Holy Week Devotional - First Baptist Church Dandridge

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holy weEk 2015daily devotions and prayersWritten for the Dandridge Ministerial Association Holy Week Servicesby Rev. Chris Headley, Associate Pastor of Worship & Music, First Baptist Dandridge

IntroductionWhy should I read a Holy Week devotional book?I’m glad you asked! Celebrating our Lord’s life, death, burial, and resurrectionthrough daily worship during Holy Week has been a part of Christian worshipsince the beginning. Sometimes, those ceremonies would be completereenactments — other times they would be representational ceremonieswhere symbols were used to tell the story. The purpose of this devotional is todraw our attention to the real life actions of Jesus and his disciples during thisvery week nearly two thousand years ago. It is an opportunity for us to useour imaginations to carry us back to each one of those days and worship, in asmall way, as if we were there.How do we know that the early church celebrated these special daysleading up to Resurrection Sunday (Easter)?In the early 5th century, a woman named Egeria, made a nearly three yearlong pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Near East to study the liturgicalpractices of the church in and around Jerusalem.Her study of the church worship practices of that day is extensive with visits toMount Sinai, Mount Nebo, the tomb of Job, the tomb of St. Thomas, the houseof Abraham, and even retracing the entire route of the Exodus.She devotes the entire second half of her diary to studying the daily, Sunday,and seasonal worship practices of the church in Jerusalem. She stopped totalk to monks, nuns, and priests along the way.prefaceHow should I use this devotional to enhance Holy Week?For each day of Holy Week, beginning with Palm (or Passion) Sunday, thisdevotional has four parts: a short explanation of how the early churchcelebrated that particular day, a scripture passage and devotional thought, anancient prayer written by one of the earlier church fathers (5th century orearlier) and a piece of ancient art also related to the day. Using all threeelements, allow your imagination to carry you back to that day and moment.Meditate on the scripture and what you imagine may have been the thoughtsof those involved. Use the written prayer to guide your focus for the day.Enjoy the beauty of artists who have also imagined what that moment in thelife of Christ must have been like.

March 29thKnown as Palm Sunday or Passion SundayHistorical BackgroundDevotional ReadingIn the early afternoon, worshippers wouldMatthew 21:1-11Now when they drew near to Jerusalemand came to Bethphage, to the Mount ofOlives, then Jesus sent two disciples,saying to them, “Go into the village in frontof you, and immediately you will find adonkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie themand bring them to me. If anyone saysanything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lordneeds them,’ and he will send them atonce.” This took place to fulfill what wasspoken by the prophet, saying,gather to sing hymns and psalms whilereciting the antiphon.Because the earlychurch did not have access to Bibles foreveryone, the antiphon was a method ofteaching the people. The pastor would readthe scriptures and the people would respondby saying or singing a memorized portion ofthe passage — the antiphon was an earlyversion of responsive reading.“Say to the daughter of Zion,‘Behold, your king is coming to you,humble, and mounted on a donkey,on a colt,[a] the foal of a beast of burden.’”By late afternoon, children and families wouldgather with palm and olive branches andproclaim “Blessed is He who comes in thename of the Lord.” The entire congregationprocessed together through the town wavingtheir branches and continuing with theantiphon until they reached the place forevening worship.The disciples went and did as Jesus haddirected them. They brought the donkeyand the colt and put on them their cloaks,and he sat on them. Most of the crowdspread their cloaks on the road, and otherscut branches from the trees and spreadthem on the road. And the crowds thatwent before him and that followed him wereshouting, “Hosanna to the Son of David!Blessed is he who comes in the name ofthe Lord! Hosanna in the highest!” And

