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1Glory of Lord Ram’s Holy Name, Sacred Mantras,Stotras, Hymns & Prayers[Roman Transliteration of Verses, English Exposition &Explanatory Notes]**##**English Exposition by:-Ajai Kumar ChhawchhariaAyodhya (Faizabad, U.P.)Full address of Author—36-A, Rajghat Colony, Parikrama Marg,P.O.—Ayodhya, Pin—224123Distt.—Faizabad, U.P. India.Mobile: 919451290400, 919935613060Website: www.tulsidas-ram-books.weebly.com Email of Author: (i) ajaichhawchharia@gmail.com (ii) ajaikumarbooks@gmail.com Facebook ID www.facebook.com/ajaikumarchhawchharia8 Linkedin: www.linkedin.com/AjaiKumarChhawchharia**

2 By Author—All rights reserved by the author. No part of this book may bereproduced in any form or by any means without permission of the author-AjaiKumar Chhawchharia.NOTE: Author’s Books are available at:-(1) www.amazon.com in its Kindle Paper-Back Print Editions.(2) www.pothi.com in a Print edition.(3) www.draft2digital.com and its various vendors’ platforms in E-Book edition:URL: a(4) www.tulsidas-ram-books.weebly.com(5) Archive.org: https://archive.org/details/@ajai kumar chhawchharia(6) 1710.Ajai Kumar ChhawchhariaLanguage: English Sanskrit Hindi / Vernacular.

3ContentsDedication: Page— 7Preface: Page— 8-10Chapter 1: The Glory of Lord Ram’s Holy Name- Goswami Tulsidas Books:Page: 11-223(1.1) Ram Charit Manas—Page:11-67(1.2) Barvai Ramayan—Page: 67-79(1.3) Dohawali—Page: 79-128(1.4) Kavitawali Ramayan—Page: 128-147(1.5) Geetawali Ramayan—Page: 147-157(1.6) Vinai Patrika—Page: 157-223Chapter 2: Lord Ram’s 108 Divine Names: Page: 224-270(2.1) Padma Puran—Page: 224(2.2) Anand Ramayan—Page: 245(2.3) Importance/significance of figure ‘108’—Page: 269Chapter 3: Hymns of Lord Ram from ‘Ram Charit Manas’ of Goswami Tulsidas:Page: 271-316(3.1) Lord Ram’s Hymn by Kaushalya (the Lord’s mother)—Page: 272(3.2) Lord Ram’s Hymn by Sage Atri—Page: 276(3.3) Lord Ram’s Hymn by Sage Sutikshan—Page: 280(3.4) Lord Ram’s Hymn by Jatau (the king of vultures) —Page: 286(3.5) Lord Ram’s Hymn by Brahma (the Creator; the first God of the Trinity)—Page: 290(3.6) Lord Ram’s Hymn by Indra (the King of Gods) —Page: 298(3.7) Lord Ram’s Hymn by Lord Shiva (the third God of the Trinity; the concluder ofcreation) —Page: 303(3.8) Lord Ram’s Hymn by the Vedas (the most ancient and primary scriptures)—Page: 306(3.9) Lord Ram’s Hymn by Lord Shiva—Page: 312Chapter 4: Stotras of Lord Ram from ‘Adhyatma Ramayan’ by sage Veda Vyas:Page: 317-410(4.1) ‘Ram Hridaya’ Stotra—Page: 318(4.2) Lord Ram’s Stotra by Ahilya—Page: 325(4.3) Lord Ram’s Stotra by sage Parashuram—Page: 332

