SINCE 1970Icpe # SPACE PROGRAMwww.icpe.ro
IcpeSPACE PROGRAMwww.icpe.roAirspace and even outer space technologies have been integrated in Icpe deep concerns since the 70s.Icpe has gained extensive experience in research, developing, producing and qualifying gyros and reactioncontrol systems, based on a large expertise and super qualified teams, trained in harsh times and restrictiveconditions.Extraordinary complex electro-mechanical structures like three axes gyros, electronically assistedrate gyrosensors, Hook elastically supported dynamically tuned gyroscopes, reaction wheels andother inertial navigation systems had been developed and fabricated based on a large spectrum ofsmall size electric machines: gyromotors, resolvers, thermal compensated selsyns/synchro devices,microsyns, a.c. and d.c. torque motors, miniature step by step motors, micromotors.
Today, Icpe offers a large spectrum of small size specialelectric machines like:DESIGN &MANUFACTURINGwww.icpe.ro servomotors resolvers microsyns, rvdts tachogenerators dc limited angle brushless torque motors dc brushed torque motors special dc brushed motors special dc brushless motors
DESIGN &MANUFACTURINGSince 1950 our company is well known for design capabilities of new products, customizedproduction and unsurpassed quality. In order to keep our high production standards wedeveloped a dedicated range of test stands.Icpe also has special manufacturing capabilities (winding, mechanical processing, electroerosionetc.) that allows to respond fast to customers needs - even for small series - and constantlyupdate the product range with the latest developments and market requirements(http://www.icpe.ro/en/d/4/p/about )www.icpe.ro
DESIGNINSTRUMENTSOFTWAREwww.icpe.roAutodesk Inventor 2018Autodesk AutoCAD Mechanical 2018Autodesk AutoCAD Raster Design 2018Autodesk ReCap Autodesk 3ds Max Design 2018:Autodesk Navisworks Simulate 2018Autodesk VaultAutodesk Showcase 2018JMAG Designer 2D/3D magnetostaticJMAG ExpressMotor-CadLabVIEW Real-Time Module 2018LabVIEW FPGA Module 2018LabVIEW 2016 Prof. Development SystemComsol MultiphisicsSolid Works CAD 2018Mathlab Multiphisics
COMSOL Multiphysics3D electromagnetic analysisThis soft minimizes the needs forphysical prototypes, shorten productdevelopment times and achievesubstantial savings in the alMechanical
COMSOLMultiphysics 3DThermal analysiswww.icpe.ro
Von Mises Stress distributionCOMSOLMultiphysics 3DMechanical analysiswww.icpe.roTotal displacement
An electro-erosionmachine typeAgieCharmillesCUT 200 SpMANUFACTURINGCAPABILITIESMachining Centertype DMG MORICLX 450Mechanical facilitiesCNC 4 axesmilling machineMynx Daewoo Dosanwww.icpe.ro
Windings MachinesWindings manufacturing areaMANUFACTURINGCAPABILITIESWindings Capabilitieswww.icpe.roWindings for special electric machines
Test benches for limited angle torque motorsMANUFACTURINGCAPABILITIESTesting Facilitieswww.icpe.roTest bench forDC torque motorsTest bench for resolvers
Steppers test bench for parasiticand holding torque measurementsMANUFACTURINGCAPABILITIESTorque [Nm]Parasitic Torque vs. Angle Characteristic0Testing Facilities121824CCW30Angle [deg]Holding Torque vs Angle characteristicsat different currentsTh [Nm]Th [Nm]Holding Torque vs. 20Angle [deg]24281441480.05A32360.10AAngle [deg]1520.15A0.20A36
Steppers test benchfor on-load torquemeasurementsBlocked output torqueMANUFACTURINGCAPABILITIESTesting Facilitieswww.icpe.roOn-load torque
Steppers test benchfor on-load torquemeasurementsBlocked output torqueMANUFACTURINGCAPABILITIESTesting Facilitieswww.icpe.roOn-load torque
RESEARCH &DEVELOPMENTRESEARCH AREASSPECIAL ELECTRIC MACHINESSERVO CONTROLPOWER APPARATUSELECTRIC CABLESINSTITUTUL DE CERCETĂRIELECTROTEHNICE“REMUS RĂDULEȚ ”ELECTRIC VEHICLES ANDE-MOBILITYENERGY EFFICIENCY &RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCESAUTOMATION COMPONENTSELECTRO TECHNOLOGIESPRODUCTS TESTINGNEW EMERGENT DOMAINSwww.icpe.ro
