and as accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied. The information provided is on an“as is” basis. The authors, VMware Press, VMware, and the publisher shall haveneither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any lossor damages arising from the information contained in this book or from the useof the CD or programs accompanying it.COVER DESIGNERChuti PrasertsithThe opinions expressed in this book belong to the author and are not necessarilythose of VMware.Special SalesFor information about buying this title in bulk quantities, or for special salesopportunities (which may include electronic versions; custom cover designs; andcontent particular to your business, training goals, marketing focus, or brandinginterests), please contact our corporate sales department at or (800) 382-3419.For government sales inquiries, please contact questions about sales outside the U.S., please JohnsonCOMPOSITORTricia Bronkella

Contents at a GlanceIntroduction xxivCHAPTER 1Planning, Installing, Configuring, and Upgrading vCenter Server andVMware ESXi 3CHAPTER 2Planning and Configuring vSphere NetworkingCHAPTER 3Planning and Configuring vSphere StorageCHAPTER 4Deploying and Administering Virtual Machine and vAppsCHAPTER 5Establishing and Maintaining Service LevelsCHAPTER 6Performing Basic TroubleshootingCHAPTER 7Monitoring a vSphere ImplementationCHAPTER 8What Do I Do Now?75175241333443493575APPENDIX A Answers to the “Do I Know This Already?” Quizzes and Chapter ReviewQuestions 581Index 587

Table of ContentsAbout the AuthorxixDedication xxAcknowledgments xxiAbout the ReviewersReader ServicesxxiixxiiiIntroduction xxivChapter 1Planning, Installing, Configuring, and Upgrading vCenter Serverand VMware ESXi 3“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 3Foundation Topics6Identifying and Explaining vSphere Editions and Features 6Identifying Available vSphere and vCenter Server Editions 6Identifying the Various Data Center Solutions that Interact with vSphere 9Explaining ESXi and vCenter Server Architectures 10Identifying Available vSphere Editions and Features 10Explaining ESXi and vCenter Server Architectures 11Explaining Private/Public/Hybrid Cloud Concepts 12Determining the Appropriate vSphere Edition Based on Customer Requirements 14Identifying Single Sign-On Requirements 15Deploying the vCenter Appliance 15Installing vCenter Server into a Virtual Machine 20Sizing the vCenter Server Database24Installing Additional vCenter Server Components 24Installing/Removing vSphere Client Plug-Ins 25Enabling/Disabling vSphere Web Client Plug-InsLicensing vCenter Server2626Determining Availability Requirements for vCenter Server in a Given vSphereImplementation 27Determining Use Cases for vSphere Client and Web Client 28Installing and Configuring VMware ESXi 28Performing an Interactive Installation of ESXi 29Deploying an ESXi Host Using Auto Deploy 31Configuring NTP on an ESXi Host 33Configuring DNS and Routing on an ESXi Host 33Enabling/Configuring/Disabling Hyperthreading 34Enabling/Sizing/Disabling Memory Compression CacheLicensing an ESXi Host 3635

Table of Contents ixPlanning and Performing Upgrades of vCenter Server and VMware ESXi37Identifying Upgrade Requirements for ESXi Hosts 37Identifying Steps Required to Upgrade a vSphere Implementation 38Upgrading a vSphere Distributed SwitchUpgrading from VMFS3 to VMFS53940Upgrading VMware Tools 41Upgrading Virtual Machine Hardware 44Upgrading an ESXi Host Using vCenter Update Manager 45Determining Whether an In-Place Upgrade Is Appropriate in a Given UpgradeScenario 50Securing vCenter Server and ESXi50Identifying Common vCenter Server Privileges and Roles51System Roles 52Sample Roles52Custom Roles53Describing How Permissions Are Applied and Inherited in vCenter Server53Example 1: Permissions That Apply Directly to an Object Supersede Those ThatAre Inherited 53Example 2: If a User Is a Member of Multiple Groups, the User Is Assigned theUnion of the Privileges for Each Group 54Example 3: User/Role Pairings Applied Directly to an Object Supersede User/RolePairings That Are Inherited 55Example 4: Permissions That Are Applied Directly to a User SupersedePermissions That Are Inherited Through Group Membership 55Single Sign-On Architecture 56Configuring and Administering the ESXi Firewall 57Enabling Lockdown Mode58Configuring Network Security Policies 59Promiscuous Mode60MAC Address Changes61Forged Transmits 61Adding/Modifying/Removing Permissions for Users and Groups on vCenter InventoryObjects 62Creating/Cloning/Editing vCenter Server Roles 63Creating RolesCloning RolesEditing Roles636466Adding an ESXi Host to a Directory Service 68Applying Permissions to ESXi Hosts Using Host Profiles 69Determining the Appropriate Set of Privileges for Common Tasks in vCenter Server 69Summary 70Exam Preparation Tasks70Review All the Key TopicsReview Questions 7170