4(4.4) Lord Ram’s Stotra by sage Narad—Page: 338(4.5) Lord Ram’s Stotra by sage Valmiki—Page: 345(4.6) Lord Ram’s Stotra by sage Sutikshan—Page: 349(4.7) Lord Ram’s Stotra by sage Agastya—Page: 353(4.8) Lord Ram’s Stotra by Jatau—Page: 362(4.9) Lord Ram’s Stotra by Gandharva—Page: 366(4.10) Lord Ram’s Stotra by Sugriv—Page: 375(4.11) Lord Ram’s Stotra by Swayam Prabha—Page: 381(4.12) Lord Ram’s Stotra by Vibhishan—Page: 386(4.13) Lord Ram’s Stotra by the Gods—Page: 393(4.14) Lord Ram’s Stotra by Brahma—Page: 395(4.15) Lord Ram’s Stotra by Indra—Page: 400(4.16) Lord Ram’s Stotra by Lord Shiva—Page: 404Chapter 5: Ram Stavaraj, Ram Ashtaks & Ram Raksha Stotra: Page: 411-480(5.1) Ram Stavaraj Stotra—Page: 411(5.2) Ram Ashtak Stotra—Page: 452(5.3) Raghunaath Ashtak Stotra—Page: 456(5.4) Sita Ram Ashtak Stotra—Page: 461(5.5) Ram Raksha Stotra—Page: 468Chapter 6: Lord Ram’s Mantras appearing in the ‘Upanishads’: Page: 481-551(6.1) Ram Uttar Tapini Upanishad, Canto 5, verse nos. 4/1 to 4/47—Page: 481(6.2) Ram Purva Tapini Upanishad, Canto 4, verse nos. 43-63—Page: 537(6.3) Ram Purva Tapini Upanishad, Canto 5, verse no. 7—Page: 538(6.4) Ram Rahasya Upanishad, Canto 2, verse nos. 1-106—Page: 539(6.5) Ram Uttar Tapini Upanishad, Canto 2, verse no. 1—Page: 550(6.6) Kali-Santaran Upanishad, verse no. 2—Page: 550Chapter 7: Selected Prayers of Lord Ram from the Book ‘Vinai Patrika’ of GoswamiTulsidas—Page: 552—638(7.1) Verse no. 45—Page: 554śrī rāmacandra kṛpālu bhaju mana haraṇa bhavabhaya dāruṇaṁ.(7.2) Verse no. 66—Page: 555rāma japu, rāma japu, rāma japu bāvarē.(7.3) Verse no. 79—Page: 557dēva-tū dayālu, dīna hauṁ, tū dāni, hauṁ bhikhārī.(7.4) Verse no. 94—Page: 558kāhē tē hari mōhiṁ bisārō.(7.5) Verse no. 97—Page: 562

5jau pai hari janakē auguna gahatē.(7.6) Verse no. 98—Page: 566aisī hari karata dāsapara prīti.(7.7) Verse no. 99—Page: 571birada garībanivāja rāmakō.(7.8) Verse no. 101—Page: 579jā'um̐ kahām̐ taji carana tumhārē.(7.9) Verse no. 105—Page: 580abalauṁ nasānī, aba na nasaihauṁ.(7.10) Verse no. 114—Page: 582mādhava! mō samāna jaga māhīṁ.(7.11) Verse no. 143—Page: 585sunahu rāma raghubīra gusā'īṁ, mana anīti-rata mērō.(7.12) Verse no. 149—Page: 589kahām̐ jā'um̐, kāsōṁ kahauṁ, aura ṭhaura na mērē.(7.13) Verse no. 160—Page: 593maiṁ hari patita-pāvana sunē.(7.14) Verse no. 162—Page: 595aisō kō udāra jaga māhīṁ.(7.15) Verse no. 164—Page: 597jānata prīti-rīti raghurā'ī.(7.16) Verse no. 166—Page: 602aisē rāma dīna-hitakārī.(7.17) Verse no. 174—Page: 605jākē priya na rāma-baidēhī.(7.18) Verse no. 175—Page: 608jō pai rahani/lagana rāmasōṁ nāhīṁ.(7.19) Verse no. 179—Page: 610kahām̐ jā'um̐, kāsōṁ kahauṁ, kauna sunai dīnakī.(7.20) Verse no. 189—Page: 612rāma kahata calu, rāma kahata calu, rāma kahata calu bhā'ī rē.(7.21) Verse no. 198—Page: 619mana pachitaihai avasara bītē.