BEING AN ACTIVE PRESENCE IN THE SCIENTIFICCOMMUNITY EVER SINCE ITS FOUNDATION IN 1950PROJECTSINSTITUTUL DE CERCETĂRI ELECTROTEHNICE REMUS500 RĂDULEȚ CONTINUOUSLY PURSUED THEDEVELOPMENT OF NEW RESEARCH PATHS.RESEARCH PROJECTSsince 200025 The modern research infrastructure, obtainedsuccessfully following the performance of internationalprojects, is a solid basis for further research in electricalengineering, and related fields.Institutul de Cercetări Electrotehnice Remus Răduleț isa reliable partner that can provide complete innovativesolutions in its own traditional research directions,whilst demonstrating openness to addressing newresearch directions.ONGOING PROJECTSHORIZON 2020FP7STARESAMANUNETNational projectsEUREKANorway GrantsSEE ALLPROJECTSicpe.ro/institute/projectswww.icpe.ro
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENTFOR SPACETHE FIRST STEP.STAR PROGRAMSTAR - Space Technology and Advanced Research - for the period 2012-2019,was the first step in the new "space"
IcpeRESEARCH PROJECTSIN SPACE FIELDwww.icpe.roBased on The Romanian Space Agency — ROSA constant effort to establish cooperationagreements with international organizations such as the European Space Agency — ESA, startingfrom 22 December 2011, Romania became the 19' State Member of the European Space Agency.This affiliation opened an excellent opportunity for us to enter new R&D fields and tovalorize the long term expertise in this field of excellence.
# Subsystems for Nanosatellites - SuNsInside ROSA mandatoryprograms Icpe hassucceeded in some fields,carrying on researches inthe following projects:The project targets the development of a micro-motor and a telemeter dedicated for use onnanosatellites with the purpose of augmenting the existing capabilities toward precise attitudecontrol and inter-satellite range determination in the context of close orbital formations. Theproject includes the development of an experimental set-up and the on ground tests of theproposed subsystems. The subsystems were designed and developed to the specifications othe spacecraft and the launch environment.# High efficiency thermoelectric generator with non-steady state opperationTegSpaceThe project aims to develop a new thermoelectric generator and customized operating regimeyielding significant improvements in power/volume, cost/performance and energy efficiencyover conventional limitations, based on traditionally thermoelectric materials and a new designof thermoelectric unit and pulse (Non Steady-State) operation.We propose to use solar energy for heating and passive radiator for cooling, and in that mannethe thermoelectric generator being possible to use in the space as power source.www.icpe.ro
# Reaction wheel for spacecraft attitude control– RWSACONGOING PROJECTSPartners: COMOTI – National Research and Development Institute for Gas TurbinesNational Institute for Lasers Plasma and Radiation Physics – Institute forSpace SciencesThe project RWSAC aims the development of a reaction wheel assembly for attitudecontrol in spacecrafts by spinning-in proven technologies towards space applications.Although having a relative simple operating principle, reaction wheels are intrinsicallycomplex due to special restrictions imposed by their applicability to space missions: highreliability requirements, close to 100% duty cycle, mechanical wear, provisions forlubrication in vacuum, high precision for balancing at high rotational speed, mitigation ofpotential defects at launch etc. Tackling this problems will increase the know how in theconsortium beyond the product being developed, while expanding the existing abilities,skills, qualifications and methodologies applicable to most of the space related activitiesof the entities involved.www.icpe.ro
# Advanced solar thermal propulsion system for increasing satelite operationallife – STRAUSSONGOING PROJECTSPartner: COMOTI – National Research and Development Institute for Gas TurbinesUniversitatea Politehnica BucureștiThe main objectives of this project is to research, design, manufacture and test anadvanced/ original solar thermal propulsion system for increasing of operational life ofsatellites by 2.5 times. The main objective will be reached through achievement ofthree secondary objectives: R&D of Special Equipment for Focusing of Solar Light(SEFSR), R&D of a high performance/ultra-light solenoid micro-valve and nozzles.www.icpe.ro
# Stepper Motor for Multimedia Antenna deployment - SM MADPMPartner: TAS - Thales Alenia Space (France)ONGOING PROJECTSwww.icpe.roThis project aims to develop a stepper motor for the second generation mechanismused in motion applications for antennas and solar panels manufactured by Thalesfor Arianne6 program.