x VCP5-DCV Official Certification GuideChapter 2Planning and Configuring vSphere Networking 75“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 75Foundation Topics78Configuring vSphere Standard Switches78Identifying vSphere Standard Switch (vSS) Capabilities 78Creating/Deleting a vSphere Standard SwitchDeleting a vSphere Standard Switch7984Adding/Configuring/Removing vmnics on a vSphere Standard SwitchConfiguring VMkernel Ports for Network Services8591Adding/Editing/Removing Port Groups on a vSphere Standard Switch93Determining Use Cases for a vSphere Standard Switch 97Configuring vSphere Distributed Switches97Identifying vSphere Distributed Switch CapabilitiesCreating/Deleting a vSphere Distributed SwitchDeleting a vDS98101104Adding/Removing ESXi Hosts from a vSphere Distributed SwitchAdding/Configuring/Removing dvPort Groups104110Adding/Removing Uplink Adapters to dvUplink Groups 113Creating/Configuring/Removing Virtual Adapters118Migrating Virtual Adapters To/From a vSphere Standard Switch 125Migrating Virtual Machines To/From a vSphere Distributed Switch 127Configuring vSS and vDS Policies132Identifying Common vSS and vDS Policies132Configuring dvPort Group Blocking Policies138Configuring Load Balancing and Failover Policies 139Load Balancing 140Network Failover Detection 141Notify Switches141Failback 142Configuring VLAN Settings 143Configuring VLAN Policy Settings on a vDS 145Configuring VLAN Trunking Policies on a VDS 145Configuring Private VLAN Policy Settings on a vDS146Configuring Traffic Shaping Policies 148Traffic Shaping Policies for vSphere Standard Switches 148Traffic Shaping Policies for vSphere Distributed Switches150Enabling TCP Segmentation Offload Support for a Virtual MachineEnabling Jumbo Frames Support on Appropriate Components150152Enabling Jumbo Frames for VMkernel Interface on a vSS 152Enabling Jumbo Frames on a vDS154Enabling Jumbo Frame Support on Virtual Machines155Determining Appropriate VLAN Configuration for a vSphere Implementation155

Table of Contents xiMonitoring dvPort State 157Backing Up and Restoring vDS Configuration 157Configuring LACP on Uplink Port Groups159Determining Use Cases for a vSphere Distributed SwitchSummaryExam Preparation Tasks167Review All the Key TopicsReview QuestionsChapter 3166166167168Planning and Configuring vSphere Storage175“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 175Foundation Topics179Configuring Shared Storage for vSphere179Identifying Storage Adapters and Devices 179Fibre Channel180FCoE 180iSCSINASVSAN181181181Identifying Storage Naming Conventions 182Storage Naming Conventions for Local and SAN 182Identifying Hardware/Dependent Hardware/Software iSCSI Initiator Requirements184Comparing and Contrasting Array Thin Provisioning and Virtual Disk ThinProvisioning 185Array Thin Provisioning186Virtual Disk Thin Provisioning186Describing Zoning and LUN Masking Practices188Zoning 188Masking189Scanning/Rescanning StorageIdentifying Use Cases for FCOE189191Creating an NFS Share for Use with vSphere191Connecting to an NAS Device 192Enabling/Configuring/Disabling vCenter Server Storage Filters 195Configuring/Editing Hardware/Dependent Hardware Adapters 197Enabling/Disabling Software iSCSI Initiator Settings197Configuring iSCSI Port Binding 199Enabling/Configuring/Disabling iSCSI CHAP201Determining Use Cases for Hardware/Dependent Hardware/Software iSCSI Initiator 204Determining Use Cases For and Configuring Array Thin ProvisioningCreating and Configuring VMFS and NFS Datastores205Identifying VMFS and NFS Datastore Properties 205Identifying VMFS-5 Capabilities207204