Thoughts to Ponder1.What was the purpose of the palmbranches and the cloaks that were laid atJesus’ feet? For an explanation, you canread the description of the painting“Entrance Into Jerusalem.”“Let us pray that peace may very soon be restoredto us, help reach us in our dangers, to draw usfrom our dark retreats, and God’s graciouspromises to his servants find fulfillment. May wesee the Church restored and our salvationsecured; after the rain, may we find fair weather;after the darkness, may we find light; after thesestorms and tempests, may we find a gentle calm.Cyprian of Carthage (258)“when he entered Jerusalem, the whole citywas stirred up, saying, “Who is this?” Andthe crowds said, “This is the prophetJesus, from Nazareth of Galilee.”2. Jesus was bringing peace— was this military peace,political peace, or some othertype of peace? How do youknow that?3. In this moment, it seemsclear that, had He wanted to,Jesus could have establishedHimself as an earthly ruler.Why didn’t He do just dothat? Would not it have beenan easier plan? Are we attimes guilty of taking theeasier way rather than theright or perfect way whichmay be harder?4. To better understand thesymbolism of Palm Sunday,consider reading some of thefollowing passages:Zechariah 9:9-102 Kings 9:11-13Giotto, "Entrance Into Jerusalem," (c. 1305)The story of the Triumphal Entry as revealed in this early 14thcentury painting shows both palm branches and clothing beinglaid in the path of Jesus, his followers, and his donkey. Thesethree symbols show the dichotomy of Jesus as Victorious Warriorand Prince of Peace. The palms and clothing were laid down atHis feet as would be done for a warrior returning from battle, buta warrior would ride a horse, not a donkey. The donkey was acultural symbol of peace.

March 30thKnown as Holy MondayHistorical BackgroundDevotional ReadingSurprisingly little is recorded about HolyMonday compared with all of the otherdays of this special week.Typically, theset prayers of Lent are continued on thisday together with the singing of hymns,antiphons and the reading of scripture. Insome instances, Monday was a night topray for those preparing for baptism.Holy Monday does not appear to have hadMatthew 21:12-17And Jesus entered the temple and droveout all who sold and bought in the temple,and he overturned the tables of the moneychangers and the seats of those who soldpigeons. He said to them, “It is written, ‘Myhouse shall be called a house of prayer,’but you make it a den of robbers.”And the blind and the lame came to him inthe temple, and he healed them. But whenthe chief priests and the scribes saw thewonderful things that he did, and thechildren crying out in the temple, “Hosannato the Son of David!” they were indignant,and they said to him, “Do you hear whatthese are saying?” And Jesus said to them,a set scripture passage; however, in someareas, the message of Jesus Purifying theTemple was used because it follows the“Yes; have you never read,“‘Out of the mouth of infants andn u r s i n g b a b i e s y o u h a v e p re p a re dpraise’?”Triumphal Entry chronologically in thescriptures.And leaving them, he went out of the city toBethany and lodged there.

1.Why were they selling pigeons in theTemple?What were pigeons used for inthe sacrificial system?2.Why would Jesus be angry with themfor selling pigeons if the peoplelegitimately needed pigeons for theirsacrifices?3.“Helper of men who turn to you, light of men in thedark, creator of all that grows from seed, promotorof all spiritual growth, have mercy, Lord on me andmake me a temple fit for yourself. Do not scan mytransgressions too closely, for if you are quick tonotice my offense, I shall not dare to appear beforeyou.In your great mercy, in your boundlesscompassion, wash away my sins, through JesusChrist, your only Child, the truly holy, the chief of oursouls’ healers. Through him may all glory be givenyou, all power and honor and praise, throughout theunending succession of ages. AmenUnknown author, 5th century“Thoughts to PonderAlthough this is clearly aliteral story of Jesus’ actionsin the temple, could it also besymbolic of anything else? Isthere something in your life, inthe Temple of you, that needsto be cleansed?4. Consider reading some ofthe following propheticpassages for a deeperunderstanding:Psalm 118: 19-27Zechariah 14: 16-21El Grecco, “Purification of the Temple,” (c. 1600)Immediately following His Triumphal Entry, the gospels recordJesus’ purification of the temple where He removed those thatwere buying and selling. Paintings in the style of this era wouldoften create a sense of relaxation or tension by twisting andcontorting the figures to show action. Clearly, this particularpainting shows anger, tension, and confusion.The bright,oversaturated colors, also typical of this era, add to the sense oftension.