# Stepper Motor forMultimedia Antennadeployment - SM MADPMTEST RESULTS With the new test benchmanufactured for thisstepper motor type, weremeasured the newcharacteristics andparameters which werenot required in theprevious project (EMSIS).03672108144180216Angle [deg]www.icpe.roHolding Torque vs Angle CharacteristicParasitic Torque vs. AngleCharacteristicTh [Nm]Breadboarding processhad two stages. BB2results fulfill mainTechnical SpecificationRequirements. Therefore,the next stage in steppermotor development isEngineering Model.Torque [Nm] 252288CCW324360CW03672108144180Angle [deg]216252288324Orange-Brown360
# Limited Angle Torque Motors for LLTVAS system of theAriane 6 LaunchersPartner: S.A.B.C.A. (Belgium)ONGOING PROJECTSThe lower central stage of the Ariane 6 launcher is powered by the Vulcain 2.1engine. The LL-TVAS (Low Liquid Thrust Vector Actuation System) is the actuationsystem that allows gimballing the engine nozzle according to the Guidance andNavigation Control requirements. Due to the specificity of the Vulcain engine, ahydraulic actuation system with direct drive servo-valve has been selected.This direct drive servovalve is to be driven by a LAT (Limited Angle Torque) motor with flooded rotor and accurate electrical andmechanical characteristics necessary for the open loop control of the valve (no position sensor on the spool).Beside the need for Ariane 6 and other future potential launcher developments, this type of motor for a direct drive valve is also usedby SABCA for aeronautic applications.The organization driving the technical objective is Icpe, a manufacturer of special electric motors with proven experience at aninternational level, currently adapting for space its portfolio of electric motors under two ESA contract awarded as part of the newmember state scheme. The proposal also involves SABCA, who will be focusing on the technical requirements, on the requirementsdefinition, test plan and test activities.www.icpe.roIcpe has the opportunity in frame of this proposed work to develop a product needed in the space mechanism market and start in thisfirst step a cooperation with SABCA – Belgium Company one of the supplier of space launchers systems for Ariane 6 and Vega.
