Word Count: 2,984 A Selection From Robinson

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Robinson CrusoeA Reading A–Z Level Z Leveled BookWord Count: 2,984ConnectionsWritingImagine you are Robinson Crusoe. Createseveral journal entries based on what youare feeling while you are stranded. Becreative. Remember to include adjectives,adverbs, and sensory details.LEVELED BOOK ZA Selection fromRobinsonCrusoeSocial StudiesFind clues in the story about the setting.Research locations around the world thathave similar characteristics. Where do youthink Robinson Crusoe is located? Useevidence to write a paragraph explainingyour claim.Z ZZ1 Adapted from the writing of Daniel DefoeIllustrated by David CockcroftVisit www.readinga-z.comfor thousands of books and materials.www.readinga-z.com2

Words to KnowA Selection paulinAdapted from the writing of Daniel DefoeIllustrated by David Cockcroftwww.readinga-z.comFocus QuestionHow do Robinson Crusoe’s survival skillshelp him while he is stranded?A Selection from Robinson CrusoeLevel Z Leveled Book Learning A–ZAdapted from the writing of Daniel DefoeIllustrated by David CockcroftAll rights reserved.www.readinga-z.comCorrelationLEVEL ZFountas & Pinnell U–VReading Recovery N/ADRA50

Table of ContentsShipwrecked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Luck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Afloat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Shelter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Storm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Hope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22In this classic novel, Robinson Crusoe, an Englishsailor exploring the Caribbean and South America,becomes stranded on a tropical island when his shipis blown off course and wrecked. This part of the storyopens when Crusoe finds himself alone on the island,the only member of the ship’s crew to survive.ShipwreckedI looked to the wrecked ship, but the wavesand spray of the sea were so big, I could hardlysee it. It lay so far off. How was it possible I hadgotten on shore?A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Level Z34

After I had calmed my mind with therealization that I was alive, I began to lookaround to see what kind of place I was in. I soonhad a dreadful shock. I was wet, had no warmclothes to cover me, nor anything to eat or drink.I couldn’t see any future before me except dyingfrom hunger or being eaten by wild beasts. Thisthrew me into such misery that for a while I ranabout like a madman. Night coming upon me,I began with a heavy heart to consider whatwould be my fate if there were any dangerousbeasts in that country. At night, they alwayscome out for their prey.The only solution that entered my thoughtswas to get up into a thick, bushy tree that grewnear me. I resolved to sit all night and considerwhat death I should die. I saw no chance ofsurviving. I walked from the shore to see if Icould find any fresh water to drink, which I did,to my great joy. Having drunk, I went to the tree.After getting up into it, I tried to place myselfso that if I should sleep, I might not fall. I cut ashort stick, like a club, for my defense and tookup my lodging. Extremely tired, I fell fast asleepand slept as comfortably as few could have donein my condition.A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Level ZLuckWhen I awoke, it was broad day, the weatherclear, and the storm had stopped. The sea did notrage and swell as before. But what surprised memost was that the ship had lifted in the night.It was driven up almost as far as the rock that Imentioned, where I had been bruised by the wavedashing me against it. This was within a milefrom shore, and the ship seemed to stand upright.I wanted to get on board so at least I might savesome necessary things for my use. . . .56

A little after noon, I found the sea very calmand the tide gone so far out that I could comewithin a quarter of a mile of the ship. And heremy grief returned, for I saw that if we had stayedon board, we would have been safe. I would nothave been left entirely alone. This forced tears tomy eyes again, but there was little relief in that.I resolved, if possible, to get to the ship. SoI pulled off my clothes—for the weather wasextremely hot—and took to the water. But whenI came to the ship, I did not know how to get onboard, for she lay high out of the water, and therewas nothing within my reach to lay hold of.I swam round her twice, and the second time Ispied a small piece of rope hanging above me.With great difficulty I got hold of it. By the helpof that rope, I got up onto the deck of the ship.Here I found that the ship had a great dealof water in her hold, but she lay on the sideof a bank so her stern lifted up, and all in thatpart was dry. My first work was to search andsee what was spoiled and what was free. First, Ifound that all the ship’s food was dry anduntouched by the water. Being very hungry, Iwent to the bread room and filled my pocketswith biscuits. I ate as I went about other things,for I had no time to lose. . . .A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Level ZWe had several spare masts in the ship. Iresolved to work with these, and I flung as manyof them overboard as I could manage. I tied everyone with a rope so they might not drift away.When this was done, I went down the ship’s side.Pulling them to me, I tied four of them togetherat both ends in the form of a raft. Laying two orthree short pieces of plank upon them crossways,I found I could walk upon it very well. . . . Myraft was now strong enough to bear anyreasonable weight.Having considered well what I most wanted,I got three of the seamen’s chests. I opened andemptied them and lowered them down upon myraft. The first of these I filled with food—bread,rice, three Dutch cheeses, five pieces of driedgoat’s flesh, and a little bit of European corn.78

