IdudkH F;dr; Re ;dlaIK úNd - Doenets.lk

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idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.hjr I 2018 iy bka miqj meje;afjk úNd.i yd m%%Yak m;%% jHQQyh yd uQQ,dlD;s rningTSmr fhaIK yd ixjr Ok YdLdjcd;sl we.hSï yd mrSlaIK fiajdjY%S ,xld úNd. fomdr ;fïka; j

ishÆ u ysñlï weú 'idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h - jr I 2018 iy bka miqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%%Yakm;%% jHQQyh yd uQQ,dlD;s m%%YakY%%S ,xld úNd. fomdr ;fïka; jm%%:u uqøKh - 2018uQ,H wkq.%yhwOHdmk wdxYsl ixjr Ok jevigyk (ESDP) u.sks'uqøKh ( Y%%S ,xld úNd. fomdr ;fïka; j2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h- ii -

úNd. flduid ia ckrd,af.a mKsúvh21 jk ishji hkq f;dr; re yd ikaksfõok ;dlaIKh fmr lr.;a ishjils' úYaj.ïudk ixl,amfhka werUqKq iyi%%h ; cx.u rl:kh" m .Klh" wka;r cd,h yd pkaøsld;dlaIKh idudkH fuj,ï njg m;aúh' oYl folla ; fuu fÈaa;%fha is jQQ woaú;Sh fjkif,dalh mqrd iuia; ck;djf.a iud„h" wdr :ßl" ixialD;sl wd iEu wxYhlu m%%n, fjkialïis lrk , ' ta wkqj ;dlaI l kqu flakaø lr.;a ixjr Ok Wmdhudr . ; ska wdr :ßlixjr Okh .d lr .ekSu i yd iEu wdr :ßlhlau lghq; l w;r ta ; ska f,dal wdr :ßl;;a;ajfhys ;shqKq fjkila we;s úh'fõ.j;a wdr :ßl ixjr Ok b,lal .d lr .ekSu i yd Y%%S ,xldj ; o fuu fjkialïld,dkqrEmj is lrk ,o w;r wOHdmksl lafIA;%fha o ta i yd wjYH f,i kj úIhh y kajd u yd úIh ksr foaY kùlrKh lrk , 'ta wkqj idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úIhh (GIT) jr I 2004 mdi,a moaO;shg y kajdfokq ,enQQ w;r 12 fY%%aKsfha isiqka fuu úNd.h i yd m%%:u jrg fmkS isáfha 2005 jr Ifha h' t;eka mgka jdr Islj GIT úNd.h ,sÅ; úNd.hla f,i YS% ,xld úNd. fomdr ;fïka; júiska mj;ajkq ,nhs'tfia jqjo m%%dfhda.sl yelshd uek ne,sh hq; úIhla ,sÅ; we.hSï l%%ufõohlska we.hSug,la ls u fhda.H fkdjk neúka fjk;a we.hSï l%%ufõohl wjYH;djh mek ke. Ks' ta wkqj2018 jr Ifha isg idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h m%%dfhda.sl we.hSï l%%ufõohla yrydudr .; (online) l%%uhg meje;aùug lghq; fhdod we;' tu fya; fjka fuu úNd.h i ydisiqka ; mj;sk Woafhda.h iy ckm%%sh;djh jeä jk nj wmf.a ye .Suhs'jdr Islj f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h i yd b† m;a úh hq; wh ïlrejkaf.ka 75%muKla úNd.h i yd fmkS isák w;r fuu kj fjki ; ska úNd.h i yd b† m;a jkwh ïlrejka ixLHdj o by hkq we;ehs wfmalaId flfr 'ixjr Okh .d lr .ekSu i yd fjkiaùu w;HjYH h' ta i yd lgql jQ;a IalrjQ;a l%shdudr . ; ska jevigyka l%shd;aul l hq; h' fuu m%%h;akh 21 jk ishjfiys úYaùhwNsfhda.hkag uqyqK †h yels ore mrmqrla wm rg ; ìys ls u fukau kùk ;dlaIKh ; skaksjer† fõ.j;a yd M,odhS we.hSï l%%ufõohla ksr udKh ls ug moku imhkq we;'idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h i yd ilia lr we;s fuu Wmfoia ix.%%yfhysI fldgfiys úNd.h iïnkaO fmd f;dr; re yd úNd.h meje;afjk wdldrh o II fldgfiysm%%Yak m;%%j, jHQQyh yd uQQ,slD;s m%%Yak m;%h o we; ;a fõ'fuu ix.%%yfhys we; ;a m%%Yak m;%% jHQQy iy uQQ,dlD;s m%%Yak ilia ls fï iyfhda.h ka iïm;a mqoa., uy;au uy;aókag;a Y%%S ,xld úNd. fomdr ;fïka; fõ mr fhaIK yd ixjr OkYdLdfõ ks,Od ka yd ldr h uKav,hg;a" uqøKd,hdêm;s we; Ω tu ldr h uKav,hg;a fuuldr hh i yd uQQ,H wkq.%yh lajQ wOHdmk wdxYsl ixjr Ok jevigykg;a (ESDP) udf.ayDohdx.u ia; ;sh m lrñ'î' ik;a mQ‚;úNd. flduid ia ckrd,a2018 Tlaf;daïnr 19YS% ,xld úNd. fomdr ;fïka; j2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h- iii -