# Development of a new reaction wheel using up-to-date technologiesPartner: TAS - Thales Alenia Space (France)ONGOING PROJECTSThe main technical objective of this project is to perform a preliminary conception ofa reaction wheel that will take maximum benefit of new technologies, and toestablish a detailed development plan for such product.Using Icpe and TAS experiences towidely re-open the trade-offs drivingan optimized wheel concept may leadto a very interesting solution thatcould satisfy most of the marketneeds. Many of the existing wheelsdesigns are based on relatively oldconcepts and it is the right time toreaddress the concept versus thetoday needs.www.icpe.ro
# Development of a new reactionwheel using up-to-date technologiesConfiguration of the PM synchronous motorPhase Electromotive Force @ 1000 rpmObjectives: preliminary concept of areaction wheel (RW) that willtake maximum benefit ofnew technologies preliminary validation ofmost critical issues establish a detaileddevelopment planwww.icpe.roMagnetic flux density distributionElectromagnetic torque
# Electric motor spin into space – EMSISPartner: ISS - Institutul de Stiinte Spatiale (Romania)This project involves developing a stepper motor, used in over 90% of space applicationsthat require controlled movement.The main focus of the project was developing a product for operations in space.ONGOING PROJECTSIcpe run a technology survey to identify specific needs for primes and/or end users. Theanswers related all to SMs and seem to indicate a need for high detent torque. The usagescenario most likely involves actuators for deployment and pointing of variousequipments.EMSIS stepper motors – Breadboarding processAccordingly to the conclusions of the survey report, a Permanent Magnet (PM) or a HybridStepper Motor (H-SM) were chosen to be developed in the EMSIS project, supplied in aframeless configuration (rotor and stator separately), in order to integrate them withinspace mechanism applications.Three breadboarding (BBs) stages and an engineering model (EM) were considered. In thefirst breadboarding stage (BB1), both PM and H-SM variants were realized.www.icpe.ro
# Electric motor spininto space – EMSISEMSISBB1Three BBs were manufactured,two with Neodymium – Iron –Boron magnets and one withSamarium-Cobalt PMs.The H-SM variant was chosen.www.icpe.roResults of numerical modeling
# Electric motor spininto space – EMSISEMSISBB2In the second breadboarding(BB2) stage, a new version forH-SM, different from thematerial and geometric pointof view, was realized.www.icpe.roResults of numerical modeling
# Electric motor spininto space – EMSISEMSISBB3 &EngineeringModelIn Breadboard 3 (BB3) andEngineering Model (EM), theredundancy solution waschanged.www.icpe.ro
# Electric motor spininto space – EMSISDetent TorqueEMSISHybrid steppertestsThe measurement method forTD and TH uses a torquetransducer. The motor’s rotoris rotated with a motoreducerand with the torque transduceris registered the torque valuesand the step number at themotor shaft.Measurementdevice for on load torqueThe measurement device for TL(a brushless AC motorcontrolled in torque, workinglike a brake) and the measureddiagram are presented. Thismethod allows us to measurethe pull-in and pull-out torque.www.icpe.roHolding TorqueOn load Torque – Parallel option
# Electric motor spininto space – EMSISEMSISMotor tests –EnvironmentalPhysical CharacteristicsMeasurements dimensions, mass electrical parametersFunctional EvaluationMotor Redundancy holding torque detent torque running torque 2-phase series 2-phase parallel half-phase 4-phaseTest CampaignMechanical TestsReference TestThe last objective of EMSISproject is a test campaignwhich includes the activitypresented in the followingflowchart. The entire programof EMSIS project wascompleted, except TV tests onthe EM.www.icpe.roThermal Vacuum Sine vibration Random vibrationReference TestReference Test
# Electric motor spininto space – EMSISEnvironmental TestMechanical testsVibration tests The motor is in a framelessconfiguration.Rotor and stator mountingadapters to shaker mountinginterface were made.The vibration test wasconducted in accordance withMotor Test Procedure at aRomanian company, Research& Development Institute of GasTurbines - COMOTI.The tests results andconclusions have been includedin Motor Mechanical TestReport.www.icpe.roStator on shaker (axial)Rotor on shaker (radial)
# Electric motor spininto space – EMSISEnvironmental TestTVAC tests Thermal – vacuum (TV) cyclingtests were conducted inaccordance with Motor