xii VCP5-DCV Official Certification GuideCreating/Renaming/Deleting/Unmounting a VMFS Datastore 207Mounting/Unmounting an NFS Datastore216Extending/Expanding VMFS Datastores 220Extending VMFS Datastores220Expanding VMFS Datastores223Upgrading a VMFS-3 Datastore to VMFS-5226Placing a VMFS Datastore in Maintenance Mode 228Selecting the Preferred Path for a VMFS Datastore229Disabling a Path to a VMFS Datastore 231Determining Use Cases for Multiple VMFS and NFS Datastores 232Determining Appropriate Path Selection Policy for a VMFS Datastore 232Summary233Exam Preparation Tasks234Review All the Key TopicsReview Questions234235Chapter 4 Deploying and Administering Virtual Machines and vApps 241“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 241Foundation Topics244Creating and Deploying Virtual Machines244Identifying Capabilities for VM Hardware Versions 244Identifying VMware Tools Device Drivers 246Identifying Methods to Access and Use Virtual Machine Console 246Identifying Virtual Machine Storage Resources248Placing Virtual Machines in Selected ESXi Hosts/Clusters/Resource Pools 249Configuring and Deploying a Guest OS into a New Virtual Machine 249Creating/Converting Thin/Thick Provisioned Virtual Disks 251Configuring Disk Shares253Installing/Upgrading/Updating VMware Tools 256Configuring Virtual Machine Time Synchronization258Converting a Physical Machine Using VMware Converter 259Importing a Supported Virtual Machine Source Using VMware Converter 262Modifying Virtual Hardware Settings Using VMware Standalone Converter 262Configuring/Modifying Virtual CPU and Memory Resources According to OS andApplication Requirements 263Configuring and Modifying Virtual Machine CPU 263Configuring and Modifying Virtual Machine Memory 265Configuring/Modifying Virtual NIC Adapter and Connecting Virtual Machines toAppropriate Network Resources 267Determining Appropriate Datastore Locations for Virtual Machines Based on ApplicationWorkloads 267

Table of Contents xiiiCreating and Deploying vApps 268Identifying vApp Settings 268Application Properties269Deployment 269AuthoringStart Order272273Creating/Cloning/Exporting a vApp 274Adding Objects to an Existing vApp 282Editing vApp Settings 282Configuring IP Pools 283Suspending/Resuming a vApp284Determining When a Tiered Application Should Be Deployed as a vApp284Managing Virtual Machine Clones and Templates 285Identifying the vCenter Server, Managed ESXi Hosts, and Virtual MachineMaximums 286Identifying Cloning and Template Options 288Cloning an Existing Virtual Machine289Creating a Template from an Existing Virtual Machine 290Deploying a Virtual Machine from a Template 293Updating Existing Virtual Machine Templates 295Deploying Virtual Appliances and/or vApps from an OVF Template 298Importing and/or Exporting an OVF Template 301Creating and Publishing Content Libraries303Determining the Appropriate Development Methodology for a Given Virtual MachineApplication 303Administering Virtual Machines and vApps303Identifying Files Used by Virtual Machines 304Identifying Locations for Virtual Machine Configuration Files and Virtual DisksIdentifying Common Practices for Securing Virtual Machines 308Hot Extending a Virtual Disk309Configuring USB Passthrough from an ESXi Host 312Configuring Serial Port Redirection 313Configuring Virtual Machine OptionsGeneral Options314315VMware Remote Console Options 315VMware Tools 316Power Management 317Advanced318Fibre Channel NPIV318Configuring Virtual Machine Power SettingsConfiguring Virtual Machine Boot Options319320Configuring Virtual Machine Troubleshooting OptionsAssigning a Storage Policy to a VM321321305

