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Suriname National Adaptation Plan (NAP)

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REPUBLIEK SURINAMESuriname NationalAdaptation Plan (NAP)

Suriname National Adaptation Plan (NAP) 2019-2029Supported by:Government of Japan, through the United Nations Development Programme’sJapan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership (UNDP JCCCP)In collaboration with:Government of SurinameSuggested citation: Government of Suriname (2019). Suriname National Adaptation Plan.Photo credit: Ralph van Huisduinen / Huisje; UNDPAll rights reserved. This report or any portion thereof may not be reproduced or used in anymanner whatsoever without the express written permission of the publisher except for the useof brief quotations in a review Government of Suriname, 2019

FOREWORDThe Republic of Suriname is recognized as the most forested country in the world andcontributes significantly to mitigating the adverse effects of climate change. Suriname, however,is forced to take urgent adaptive measures to cope with the impacts of global warming. Mindfulof the Sustainable Development Goals, the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) for Suriname is anational initiative designed to effectively address climate-related challenges in the pursuit ofsustainable development. The NAP received support from the United Nations DevelopmentProgramme’s Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership (J-CCCP).The NAP applies a flexible methodological approach which helps Suriname conductcomprehensive medium and long-term climate adaptation planning, which is integrated intolegislative, regulatory and planning frameworks and supports the ongoing adaptation initiatives,relevant to achieving national objectives within resource boundaries and a practical timeframe.The NAP caters to adaptation needs at the strategic national level and the economic sectors thatare prioritized for adaptation-based climate risk and vulnerability. The strategic national levelpriorities considered in the NAP include strengthening of institutional arrangements; improvingdata and information collection systems; further integration of climate change into economicdevelopment policies, plans and programmes; enhancing technical capacity; including genderinequalities into Climate Change adaptation initiatives; identifying and increasing access tofinancing and investment geared towards climate change adaptation. The prioritised economicsectors under the NAP include productive sectors such as Water Resources, Sustainable Forestry,Energy and Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries. The NAP is designed for a period of ten years,which will be further subdivided into consecutive phases based on different priority sectors anddifferent time frames. These phases include, Phase 1, Near Term (year 1-3, priority sectors: water,forestry, energy and agriculture); Phase 2, Medium Term (year 3-6, priority sectors: infrastructure,housing, tourism and mining) and Phase 3 Long-term (year 7-10, priority sectors: maintainresilience built on priority sectors in Phase 1 and 2).The NAP requires the intensification of efforts and multi-level action among cross-cuttingsectors such as environment, disaster risk reduction and spatial planning. The successfulimplementation of these strategic and multi-sector objectives is dependent on precursor actionsand activities. The NAP does not adopt a radical framework nor is it a repeat of what hastranspired in the past but can serve as an umbrella initiative for the Government of Suriname,while simultaneously filling the gaps required in sector specific programming. The Governmentof Suriname through the implementation of the NAP will facilitate a coordinated and logic basednational effort towards upholding its commitment to reducing climate change impact andresiliency building.

The Government of Suriname would like to take this opportunity to extend its thanks toeveryone that contributed to the NAP process.ii