TestProcedure.These tests were performed ata Romanian institute, Instituteof Space Science - ISS.The stepper has demonstratedfunctionality after the testcampaign and is consideredsuitable for environmentalconditions (there were nodegradation of motorperformances).In this project, the stepperreached an EM level, up to aTRL 4-5.www.icpe.roStepper in TVAC chamber
Electric Motor Technology Spin Into SpaceContractor(s): ICPE (RO)Sub-Contractor: Institute of Space Science (RO)AO/1-7557/13/NL/SC -Contract :4000111083/14/NL/CBiTRLInitial: 3-4Achieved: 5-6ESA Budget:Co-funded Budget:YoC: 2018Target TRL: 8 Date: Q4 2019197,350 k 0,000 k TO: Claudia Allegranza(TEC-MSM)Background and justification:ICPE, as a manufacturer of electric motors at an international level, is in a position of entering this new market withharmonization of the existing electric motor technology with the standard required for the space applications, since itsportfolio already serves a wide range of applications in aeronautics and defense, fields with similar technological andproduct/quality assurance requirements.Objective(s):Survey the space qualified dc motors market and identify niches/needs; research and characterize the space and launchenvironments; spin-in the existing motor manufacturing technologies into the space components market; certify the newmotor and the new driver electronics manufacturing technology for space applications.Achievements and status:The project foreseen deliverables are: Survey Report; System Requirements Document; Technological Modification Report;Motor Design Documentation including CAD model; Motor Engineering model; Driver electronics design documentationincluding CAD model; Driver electronic engineering model; Motor environment test procedure; Driver electronics testprocedure; Environmental Analysis Report; Test Campaign Report; Final Report.All the technical deliverables were completed.Benefits:In this project, the stepper reached an EM level. When it will reach a QM level, the motor can be used for operations inspace, with applications directed towards LEO or GEO orbits.Next steps:Currently, is an ongoing ESA project no. 4000117518/16/NL/Cbi, in which will be developed a new stepper motor at EMlevel for ESA space applications till the end of 2018. In the same time, the product can be a second source for ThalesAlenia Space France applications. The next step is reaching QM level with this stepper, till Q4 2019.
RELATED EVENTSMECHANISMS WORKSHOPFINAL PRESENTATION DAY12 to 15 February 2019,Noordwijk, The Netherlandswww.icpe.roAND
CONTACTIcpeHeadquarters313 Splaiul Unirii,030138 – București,ROMÂNIAAgigea BranchM: firstname.lastname@example.orgT: 4021 589 3300F: 4021 589 3434Angheluș Branchwww.icpe.rowww.icpe.roBlack Sea Shore Experimental StationAgigea, 907015 – Constanța, RomâniaMountain Climate Experimental StationAngheluș Village, Harghita, România
Autodesk AutoCAD Mechanical 2018 Autodesk AutoCAD Raster Design 2018 Autodesk ReCap Autodesk 3ds Max Design 2018: Autodesk Navisworks Simulate 2018 Autodesk Vault Autodesk Showcase 2018 JMAG Designer 2D/3D magnetostatic JMAG Express Motor-Cad
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MODERN WAR 41 MAY – JUN 2019 R3 2.4 Reinforcement Codes. 1970: Unit is used in the 1970 scenario only. 1970-1980: Unit is used in both the 1970 and 1980 scenarios. 1980: Unit is used in the 1980 scenario only. 2.5 Ground Unit Abbreviations Soviet BSF: Black Sea Fleet GSFB: Group of Soviet Forces Balkans VDV: Air Assault NATO ACE: Allied Command
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of nuclear warheads on Earth-to-space and space-to-space kinetic weapons. It does not, however, affect the development, testing, deployment, or use of non-nuclear space weapons. Similarly, the Outer Space Treaty of 1967 prohibits nuclear-armed space-to-space and
1. Use the Confined Space Decision Flow Chart to determine if a space meets the definition of a Confined Space, and if so, what procedures are required for entry. 2. If the space is a Permit Required Confined Space, attempt to re-classify the space by removing all the characteristics which m
with significant cognitive disabilities that are clearly linked to grade-level academic content standards, promote access to the general curriculum and reflect professional judgment of the highest expectation possible. This document is a guide for parents, educators, school personnel, and other community members to support their work in teaching students with significant cognitive disabilities .