6(7.22) Verse no. 204—Page: 621jō mana lāgai rāmacarana asa.(7.23) Verse no. 208—Page: 623nātha sōṁ kauna binatī kahi sunāvauṁ.(7.24) Verse no. 211—Page: 626kabahum̐ raghubansamani! sō kṛpā karahugē.(7.25) Verse no. 235—Page: 630aisēhi janama-samūha sirānē.(7.26) Verse no. 242—Page: 632tumasama dīnabandhu, na dīna kō'u mōsama----(7.27) Verse no. 254—Page: 634rāma! rāvarō nāma mērō mātu-pitu hai.(7.28) Verse no. 269—Page: 637rāma kabahum̐ priya lāgihau jaisē nīra mīnakō?About the Author—Page: 639----------***********----------

7DEDICATIONTHIS BOOK IS DEDICATED TO MY BELOVED LORD RAMI dedicate this Book to Lord Sri Ram who is my dearest of dear, most beloved, theessence of my life and being, and for whom, and for whose pleasure, and on whosebehest, and on whose divine mission, this book is dedicated.Nothing that I write is of my own creation. It is the Lord who is getting itdone. So I deserve no credit. However, being an ordinary man like the rest of us, Imay have committed errors, and for those I beg forgiveness. I hope this book will helpto continue the great tradition of singing the glories of the different aspects of sameindivisible one Divinity in order to meet diverse needs of the Soul, the Spirit, onesuch being to find peace and happiness amidst the surrounding turmoil of the worldby being able to spend some time in the thoughts of the Divine Being, the same‘Parmatma’, the same Lord known by different names in different tongues.No creature is perfect; it’s foolhardy to claim so. The best of paintings cannotreplace the original; the best of words cannot express the original emotions andsentiments. Even the Lord was not satisfied by one flower or one butterfly—he wenton endlessly evolving and designing newer forms. So, I have done my best, I havepoured out my being in these books. Honestly, I am totally incompetent—it was theLord who had done the actual writing and had moved my fingers as if they weremerely an instrument in his divine hands. But nonetheless, it’s a tribute to the Lord’sglory that he does not take the credit himself, but bestows it to them whom he loves ashis very own. And to be ‘his very own’ is indeed an unmatched honour. However, Istill beg forgiveness for all omissions, commissions and transgressions on my partthat I may have inadvertently made. It’s the Lord’s glories that I sing, rejoice in, writeon and think of to the best of my ability. I hope my readers will also absorb the divinefragrance effusing from the flowers representing the Lord’s books, enjoy the ambrosiapouring out of them and marvel at the Lord’s stupendous glories.I submit this effort at the holy feet of my beloved Lord Ram, and surely also toLord Hanuman who was very dear to the Lord and an incarnation of Lord Shivahimself, with this humble little prayer that comes to my lips: ‘Lord God; Glorious andBlessed be Thy Name. I yield Thee my most hearty thanks and reverential gratitudethat Thou hast given me the honour and the privilege and the opportunity to serveThee and fulfil Thy desire to spread Thine Good Word for the good and welfare of thehuman kind through the Books Thou hast got written through these humble hands ofmine. And for that mercy and graciousness of Thee, I shall ever and for ever remainThine grateful and thankful and obliged.’I hope the reader will find my book useful and interesting. Since English is aninternational language, this book will help the English speaking world to access thismasterpiece of classical Indian scriptural text.“He leadeth me! O blessed tho't!O words with heav'nly comfort fraught!What-e'er I do, wher-e'er I be,Still 'tis God's hand that leadeth me!” [A Hymn]Ajai Kumar ChhawchhariaAuthor