Table of ContentsEXECUTIVE SUMMARY .VII1.0INTRODUCTION . 101.12.0CLIMATE CHANGE CONTEXT OF SURINAME . 142.13.0APPLYING IPCC SCENARIOS TO SURINAMESE CONDITIONS .14SCOPE AND OBJECTIVE OF SURINAME'S NAP . 213.13.23.33.44.0STRATEGIC AND SECTORAL ADAPTATION .12OPERATIONALIZE POLICY.22GENDER AND CLIMATE CHANGE .24OVERVIEW OF THE COUNTRY SPECIFIC NAP MODEL .27ROADMAP FOR ACTION .29MANAGEMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NAP . 324.1 SURINAME NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION NETWORK (SMIN) .334.2 CAPACITY AND CAPABILITIES FOR NAP IMPLEMENTATION .334.3 LEGAL FRAMEWORK ON CLIMATE CHANGE .344.4 THE INSTITUTIONAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ENVIRONMENT .354.5 FUNDING SURINAME’S NAP IMPLEMENTATION .374.5.1Priorities for Funding based on the National Development Plan 2017-2021 .394.5.2The Way forward with Financing .414.5.3 International Climate Finance Options .435.0MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK . 475.1 STRATEGIC LEVEL MONITORING AND EVALUATION.475.1.1Strategic Outcome 1: Institutional arrangements, policies and capacities able to lead and coordinatenational and sub-national climate change adaptation .475.1.2Strategic Outcome 2: Data and information collection systems to fully support national and subnational climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation decision-making. .495.1.3Strategic Outcome 3: The integration and institutionalization of climate change adaptation inbroader Surinamese economic development policies, plans and programs. .505.1.4Outcome 4: National technical capacity that is fully trained and skilled at leading and implementingSuriname’s climate change adaptation actions .525.1.5Outcome 5: Climate change adaptation that respects Surinamese values and culture and reducesgender and other social inequities .545.1.6Strategic Objective 6: Identify and access financing and investment especially for innovation drivenclimate change adaptation technologies. .565.2 SECTORAL MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK .575.2.1Water Resources .585.2.2Forestry .595.2.3Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries .605.2.4Energy .615.2.5Education .615.2.6Health .625.2.7Environment .635.2.8Disaster Risk Reduction .645.2.9Spatial Planning .65i

6.0STRATEGIC ADAPTATION ACTION PLAN . 666.1STRATEGIC OUTCOME 1: INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS, POLICIES AND CAPACITIES ABLE TO LEAD AND COORDINATE NATIONALAND SUB-NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION . 686.2STRATEGIC OUTCOME 2: DATA AND INFORMATION COLLECTION SYSTEMS TO FULLY SUPPORT NATIONAL AND SUB-NATIONALCLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS, VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION DECISION-MAKING. . 726.3 STRATEGIC OUTCOME 3: THE INTEGRATION AND INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN BROADERSURINAMESE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT POLICIES, PLANS AND PROGRAMMES .756.4 OUTCOME 4: NATIONAL TECHNICAL CAPACITY THAT IS FULLY TRAINED AND SKILLED AT LEADING AND IMPLEMENTINGSURINAME’S CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION ACTIONS .816.5 OUTCOME 5: CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION THAT RESPECTS SURINAMESE VALUES AND CULTURE AND REDUCES GENDER ANDOTHER SOCIAL INEQUITIES . 856.6 STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 6: IDENTIFY AND ACCESS FINANCING AND INVESTMENT ESPECIALLY FOR INNOVATION DRIVEN CLIMATECHANGE ADAPTATION TECHNOLOGIES. . 897.0SECTOR ADAPTATION ACTION PLANS . 947.17.27.37.47.57.67.77.87.97.107.117.12WATER RESOURCES .96SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT.99AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES.101ENERGY .103EDUCATION .106HEALTH .108ENVIRONMENT .111DISASTER RISK REDUCTION .112SPATIAL PLANNING .114INFRASTRUCTURE AND HOUSING .117TOURISM .120MINING .121List of TablesTABLE 1:BROADLY EXPECTED CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS AND POTENTIAL ADAPTATION MEASURES .19TABLE 2: SUMMARY OF POLICY PRINCIPLES OVERARCHING NATIONAL CLIMATE PLANNING .23TABLE 3:MINISTRIES AND RELEVANT CLIMATE RELATED MANDATES .36TABLE 4: STRATEGIC NAP PRIORITIESAND AREAS OF INTEREST .67List of FiguresFIGURE 1: SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF THE NAP DESIGN ELEMENTS . VIIIFIGURE 2: SUMMARY OF THE NAP ROADMAP 2020- 2030 . IXFIGURE 3: EXAMPLES OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS BY DISTRICT IN SURINAME (NCCPSAP, 2015) .11FIGURE 4: NAP IN THE CONTEXT OF OTHER NATIONAL PROCESSES .12FIGURE 5: GENDER GAP IN SURINAME FROM 20142017 .25FIGURE 6: NAP MODEL FOR SURINAME .27FIGURE 7: STRATEGIC IMPLEMENTATION MODEL BASED ON SECTOR- LEVEL RISK AND VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENTS .30FIGURE 8: PHASED TEN (10) YEAR TIMELINE FOR SECTORAL LEVEL ACTION PLAN .31FIGURE 9: ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NAP .32FIGURE 10: AN OPERATIONAL/ PROCESS MODEL FOR NIMOS.34FIGURE 11: EXAMPPLES OFF STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND SECTORAL OBECTIVES THAT CAN BE SERVICED B VARIOUS FINANCE MODALITIES 42ii

