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CENTER FOR ARMY LESSONS LEARNEDCALL INSIDER1st Quarter, FY2019Recent CALL PublicationsDirector’s Corner19-02: Into the Valleysof Death — Avoiding thePitfalls of Transitions inOperations (CAC login required)After almost six months asCALL Director, I’ve made a feworganizational changes that areprimarily invisible to you, but areefforts that further CALL’s missionin driving change and supportingthe Army as it transitions to a largescale ground combat operationsfocus. Expect to see our productsand collections reflect that changeas we support exercises and deliverhandbooks and other publications.Also, you have probably noticed that we’ve taken the CALLInsider to a quarterly schedule; it will recap our publicationsas well as provide insights from the CTCs for the previousthree months. In addition, we will continue to produce themonthly “New Products From CALL” email (subscribe at [CAC login required] if you want to staycurrent on “What’s New”).Finally, we recently stood up a CALL Director’s Action Group(DAG) and I immediately charged them with producing aseries of essays on operations to stimulate thought anddiscussion. The first two DAG’Rs (DAG Reports) “TheNext Arms Race” and “Considerations for Multi-DomainOperation Success” can be found on the CALL publicwebsite. I encourage you to read and discuss them withyour teams.Mike LawsonCOL, FAGTA 19-10-002: Division andBCT Commander’s Guide toEmploying MP CompaniesThis handbook offers a multi-echeloncross-phase approach to avoiding themultiple valleys of death at the JointReadiness Training Center (JRTC).The intent is to separate the phasesof a JRTC rotation and examine eachin detail by echelon and warfightingfunction. The authors highlight the strands of connectivetissue that bind operations from one phase to the next; thisallows the reader to see the issues that repeat themselves.For example, a functional command post is every bit asimportant in the last phase as it is during the joint forcibleentry. Units should consider repetitive imperatives as focalpoints for standard operating procedures and for training inpreparation for a decisive action rotation. JLLIS link.18-37: The Army CombatFitness Test HandbookThis handbook is a compilation ofproducts developed by the Center forInitial Military Training in preparationfor the Army-wide implementationof the Army Combat Fitness Test(ACFT). Refinements are expectedas testing units provide feedback, butin the interim, this handbook providescommanders, leaders, and Soldierswith a guide to preparing for and administering the ACFT.JLLIS link.(CAC login required)This graphic training aid (GTA)provides a quick reference fordivision and brigade combat team(BCT) commanders and staff on howto best employ a standard militarypolice (MP) company under variousconditions and in support of majormissions. This is the first GTA in a leader series on MPemployment.Approved for Public ReleaseDistribution Unlimited18-36: Commander’s Guideto Gunnery Handbook (CAClogin required)This guide is written primarily forcommanders of maneuver unitsin armored, Stryker, or infantryformations, as well as cannon artilleryand Stinger air defense units. Thishandbook encompasses the criticaltraining that builds a unit’s abilityto shoot, move, and communicate.JLLIS link.1

CALL INSIDER1st Quarter, FY 2019News From the Front and CTCsRecent CALL Publications, cont.18-35: Security ForceAssistance Catalog (CAClogin required)This catalog provides adviseand assist doctrinal references,operationalobservations,andinsights that focus on past andpresent security force assistance(SFA) mission sets. The resourceslisted consist of SFA-focused CALLhandbooks, after action reports(AARs), News From the Front (NFTF) articles, field manuals,regulations, executive summaries, and other publications.JLLIS link.19-01: Security and the StatePartnership Program BulletinThe State Partnership Program isa Department of Defense securitycooperation program, managed andadministered by the National GuardBureau, executed and coordinated bythe geographic combatant commands(GCCs), with personnel sourced bythe National Guard. It is an innovative,small-footprint tool supporting thesecurity cooperation goals of the GCCs and the U.S. Chiefof Mission for the partner nation. This publication providesan overview of program highlights and activities. JLLIS link.Shaping the Security Environment in Europe:Saber Strike 18 Exercise Report (CAC loginrequired)This report provides a summary of key observations,insights, lessons, and best practices from a CALL-led multiorganizational collection and analysis team (CAAT) duringExercise Saber Strike 18 (SbS18). SbS18 and associatedexercises were conducted between 3-15 June 2018 atvarious locations throughout Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, andEstonia to deter potential adversaries and assure allies ofthe U.S. commitment to NATO’s collective defense. JLLISInitial Impressions Report: Multi-DomainOperations RIMPAC 2018 (CAC login required)The purpose of this publication is to provide insights, lessons,and best practices for operationalizing the emerging conceptof multi-domain operations (MDO) during the exercise Rimof the Pacific (RIMPAC) 2018. This initial impressions reportis the fifth installment of a series of publications and