WmfoaYl;ajh(î' ik;a mQ‚;úNd. flduid ia ckrd,afufyhùu yd ixúOdkh(.hd;s% wfí. KfialrúNd. flduid ia mr fhaIK yd ixjr Ok&iïnkaëlrKh(,isl iurfldakaiyldr úNd. flduid ia mr fhaIK yd ixjr Ok YdLdj&ta' l%%sIaKf.damsiyldr úNd. flduid ia mr fhaIK yd ixjr Ok YdLdj&mS' relau,a ufyaIa fmfr rdiyldr úNd. flduid ia mr fhaIK yd ixjr Ok YdLdj&;dlaI l WmfoaYl;ajh(wdpdr h ã'ã' lreKdr;akfcHIaG l:ßldpdr hm .Kl wOHhkdxYh" fld U úYaj úoHd,hwdpdr h tÉ't,a' fm%%aur;akf HIaG l:ßldpdr hm .Kl wOHhkdxYh" fld U úYaj úoHd,hwdpdr h rejka úl%%uwdrÉÑf HIaG l:ßldpdr h" le,Ksh úYaj úoHd,hfla'mS'tï'fla' is,AjdfcHIaG l:ßldpdr hm .Kl wOHhkdxYh" fld U úYaj úoHd,hwdpdr h tka' m%%;SIafcHIaG l:ßldpdr h" kef.kysr úYaj úoHd,htia'tï'iS'tï' w;a;kdhll ukdlref;dr; re ;dlaIK fomdr ;fïka; j" NSBMtia' Ykauq.,sx.ïfcHIaG l:ßldpdr hcd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh" uyr.uisâks chjr OkksfhdacH wOHCI ckrd,a úY%dñl&cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh" uyr.uiqis,a udOqjf.awOHCI ;dCI l" úY%dñl&cd;sl wOHdmk wdh;kh" uyr.um .Kl msgm; ieliqu(ví'ta'ã' p; ld †idkdhlo;a; igyka l%shdlretia' ldxpkdo;a; igyka l%shdlremsgljrh ksr udKh(tia'tÉ' iuka l udrrdcH l ukdlrK iyldr2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h- iv -

we; ; msgqI fldgi úNd.h yd iïnkaO fmd f;dr; re yd úNd.h meje;afjkwdldrh&II fldgi m%%Yak m;%%j, jHQQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak&msgq wxlh142018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h-v-

I fldgiidudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK (GIT) úNd.h1. úNd.h yd iïnkaO fmd f;dr; re1.1 ye skaùuYS% ,dxlsh mdi,a orejkaf.a m .Kl idCIr;dj jeä †hqKq ls fï mshjrla jYfhkaw'fmd'i' W'fm & 12 fYa% fha isiqka i yd idudkH f;dr; re ;dCIK GIT& úIhh 2004jifr mdi,a moaO;shg y kajd fokq ,eîh' w'fmd'i' W'fm & mka;s meje;afjk iEumdi,lu fuu úIhh b.ekaùu is flfrk w;r w'fmd'i' W'fm & y rk iEu isiqfjl ufuu úIhh ye h hq; h'm .Kl ;dCIKh ms ns m%d% fhda.ls kqu yd Ndú;h jr Okh ls fï wruq ka fuysúIh ikaOdrh ieliS ;snqK o fuu úIhfha idOkh uekSu fï olajd u is lrkq ,enQfha ,sÅ;m CIKhla u.sks' fuu úIhfha wdrïNl wjêfha m%dfhda.sl we.hSula is ls ug ;rï há;,myiqlï m%udKj;a fkdjQ neúka tfia ,sÅ; m CIKhla u.ska idOkh uek ne,Su is fl 'miqld,Skj wOHdmk l,dm uÜgfï m .Kl iïm;a uOHia:dk msygs ùq u" mdi,aj,m .Kl ;dCIK úoHd.dr msygs ùq u wd†h ; ks a fuu úIh ms ns j o isikq fa .a wjOdkh jeäù we;' tfuka u m%dfhda.ls kqu ,sÅ; m CIKhla ; ks a uek ne,Su jvd;a idOdrK fkdjkksid;a fujeks úIhhla idïm% hsl ,sÅ; we.hSï l%ufhka neyerùh hq; ksid;a fuu úIhi yd jvd;a fhda.H we.hSï l%uhl wjYH;dj mek ke. 'ta wkqj fuu idudkH f;dr; re ;dCIKh GIT& úNd.h 2018 jifr isg udr .; Online& l%uhg meje;au i yd YS% ,xld úNd. fomdr ;fïka;j ishÆ lghq; ie,iqï lrf.khkq ,efí'úNd.h ms sn fmd Wmfoia1.2 úNd.h i yd b,aÆï ls uw'fmd'i' W'fm & 12 fYa%Ksfha bf.kqu ,nk ishÆ u wh ïlrejkaf.a wh ïm;%%b,aÆï lrk ,nk udOH iu . ú y,am;s úiska b† m;a l hq; h'1.3 úNd.h meje;afjk udOHhidudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h isxy," fou yd bx.s%is hk udOH ; fkkaumeje;aùug lghq; fhdod we;'1.4 wkkH;d m;%% ye kqïm;a&úNd. wfmalaIlhdf.a wkkH;dj ikd: ls u i yd ms s.kq ,nkafka mqoa.,hka,shdmoxÑ ls fï fomdr ;fïka; fjka ksl ;al cd;sl ye kqïm; fyda j,x. úfoaY.uka n,m;%%h mu '2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h-1-

1.5 m%%fõY m;%%wh ïlrejka iïnkaOfhka wod ú yf,a ú y,am;s fj; úNd.h wdrïN ùug i;sfollg fmr m%%fõY m;%% ;eme,a lrkq ,efí' wh ïlrejkaf.aa m%%fõY m;%% mdi,g ,enqKqjydu tajd Tjqka fj; fnod tys m .Kl uqøß; f;dr; re ksjer† hs m laId lr n,kf,ig wh ïlrejkag Wmfoia †h hq; fõ' m%%fõY m;%%fha f;dr; rej, hï fjkila l hq; kï ú y,am;s úiska jydu ta nj Ys% ,xld úNd. fomdr ; fïka; fõ mdi,a úNd. ydixúOdk YdLdj fj; kaúh hq; h' ixfYdaOk lrkq ,nkafka uq,A wh ïm;g wkql ,jmuKs'1.6 úNd. kS;s ;súNd. flduid ia ckrd,a úiska úNd. i yd mkjd we;s fyda úáka úg mkjkq ,nkfyda kS;sˉ;s fuu úNd.fha iEu ldr hla i yd u j,x. fõ'1.7 fY%aKs ;SrKh lsˉum%;sM, ksl ;alsˉfï wh ïlrejka ,nd.;a ,l Kq wkqj my; i yka wdldrhgfY%aKs ms kefï',l Kq mrdihfY%aKsh75 - 10065 - 74A - úYsIag idudr :hB - wê iïudk idudr :h50 - 64C - iïudk idudr :h35 - 49S - idudkH idudr :h00 - 34W - r j, idudr :h2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h-2-