March 31stKnown as Holy TuesdayHistorical BackgroundDevotional ReadingEach day of the Holy Week wasMatthew 25:1-13“Then the kingdom of heaven will be liketen virgins who took their lamps and wentto meet the bridegroom. Five of them werefoolish, and five were wise. For when thefoolish took their lamps, they took no oilwith them, but the wise took flasks of oilwith their lamps. As the bridegroom wasdelayed, they all became drowsy andslept.dedicated to teaching the peoplethrough symbolic representation — evenmore so later in the week as theyapproached the betrayal and crucifixion.Without easy access to a written text,symbolism was important to the earlychurch as a way to teach and rememberthe scriptures. On Tuesday, the scripturereading began with Matthew 24 andJesus’ explanation that no one wouldknow the day or hour of His return.Typically, one of the parables fromchapter 25 would also be read since theyalso addressed being ready for thesecond coming of Christ. Parables are aperfect example of how Jesus and thechurch used symbols to teach in a waythat was easy to remember.But at midnight there was a cry, ‘Here isthe bridegroom! Come out to meet him.’Then all those virgins rose and trimmedtheir lamps. And the foolish said to thewise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for ourlamps are going out.’ But the wiseanswered, saying, ‘Since there will not beenough for us and for you, go rather to thedealers and buy for yourselves.’ And whilethey were going to buy, the bridegroomcame, and those who were ready went inwith him to the marriage feast, and thedoor was shut. Afterward the other virginscame also, saying, ‘Lord, lord, open to us.’But he answered, ‘Truly, I say to you, I donot know you.’Watch therefore, for you know neither theday nor the hour.

1.What is the message of the Parable ofthe 10 Virgins (Sometimes called theParable of the 10 Bridesmaids)?Whichbridesmaids are considered unfaithful?“We the bridesmaids sing your praises as happywomen, bride of God, virgin still, Ecclesia. Mypurity intact for you, my lamp alight in my hand,Bridegroom, I come out to meet you.Methodius of Olympus (311)“Thoughts to PonderWhich ones are faithful? Why?2.How will these bridesmaids beseparated from the others? Whom do thebridesmaids represent?3.Once the bridesmaids have becomeseparated from the bridegroom, is thereany other opportunity for them torespond?What does that tell us aboutour need to be ready for the secondcoming of Christ?4.For further study of this parable,consider reading some of the followingpassages:Psalm 119: 105Proverbs 6: 20-23Unknown, Ceiling Fresco (c. 1300)Painted on the ceiling of High Decani Monasteryin Kosovo, Serbia, this Fresco shows the Parableof the 10 Virgins. Classical artwork depicting thisparable virtually always depicts a walled gardenor city wall.This represents that the 5bridesmaids that were prepared will live eternallywith Jesus, their bridegroom, while those that arenot prepared will be eternally separated from Himand unable to enter Paradise that is just beyondthe wall.