focuseson the employment of the Army Multi-Domain Task Force(MDTF) in the Asia-Pacific region. It will be used to informthe Army’s full doctrine, organization, training, materiel,leadership and education, personnel, facilities and policy(DOTMLPF-P) capability development for the MDTF pilotprogram, and inform a CALL MDO special study. JLLIS link.CALL INSIDERAdvising at the Ministerial Level inAfghanistan: Insights from Major GeneralWillard M. Burleson IIIInsights from Brig. Gen. S. Clinton HinoteStinger Employment in the Battalion Fight(CAC login required)Leveraging Information at the Brigade LevelCounter UAS 2.0 (CAC login required)Interoperable Communications in theMultinational Support Battalion (CAC loginrequired)Questions of Mobile Gun System PlatoonRelationships Within the SBCTThe 404th Civil Affairs Battalion — EnablingCapacity Building Through EnglishDiscussion GroupsSaber Guardian 17 Intermediate Staging BaseOperationsCamouflage in Medical OperationsClass VIII Blood Supply Support to CurrentOperations for Medical PlannersArmy Logistics Over-the-Shore: NauticalHorizon 18The Tropical Medicine Course CJTF-HOA forMedical Personnel Deployed to AfricaFY20 Lessons Learned Workshop!CALL hosts the FY20 Army Lessons Learned Workshop(ALLSWS), 26-27 MAR 2019, at the Frontier ConferenceCenter, Fort Leavenworth, KS. This annual event prioritizesand synchronizes future Army collection efforts to increasereadiness and the lethality of Army units and organizations.The event also facilitates collaboration with the Army LessonsLearned Program community to develop and enhance Armylessons learned initiatives. Official email invitations will besent across the Army and registration for invited organizationswill begin 11 JAN 2019. For more information, visit the CALLALLSWS site. (CAC login required).Approved for Public ReleaseDistribution Unlimited2

CALL INSIDER1st Quarter, FY 2019Best Practices and After Action ReportSubmissionsAn Integrated Brigade Deep Fight: BrigadeDeep Battle 2.0 (CAC login required)Warfighter 18-3 Reflection Paper — 1stInfantry Division Cyber Network Defense(CAC login required)76th Infantry Brigade Planning StandardOperating Procedure (CAC login required)2ID DIVARTY Increment 1 (INC1) to Increment2 (INC2) Interconnectivity (CAC login required)Aviation Ammunition Management inAfghanistan (CAC login required)Processes, Systems, and Programsfor Ammunition Support Activities: AnAccountable Officer’s Perspective (CAC loginrequired)DataminrLooking for information tailored to your needs? Check outDataminr! Dataminr is a DOD-funded and HQDA-approvedindications and warnings service available to all Armypersonnel (military, civilian, and contractors). Dataminrprovides 24/7 publically available information alerts “pushed”to your computer or mobile devices via DISA-approvedapplications. Your own geographical and user-generatedtopic profile determines the alerts you receive. To receiveyour account within 48-hours contact: DAMO-CYS at @mail.milAUSA Spotlight 18-4 “Seizing the High Ground —United States Army Futures Command”Over the last two decades, the Army had to make thedifficult choice to defer modernization and instead supportthe demand for a steady rotation of forces optimized forcounterinsurgency in the Middle East. This article outlinesthe major transformation the Army is undergoing to achievebalance between readiness and modernization.Army South-Peruvian Army Bilateral StaffTalks, Steering Committee MeetingComing SoonSet the Theater — A Resource GuideThis catalog will provide references, observations, andinsights that focus on the concept of set the theater.Resources will include CALL handbooks, NFTF articles, aswell as selected joint and Army doctrinal publications andrelevant articles.Senior Advisor HandbookThe Senior Advisor Handbook will offer advisors at senior orministerial levels a perspective on how to better interoperatewith international governments, ministries of defense,embassies, and foreign security forces. It will bridge the gapin expertise when advising at the ministerial level throughinsights and best practices from former advisors.Wet-Gap Crossing CatalogThis catalog will provide a reference point for commandersand staff in support of wet-gap crossing operations. Theresources will consist of current and historic doctrine,handbooks, academic research, AARs, and otherpublications.Shaping the Security Environment — SaberStrike 18 Exercise ReportThis report will deliver a summary of key observations,insights, lessons, and best practices collected by a CALLled, multi-organizational collection and analysis team duringExercise Saber Strike 18.CALL INSIDERNews You Can UseThe CALL Military Analyst(forward) at Army South, Mr.Keith Warman, attended theArmy South-Peruvian Army(PERAR) Bilateral StaffTalks Steering CommitteeMeeting at Fort SamHouston 23-26 October2018. Army South conductsthe Staff Talks Programon behalf of the Chiefof Staff of the Army. These annual events serve to fostercommon interests, enhance mutual security readiness, andstrengthen professional military relationships. COL JavierAngulo, Deputy Director of International Affairs, was headof the PERAR delegation with COL Robert Wagner, ChiefSecurity Cooperation Division (SCD) at Army South, leadingthe U.S. delegation. Talks focused on a partnered approachto the PERAR transformation process in conjunctionwith U.S. Army readiness posture. Promoting greaterPERAR-U.S. Army interoperability, discussions includeddeveloping/synchronizing doctrine and enhancing lessonslearned program capabilities. The agreed-to end state isPERAR transformed and capable of conducting combinedoperations with the U.S. Army in support of mutual security.Mr. Warman participated in multiple working groups andcollaborated with both armies on requests for CALL supportin FY19-23 agreed-to-actions. This resulted in a PERARrequest to conduct an exchange at Fort Leavenworthwith CALL, Center for Army Leadership, Combined ArmsDoctrine Directorate, and Army University in June 2019 tohelp shape PERAR’s institutional Army direction.Approved for Public ReleaseDistribution Unlimited3