idudkH f;dr; re ;dCIK úNd.h 2018 jifr isg iy bka miqj meje;afjk úNd. i yd&kj ksr foaYhg wod Wla; úNd.h 2019 ckjd ui meje;aùug fhda‚; fõ' fuujr Ifha isg idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h (GIT) udr .;j (Online) l%%uhgmeje;aùug ie,iqï lr we;' ta i yd mdi,a uÜgfï f;dard.;a m .Kl úoHd.dr ydl,dmSh m .Kl iïm;a uOHia:dk fhdod .kq we;'úNd.h meje;afjk wdldrh†klg w†hr folla hgf;a Woh jrej ijia jrej& †k wgla ; w†hr 16la hgf;aúNd.h meje;aùug wfmalaId lrhs' úNd.hg uqyqK ug wh ïlrejka ;u úoHd,Shm .Kl úoHd.drhg fyda wdikak;u m .Kl úoHd.drh fj; fhduq lrkq we;'úNd.h ms sn j fmr iQQodkï ùu yd udr .; úNd. iïnkaO;dj ms sn j isiqkagwjfndaOhla ,nd fï wruq ka úNd.hg fmr kshduk m laIK ; kla meje;aùugie,iqï lr we;' ta wkqj1' m uq kshduk m laIKh-Tlaf;daïnr ui2' fojk kshduk m laIKh-fkdjeïnr ui wjika i;sh3' f;jk kshduk m laIKh-2018 foieïnr 2019 ckjd m uq kshduk m laIKh wfmalaIlhkag ;u wNsu; ia:dkhg isgo" fojk yd f;jkkshduk m laIKh f;dard .;a uOHia:dkj, o uqyK ug yels jkq we;' kgm .Kl úoHd.dr myiqlï fkdue;s ú y,aj, isiqka m%%dfhda.sl m laIKh i yd tumyiqlï we;s wdikak mdi,a fj; fhduq ls ug wod l,dm wOHdmk wOHlaIjrekafj; Wmfoia yd kqj;a ls ï lr we;'2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h-3-

II fldgiuQQ,dlD;s m%%YakYsIH idOkh we.hSu i yd uOH.; úNd. l%%ufha m%%Odk jYfhka rpkd m laIKyd jdia;úl m laIK o m%%dfhda.sl úIhhkaf.a l i,;d uek ne,Su i yd m%%dfhda.sl m laIKl%%ufõo Ndú; flfr ' ms s; re ,l Kq ls fï ix.;;djh wdrlaId lr .ekSu i yd we.hSïl%%shdj,sfha jeo.;a ia:dkhla jdia;úl m laIKj,g ysñfõ'we.hSu i yd Ndú; lrk rpkd iajrEmfha m%%Yakhl ms s; re i yd ,l Kq fïl%%shdj,sfha m laIlhdf.a mqoa.,noaO;dj n,mdk w;r jdia;úl iajNdjfha m%%Yakhla i ydtla ksjer† ms s; rla muKla ;sîu ksid th iïmQQr Kfhka mqoa., noaO;djfhka f;drfõ' tfiaum%%dfhda.sl m laIKhla ; ska ienE olaI;djh wkqj ,l Kq ysñ ùu o úfYaIs; h'fuu Wmfoia ix.%%yfhys II fldgfiys m%%Yak m;%% jHQQyh yd m%%Yak i yd ,l Kq ,nd fïwdldrh iu . uQQ,dlD;s m%%Yak we; ;a lr we;s w;r tu m%%Yak wh ïlrejka yg úNd.fha ,sÅ;j ms s; re iemhSug ,nd fkdfok w;r udr .; l%%uhg (online) ms s; re iemhsh hq; h'fuu úNd.h m%%Yak m;%% follska iukaú; jk w;r m uq m%%Yak m;%%h jrK y;rlska hq;anyqjrK m%%Yak y; sylska iukaú; jk w;r udr .; l%%uhg (online) ksjer† ms s; r i,l Kql hq; h'tfiau II m%%Yak m;%%h m%%dfhda.sl m%%Yak y;lska iukaú; jk w;r ishÆu m%%Yakj,gudr .; l%%uhg (online) ms s; re iemhsh hq; h'2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h-4-

idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIKhm%Yak m;% jHQQyhI m;%h -II m;%hjrK 4 ne.ska jQQ nyqjrK m%%Yak 40ls' m%%Yak ish,a,gu ms s; re iemhsh hq; h'tla m%%Yakhlg ,l Kq 1 ne.ska uqΩ ,l Kq 40ls'fuu m%Yak m;%h m%%dfhda.sl m%%Yak y;lska hqla; h' m%%Yak ish,a,g u ms s; reiemhsh hq; h' fuu II jk m%%Yka m;%%h i yd uqΩ ,l Kq 60ls'tu m%%Yak y; my; ioyka fÈa;% y; wdjrKh jk m † fõ'fjka lrk ,o ,l Kq1. fufyhqï moaO;s (operating systems)62. joka ieliqï (word processing) 123. me; reïm;a (spreadsheets) 124. o;a; iuqodh l uKdlrKh (database management)65. iur mK (presentations) 66. wka;r cd,h úoHq;a ;emE,& (Internet - email)67. fjí ixjr Ok Ys,aml%%u (web development techniques) 1260I iy II m%%Yak m;%% fol i ydu meh ; kl ld,hla ,efí'wjidk ,l K .Kkh ls u (I m;%hII m;%hwjidk ,l K 4060100ie'hq' ( isiqka fj; m%%Yakm;%% udr .; l%%uhg ,nd fokq we;'2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h-5-

idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIKhI m;%h1. . ;uh fufyhqï lrkafka m .Klfha ljr fldgila (component) u .ska o@(1) uOH ieliqï tallh(2) m%O% dk u;lh(3) wdodk tallh(4) oaú;Shl wdpdhk tallh2.wdodk Wml%%uhla iy m%%;sodk Wml%%uhla hk folu i yd Ndú; l yelafla"(1) pqïNl ;Sk;a wkq,l Kq lshjkhl h (MICR)(2) u;l ldâm;l h (memoy card)(3) iamr Y mEvhl h (touch pad)(4) iamr Y ;srhl h (touch screen)3.m .Klhl we;s f.dkqjl m%%rEmh (file type) y kd .ekSug Wmld jkafka"(1) f.dkq †. j hs'(2) f.dkq kduh hs'(3) f.dkqj wvx. jk fµda,avrh hs'(4) f.dkqj wvx. jk Wm fµda,avrh hs'4.moaO;s uD ldx. (system software) muKla we; ;a jrKh f;darkak'(1) o;a; iuqodh l ukdlrK moaO;sh" fufyhqï moaO;sh yd me; reïm;a uD ldx.(2) fufyhqï moaO;sh" Wmfhda.;s d uD ldx. yd Wml%u% Odjlh (device driver)(3) iur mK uD ldx." Wml%u% Odjlh yd Ñ;%l% uD ldx.(4) joka ilikh" fjí w; laijq yd me; reïm;a uD ldx.5.uOHu ieliqï tallfhys wka;r .; tall jkafka"(1) md,k tallh" wxl .Ks; yd ;r lk tallh fõ'(2) md,k tallh" wxl .Ks; yd ;r lk tallh" wdodk tallh fõ'(3) md,k tallh" u;l tallh" m%;% os dk tallh fõ'(4) m%;% os dk tallh" wxl .Ks; yd ;r lk tallh" u;l tallh fõ'6.Wml%u yeisrùu i yd fufyhqï moaO;sh u.ska Ndú; flfrk uD ldx. y kajkafka l uk kulska o@(1) fh ï uD ldx. (application software)(2) m%%;sjhsri uD ldx. (antivirus software)(3) Wml%%u uD ldx. (device drivers)(4) oafõI uD ldx. (malware)7.my; oelafjk wjia:d i,lkak'A – oDvdx. iy m YS,l w;r w; re uqyqK;la fia l%shd ls uB – m%ia;dr ksr udK ls uC – u;lh (memory) l uKdlrKh ls ufufyhqï moaO;shl l%shdj,s jkafka by; i yka wjia:dj,ska"(1) A mu (2) A iy B mu (3) A iy C mu (4) B iy C mu 2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h-6-