xiv VCP5-DCV Official Certification GuideVerifying Storage Policy Compliance for Virtual Machines 323Determining When an Advanced Virtual Machine Parameter Is Required324Adjusting Virtual Machine Resources (Shares, Limits, and Reservations) Based on VirtualMachine Workloads 324Summary324Exam Preparation Tasks325Review All the Key TopicsReview QuestionsChapter 5325327Establishing and Maintaining Service Levels333“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 333Foundation Topics336Creating and Configuring VMware Clusters 336Describing DRS Virtual Machine Entitlement336Creating/Deleting a DRS/HA Cluster 337Adding/Removing ESXi Hosts from a DRS/HA Cluster 338Adding or Removing Virtual Machines from a DRS/HA Cluster 344Configuring Storage DRS 345Configuring Enhanced vMotion Compatibility351Monitoring a DRS/HA Cluster 352Configuring Migration Thresholds for DRS and Virtual MachinesConfiguring Automation Levels for DRS and Virtual MachinesEnabling and Disabling Host Power ManagementEnabling BIOS P/C States353355356357Creating VM-Host and VM-VM Affinity Rules 358Enabling/Disabling Host Monitoring 363Enabling/Configuring/Disabling Virtual Machine and Application Monitoring 364Enabling/Configuring/Disabling Virtual Machine Monitoring364Enabling/Configuring/Disabling Application Monitoring 366Configuring Admission Control for HA and Virtual MachinesAdmission Control366367Admission Control Policy 367Determining Appropriate Failover Methodology and Required Resources for an HAImplementation 370Host Failures the Cluster Tolerates 370Percentage of Cluster Resources as Failover Spare Capacity 371Specify Failover Hosts 371Planning and Implementing VMware Fault Tolerance371Identifying VMware Fault Tolerance Requirements 372Configuring VMware Fault Tolerance Networking 373Enabling/Disabling VMware Fault Tolerance on a Virtual Machine 373Testing an FT Configuration 375Determining Use Case for Enabling VMware Fault Tolerance on a Virtual Machine 375

Table of Contents xvCreating and Administering Resource Pools 375Describing the Resource Pool Hierarchy 376Defining the Expandable Reservation Parameter 377A Description of vFlash Architecture377Creating/Removing a Resource Pool 378Configuring Resource Pool Attributes380Adding/Removing Virtual Machines from a Resource Pool 381Determining Resource Pool Requirements for a Given vSphere Implementation 381Evaluating Appropriate Shares, Reservations, and Limits for Resource Pools Based onVirtual Machine Workloads 382Migrating Virtual Machines383Identifying ESXi Host and Virtual Machine Requirements for vMotion and StoragevMotion 383ESXi and VM Requirements for vMotion 384ESXi and VM Requirements for Storage vMotion 385Enhanced vMotion (Cross-Host vMotion)386Identifying Enhanced vMotion Compatibility CPU Requirements387Identifying Snapshot Requirements for vMotion/Storage vMotion MigrationMigrating Virtual Machines Using vMotion/Storage vMotionMigrating a VM Using vMotion389390390Migrating a VM’s Files Using Storage vMotionConfiguring Virtual Machine Swap File Location394396Migrating a Powered-Off or Suspended Virtual Machine 399Utilizing Storage vMotion Techniques 399Backing Up and Restoring Virtual MachinesIdentifying Snapshot Requirements401401Creating/Deleting/Consolidating Virtual Machine SnapshotsIdentifying VMware Data Protection RequirementsExplaining VMware Data Protection Sizing GuidelinesInstalling and Configuring VMware Data Protection401408409410Creating a Backup Job with VMware Data Protection 412Installing, Configuring, and Managing vSphere Replication412Determining Appropriate Backup Solution for a Given vSphere Implementation416Patching and Updating ESXi and Virtual Machines 416Identifying Patching Requirements for ESXi Hosts and Virtual Machine Hardware/Tools 417Creating/Editing/Removing a Host Profile from an ESXi Host 417Attach/Apply a Host Profile to an ESXi Host or Cluster 421Performing Compliance Scanning and Remediation of an ESXi Host Using HostProfiles 423Installing and Configuring vCenter Update Manager 425Configuring Patch Download Options 429Creating/Editing/Deleting an Update Manager Baseline 430

xvi VCP5-DCV Official Certification GuideAttaching an Update Manager Baseline to an ESXi Host or Cluster 434Scanning and Remediating ESXi

Installing/Removing vSphere Client Plug-Ins 25 . Determining Use Cases for vSphere Client and Web Client 28 Installing and Confi guring VMware ESXi 28 Performing an Interactive Installation of ESXi 29 Deploying an ESXi Host Using Auto Deploy 31 . Confi guring and Administering the ESXi Firewall 57 Enabling Lockdown Mode 58

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