HPE Dynamic Smart Array B140i RAID Controller User Guide

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HPE Dynamic Smart Array B140iRAID ControllerUser GuideAbstractThis document is for the person who installs, administers, and troubleshoots servers and storage systems. Hewlett Packard Enterpriseassumes you are qualified in the servicing of computer equipment and trained in recognizing hazards in products with hazardous energylevels.Part Number:788039-003bApril 2016Edition: 4

Copyright 2014, 2016 Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LPThe information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for Hewlett Packard Enterprise products and servicesare set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constitutingan additional warranty. Hewlett Packard Enterprise shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein.Microsoft , Windows , and Windows Server are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United Statesand/or other countries.Linux is the registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the U.S. and other countries.Red Hat is a registered trademark of Red Hat, Inc. in the United States and other countries.VMware is a registered trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions.Ubuntu and Canonical are registered trademarks of Canonical Ltd.

ContentsOverview .5About the HPE Dynamic Smart Array B140i RAID controller .5Features .5Enabling and configuring the controller.6Boot mode .6Enabling the controller .6Configuring an array .7Setting the controller read cache .7Installing device drivers.8Hewlett Packard Enterprise product QuickSpecs .8Device drivers overview .8VMware ESX operating systems .8Installing the device driver as an update .8Installing Linux device drivers .9Installing device drivers (Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6).9Installing device drivers (Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7).10Installing device drivers (SUSE Enterprise Linux) .11Installing device drivers (Ubuntu Server Linux) .12Windows operating systems .13Manually injecting the device driver during OS installation .13Replacing, moving, or adding hard drives.15Drive LEDs .15Recognizing drive failure .15Effects of a hard drive failure .16Compromised fault tolerance.16Recovering from compromised fault tolerance .17Replacing hard drives .17Guidelines.17Data recovery (rebuild) .18Time required for a rebuild .18Abnormal termination of a rebuild.19Moving hard drives and arrays .20Adding drives .21Migrating hard drives to an optional Smart Array controller .21Migrating hard drives to an optional Smart Array controller (Windows) .21Migrating drives to an optional host bus adapter .22Software and configuration utilities .23HPE Smart Storage Administrator .23Service Pack for ProLiant .23Intelligent Provisioning .24HPE UEFI System Utilities .24Using HPE UEFI System Utilities .24Diagnostic tools .25Keeping the controller current .25Support and other resources .26Support and training information .26Electrostatic discharge .27Preventing electrostatic discharge .27Grounding methods to prevent electrostatic discharge .27Contents3

Warranty and regulatory information.28Warranty information .28Regulatory information .28Safety and regulatory compliance .28Belarus Kazakhstan Russia marking .28Turkey RoHS material content declaration .29Ukraine RoHS material content declaration .29Communications interference .29Acronyms and abbreviations.31Documentation feedback .33Index .34Contents4

OverviewAbout the HPE Dynamic Smart Array B140i RAIDcontrollerThe HPE Dynamic Smart Array B140i RAID controller is a RAID solution combining SATA ports andproprietary software components. Eliminating most of the hardware RAID controller components, andrelocating advanced RAID algorithms from a hardware-based controller into device driver software lowersthe total solution cost, while still maintaining comparable RAID protection and full compatibility with SmartArray disk format, configuration utilities, and management/monitoring software.The Dynamic Smart Array controllers share the same easy and consistent UI with standup Smart Arraycontrollers, thus making storage management and deployment easier for IT workers.FeaturesThe B140i controller has the following features: RAID 0, 1, 10, 5 Maximum drives supported—10 Maximum LUNs supported—10 Active Health Support iLO Management support Drive temperature reporting via iLO HPE SSA support UEFI BIOS Smart Carrier support ("Drive LEDs" on page 15) Hot-plug and non-hot-plug configurations SATA hard drive, SATA SSD, and SATA M.2 drive support Work load logging SSD Wear Gauge SMART Drive rebuild Online spares Predictive spare activationIMPORTANT: The Dynamic Smart Array B140i Controller supports UEFI Boot Mode only. Itdoes not support Legacy BIOS Boot Mode.For more information about product features, specifications, options, configurations, and compatibility,see the product QuickSpecs on the Hewlett Packard Enterprise website (http://www.hpe.com/info/qs).Overview 5