8.GIMP uD ldx.h tla;rd isifq jl g ;j rg;A wjYH fkdjk ksid th m .Klfhka uqΩukskua bj;al hq; hehs Tyq l,amkd lrhs' fuu wruqK bgqlr .ekSu i yd fufyhqï moaO;sfhys ljr wx.hNdú; l hq; jkafka o@(1) Add/remove program(2) ;eá m%%;s-LKavlh (disk defragmenter)(3) Snipping fuj,u(4) Windows Explorer9.my; m%%ldY i,lkak'A – m .Klhl ldr hlaIu;djh jeä l yels tla l%%uhla jkafka fufyhqï moaO;sfha we;s diskcleanup Wmfhda.S;djh Ndú; ls uhs'B – tl †.g .nvd jk fia f.dkq kej; ieliSu ;eá m%%;sLKavkh (disk defragmentation) f,iye kafõ'by; m%%ldYhkays"(1) A muKla i;H fõ'(2) B muKla i;H fõ'(3) A yd B m%%ldY folu i;H fõ'(4) A yd B m%%ldY folu wi;H fõ'10. m .Kl moaO;shl uQ,Q ls ixrplhla fkdjkafka my; l ula o@(1) wdodk Wml%u% h(2) „jdx.(3) m%;% os dk Wml%u% h(4) uOH ieliqï tallh (CPU)11. my; lafjk m%%ldY i,lkak'A – Ñ;%%l m YS,l w; re uqyqK; (Graphical User Interface), úOdk fma s w; re uqyqK;g(Command Line Interface) jvd m YS,l ñ;%%YS,S fõ'B – úOdk fma s w; re uqyqKf;ys úOdk u;l ;nd .ekSfï wjYH;dj Ñ;%%l m YS,l w; reuqyqKf;ys we;s ksrEml (icons) Ndú;fhka u. yrjd .; yel'by; m%%ldYhkays"(1) A yd B hk m%l% dY fol u i;H jk w;r B m%l% dYh u.ska A m%l% dYh ;yjqre ls ug fya;j la foa'(2) A yd B hk m%l% dY fol u i;H jk kuq;a A yd B m%%ldY w;r iïnkaO;djhla fkdue;'(3) A m%%ldYh i;H jk w;r B m%%ldYh wi;H fõ'(4) A m%%ldYh wi;H jk w;r B m%%ldYh i;H fõ'12. M,odhs f;dr; rej, . Kdx.hla fkdjkafka my; oelafjk l ula o@(1) ksrjoH;djh(2) úYd, m%udKhla mej;Su(3) wod, nj(4) úYajdikSh;ajh13. ia:dkSh m%%foaY cd, (LAN) yd mqΩ,a m%foaY cd, (WAN) f,i m .Kl cd, jr .SlrKh ls ug my;l uk idOlh Ndú; fõ o@(1) m .Kl w;r we;s r(2) m .Kl ixLHdj(3) l%%shdlrk fõ.h(4) m YS,l ixLHdj2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h-7-

14.15.my; wjia:d i,lkak'A – f;dr; re yqjudre lr .ekSuB – iïm;a yjqf,a Ndú;hC – m .Kl i yd wdrlaIdjby; lreKq w; ka m .Kl cd,hl jdishla jdis jkafka fudkjd o@(1) A muKs(2) A yd B muKs(3) A yd C muKs(4) B yd C muKsmy; lafjk ikaksfõok udOH i,lkak'A – wfOdarla; (Infrared)B – m%%ldY ;ka; (Fiber optics)C – iudlaI /yeka (Coaxial cables)D – Èqø ;rx. (Micro wave)by; lafjk ikakfs õok udOHj,ska kshuq fkdjk udOH (unguided media) i yd WodyrK jkafka"(1) A yd B muKs(2) A yd D muKs(3) B yd C muKs(4) C yd D muKs16. tlu f.dvke.s,af,a we;s m .Kl cd, folla tlsfklg iïnkaO ls ug Ndú; l yelsWmlrKh l ula o@(1) fudvuh(2) cd, iaúph(3) udr . ldrlh (router)(4) m f,dalh (scanner)17. my; lreKq i,lkak'A – m .Kl Wmdx.hB – wka;r cd, fiajd iemhqïlre (ISP)C – fudvuhlaD – rl:k iïnkaO;djhwka;r cd,hg m%%fõY ùu i yd my; l uk ixfhdackh Ndú; l yelso@(1) A, B yd C muKs(2) A, B yd D muKs(3) B, C yd D muKs(4) A, B, C yd D hk ish,a,u h18. my; lreKq i,lkak'A – jeä fõ.hB – f.dkq yqjudre lr .ekSfï myiqjC – lSm fofkl g tlu ,smsh ,eîug ie,iSfï myiqjby; ,laIK w; rska idudkH ;emE, yd ii k úg úoHq;a ;emEf,a jdishla jdis jkafka"(1) A muKs(2) B muKs(3) A yd C muKs(4) A, B yd C hk ish,a,u h2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h-8-