FIGURE 12: INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE FINANCE OPTIONS .44FIGURE 13: SIX COMPONENTS OF THE STRATEGIC LEVEL NAP .66ANNEXESANNEX 1: NATIONAL TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDING PLAN .124ANNEX 2: FINANCING MODALITIES .134ANNEX 3: SECTOR BACKGROUND PAPERS ON RISK, VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION.143ANNEX 4: PHASE 2 SECTORS AND M&E FRAMEWORKS .172iii

LIPCCITCZJ-CCCPJusPolKAPKKFLDCLVVGeneral Bureau for Statistics (Stichting Algemeen Bureau voor deStatistiek)Anton de Kom University of SurinameBauxite Institute of Suriname (Bauxiet Instituut Suriname)Caribbean CommunityCaribbean Community Climate Change CentreCompulsory Convertible DebentureCross Cutting Capacity Development ProjectClimate Compatible Development UnitCentre for Agricultural Research in SurinameConservation International Suriname (NGO)Coordination of Environment under the Cabinet of the PresidentCoastal Zone ManagementEnergy Company Suriname (NV Energie Bedrijven Suriname)Environmental Planning and Information UnitEarly Warning SystemFirst National Communication to the UNFCCCDevelopment Fund for the InteriorGreen Climate FundGeographical Information SystemLand registration and Land Information SystemGovernment of SurinameInstitute for Higher Education (Hoger Beroep Onderwijs)Ministry of Trade, Industry and Tourism (Ministerie van Handel, Industrieen Toerisme)Integrated Coastal Zone ManagementInstitute of Graduate Studies and ResearchInstitute for Training TeachersInter-Governmental Panel on Climate ChangeInter-Tropical Convergence ZoneJapan-Caribbean Climate Change PartnershipMinistry of Justice and Police (Ministerie van Justitie en Politie)Climate Action Plan 2008 – 2013 (Klimaat Actie Plan 2008-2013)Chamber of Commerce and IndustryLeast Developed CountryMinistry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries (Ministerie vanLandbouw, Veeteelt en Visserij)iv

MASMDSMinOWMinFinMZNAMANCAP I /NCAP IINCCPSAPNCCRNCSANHNIMOSNMROGSOPOWT&CPRECISREDD ritime Authority in Suriname (Maritieme Autoriteit van Suriname)Meteorological Service Suriname (Meteorologische Dienst van Suriname)Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (Ministerie van Onderwijs,Wetenschap en Cultuur)Ministry of Finance (Ministerie van Financiën)Medical Mission for the Interior of Suriname (Medische Zending Suriname)Nationally Appropriate Mitigation ActionNetherlands Climate Assistance Programme, Phase I and IINational Climate Change Policy Strategy and Action PlanNational Coordination Center for Disaster Management (NationaalCoördinatie Centrum voor Rampenbeheersing)National Capacity Self-AssessmentMinistry of Natural Resources (Ministerie van Natuurlijke Hulpbronnen)National Institute for Environment and Development in Suriname(Nationaal Instituut voor Milieu en Ontwikkeling in Suriname)National Council for the Environment (Nationale Milieu Raad)Planning Commission Gold Sector (Ordening Goudsector)National Development Plan (Nationaal Ontwikkelingsplan)Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Communication (Ministerie vanOpenbare Werken, Transport en Communicatie)Providing Regional Climates for Impact StudiesReduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest DegradationRegional Health Service (Regionale Gezondheidsdienst)Ministry of Regional Development (Ministerie van Regionale Ontwikkeling)Ministry of Physical Planning, Land and Forest Management (Ministerievan Ruimtelijke Ordening, Grond en Bosbeheer)Council of Ministers (Raad van Ministers)Foundation for Forest

Statistiek) AdeKUS Anton de Kom University of Suriname BIS Bauxite Institute of Suriname (Bauxiet Instituut Suriname) CARICOM Caribbean Community CCCCC Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre CCD Compulsory Convertible Debenture CCCD Cross Cutting Capacity Development Project .