April 1stKnown as Holy Wednesday or Spy WednesdayHistorical BackgroundDevotional ReadingFrom Wednesday forward, the symbolismMatthew 26: 14-16of the week became even more dramaticas the people involved themselves in theexperience.During these early centuries,the church expressed confidence that theyknew where these events had taken placeso they would actually walk to thoseThen one of the twelve, whose name wasJudas Iscariot, went to the chief priestsand said, “What will you give me if Ideliver him over to you?” And they paidhim thirty pieces of silver. And from thatmoment he sought an opportunity tobetray him.Matthew 26: 47-56While he was still speaking, Judas came,locations to worship. They could see andone of the twelve, and with him a greatfeel the same images and sounds from thecrowd with swords and clubs, from thechief priests and the elders of the people.actual events that were only decades old.Now the betrayer had given them a sign,saying, “The one I will kiss is the man;seize him.” And he came up to Jesus atOn Wednesday, the service would end withthe pastor reading from the gospelregarding the betrayal of Judas Iscariot.While the passage was read, the peoplewould moan, groan, and literally weep as ifin the very moment.once and said, “Greetings, Rabbi!” And hekissed him. Jesus said to him, “Friend, dowhat you came to do.”[f] Then they cameup and laid hands on Jesus and seizedhim. And behold, one of those who werewith Jesus stretched out his hand anddrew his sword and struck the servant ofthe high priest and cut off his ear. ThenJesus said to him, “Put your sword back

will perish by the sword. Do you thinkthat I cannot appeal to my Father, andhe will at once send me more thantwelve legions of angels? But how then“We beg you, Lord, bring back those of yourpeople who have gone astray, feed the hungry, liftup the weak, take off the prisoners’ chains. Mayevery nation come to know that you alone areGod, that Jesus Christ is your Child, that we areyour people, the sheep that you pasture.should the Scriptures be fulfilled, that itmust be so?” At that hour Jesussaid to the crowds, “Have youcome out as against a robber, withClement of Rome (96)“into its place. For all who take the swordswords and clubs to capture me?Day after day I sat in the templeteaching, and you did not seizeme. But all this has taken placethat the Scriptures of the prophetsmight be fulfilled.” Then all thedisciples left him and fled.Thoughts to Ponder1.For what amount did Judasbetray the Lord?Because therewas no middle class, to thewealthy, it was a ver y smallamount,to the poor it was verylarge.2. For what amount are we willingto betray the Lord? To betray ourconvictions?3. In what ways am I as guilty asJudas?What am I doing undercover of darkness?Barna da Siena, “The Pact of Judas,” (c. 1350)This painting obviously represents the negotiations ofJudas with the Chief Priests to betray Jesus. Lookingclosely at the center of the painting, you can see Judascounting the coins in his hand while the priests holdadditional coins in a pouch should they need to negotiatefurther. The painting is very dark and the backdrop is asmall room with low ceilings. Through the windows, youcan see that it is nighttime. These elements show thenefarious nature of this event.

April 2ndKnown as Maundy Thursday, Holy Thursday, or Paschal ThursdayHistorical BackgroundDevotional ReadingIn the passion story, Thursday was Jesus’meeting with his disciples in the UpperRoom and His institution of The Lord’sSupper. On this day, the early church wouldreceive Communion.Worshippers wouldproceed to the Jewish synagogue, now aChristian church, where the disciples metwith Jesus.Here the Upper Roomdiscourse would be read.Luke 22: 7-9Then came the day of Unleavened Bread, onwhich the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. SoJesus[a] sent Peter and John, saying, “Go andprepare the Passover for us, that we may eat it.”Following this portion of the service, thepeople would continue to read and praywhile processing to the hill where Jesusascended into heaven. The worship wouldcontinue there.From this evening forward, the early churchwould worship for three continuous daysthrough Easter Sunday, stopping only to eatand sleep.Where we see MaundyThursday, Good Friday, Holy Saturday, andEaster Sunday, early Christians saw thisentire period as one act of worship — oneservice known as the Paschal Triduum orEaster Triduum. To them, there could be nocrucifixion without the betrayal and nore s u r re c t i o n w i t h o u t t h e c r u c i fi x i o n ;therefore, these acts of worship areinexorably linked.Luke 22: 14-27And when the hour came, he reclined at table,and the apostles with him. And he said to them, “Ihave earnestly desired to eat this Passover withyou before I suffer. For I tell you I will not eat ituntil it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” And hetook a cup, and when he had given thanks hesaid, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves.For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of thefruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”And he took bread, and when he had giventhanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying,“This is my body, which is given for you. Do this inremembrance of me.” And likewise the cup afterthey had eaten, saying, “This cup that is pouredout for you is the new covenant in my blood. Butbehold, the hand of him who betrays me is withme on the table. For the Son of Man goes as ithas been determined, but woe to that man bywhom he is betrayed!” And they began toquestion one another, which of them it could bewho was going to do this.A dispute also arose among them, as to which ofthem was to be regarded as the greatest. And hesaid to them, “The kings of the Gentiles exerciselordship over them, and those in authority overthem are called benefactors. But not so with you.Rather, let the greatest among you become as theyoungest, and the leader as one who serves. Forwho is the greater, one who reclines at table orone who serves? Is it not the one who reclines attable? But I am among you as the one whoserves.