Enabling and configuring the controllerBoot modeUse this option to set the boot mode for the system. HPE ProLiant Gen9 servers provide two boot modeconfigurations: UEFI Mode and Legacy BIOS Mode. Certain boot options described in this guide requirethat you select a specific boot mode.By default, the boot mode is set to UEFI Mode. The system must boot in UEFI Mode to use the followingoptions: Secure Boot, UEFI Optimized Boot, Generic USB Boot, IPv6 PXE Boot, iSCSI Boot, and Boot fromURL Fibre Channel/FCoE Scan Policy Embedded User Partition BL140i Smart Array SW RAID controllerNOTE: The boot mode you use must match the operating system installation. If not, changingthe boot mode can impact the ability of the server to boot to the installed operating system.To select a Boot Mode:1.From the System Utilities screen, select System Configuration BIOS/Platform Configuration(RBSU) Boot Options Boot Mode and press the Enter key.2.Select a setting and press the Enter key:oUEFI Mode (default)—Configures the system to boot to a UEFI-compatible operating system.NOTE: Configure the system to use native UEFI graphic drivers when booting to the UEFIMode.oLegacy BIOS Mode—Configures the system to boot to a traditional operating system in LegacyBIOS compatibility mode.3.Press the F10 key to save your selection.4.Reboot the server for the change to take effect.Enabling the controllerThe SATA chipset used by the HPE Dynamic Smart Array B140i RAID controller may be configured as aSATA AHCI controller, or it may be configured as a B140i controller. On some platforms, SATA AHCImode is the default, and the B140i controller may need to be enabled before use.To enable the B140i controller:1.Reboot the server.The server starts up and the HPE ProLiant POST screen appears within a few minutes.2.Press the F9 key in the ProLiant POST screen. The System Utilities screen appears.3.From the System Utilities screen, select System Configuration BIOS/Platform Configuration(RBSU) System Options SATA Controller Options Embedded SATA Configuration Enable HPE Dynamic Smart Array RAID Support, and then press the Enter key.Enabling and configuring the controller6

4.Ensure that you are using the correct AHCI or RAID system drivers for your SATA option.5.Select a setting and press Enter:a. Enable SATA AHCI Support—Enables the embedded chipset SATA controller for AHCI.b. Enable HPE Dynamic Smart Array RAID Support—Enables the embedded chipset SATAcontroller for Dynamic Smart Array RAID.6.Press the F10 key to save your selection.Configuring an arrayFor the most efficient use of drive space, all drives within an array should have approximately the samecapacity. Each configuration utility treats every physical drive in an array as if it has the same capacity asthe smallest drive in the array. Any excess capacity of a particular drive cannot be used in the array.Therefore, the capacity is unavailable for data storage.The more physical drives that are in an array, the greater the probability that the array will experience adrive failure during any given period. To reduce the risk of data loss that might occur when a drive fails,configure all logical drives in an array with a suitable fault-tolerance (RAID) method.To configure an array, use Intelligent Provisioning (on page 24) to enter HPE SSA ("HPE Smart StorageAdministrator" on page 23). For more information about using HPE SSA to configure an array, see theSmart Storage Administrator User Guide on the Hewlett Packard Enterprise .Setting the controller read cacheHPE Dynamic Smart Array RAID controllers can use a configurable amount of main system memory forread caching. The default amount of memory used is 64 MB. However, this value can be set to 0, 64, or128 MB.Use HPE SSA ("HPE Smart Storage Administrator" on page 23) in offline mode to configure the amountof read cache. For more information, see the Smart Storage Administrator User Guide on the HewlettPackard Enterprise website ng and configuring the controller7