19. rpkd fp!r;ajh (plagiarism) i yd WodyrKhla jkafka(1) udr .;j f–ohla lshjd th ;ukaf.a jpkj,ska kej; ,sùu h'(2) fjk;a wfhl f.a f,aLkhla ;udf.a u f,aLkhla f,i b† m;a ls u h'(3) ;udf.a u jev u; mokï jQQ iur mKhla ksr udKh ls u h'(4) wka;r cd,fhka hula msgm;a lrf.k fhduq iys;j ;udf.a f,aLkhlg th fhdod .ekSu h'20.my; i yka fiajd i,lkak'A – há;, myiqlï fiajd (infrastructure as a service)B – fõ†ld fiajd (platform as a service)C – uD ldx. fiajd (software as a service)by; fiajd w; ka j d m .Kkfha (cloud computing) uQQ,sl fiajd jkafka"(1) A yd B muKs'(2) A yd C muKs'(3) B yd C muKs'(4) A, B yd C hk ish,a,u h'21. fok ,o 10112 , 11012 , 11102 hk oaúuh ixLHdjkays wdfrdayK ms sfj, l ula o@(1) 10112 , 11012, 11102(2) 11102 , 11012 , 10112(3) 11102 , 10112 , 11012(4) 11012 , 10112 , 1110222. úoHq;a ;eme,a .sKuq la újD; ls u i yd m YS,l kduh iy uqr moh hk fol u ksjer†j we; ;al hq; fõ'fuu wjYH;d ksrEmKh jkafka my; l uk ;r lk oajdrh oajdr u.ska o@(1) AND oajdrfhka muKs(2) NOT oajdrfhka muKs(3) OR oajdrfhka muKs(4) AND iy NOT hk oajdr foflkau23. ASCII fla; l%u% fha ‘E’ wkq,laIKh 69 oYuh ixLHdjg iudk oaúuh ixLHdfjka ksrEmKh fõ'my; oelafjk l uk oaúuh ixLHdfjka ASCII fla;fhys ‘B’ wkq,laIKh ksrEmKh fõ o@(1) 11000012(2) 10000102(3) 10010012(4) 1100100224. my; oelafjk i;H;d j. j i,lkak'A wdodkhB wdodkhm%%;sodkh001101010111by; oelafjk i;H;d j. j u.ska ksrEmKh jkafka l ula o@(1) AND oajdrh(2) NOT oajdrh(3) OR oajdrh(4) NOT (OR) oajdr ixfhdackh2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h-9-