2. About what were the disciples arguing?3.Are we also guilty of enjoying theblessings of being a Christ follower withoutbeing willing to serve and sacrifice?“Jesus, my feet are dirty. Come even as aslave to me, pour water into your bowl, comeand wash my feet. In asking such a thing Iknow I am overbold, but I dread what wasthreatened when you said to me, “If I do notwash your feet I have no fellowship with you.”Wash my feet then, because I long for yourcompanionship.(Origen, c. 185–254)“Thoughts to Ponder1. Why is it so important that Jesus choseto connect the Passover to The Lord’sSupper?Leonardo da Vinci, “The Last Supper,” (1495-1498)One of the most famous pieces of Christian art, The Last Supper portrays the moment immediatelyfollowing Jesus’ declaration that one of them would betray Him. The characters are arguing andgesturing, possibly claiming their own innocence while wondering who could possibly betray theirLord. Look closely and you can see that Judas (3 people to the left of Jesus) is already holding hisbag filled with 30 pieces of silver and has knocked over the salt pot — a symbol of betrayal. His headis lower than the others, representing shame or at least a fear of being discovered. Da Vinci filled hispainting with Trinitarian overtones — virtually everything in the painting can be found in groups of three.

April 3rdKnown as Good Friday or Paschal FridayHistorical BackgroundDevotional ReadingFollowing the Thursday night worship on thehill of the ascension, the people proceeded tothe place where Jesus is thought to haveprayed in the garden. The garden accountwas read and then the people begin the longascent to Gethsemane. This was all doneduring the dark of night.Matthew 27: 45-56At Gethsemane, the scriptures regarding thearrest of the Lord were read and much like inthe betrayal of Judas, the people respondedby weeping and wailing. The crowd thenprocessed to the city gate as the sun wasbeginning to rise. At the gate, the scriptureswere read by the pastors regarding the trial bypilate. The people were prayed over and thenencouraged to go home, rest, and return thatafternoon.Now from the sixth hour there wasdarkness over all the land until the ninthhour. And about the ninth hour Jesus criedout with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lemasabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God,why have you forsaken me?” And some ofthe bystanders, hearing it, said, “This manis calling Elijah.” And one of them at onceran and took a sponge, filled it with sourwine, and put it on a reed and gave it tohim to drink. But the others said, “Wait, letus see whether Elijah will come to saveThe people left for their homes but would firsttravel by the pillar where the Lord waswhipped in order to pray. After the peoplereturned from a period of rest, they wouldprepare to worship and celebrate the cross.Each person processed by the cross andactually kissed it. This was thought to be theactual cross of Christ’s crucifixion.him.” And Jesus cried out again with a loudFor the following three hours, all of the Psalmsand Prophetic passages regarding Jesus’Passion were read. The purpose was to teachthe people that everything that happened toJesus had been prophesied.Peoplespontaneously wept aloud.The dayconcluded with the reading of Joseph ofArimathea asking for the body of the Lord toplace in the tomb.tombs also were opened. And many bodiesvoice and yielded up his spirit.And behold, the curtain of the temple wastorn in two, from top to bottom. And theearth shook, and the rocks were split. Theof the saints who had fallen asleep wereraised, and coming out of the tombs afterhis resurrection they went into the holy cityand appeared to many. When the centurion