8Glory of Lord Ram’s Holy Name, Sacred Mantras,Stotras, Hymns & Prayers[Roman Transliteration of Verses, English Exposition &Explanatory Notes]PREFACEThis Holy Book “Glory of Lord Ram’s Holy Name, Sacred Mantras,Stotras, Hymns & Prayers” presents a wonderful and comprehensive collection of anumber of devotional and sacred Mantras, Hymns, Stotras and Prayers dedicated toLord Ram who was a manifestation of Supreme Being and the Lord God of the world.It also underlines the glory and holiness of the Lord’s sacred Name which acts as aspiritual remedy that grants eternal peace and happiness to the soul of a creature.These Mantras, Hymns, Stotras etc. have been selected from a wide range of sourcesas would be evident by a perusal of the Contents part of this book. They have beenarranged in separate Chapters, a brief summary of which is given below. The fulloriginal Text of all the Mantras, Hymns, Stotras etc. with their Roman Transliterationis given, and this is followed by their renderings in simple English accompanied bynotes to elaborate upon the text which makes this Book unique and extremely usefulfor the reader.Chapter 1: This Chapter deals with the glory and holiness of the sacred Name of LordRam as it is described by the great saint-poet Goswami Tulsidas in his works, viz. theepic (i) Ram Charit Manas, (ii) Dohawali, (iii) Barvai Ramayan, (iv) KavitawaliRamayan, (v) Geetawali Ramayan, and (vi) Vinai Patrika.Chapter 2: This Chapter has Lord Ram’s 108 Divine Names as they appear in twoancient excellent classics, viz. ‘Anand Ramayan’ and ‘Padma Puran’. At the end ofthis Chapter the significance of the number ‘108’ has been explained.Chapter 3: This Chapter has nine wonderful Hymns of Lord Ram from the famousdevotional epic known as ‘Ram Charit Manas’ that was written by Goswami Tulsidas.Chapter 4: In this Chapter we shall read sixteen excellent Stotras dedicated to LordRam from the classical narration of the glorious story of the Lord in ‘AdhyatmaRamayan’ penned by the legendary sage Veda Vyas.Chapter 5: Continuing with the theme of ‘Stotras’ of the previous Chapter, here weshall read five other wonderful Stotras dedicated to Lord Ram, viz. Ram StavarajStotra, Ram Ashtak Stotra, Raghunaath Ashtak Stotra, Sita Ram Ashtak Stotra, andRam Raksha Stotra.Chapter 6: Then we come to Lord Ram’s Mantras appearing in the ‘Upanishads’. Inthis Chapter, we shall read them from four relevant Upanishads, viz. Ram Uttar

9Tapini Upanishad, Ram Purva Tapini Upanishad, Ram Rahasya Upanishad, and KaliSantaran Upanishad.Chapter 7: In this final Chapter we shall be reading a collection of twenty-eight mostwonderful and excellent devotional Prayers from Tulsidas’ famous book titled ‘VinaiPatrika’ which is an unparreled Book of matchless beauty and literary finesse as far asdevotional hymns and prayers offered to Lord God are concerned that has ever beenwritten in India, and perhaps also anywhere else in this world. These prayers resonatein the heart of the devotee just like the wonderful prayers in the Book of Psalms in theHoly Bible.After finishing my book on the Upanishads dedicated to Lord Ram, as well as theEnglish renderings of three versions of the story of the Ramayan, viz. ‘AdhyatmaRamayan’ and ‘Devi Puran Ramayan’ by sage Veda Vyas, and ‘Adbhut Ramayan’ bysage Valmiki, and also English versions of all the books of Goswami Tulsidas, suchas Kavitawali, Geetawali, Dohawali, Barvai Ramayan, Janki Mangal, Parvati Mangal,Vairagya Sandipani, all of which have been published already, it was my wish tobring under one cover as many sacred Hymns, Stotras, Mantras and Prayers dedicatedto Lord Ram along with the sacred texts that highlight the glory of the Lord’s HolyName as I possibly could. This Book is a fruit of this endeavour, and it is at the sametime an offering at the holy feet of Lord Ram, the ‘Lord-of-my-heart’.I hope it would be of great help and use for devotees of Lord Ram as well as a readerwho may be interested in reading, learning and being informed about the differentHymns of Lord Ram that are not usually available easily at one place in aconsolidated format as their sources are scattered over a wide swathe of scriptures andother forms of ancient devotional literature.I dedicate this Book to my most beloved Lord Ram, and as a thanksgiving I justhumbly bow my head before ‘him’, close my eyes with tears welling up in them, withthe throat too chocked and overwhelmed to say a word that, even if I managed toutter, would only appear superficial and make a fool of me as it would be totallyinadequate to express my sense of gratitude and thankfulness towards my Lord. Andif any reader is similarly inspired and begins to love the Lord God who is so lovingand merciful, if a spark of devotion is ignited in his or her heart, if their hearts feeljoyous and thrilled and blessed, I would think my efforts in writing this book havebeen fruitful. Prayers and Hymns that come from the heart are really like the nectarthat gives bliss and beatitude to the soul.I wish to express my thanks to Sri Somil Bharti, B.Tech (IIT, Kanpur) and MBA(IIM, Calcutta) for being kind to do the Roman Transliteration of the verse for me.God bless him.Amen!Author: Ajai Kumar Chhawchharia.Date: 15th July, 2018Full address of Author—36-A, Rajghat Colony, Parikrama Marg,