CALL INSIDER1st Quarter, FY 2019Joint Multinational Readiness CenterAt the Joint Multinational Readiness Center (JMRC), ournumber one priority is to increase the readiness of U.S.and multinational forces through rigorous and innovativetraining resulting in more capable units ready to fight anddecisively win.Best Practice — Setting Conditions for EngagementArea Development.The challenges associated with building a brigade deliberatedefense have been well documented in CALL publications.Based on recent observations at the JMRC, units are betterpostured to be successful during the construction of thedefense if they address the following points before initiatingengagement area development: Study the terrain. Successful units know the terrainwhere they will fight beyond the 1:50,000 topographicmap. At the JMRC, imagery products allow staffs andcommanders to recognize that forested terrain willnot necessarily restrict enemy mounted maneuver.Though often underutilized, the brigade terrain teamcan provide detailed analysis of potential engagementareas. If access to terrain specialists is not possible,just about any digital mission command system with amap allows the user to view imagery.Establish the security area. Successful units createthe security area in front of the main battle area (MBA)prior to initiating engagement area development. Smallunmanned aircraft systems (SUAS) are frequentlyemployed by the opposing forces (OPFOR) to observethe construction of the defense. Recognizing this,successful units ensure their intelligence preparation ofthe battlefield accounts for the small signature of enemySUAS teams that may position themselves within thesecurity area and incorporates planning factors forenemy SUAS operating ranges to identify potentialSUAS operator locations.Organize engineers for the defense. Successful unitsdeliberately organize their dig assets under the controlof one leader, centralize the control of their sapperplatoons under an engineer headquarters, and identifya battalion-level mission command node, typicallyfrom the brigade engineer battalion, to track defenseconstruction efforts for the brigade. This organizationof engineers is, at a minimum, discussed during unitbackbriefs to the brigade in order to ensure commonunderstanding across all battalions as to how theengineer force will be fought during the defense.Have a plan to track defensive efforts. Successful unitshave an engineer common operational picture (COP)to represent and share the progress of the brigade’sconstruction of the defense. The engineer COP consistsof a map, whether digital or analog, with overlays toidentify all obstacles and survivability positions and theassociated matrices that show current and projectedcountermobility and survivability effort. It providesCALL INSIDER commanders across the brigade with a picture of thecurrent status of defensive efforts, allows the brigadeengineer to quickly determine whether engineer assetsshould be shifted between supported units, and canserve as a planning tool for transitioning to the offenseas it displays friendly, enemy, and natural obstacles thatmay impact the brigade during a subsequent attack.Dual-purpose improved conventional munition (DPICM)and scatterable mine dud fields are important obstaclesto track on the engineer COP.Deliberately resource the defense. Successful unitsestimate Class IV barrier material requirements usingthe planning factors from Army Techniques Publication(ATP) 3-90.8, Combined Arms CountermobilityOperations. Accurate Class IV estimates preventplanners from unnecessarily overloading thesustainment distribution system. Successful unitsalso determine during planning how Class IV willbe delivered to the supported unit, whether by theengineer battalion forward support company (FSC),by the supported unit FSC, or both. Failure to specifywhich element is responsible for delivery often resultsin Class IV not arriving to the correct location in time forit to be emplaced.Joint Readiness Training CenterThe JRTC 3rd and 4th quarter trends for fiscal year 2018,remain — as we should expect — fairly constant from thelast several collections. A total of 131 trends crossed thewarfighting functions and echelons brigade to company.Mission command dominates the field when it comes totrends. In considering the trends, regardless of warfightingfunction, we look at root causes for issues and offer bestpractices along with doctrinal techniques and procedures tocorrect issues. Across the board, root issues center on trainingand equipment. By far the greatest