watch over Jesus, saw the earthquakeand what took place, they were filled withawe and said, “Truly this was the Son ofGod!”There were also many women there,looking on from a distance, who had“You have indeed protected us, Jesus, from endlessdisaster. You spread your hands like a Father andfatherlike gave cover with your wings. Your blood,God’s blood, you poured over the earth, sealing ablood-bargain for men because you loved them.What anger threatened you turned away from usand instead you gave back God’s friendship.Hippolytus of Rome (235)“and those who were with him, keepingfollowed Jesus from Galilee,ministering to him, among whomwere Mary Magdalene and Mary themother of James and Joseph andthe mother of the sons of Zebedee.Thoughts to Ponder1.Why did the curtain of thetemple tear in two at the death ofJesus?2. Why did Jesus ask the question,“My God, my God, why have youforsaken me?”Did God actuallyforsake His own son?3.To answer that question,consider reading the followingscriptures that prophesy or explainthe crucifixion:Psalm 22Isaiah 53: 4-5Galatians 3: 132 Corinthians 5: 21Michelangelo, “Pietà,” (1499)This famous sculpture is located in St. Peter’s Basilica inVatican City. Michelangelo chose to make a symbolicrepresentation of Mary holding the crucified Jesus ratherthan a realistic one. Notice that Jesus does not have anyof the wounds of the crucifixion except for small nail marksand a hole in His side. It is believed that Michelangelowanted his sculpture to focus less on the facts of Jesus’crucifixion and more on the spiritual ramifications — theserene appearance representing God’s satisfaction thatHe has created a way of reconciliation with man.

April 4thKnown as Holy Saturday or Paschal SaturdayHistorical BackgroundDevotional ReadingSaturday is somewhat unique in the Paschal/Matthew 27: 57-66When it was evening, there came a richEaster Triduum in that less is known aboutwhat happened that day.The early churchman from Arimathea, named Joseph, whoalso was a disciple of Jesus. He went toPilate and asked for the body of Jesus.quickly established Holy Saturday as one ofThen Pilate ordered it to be given to him.And Joseph took the body and wrapped itonly two days each year that new Christianscould be baptized. The symbolic connectionin a clean linen shroud and laid it in hisown new tomb, which he had cut in therock. And he rolled a great stone to thebetween the death, burial and resurrection ofJesus and the baptism of new believers isentrance of the tomb and went away. MaryMagdalene and the other Mary were there,sitting opposite the tomb.made even stronger when done as a part ofThe next day, that is, after the day ofthe actual symbolic reenactment of JesusPassion.Preparation, the chief priests and thePharisees gathered before Pilate and said,“Sir, we remember how that impostor said,while he was still alive, ‘After three days Iwill rise.’ Therefore order the tomb to bemade secure until the third day, lest hisdisciples go and steal him away and tell

and the last fraud will be worse than thefirst.” Pilate said to them, “You have aguard of soldiers. Go, make it as secureas you can.” So they went and made thetomb secure by sealing the stone andsetting a guard.Thoughts to Ponder1.Why did Pilate order guards to watchMay he open the eyes that are concernednot with the present but with what is yet tocome; may he unseal the heart’s vision, thatwe may gaze on God in the spirit, throughthe same Lord, Jesus Christ, whose gloryand power will endure throughout theunending succession of ages.Origen (253)the tomb?2.“May the Lord Jesus put his hands on oureyes also, for then we too shall begin tolook not at what is seen but at what is notseen.“the people, ‘He has risen from the dead,’Can you imagine thethoughts of the disciples asthey saw the guards outsideof the sealed tomb?Do youthink they experiencedanger? Fear? Uncertainty?During that day of fear andconfusion, do you think thedisciples were faithful tocontinue the cause of Christor were they likely in hiding?3.How can our emotionsprevent us from beingfaithful?Unknown, “The Entombment of Christ,” (c. 1380)Frescos, such as this one, are wall paintings created usingwatercolors on wet plaster. As the plaster dried, the colorswould set and the painting would become virtually permanent.This fresco is located in the Transfiguration Church in KovalyovoRussia. As Jesus’ followers said their final goodbyes, you cansee the sense of fear and uncertainty on their faces. Lookinginto their eyes, you can see that clearly this day, this momentwas one of great pain and suffering.