10P.O.—Ayodhya, Pin—224123Distt.—Faizabad, U.P. India.Mobile: 919451290400, 919935613060Website: www.tulsidas-ram-books.weebly.com Email of Author: (i) ajaichhawchharia@gmail.com (ii) ajaikumarbooks@gmail.com Archive.org: https://archive.org/details/@ajai kumar chhawchhariaFacebook ID www.facebook.com/ajaikumarchhawchharia8 Linkedin: -********-------------

11Glory of Lord Ram’s Holy Name, Sacred Mantras,Stotras, Hymns & Prayers[Roman Transliteration of Verses, English Exposition &Explanatory Notes]Chapter 1The Glory of Lord Ram’s Holy NameBased on Goswami Tulsidas Books:(1.1) Ram Charit Manas:The ‘Ram Charit Manas’ is a famous book of Goswami Tulsidas that narrates thedivine story of Lord Ram in a most captivating and beautiful manner that directlyappeals to the heart. Its uniqueness lies in the beauty of its poetry as well as in itsdevotional quotient that no other rendering of this holy story of Lord Ram has.The Glory and Divinity of Lord Ram’s Holy Name and its spiritualsignificance and value for the devotee have been described in this book in an excellentmanner. Now, let us read what it says:-¿õ0. ’ Œ U ŸÊ UÊ UÉÊÈ’ U §Ù – „ UÃÈ Î§‚ÊŸÈ ÊŸÈ Á„U § U §ÙH 1HÁ’Áœ „UÁ U „U U ÿ ’ Œ ÊŸ ‚Ù – ªÈŸ ŸÍ ªÈŸ ÁŸœÊŸ ‚ÙH 2Hcaupā’ī.banda'um̐ nāma rāma raghubara kō. hētu kṛsānu bhānu himakara kō. 1.bidhi hari haramaya bēda prāna sō. aguna anūpama guna nidhāna sō. 2.I pay my respects to Lord Ram's Holy Name ‘RAM’ of Lord Raghubar1. This namehas three letters ‘Ra Aa Ma’ (ra ā ma). These letters respectively represent thethree great Gods, viz. (i) the 1st letter 'Ra' stands for the Fire-God, (ii) the 2nd letter 'A'stands for the Sun God, and (iii) the 3rd letter 'Ma' stands for the Moon God2.[The holy Name of the Lord is pronounced as ‘Rāma’ or ‘Raam’. It consists ofthree basic sounds: ‘Ra’ as in the English word ‘run’, ‘Aa’ as in the English word‘father’, and ‘Ma’ as in the English word ‘mum’, ‘rum’.] (1)The holy Name of Lord Ram represents the three Gods of the Trinity, viz.Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the sustainer and protector) and Shiva (the concluder ofcreation) respectively.