issue on equipmentdeals with mission command systems. The complexity andchallenges of multi-echelon mission command fall in therealm of the equipment itself and operator/leader training onthat equipment. This reality has been the case since the firstdecisive action rotation in 2010. Mission command systemsare daunting in their complexity and that complexity has onlygrown with new capability set (CS) fielding every year since2014. Training to keep up with that complexity is a challengefor both operators and leaders. In truth, personnel turnoveracross BCTs means that a BCT that came to a rotation in2016 was not the same BCT when it returned in 2018. Underthose circumstances, training becomes a mitigating strategyto offset personnel turmoil. We see four continuity measuresthat will assist training for a combat training center (CTC)rotation at home station and performing in a CTC rotation.Our “Big 4” for brigade through company level are militarydecisionmaking process/troop leading procedures; standardoperating procedures; primary, alternate, contingency, andemergency (PACE) planning; and COP development.Approved for Public ReleaseDistribution Unlimited4

CALL INSIDER1st Quarter, FY 2019National Training CenterThe National Training Center (NTC) continues to conduct tough realistic, unified land operations with our unified actionpartners. A few observations from recent rotations include air medical evacuation assets, evasion planning, and expeditionarymaintenance. Brigade combat team medical officers are not effectively using air medical evacuation (MEDEVAC) assets during decisiveaction training exercises, primarily due to the absence of integrated airspace control measures (ACM) within the BCT’sarea of operations. Establishment of ambulance exchange points (AXPs) in close proximity to established ACMs likeair corridors and standard Army aviation flight routes will significantly expedite the medical mission approval process.Additionally, planning and coordinating for ground transport of casualties from unit casualty collection points locatedahead of the forward line of troops to Role 1 facilities will greatly expedite the medical mission approval process byreducing the risk to aviation MEDEVAC operations. Observations of multiple rotations conclude that aviation units and individual crews are not conducting evasion planningbased on their specific mission sets, current friendly/enemy situation template, and because of a lack in understandingof the operational environment. Individuals that develop evasion plans of action (EPAs) are typically using a one-sizefits all approach to their immediate evasion and/or greater than 48-hour evasion tactics. Crews/individuals demonstrateproficiency in knowing and understanding the information contained in the special instructions; however, the EPAs theyproduce for their respective missions do not contain the pertinent information, which is critical to recovery planning andexecution. Adding a section to the mission briefing process and a corresponding addition to the mission briefing officer’squestions/checks, would establish a sense of quality control to ensure crewmember(s) are conducting adequate planning. Rotational unit air mission command commanders routinely state their units’ challenges are in expeditionary maintenance,supporting a model design series (MDS) aircraft not organic to their unit, and inexperienced maintenance personnel. Thedifficulty in planning for a field environment, sustainment/logistic capabilities to support mixed MDS organizations, andinexperienced maintenance personnel are actually symptoms brought on by how units are approaching expeditionarymaintenance. The inherent limitations when assembling an aviation task force can make it even more difficult to prepareand train all the necessary enablers to achieve success. A successful problem, plan, people, parts, time, tools, andtraining (P4T3) methodology demonstrated by rotational units includes a standardized document explained in the unit’sSOP and includes multiple checks and balances conducted by the unit’s production control, quality control, and technicalsupply supervisors. Leaders, supervisors, and Soldiers who execute and enforce the P4T3 methodology at home stationwill build a maintenance team capable of preserving combat power while refining their expeditionary capabilities. Thesesuccessful units are also able to provide better running estimates and forecasts when it comes to sustaining aviationmaintenance.Social MediaWant to be informed about new products and items of interest at CALL? Like us on Facebook @CenterforArmyLessonsLearnedor follow us on Twitter @USArmy CALL.CENTER FOR ARMY LESSONS LEARNED10 Meade Ave., Bldg. 50Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-1350(913) 684-3035CALL Public Website: Restricted Website: Lessons Learned Information System JLLISCALL INSIDERApproved for Public ReleaseDistribution Unlimited5

CENTER FOR ARMY LESSONS LEARNEDCENTER FOR ARMY LESSONS LEARNED CALL NSR st Quarter, FY2 irector’s Corner Recent CALL Publications Mike Lawson COL, FA 18-37: The Army Combat Fitness Test Handbook This handbook is a compilation of products developed by the Center for Initial Military Training in preparation for the Army-wide implementationFile Size: 1MB

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