Installing device driversHewlett Packard Enterprise product QuickSpecsFor more information about product features, specifications, options, configurations, and compatibility,see the product QuickSpecs on the Hewlett Packard Enterprise website (http://www.hpe.com/info/qs).Device drivers overviewIMPORTANT: If necessary, enable the controller before installing device drivers. For moreinformation, see "Enabling the controller."A device driver is required for the operating system to communicate with the disk drive controller. Formore information on supported operating systems, see the product page for the appropriate controller onthe Hewlett Packard Enterprise website (http://www.hpe.com/info/dynamicsa).The device drivers are provided with Service Pack for ProLiant (on page 23). Use Intelligent Provisioning(on page 24) to install the controller drivers.Driver updates are posted to the Hewlett Packard Enterprise website(http://www.hpe.com/support/hpesc). When prompted for product information, enter the appropriateserver model name or controller model.VMware ESX operating systemsTo obtain the device drivers you must obtain the Hewlett Packard Enterprise custom image for VMware.To obtain the custom image, see the Hewlett Packard Enterprise website(http://www.hpe.com/software/softwaredepot) and select the Virtualization Software/ServerVirtualization category. For more information on supported servers, see the HPE ProLiant Gen9 servercompatibility matrix for HPE Smart Array controllers on the Hewlett Packard Enterprise .You can obtain the device driver for VMware in one of the following two ways: By purchasing a VMware license from Hewlett Packard Enterprise. If you purchase a license fromHewlett Packard Enterprise, the device driver will already be installed. The HPE Dynamic SmartArray driver (hpdsa) is installed on ESXi custom images by default. For more information and toobtain the images, see the Hewlett Packard Enterprise website (http://www.hpe.com). By installing the device driver as an update (on page 8)Installing the device driver as an update1.On the ESXi system console, press the F2 key.2.Log in as root.3.Select Troubleshooting Options.4.Select Enable ESXi Shell, and then Enable SSH.5.Press the Escape key twice to return to the main screen.6.Press the Alt-F1 key to log in to the ESXi system console as root.7.To copy the new hpdsa driver to the target system, enter:Installing device drivers8

scp IP Addr of location with VIB : Path to VIB / VIB filename IP Addr ofESXi server : location Example:scp 65.x86 64.vib10.10.10.25:/tmp8.At the esxcli, enter:esxcli software vib install -v Full patch to VIB --force --no-sig-check--maintenance-modeExample:esxcli software vib install -v/tmp/scsi-hpdsa-5.0.0.12-1OEM.500.0.0.406165.x86 64.vib --force--no-sig-check --maintenance-modeIf the installation is successful, the following message appears.9.Reboot the server for the update to take effect.Installing Linux device driversTo obtain the following Linux operating systems, use the driver updated diskette (DUD) images located onthe Service Pack for ProLiant (SPP) DVD or the .Hewlett Packard Enterprise website(http://www.hpe.com/info/hpesc). Red Hat Enterprise Linux SUSE Linux EnterpriseFor Ubuntu disc images, see the Hewlett Packard Enterprise /ubuntu-hpdsa/).Before installing the device drivers, observe the following conditions: Be sure you have already created a logical volume using the Intelligent Provisioning software("Intelligent Provisioning" on page 24) or HPE SSA ("HPE Smart Storage Administrator" on page23). Be sure you have a USB device containing the DUD image.The

configurations: UEFI Mode and Legacy BIOS Mode. Certain boot options described in this guide require that you select a specific boot mode. By default, the boot mode is set to UEFI Mode. The system must boot in UEFI Mode to use the following options: Secure Boot, UEFI Optimized Boot, Generic USB Boot, IPv6 PXE Boot, iSCSI Boot, and Boot from URL

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