12It is the essence of the Vedas (i.e. it is literally the breath or the vital life of theVedas—“bēda prāna”)3. It is without qualifications; it is peerless and an eternalsource or fount of all auspiciousness and good virtues4. (2)[1The word ‘Raghubara’ literally means the ‘Great Lord who is the best in the line ofkings descending from the ancient king named Raghu who ruled over the kingdom ofAyodhya in some ancient time’.From the spiritual perspective this name means ‘the Lord of the creatures’,where the 1st part of the name, i.e. ‘Raghu’ stands for a living being, and the 2nd part,i.e. ‘Bara’ stands for the Lord or a husband.So this verse essentially means ‘I pray to and offer my respects to the holyName of Lord Ram who is the Lord of all living beings’.2The three letters of Lord Ram’s holy Name, viz. ‘Ra Aa Ma’ (ra ā ma), representthe basic cosmic energy incorporated in the ‘fire element’ that is at the base of all lifein this creation as represented by the ‘sun’ and the ‘moon’, i.e. the one that shinesdirectly (i.e. the sun), and the one that is made to shine by the first (i.e. the moon). Inthis metaphor, the ‘fire’ stands for the cosmic Consciousness, the ‘sun’ for theSupreme Being, and the ‘moon’ for the individual Creature as the latter basks in theglory of the former. Refer: Maharamayan, 52/62-64.To wit, just like the fire is able to burn all impurities and make gold pure,invocation of Lord Ram’s holy Name purifies the creature completely and makes hisheart holy and pure. Again, just as the sun provides energy and life to all the creatureson earth and removes all darkness and the fear of ghosts by its mere presence in thesky, the holy Name of Lord Ram removes all darkness of delusions and ignorance thatcloud the soul of a creature, thereby freeing him and granting him fearlessness fromthe horrors of birth and death in this mundane world of transmigration. And finally,just as the moon provides a soothing balm of its rays to the world scorched by the heatof the blazing sun, the Lord’s holy Name gives solace and succour and hope to thetormented soul of all creatures.The different sounds of the letters of the Sanskrit alphabet stand for one ormore Gods of the Hindu pantheon. A letter that relates to a particular God is calledthat God’s Beej Mantra, or a letter which acts like a secret formula that directly refersto the chosen God and encrypts his cosmic energy and mystical powers. When aworshipper wishes to seek help from a particular God, he would use a Beej Mantraspecific to that God. By invoking a Beej Mantra the worshipper virtually invokes aGod’s cosmic powers and energy for fulfillment of his desire. Repetition of a BeejMantra builds up the energy that corresponds to the respective God, and it gathersmore and more dynamism as time passes.If more than one Beej Mantras are used then the worshipper is able to harnessthe combined energy of all the Gods to whom these Beej Mantras belong. It is like thecase of employing more than one source of energy or power when a single sourcefalls short of requirements. It’s like putting more than one electric motor into place torun a machine when any single motor falls short of the required horse-power that isneeded. The combined cosmic energy of all these Beej Mantras and their respectiveGods is thus focused on a single mission, and obviously the result would be moreprofound and the effect more stronger than using a single Beej Mantra—because thismethod puts the combined cosmic energy of more than one God into fulfillment ofone mission.

13In the case of Lord Ram, the three letters ‘Ra, Aa and Ma’ of the Lord’s holyName combine the energy of the Fire God, the Sun God and the Moon God.Further, it also combines the powers of the three great Gods of the Trinity, viz.Brahma the creator, Vishnu the sustainer and protector, and Shiva the concluder ofcreation. To wit, the holy Name of Lord Ram symbolizes the entire gamut ofcreation—its beginning, its development and expansion, and its conclusion. It infuseslife (Brahma), it protects and sustains (Vishnu), and it provides liberation from themiseries and torments of life (Shiva).3Refer: Tulsidas’ book Kavitawali, Uttar Kand, verse no. 74 which also says the samething in its line nos. 1-2.4This verse clarifies that the Name which is being glorified is not simply a name of agreat king, but it is a holy Name that has been endorsed by the Vedas, the most sacredof religious texts. The three letters of Lord Ram’s holy Name combine and roll intoone the cosmic powers and the authority of the three supreme forces of creation, viz.the creator Brahma, the sustainer Vishnu and the concluder Shiva. The holy Name‘Ram’ represents the entire spectrum of creation—its beginning, its expansion and itsconclusion. And therefore it stands for ‘Brahm’, the Supreme Being who representsthe cosmic Consciousness.The holy Name of Lord Ram is equivalent to the divine Mantra ‘OM’ that isuniversally regarded as the most sacred of all Mantras and is directly related to thecosmic Consciousness as it is the sound manifestation of the latter and stands forBrahm, the Supreme Being. This fundamental metaphysical fact has been elaboratelydetailed in Ram Uttar and Purva Tapini Upanishads that belongs to the Atharva Vedatradition. OM and RAM are synonymous with each other. A full English version ofthis Upanishad has already been published by this author.Calling Lord Ram’s holy Name as being the ‘essence of the Vedas’ it is meantthat just like a body is useless without life in it, the scriptures would lose theirgreatness and holiness, their importance and value, if Lord Ram’s holy Name isremoved from them.An important question arises here. The Supreme Being or the Lord of the Word hascountless names. He is known by different names in different religions and faiths; allthese names refer to the same Divinity. Then why is that Lord Ram’s name ‘Ram’ or‘Rāma’ or ‘Raam’ is regarded as the best and the most holy among them all? It is likea case of it being ‘the first among equals’. It is said in Padma Puran, Uttar Khand,254/22 that ‘Lord Ram is the one who resides in the heart of all living beings, and hisname is the one that directly appeals to the heart which finds joy in remembering it.So therefore, though there are thousands of names of the Supreme Lord, the name‘Ram’ is the best amongst them all.’There is another aspect to it. All the Mantras or divine formulas that have beenprescribed in the Vedas and other scriptures are specific to particular Gods to whomthey belong, and when these Mantras are used for spiritual purposes, only the spiritualenergy of their respective God or deity is invoked. But in the case of Lord Ram whenhis holy Name is remembered or invoked then the benefits that accrue encompass theentire spectrum of cosmic forces, i.e. the forces of creation, of sustenance and ofconclusion. Nothing is left out, and so obviously the powers and authority that thisholy Name grants to the person who invokes it are all-encompassing and wholesome