While I was doing this, the tide began to rise,though very calmly. I was distressed to see mycoat, shirt, and waistcoat, which I had left on theshore, float away. However, this set me searchingfor clothes, of which I found enough. I took nomore than I wanted for present use. I had otherthings which I was more eager to get. The firstthings I wanted were tools to work with on shore.After long searching, I found the carpenter’s chest.It was a very useful prize to me and much morevaluable than a shipload of gold would have beenat that time.My next thought was for some ammunitionand arms. There were two very good huntingrifles in the cabin and two pistols. I knew therewere three barrels of gunpowder in the ship, butknew not where our gunner had stowed them.After a long search I found them, two of them dryand good, though the third had taken water. Thedry two I got to my raft. And now I thought myraft pretty well loaded.I began to think howI should get to shore,having neither sail, oar,nor rudder. The leastcapful of wind wouldhave overturned my raft.A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Level Z9AfloatI had three encouragements: first, a smooth,calm sea; second, the tide rising; third, what littlewind there was blew me toward land. And thus,having found two or three broken oars, I put tosea. For a mile or thereabouts my raft went verywell, though it went a little distant from the placewhere I had landed before. I noticed that therewas some movement of the water. I hoped tofind some creek or river that I might use as a port.As I imagined, so it was. There appeared a littleopening of the land, and I found a strong currentof the tide set into it. I guided my raft as well as Icould, keeping in the middle of the stream.But here I almost suffered a second shipwreck,which would have broken my heart. My raft ranaground at one end upon some rocks and tiltedso that the smallest wave would have sent all mycargo off into the water.10

I did my best to set my back against the cheststo keep them in their places. But even using allmy strength, I could not free the raft. I dared notstir from the posture I was in, holding up thechests with all my might.I stood in that manner nearly half an hour,during which time the rising of the tide floatedmy raft again. Eventually I came to the mouth ofa little river, with land on both sides. A strongcurrent of tide was running up. I looked on bothsides for a proper place to get to shore.At length I spied a little cove on the rightshore of the creek. With great pain and difficultyI guided my raft there. At last I got so near that,reaching ground with my oar, I could pull her in.But here I almost dropped all my cargo into thesea again. The shore lay pretty steep, and therewas no place to land. If one end of my raft ranon shore it would lie so high, and the othersink so low, that it would spill my cargo. Allthat I could do was to wait till the tide was high,keeping the raft near shore with my oar. As soonas I found water enough, I thrust her upon a flatpiece of ground and there fastened her. Thus I laytill the tide went out and left my raft and all mycargo safe on shore.A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Level Z11ShelterMy next work was to view the country andseek a proper place for shelter and to stow mygoods. Where I was, I knew not. Was this placethe continent or an island, inhabited or notinhabited, in danger of wild beasts or not? Therewas a hill not more than a mile from me that roseup very steep and high. I took one of the huntingrifles and a horn of powder, and thus armed, Itraveled up to the top of that hill. After great laborand difficulty, I got to the top. I saw, to my greatdistress, that I was on an island surrounded on allsides by the sea. No land to be seen except somerocks, which lay a great way off, and two smallerislands, which lay about ten miles to the west. . . .12

Having seen this, I came back to my raft. I fellto work to bring my cargo on shore, which tookup the rest of that day. What to do with myself atnight, I knew not. I was afraid to lie down on theground, not knowing if some wild beast might eatme, though I afterwards found no need for thosefears. I went to work to make a little tent witha sail and some poles. Into this tent I broughteverything that I knew would spoil either withrain or sun. I piled all the empty chests and casksup in a circle round the tent. This fortified it fromany sudden attack, either from man or beast.I now began to consider that I might get a greatmany things that would be useful to me out of theship. I knew that the first storm might break herall in pieces. I resolved to put all other thingsoff till I had got everything out of the ship thatI could get. . . .StormI had been now thirteen days on shore and hadbeen eleven times on the ship. I had brought awayall that one pair of hands could bring. I believe,had the calm weather held, I should have broughtaway the whole ship, piece by piece.But the twelfth time I went on board, I foundthe wind began to rise. I thought nothing morecould be found. Yet I discovered a locker with twoor three razors and one pair of large scissors, withsome ten or a dozen good knives and forks.In another I found money—some Europeancoin, some Brazilian, some gold, and some silver.I smiled to myself at the sight of this money.“Money!” said I, aloud, “what are you good for?You are not worth anything to me—no, not worthtaking off the ground. One of those knives isworth all this heap.”A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Level Z1314

