Series Circuit - All-in-One High School

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Circuit LabParallel and Series cuit-construction-kit-dcDownload the applet. You must have Java 6 on your computer (Mac’s won’t do this,because they won’t run Java). If you do not have the correct version of Java on yourcomputer, you can download it for free fromhttp://www.java.com/en/download/index.jspWires – you can change the length and orientation of the wires by clicking anddragging on the yellow circles on the ends of them. The little circles that are in thewire are the electrons. They will not move until you have a complete loop from oneside of the battery to the other. Notice the speed that the electrons move, faster higher current.Resistors – you can change the resistance of the resistors by right clicking on themand opening the dialogue box. Notice that when you change the resistance, thecolor bands on the resistor change colors to correspond to the resistance shown.You can show the value on the picture by right clicking and selecting “show value.”The default is 10 ohms, so you’ll have to change it to the correct value.Battery – You can change the voltage of the battery by right clicking on it andselecting “Change Voltage”. You can also show the voltage the by selecting, “showvalue”. Don’t worry about changing the internal resistance of the battery. Leave it atzero ohms. The default voltage is 9 VVoltmeter – To use the voltmeter to find the voltage drop, you need to click on the“voltmeter” box on the right. It will place a voltmeter on the board. You then needto drag the voltmeter to the position that you want to use it. You can drag the redand black leads so that they touch either side of the part of the resistor you want tomeasure. Make sure that the voltage reading is positive. If it is negative, you hookedthem up backwards and need to switch them.Ammeter – To use the ammeter, again, check the box next to “Ammeter”. This time,the ammeter was added to the list of devices that you can place into your circuit.Ammeters measure current and have to become PART of the circuit, so you need todisconnect the circuit in order to place the ammeter in it. To disconnect, you need toright click on the yellow circle on the end of the wire and select “split junction”. Thatwill separate the wires. Drag the ammeter from the box to place it IN the circuit andconnect it with wires to the rest of the circuit. The current will show up in thedisplay.

You are going to build 2 series circuits, 2 parallel circuits and one combination circuitand measure the current through and voltage across each resistor.Series Circuit:You will construct the following series circuit:On the board, it should look like this:I R 12ΩV I V 9VR 12ΩV I What color are the color bands onthe resistor?Use the voltmeter to measure the voltage across the battery and each resistor. Recordin diagram above. It will look like this to measure the voltage across the battery:When you measure the current from thebattery, it will look like this:The second series circuit will have a 12 Ω and a 24 Ω resistor in it.

I V 9VWhat do the color bands for the 24 Ωresistor look like?How does the flow of electrons throughthe wires in this one compare to the lastone?R 12ΩV I R 24ΩV I Record the voltage and current in thediagram to the left.How does the voltage across the 12 Ω resistor compare to that from the battery and the24 Ω resistor?How does the current through the 12 Ω resistor compare to that from the battery andthe 24 Ω resistor?

Now you will construct a parallel circuit with two 12 Ω resistors according the diagrambelow:It will look like this on the board:I V 9VR 12ΩV I R 12ΩV I How does the motion of the electrons in the wires from the battery compare to the firstseries circuit?How does the motion of the electrons through the resistors compare to those from thebattery?Measure the voltage and resistance at each indicated spot and record in the chart above.I V 9VR 12ΩV I R 24ΩV I Make a second parallel circuit with a 12 Ω and a 24Ωresistor.Record the voltages and currents through each part.How does the voltage across the 12 Ω resistor compareto that from the battery and the 24 Ω resistor?How does the current through the 12 Ω resistorcompare to that from the battery and the 24 Ω resistor?

Turn in THIS PAGE ONLYNow you are going to create a combination circuit. You will have two 12 Ω resistors inparallel with each other and in series with a 24Ω resistor.Record the voltages and the currents in the table below.***Draw what the setup looks like***R 18ΩV I R 6ΩV I R 12ΩV I How are the currents/voltages similar/different through each resistor? Explain youranswers. This answer is what will be graded, so be as complete as possible, usinginformation from the previous circuits to support your answer.

Circuit Lab Parallel and Series Circuits . You are going to build 2 series circuits, 2 parallel circuits and one combination circuit and measure the current through and voltage across each resistor. . parallel with each other and in series with a 24Ω resistor.

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