14in their nature. The benefits of Lord Ram’s holy Name are all-round andcomprehensive.Like the pure ‘cosmic Consciousness’ that is self-illuminated and does notrequire any other source to provide light to it, the holy Name of Lord Ram is also selfilluminated and self-empowered.] „UÊ òÊ ¡Ùß ¡ à „ ‚Í – §Ê‚Ë È È§Áà „ UÃÈ U Œ ‚ÍH 3H Á„U Ê ¡Ê‚È ¡ÊŸ ªŸ UÊ § – Õ ÍÁ¡ à ŸÊ Ê §H 4Hmahāmantra jō'i japata mahēsū. kāsīṁ mukuti hētu upadēsū. 3.mahimā jāsu jāna ganarā'ū. prathama pūji'ata nāma prabhā'ū. 4.Lord Shiva repeats (chants) this ‘Great Mantra1’ of Lord Ram, and utters them in theright ears of a dying man at Kashi (Varanasi) to give him emancipation andsalvation2. (3)Lord Ganesh knows about the stupendous glory, the mystical powers and thesupremacy of Lord Ram’s holy Name over all other Mantras of all other Gods, and itis for this reason that he (Ganesh) is worshipped first in all religious ceremonies andis deemed to be the senior-most God3. (4)[1A Mantra is a syllable, a letter, a word or a phrase that is used as a spiritual formula.In this case it is the holy Name of Lord Ram, viz. ‘RAM’ or ‘Rāma’ or ‘Raam’.2This fact has been endorsed in Ram Uttar Tapini Upanishad of the Atharva Vedatradition. This Upanishad clearly states that Lord Ram’s holy Name ‘RAM’ is calledthe “Tarak Mantra”, which is a spiritual formula that can grant freedom, deliverance,emancipation and salvation to the soul of the creature by liberating him from the cycleof transmigration and helping him to go across over this vast ocean represented bythis mundane world of birth and death.Refer also to: (a) Ram Charit Manas, Baal Kand, (i) Chaupai line nos. 3-4 thatprecede Doha no. 46; (ii) Chaupai line no. 7 that precedes Doha no. 108; (iii) Chaupailine no. 1 that precedes Doha no. 119; Kishkindha Kand, Chaupai line no. 4 thatprecedes Doha no. 10; (b) Barvai Ramayan, verse no. 53; (c) Kavitawali, Uttar Kand,verse no. 74; (d) Vinai Patrika, (i) stanza no. 11, verse no. 152; (ii) stanza no. 3, verseno. 218; (e) Shiva Samhita, 2/14; (f) Anand Ramayan, Yatra Kand, Canto 2.3There are two stories narrated in the Purans (ancient mythological histories of theHindus) that describe how Ganesh invoked Lord Ram’s name to attain supremacyamongst all the Gods. The first version is in Shiva Puran (Shaiva Tantra), and theother is in Padma Puran.The first story is as follows: Once there was a quarrel between Ganesh and hiselder brother Kartikeya as to who should be regarded as senior. Lord Shiva sent themto Brahma, the creator, to decide the contentious matter. Another version says thatonce Brahma asked all the Gods who was to be deemed as being senior amongst themall and therefore eligible to be worshipped first during religious ceremonies. EachGod said that it is him. So, in order to settle this dispute Brahma asked them (Ganeshand Kartikeya in the first version, and the Gods in the second version) to go around