I began to think of making another raft. WhileI was preparing this, the sky grew overcast, andthe wind began to rise. In a quarter of an hour, itblew a strong wind from the shore.It occurred to me that it was pointless to makea raft with the wind blowing out to sea. I neededto be gone before the tide turned; otherwise, Imight not be able to reach the shore at all.Accordingly, I let myself down into the water andswam across the channel. Even that was difficult,partly with the weight of the things I had andpartly because of the roughness of the water.The wind rose very hastily. Before long, itblew a storm. But I had gotten home to my littletent, where I lay with all my wealth about me,very secure.It blew very hard all night. In the morningwhen I looked out, behold, no more ship was tobe seen! I was a little surprised, but thought tomyself with satisfaction that I had lost no timegetting everything out of her that could be usefulto me. Indeed, there was little left in her that Imight have brought away if I had had more time.I now gave up any more thoughts of the ship, orof anything out of her, except what might float onshore from her wreck. Indeed, pieces of her did,but those things were of small use to me.A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Level Z15HomeI soon found that the place I was in was notfit for my settlement because it was upon low,marshy ground near the sea. I resolved to finda more healthy and convenient spot of ground.I thought of several things I needed: first,healthy and fresh water; second, shelter fromthe heat of the Sun; third, security from danger,whether man or beast; fourth, a view to the sea.I needed to be able to sight any ships so as not tolose any chance of escape.16

In search of a proper place, I found a littleplain on the side of a rising hill whose front wasas steep as a house-side. Nothing could comedown from the top. On the side of the rock therewas a hollow place, worn a little way in. It waslike the entrance or door of a cave, but there wasnot any cave.When I was in, I lifted the ladder over after me. Iwas completely fenced. I slept secure in the night,which otherwise I could not have done. I realizedafterwards, though, that there was no need of allthis caution.Into this fence or fortress, with much labor,I carried all my riches, all my provisions,ammunition, and stores. I made a large tent toprotect me from the rains. I made a smaller tentwithin and covered the top tent with a largetarpaulin that I had saved among the sails. Andnow I lay not in the bed that I had brought onshore, but in a hammock. It was a very good onethat had belonged to the mate of the ship.On the flat, just in front of this hollow place,I resolved to pitch my tent. This plain was lessthan a hundred yards broad and about twice aslong, and lay like a lawn before my door. At theend, it descended down into the low ground bythe seaside. It was on the north side of the hill,so it was sheltered from the heat every day tillnear sunset.Before I set up my tent, I drew a half-circlein front of the hollow place. In this half-circle Ipitched two rows of strong stakes. I drove theminto the ground till they stood very firm. Thebiggest end stood out of the ground five and ahalf feet and was sharpened on the top. Thisfence was so strong that neither man nor beastcould get into it or over it. This cost me a greatdeal of time and labor.The entrance into this place I made, not bya door, but by a short ladder to go over the top.A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Level Z1718

HopeWhen I had done this, I began to work my wayinto the rock. Thus I made a cave, just behind mytent, which served me like a cellar to my house.Having now fixed my shelter, I found it absolutelynecessary to provide a place to make a fire andfuel to burn. What I did for that, and how Ienlarged my cave, I shall tell in its place. But Imust now give some mention of myself and of mythoughts about living.A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Level Z19I was cast away upon that island after havingbeen driven by a violent storm. We were quite outof the course of our planned voyage and somehundreds of leagues out of ordinary trade routes.I had great reason to consider it my fate that inthis desolate place, and in this desolate manner, Ishould end my life. Many tears would run downmy face when I had these thoughts. SometimesI would ask myself why I was so absolutelymiserable, so without help, abandoned, so entirelydepressed. It could hardly be reasonable to bethankful for such a life.20

But something always turned around insideme and stopped these thoughts. Particularly oneday, walking by the seaside, I was very sorrowfulabout my present condition. But I thought tomyself, “Well, you are in a desolate condition, it istrue. But, pray remember, where is the rest of yourcrew? Did not eleven of you come in the boat?Where are the other ten? Why were they notsaved, and you lost? Why were you singled out?Is it better to be here or there?” and then I pointedto the sea. All evils are to be compared with thegood that is in them, and with what worse mighthave been.If you would like to read more of Robinson Crusoe’sadventures, ask your librarian for the book RobinsonCrusoe by Daniel Defoe.Glossaryarms (n.)weapons or firearms (p. 9)casks (n.)barrels that hold liquids (p. 13)desolate (adj.)empty, alone, and unwelcoming(p. 20)fortified (v.)made stronger or more resistantto attack (p. 13)hold (n.)the cargo deck or interior ofa ship (p. 7)leagues (n.)units of measure; about 5kilometers or 3 miles (p. 20)provisions (n.) supplies, especially those takenon a journey (p. 18)realization (n.) the act of understandingsomething clearly for the firsttime (p. 5)resolved (v.)decided (p. 5)stern (n.)the back end of a boat or ship (p. 7)stranded (adj.) left behind; in a helpless situation(p. 4)tarpaulin (n.)A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Level Z2122a sheet of waterproof fabric (p. 18)

Adapted from the writing of Daniel Defoe Illustrated by David Cockcroft Robinson Crusoe A Reading A–Z Level Z Leveled Book Word Count: 2,984 A Selection from Robinson Crusoe Z Z 1 Z 2 Writing Imagine you are Robinson Crusoe. Create several journal entries based on what you are feeling while you are stranded. Be creative. Remember to .

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