2015 NFHS Football Points Of Emphasis

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7/26/15National Federation of StateHigh School Associations2015FootballPoints of EmphasisTake Part. Get Set For Life. 2015 NFHSFootball Points of Emphasis1. Risk Minimization2. Facilitating NFHS Football Rules1

7/26/15Risk MinimizationRisk Minimization2

7/26/15Risk MinimizationRisk Minimization In summary, here is an analysis of severalexamples: Does a player have a legitimate chance tomake a play? – Yes Does the player receive a blindside hit? – Yes Was the contact unnecessary or excessive?Yes Ruling: Foul for personal foul/unnecessaryroughness or excessive contact3

7/26/15Risk Mimimization Does a player have a legitimate chance tomake a play? – Yes Does the player receive a blindside hit? –Yes Was the contact unnecessary orexcessive? – No Ruling: Legal play.Risk Minimization Does a player have a legitimate chance tomake a play? – Yes Does the player receive a blindside hit? – No Was the contact unnecessary or excessive?No Ruling: Legal play.4

7/26/15Risk Minimization Does a player have a legitimate chance tomake a play? – No Does the player receive a blindside hit? – Yesor No Was the contact unnecessary or excessive?Yes or No Ruling: Foul for personal foul/unnecessaryroughness or excessive contact.FacilitatingNFHS Football Rules5

7/26/15Facilitating NFHS Rules The National Federation of State High SchoolAssociations (NFHS) football playing rules reflect anational perspective based on decisions that bestserve the needs of the sport on a national level.Therefore, the purposes of the playing rules are to: 1. Minimize risk to participants. 2. Preserve the sound traditions of the sport.3. Standardize competition.4. Provide for orderly administration.5. Facilitate the decision-making process of officials.6. Permit common records.7. Provide for evaluating competition.8. Maintain a balance between offense and defense.Facilitating NFHS Rules One aspect of coach and official ethics is to teachand officiate the rules within the intent of NFHSFootball Rules Book. THE COACH shall master thecontest rules and shall teach them to their teammembers. THE COACH shall not seek an advantageby circumvention of the spirit or letter of the rules.THE OFFICIAL shall master the rules of the game,and also the officiating mechanics necessary toenforce the rules, and shall exercise thatresponsibility in an impartial, firm and controlledmanner. Coaching and officiating the rules are extremelyimportant to maintain the integrity of the game, and tominimize risk to the athletes participating in the game.6

7/26/15FacilitatingNFHS Football RulesFree Blocking Zone The free-blocking zone is a rectangular areaextending laterally four yards either side of the spot ofthe snap and three yards behind each line ofscrimmage. A player is in the free-blocking zonewhen any part of his or her body is in the zone at thesnap. All players involved in the block must be on theline of scrimmage, in the zone at the snap and thecontact must take place within the zone. Blockingbelow the waist is permitted from the time the ball issnapped until the ball leaves the zone. When thefree-blocking zone exists, offensive and defensivelinemen may block each other below the waist.Backs, linebackers and receivers are notpermitted to block below the waist.7

7/26/15FacilitatingNFHS Football RulesFree Blocking Zone It is nearly impossible for a lineman in a two-pointstance to legally block below the waist in thissituation because of the time required for thelineman to drop from an upright position andblock an opponent below the waist. For linemenin three- or four-point stances, they must blocktheir opponents immediately after the snap inorder for a low block to be legal in this situation. Prior to the snap, game officials should be aware ofwhether the ball will be snapped hand-to-hand or to aback in shotgun formation, player positioning andalignment, and which players may legally block belowthe waist.8

7/26/15FacilitatingNFHS Football RulesTeam Box -- Restricted Area In the excitement of the game, it is notuncommon for substitutes and othernonplayers to move closer to the sidelinebeyond their team box area. This inevitablycauses coaches to move up into restrictedareas and closer to the field, often impedinggame officials in their duties. Crowding at thesideline puts players, nonplayers, coachesand game officials in danger of severe injury.Game officials and coaches must be aware ofthis problem and take steps to prevent andcorrect it.9

7/26/15Team Box -- Restricted Area Coaches, substitutes, athletic trainers andothers affiliated with the team may be in theirteam’s area, which is out-of-bounds andbetween the 25-yard lines. Their movementsand positions are limited by the sideline, the25-yard lines, a coaches’ area and the teambox.FacilitatingNFHS Football Rules10

7/26/15Team Box Penalty(s) The team box area is outside the field, beyond therestricted area and between the 25-yard lines. Allcoaches and nonplayers associated with the teammay be in this area. A nonplayer may not be outsideof this area unless to become a player or return as areplaced player. When nonplayers are outside of the team box area,or anyone is in the restricted area while the ball islive, game officials will give a sideline warning to theteam involved. A second offense results in a 5-yardpenalty. All subsequent offenses result in 15-yardpenalties for unsportsmanlike conduct fouls, whichare charged to the head coach.Team Box Penalty(s) If a game official unintentionally contacts acoach or other nonplayer in the restrictedarea while the ball is live, the team isassessed a 15 yard penalty for a nonplayer,illegal personal contact foul. As a nonplayerfoul, the penalty is enforced from thesucceeding spot. A second such offense would result in thehead coach’s disqualification. Unlike a foul forsideline interference (non-contact, Rule9-8-1k or 9-8-3), no warning or 5-yard penaltyis required in this situation.11

2015 NFHS Football Points of Emphasis 1. Risk Minimization 2. Facilitating NFHS Football Rules . and officiate the rules within the intent of NFHS Football Rules Book. THE COACH shall master the contest rules and shall teach them to their team . sideline interference (non-contact, Rule

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