15the universe and come back to him. The one who comes back first will win the trophyas well as the honour to be called the senior-most God and the right to be worshippedfirst. Kartikeya jumped on his peacock and so did all the other Gods who mountedtheir respective vehicles as they started out on their journey around the universe.Ganesh was confounded as he had a pot-belly and a mouse as his vehicle—so it wasimpossible for him to win the race. Though he embarked on the journey, he felthopeless and dejected. Somewhere sage Narad met him, and he told Ganesh that theentire creation is a manifestation of Lord Ram, the Supreme Being, and thereforethere is nothing that exists beyond the Lord’s holy Name. Hence, the best recourse forhim, Narad advised, would be to write the name of Lord Ram on the ground and goaround it in a symbolic gesture of going around the entire spectrum of creationconsisting of countless universes. After doing it, Ganesh should go to Brahma andnarrate the enire episode to him. Meanwhile, wherever the other Gods, includingKartikeya, went, they found the foot-prints of a mouse ahead of them, indicating thatGanesh was ahead of them in the race around the many universes! When they finallycame back to Brahma they found Ganesh already there. Brahma declared him thewinner and explained the reason for his decision to all the Gods—that Ganesh was thewisest amongst them all as he had circumambulated the entire creation by goingaround the holy Name of Lord Ram, and so he is the winner.A variation of this is found in Padma Puran, Srishti Kand where sage Vyasnarrated an event in this connection to Sanjaya. Though this story is not related to theglory of Lord Ram’s name, yet let us read it for the sake of interest. It says that whenthe two brothers Kartikeya and Ganesh were born to Parvati, the divine consort ofLord Shiva, all the Gods offered some wonderful rounded balls of sweets known as‘Modak’ to her as a gift. These balls of sweet were made from Amrit, the juice ofeternity and immortality. The two brothers quarreled to eat these sweet balls. Parvatiexplained that this was no ordinary sweet as it was made from Amrit, and thereforeonly he who was qualified to have it would get it. She said, “Look, only someone whois extremely wise, and has purified himself by doing exemplary meritorious deeds—only he is eligible to partake of this sweet.” Hearing it, Kartikeya mounted hisvehicle, the peacock, and went on a pilgrimage to all the holy places. But Ganesh hada fat belly and a mouse as his mount, which made it impossible for him to goanywhere. So he went around his parents, father Lord Shiva and mother Parvati, andsat down. When Kartikeya returned, panting and huffing because he was in a hurry toreach ahead of Ganesh, he found his younger brother seated comfortably. Then LordShiva and Parvati declared Ganesh as the winner and one who was eligible for thesweet made from Amrit. They explained that one’s parents are the most honourablebeings for any living being. Paying respect to one’s parents is equivalent to thousandsof meritorious deeds combined into one. So Ganesh would henceforth be the first tobe worshipped in all religious ceremonies.]¡ÊŸ ÊÁŒ §Á’ ŸÊ ÃÊ Í – ÿ U ‚Èh §Á U U‹ UÊ ¡Ê ÍH 5H‚„U‚ ŸÊ ‚ ‚ÈÁŸ Á‚fl ’ÊŸË – ¡Á ¡ ßZ Á ÿ ‚ ª flÊŸËH 6Hjāna ādik

Chapter 5: Ram Stavaraj, Ram Ashtaks & Ram Raksha Stotra: Page: 411-480 (5.1) Ram Stavaraj Stotra—Page: 411 (5.2) Ram Ashtak Stotra—Page: 452 (5.3) Raghunaath Ashtak Stotra—Page: 456 (5.4) Sita Ram Ashtak Stotra—Page: 461 (5.5) Ram Raksha Stotra—Page: 468 Chapter 6: Lord Ram’s Mantras appearing in the ‘Upanishads’: Page: 481-551

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