25. wxl 971 iïnkaO j my; oelafjk l uk j.ka;sh i;H fõ o@(1) fuh oYuh ixLHdjla muKs'(2) fuh oaúuh fyda oYuh ixLHdjla fyda úh yels h'(3) fuh YâoYuh (hexadecimal) ixLHdjla muKs'(4) fuh oYuh fyda YâoYuh ixLHdjla fyda úh yels h'26. my; l uk i;H;d j. j u.ska X Y nQ,shdkq m%ldYh ksrEmKh fõ o@(1)XY X Y(3)001101010001XYX Y001101011011(2)(4)XYX Y001101010011XYX Y00110101110027. PdhdrEmhla ixialrKh ls u i yd fhdod .; yels jvd;a iq iq uD ldx.hla jkafka"(1) ,sífr Tµsia bïfm%%ia (Libre Office Impress) h'(2) wefvdaì bka äihska (Adobe InDesign) h'(3) wefvdaì b,iafÜ%%gr (Adobe Illustrator) h'(4) ,sífr Tµsia rhsgr (Libre Office Writer) h'28. ixLHdxl wkqrEmhl (digital image) ;;a;ajh (quality) my; l ula u; r d mj;S o@(1) tys úfNaokh (resolution)(2) oDV ;eáfha Od ;djh(3) m .Klfha u;l Od ;djh(4) ilik iamkaolfha (clock) fõ.h29. my; m%%ldY i,lkak'A – fr Ld m%xc wdf,aL (raster graphics) f.dkq mslai,j,ska iE we;'B – fr Ld m%xc wdf,aL (raster graphics) f.dkq m:j,ska iE we;'C – gif iy jpeg fr Ld m%xc wdf,aL f.dkqj,g WodyrK fõ'by; m%%ldY j,ska i;H jkafka"(1) A muKs'(2) A iy B muKs'(3) A iy C muKs'(4) B iy C muKs'2018 iy bkamiqj meje;afjk udr .; úNd. i yd m%Yak m;% jHQyh yd uQ,dlD;s m%Yak - idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK úNd.h- 10 -

30.“.gif, .jpeg, .bmp, .png” †. kdu iys; f.dkq m%jr .(1) Y%jH f.dkq fõ'(2) wkqrEm f.dkq fõ'(3) mdG f.dkq fõ'(4) oDYH f.dkq fõ'31.my; oelafjk m%ldY i,lkak'A – . re isiq fofldÜGdihgu bf.kqï l uKdlrK moaO;s (LMS) Ndú;d l, yels h'B – bf.kqï yd b.ekaùfï ls%hdj,s myiqfjka jeä †hqKq lr .ekSug bf.kqï l uKdlrKmoaO;s (LMS) Wmld fõ'C – kEu fõ,djl" kEu ia:dkhl isg bf.kqï l uKdlrK moaO;shg (LMS) m%fõY úh yels h'by; i yka m%ldYj,ska i;H jkafka"(1) A iy B muKs(2) A iy C muKs(3) B iy C muKs(4) A, B iy C hk ish,a,u h32. my; m%%ldY i,lkak'A – udr .; idmamq ijd h (online shopping) idudkH idmamq hdug jvd myiq h'B – udr .; idmamq ijd fha (online shopping) ojfiys kEu fj,djl weKjqï l yels h'C – udr .; idmamq ijd fha (online shopping) Ndrfok ,o NdKav weKjqï l NdKavh ufkdúh yelsh'by; i yka m%%ldY w; ka ksjer† jkafka"(1) A iy B mu (2) A iy C mu (3) B iy C mu (4) A, B iy C ish,a,u h33. wka;r cd,h iy f,dal úis úhuk (WWW) ms sn my; ljrla i;H fõ o@(1) wka;r cd,h f,dal úis úhufkys fiajdjls'(2) wka;r cd,h iy f,dal úis úhuk hk fol tl u fohla fõ'(3) f,dal úis úhuk wka;r cd,fha fiajdjls'(4) wka;r cd,h iy f,dal úis úhuk w;r iïnkaO;djla fkdue;'34. iajhxl%Sh fg,r hka;%hlska (ATM) uqo,a .ekSug wod j my; oelafjk oE i,lkak'A – ATM ldâm; yd ryia wxlh we; ;a ls uB – uqo,a" isÜm;C – m%%udKj;a uqo,la ;sfí oehs m laId ls uby; l%%shdj,s w; ka wdodkh" ieliSu yd m%;sodkh wkqms sfj,ska"(1) A, B iy C fõ'(2) A, C iy B fõ'(3) B, A iy C fõ'(4) C, A iy B fõ'2018

- 1 - iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii2018ishiÆ uysñliyïlïwuel iú 'QQwi,H Qiskh iyq.u iywqil%Nhdih iúNf acwriyq.u imis ú %iew wK ïiw auvWi,H Qdi I fldgi idudkH f;dr; re ;dlaIK (GIT) úNd.h 1. úNd.h yd iïnkaO fmd f;dr; re 1.1 ye skaùu YS% ,dxlsh mdi,a orejkaf.a m .Kl idCIr;dj jeä †hqKq ls fï mshjrla jYfhka

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