April 5thKnown as Resurrection Sunday or Easter SundayHistorical BackgroundDevotional ReadingResurrection Sunday began as all of the daysMatthew 28: 1-10of Lent with the standard prayers of the day.Now after the Sabbath, toward the dawn ofFollowing those traditional prayers, the storythe first day of the week, Mary Magdaleneof Doubting Thomas was read.Thescriptural focus of this day was on Thomasseeing and believing that Jesus was raisedfrom the dead just as the church is to seeand believe.and the other Mary went to see the tomb.And behold, there was a great earthquake,for an angel of the Lord descended fromheaven and came and rolled back thestone and sat on it. His appearance wasIn most modern churches, Resurrection/like lightning, and his clothing white asEaster Sunday is the great crescendo of thesnow. And for fear of him the guardschurch year, but the early church consideredtrembled and became like dead men. ButEaster to be the entire period from thethe angel said to the women, “Do not beresurrection to the ascension of Jesus andafraid, for I know that you seek Jesus whoeven to the celebration of Pentecost — 50days after Easter.Those days are so sacred, no one ispermitted to fast because the followers ofJesus are now symbolically feasting withwas crucified. He is not here, for he hasrisen, as he said. Come, see the placewhere he lay. Then go quickly and tell hisdisciples that he has risen from the dead,and behold, he is going before you toJesus — there are no fast days during aGalilee; there you will see him. See, I havefeast.told you.” So they departed quickly from

to tell his disciples. And behold, Jesusmet them and said, “Greetings!” And theycame up and took hold of his feet andworshiped him. Then Jesus said to them,“Do not be afraid; go and tell my brothersto go to Galilee, and there they will seeme.”“Joy to all creatures, honor, feasting, delight. Darkdeath is destroyed and life is restoredeverywhere. The gates of heaven are open. Godhas shown himself man, man has gone up to hima God. The gates of hell God has shattered, thebars of Adam’s prison broken. The people of theworld have risen from the dead bringing goodnews: what was promised is fulfilled. From theearth has come singing and dancing.Hippolytus of Rome (235)“the tomb with fear and great joy, and ranThoughts to Ponder1.What a difference a daymakes. How are the emotionsand experiences of todaydifferent from yesterday?Isthere still a degree of fear 2.How did the resurrectionchange things for thedisciples?3. How does it change thingsfor you?Paulo Uccello, Stained Glass in Duomo, Florence (1443)Duomo is not a city but rather the main cathedral of a major city— in this case, Florence. Artists of this period tended to portrayChrist’s resurrection symbolically rather than literally. In thiswindow, Jesus is levitating from coffin rather than his tomb,foreshadowing His ascension. Jesus is holding a banner ofvictory emblazoned with a red cross representing His victoryover sin and death.

All pictures used in this document are a part of the public domain.Information used for the historical backgrounds comes from the Diary of Egeria.Egeria, and George E. Gingras. Egeria: Diary of a Pilgrimage. New York: Newman Press, 1970.

For each day of Holy Week, beginning with Palm (or Passion) Sunday, this devotional has four parts: a short explanation of how the early church celebrated that particular day, a scripture passage and devotional thought, an ancient prayer written by one of the earlier church fathers (5th century or . Jesus, from Nazareth of Galilee.” .

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